Q.1. Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food?
Ans. No, all living beings do not need the same kind of food. Some animals eat plants as food, and are called as herbivores. Some animals feed on other animals, and are called as carnivores. Some eat food from plant sources as well as animals, and such living beings are called omnivores.
Fig: Living beings and their food
Q.2. Name five plants and their parts that we eat.
Q.3. Match the items given in column A with that in column B
|Column A||Column B|
|Milk, curd, paneer, ghee||Eat other animals|
|Spinach, cauliflower, carrot||Eat plants and plant products|
|Lions and tigers||Are vegetables|
|Herbivores||Are all animals products|
Q.4. Fill up the blanks with the words given below: (Herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore)
(a) Tiger is a ______ because it eats only meat.
(b) Deer eats only plant product and so, is called ______.
(c) Parrot eats only ______ products.
(d) The ______ that we drink, comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.
(e) We get sugar from ______ .
Q. Choose the correct answer (MCQs)
(1) Which of the following is a carnivore?
Ans. (a) Tiger
(2) Which of the following is herbivore?
Ans. (b) Cow
(3) Which of the following is an omnivore?
Ans. (c) Monkey
(4) Which of the following is example of scavenger?
(a) Tiger and lion
(b) Cow and sheep
(c) Crow and vulture
(d) None of these.
Ans. (c) Crow and Vulture
(5) Which of the following is a root vegetable?
Ans. (b) Carrot
(6) Which part of spinach do we eat?
Ans. (c) Leaves
(7) Which part of sugarcane do we eat?
Ans. (b) Stem
(8) Which part of mangoes do we eat?
Ans. (a) Fruit
(9) Which of the following is obtained from animals?
Ans. (a) Honey
(10) Which of the following animals give eggs?
(a) Hen and Duck
(b) Cow and buffalo
(c) Tiger and Lion
(d) Goat and rabbit
Ans. (a) Hen and Duck
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
Q.1. Name the products obtained from milk?
Ans. Cheese, butter, sweets, curd, etc.
Fig: Dairy products
Q.2. Name five food items that we get from plants?
Ans. Cereals, pulses, fruits, vegetables and oil.
Q.3. Why are spices used in our food?
Ans. Spices add flavour to the food hence making it tasty.
Q.4. Write the name of two plants which give us oil?
Ans. Mustard and groundnut.
Q.5. What do you mean by herbivores?
Ans. Animals that eat only plants are known as herbivores.
Q.6. What do you mean by omnivores?
Ans. Animals that eat both plants and flesh of animals are known as omnivores.
Fig: Bear: Omnivores
Q.7. What do you mean by carnivores?
Ans. Animals that eat only flesh of other animals are known as carnivores
Fig: Cheetah: Carnivore
Q.8. What do you mean by autotrophs?
Ans. Organisms which produce their own food are known as autotrophs. Example: Plants prepare their food by the process of photosynthesis.
Q.9. What do you mean by heterotrophs?
Ans. Heterotrophs are organisms which consume plant and animal matter. They are also known as consumers.
Q.10. What do you mean by scavengers?
Ans. Scavengers are animals that consume dead organisms. They play an important role in the ecosystem.
Fig: Vulture: Scavenger
Q.11. Why should we eat cooked food?
Ans. The process of cooking kills harmful germs of food and enhances its taste. It is easily digested by our body. That is why we should prefer eating cooked food.
Q.12. Define the term ingredients?
Ans. The materials that are needed to prepare a particular type of dish are called ingredients.