(i) A landmass bounded by the sea on three sides is referred to as
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c) Peninsula
Peninsulas are typically surrounded by water on three sides, with the fourth side connected to a larger landmass. They can vary in size and shape. Some famous examples of peninsulas include the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal), the Italian Peninsula, and the Malay Peninsula.
(ii) Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its boundary with Myanmar are collectively called
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c) Purvachal
Purvachal is home to several mountain ranges, including the Patkai, Naga Hills, and Manipur Hills. These mountain ranges play a significant role in shaping the topography of the region and act as a natural boundary between India and Myanmar.
(iii) The western coastal strip, south of Goa is referred to as
(d) Northern Circar
Ans: (c) Kannad
The Konkan region is located in the states of Maharashtra, Goa, and Karnataka. It is known for its beautiful beaches, lush greenery, and rich cultural heritage. The region is famous for its seafood, coconut-based cuisine, and traditional music and dance forms.
(iv) The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is
(a) Anai Mudi
Ans: (c) Mahendragiri
Mahendragiri is located in the Paralakhemundi region of the Gajapati district in Odisha, India. It stands at an elevation of approximately 1,501 meters (4,925 feet) above sea level.
(i) What is the bhabar?
Ans: The northern plains are generally described as flatlands, with no variations in their relief. However, that is not true. These vast plains also have diverse relief features. According to the variations in relief features, the northern plains can be divided into four regions. The rivers, after descending from the mountains, deposit pebbles in a narrow belt of about 8 to 16 km in width lying parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks. This region is known as Babar.
(ii) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.
(a) The Greater Himalayas or Himadri (Inner Himalayas)
(b) Himachal or Lesser Himalayas (Middle Himalayas)
(c) The Shiwaliks (Outer Himalayas)
(iii) Which plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges?
Ans: The Malwa plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges.
(iv) Name the island group of India having coral origin.
Ans: Lakshadweep islands are the island group having coral origin.
(i) Bhangar and Khadar
(ii) The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats
Q4. Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.
The major physiographic divisions of India are:
(i) The Himalayan Mountains
(ii) The Northern Plains
(iii) The Peninsular Plateau
(iv) The Indian Desert
(v) The Coastal Plains
(vi) The Islands
Q5. Give an account of the Northern Plains of India.
(i) The Indian Desert
(ii) The Central Highlands
(iii) The Island groups of India
Ans: India has two groups of islands, namely:
(i) Lakshadweep Islands
(ii) Andaman and Nicobar Islands group
Andaman and Nicobar Island
Q1. On an outline map of India show the following.
(a) Mountain and hill ranges — the Karakoram, the Zaskar, the Patkai Bum, the Jaintia, the Vindhya range, the Aravali and the Cardamom hills.
(b) Peaks— K2, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat and Anai Mudi.
(c) Plateaus— Chotanagpur and Malwa
(d) The Indian Desert, Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands.
|1. What are the major physical features of India?|
|2. What is the significance of the Himalayan mountain range in India?|
|3. How does the Indo-Gangetic Plain contribute to India's agriculture?|
|4. What are the characteristics of the Thar Desert in India?|
|5. How do the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats affect the climate of India?|