NCERT Solution - Mirror Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Class 10 : NCERT Solution - Mirror Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


  CHAPTER-8 NCERT SOLUTIONS 
 
Q.1 Answer the following questions briefly: 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
Answer: The poetic device used here is 'personification'. The mirror has been  
personified. It swallows or absorbs an image which comes in front of it and then 
reflects it truthfully. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer: The mirror usually passes its time on temping to the opposite wall which is  
pink in colour and has spots on it. 
 
(c) What disturbs the mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall? 
Answer: The mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall is disturbed by faces and  
darkness. When people come to view themselves in the mirror, its contemplation to  
see the opposite wall is disturbed. The view of the wall is also disturbed by the 
darkness of the night. 
 
(d) Why does the mirror appear to be a lake in the second stanza? What aspect of the mirror 
do you think is being referred to here? 
 
Answer: The mirror appears to be a lake because it reflects an image in the same manner 
as it is reflected in the clear water of the lake. The mirror also appears to be  
the lake because of its depth. An object which is thrown into the lake gets drowned 
into it. Similarly youthful images cannot be reflected by the mirror again. 
 
(e) What is the women searching for in the depths of the lake? 
 
Answer: The women has become old. When she looks at herself in the mirror, the mirror 
in turn reflects her true image. She is not satisfied with the signs of her aging. So 
she tries to look into its depth so as to look for her lost beauty and youth. 
 
(f) How does narrator convey the fact that the women looking at her reflection in the lake is 
deeply distressed? 
Answer: The narrator conveys the fact that the women looking at her reflection is 
deeply distressed and dissatisfied because she turns away to find her answers in the 
candles and the moon. She has tears in her eyes and her agitation in hand express her 
distress. 
 
(g) What makes the woman start crying? 
Answer: The fact that now she is old and has lost her beauty and youth, makes the woman 
start crying. This truth is bitter for her to bear. 
 
(h) What do you think the 'terrible fish' in the last line symbolizes? What is the poetic device 
used here? 
Answer: The truth shown by the mirror is here described here as 'terrible fish'. This 
poetic device is 'Simile'. 
 
Q.2 (a) List out the adjectives that have been used to describe the mirror. Add a few more 
Page 2


  CHAPTER-8 NCERT SOLUTIONS 
 
Q.1 Answer the following questions briefly: 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
Answer: The poetic device used here is 'personification'. The mirror has been  
personified. It swallows or absorbs an image which comes in front of it and then 
reflects it truthfully. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer: The mirror usually passes its time on temping to the opposite wall which is  
pink in colour and has spots on it. 
 
(c) What disturbs the mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall? 
Answer: The mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall is disturbed by faces and  
darkness. When people come to view themselves in the mirror, its contemplation to  
see the opposite wall is disturbed. The view of the wall is also disturbed by the 
darkness of the night. 
 
(d) Why does the mirror appear to be a lake in the second stanza? What aspect of the mirror 
do you think is being referred to here? 
 
Answer: The mirror appears to be a lake because it reflects an image in the same manner 
as it is reflected in the clear water of the lake. The mirror also appears to be  
the lake because of its depth. An object which is thrown into the lake gets drowned 
into it. Similarly youthful images cannot be reflected by the mirror again. 
 
(e) What is the women searching for in the depths of the lake? 
 
Answer: The women has become old. When she looks at herself in the mirror, the mirror 
in turn reflects her true image. She is not satisfied with the signs of her aging. So 
she tries to look into its depth so as to look for her lost beauty and youth. 
 
(f) How does narrator convey the fact that the women looking at her reflection in the lake is 
deeply distressed? 
Answer: The narrator conveys the fact that the women looking at her reflection is 
deeply distressed and dissatisfied because she turns away to find her answers in the 
candles and the moon. She has tears in her eyes and her agitation in hand express her 
distress. 
 
(g) What makes the woman start crying? 
Answer: The fact that now she is old and has lost her beauty and youth, makes the woman 
start crying. This truth is bitter for her to bear. 
 
(h) What do you think the 'terrible fish' in the last line symbolizes? What is the poetic device 
used here? 
Answer: The truth shown by the mirror is here described here as 'terrible fish'. This 
poetic device is 'Simile'. 
 
Q.2 (a) List out the adjectives that have been used to describe the mirror. Add a few more 
adjectives to the list. 
Answer: Adjectives used to describe the mirror are- 
exact, unmisted, truthful, not cruel, faithful,four-cornered and important. 
 
Some other adjectives are- 
honest,clear,reflective, bitter, deep and significant. 
 
(b)In the second stanza why has the narrator replaced the mirror with a lake? What is he/she 
trying to focus on? 
 
Answer: In the second stanza the mirror is replaced with a lake because it reflects an  
image in the same manner as it is reflected in the clear water of the lake. The 
mirror also appears to be the lake because of its depth. An object which is thrown  
into the lake gets drowned into it. Similarly youthful images cannot be reflected by 
the mirror again. The poet is trying to express the reality of the human's aging 
process and the difficulties faced by persons to accept this bitter truth. 
 
Q.3 Find the various instances of personification used in this poem. 
Answer: There are many instances of personification in this poem, such as: 
Now, I am a lake; Mirror as a terrible fish; Whatever I see, I swallow immediately; 
I am not cruel, only truthful. 
 
Q.4 Read the given lines and answer the questions that follow by the correct choice:  
A woman bends over me, 
Searching my reaches for what she really is. 
Then she turns to those liars, the candles or the moon. 
 
(a) What is the woman bending over? (i) the mirror  
(ii) the lake 
(iii) the opposite wall  
(iv) the moon and the candles 
 
(b) Why have the candles and the moon been called 'liars'? (i) because they make people 
beautiful 
(ii) they hide the blemishes of people with their soft light 
(iii) they hide the blemishes and make people look beautiful in their soft glow 
(iv) they can't talk 
 
(c) Why does she turn to them in spite of calling them 'liars'? (i) the reality is too harsh for her to 
bear 
(ii) she is desperately looking for someone to comfort her 
(iii) she wants to be told that she is still beautiful 
(iv) she can hide her signs of graying in their light 
 
Answers: 
(a) (i) the mirror 
(b) (iii) they hide the blemishes and make people look beautiful in their soft glow 
(c) (ii) she is desperately looking for someone to comfort her 
 
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