NCERT Solutions, Chapter 8 : Mirror, Class 10 (English) Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Class 10 : NCERT Solutions, Chapter 8 : Mirror, Class 10 (English) Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
Chapter 8 : Mirror  
Page No: 99 
 
4. Answer the following questions briefly 
 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
 
Answer 
 
‘I swallow’ personifies the mirror. The mirror seems to say that the 
image on it is deep enough to swallow everything, passively. The 
objectivity of the mirror is significant. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer 
 
Page 2


www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
Chapter 8 : Mirror  
Page No: 99 
 
4. Answer the following questions briefly 
 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
 
Answer 
 
‘I swallow’ personifies the mirror. The mirror seems to say that the 
image on it is deep enough to swallow everything, passively. The 
objectivity of the mirror is significant. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
The mirror usually passes its time by constantly looking at the wall 
opposite to it. 
 
(c) What disturbs the mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall? 
 
Answer 
 
People's faces and the darkness diturb the mirror's contemplation of the 
opposite wall. 
 
(d) Why does the mirror appear to be a lake in the second stanza? What 
aspect of the mirror do you think is being referred to here? 
 
Answer 
 
The mirror appears to be lake in in the second stanza because it has also 
the quality of reflecting the image of what appears before it like a lake. 
As whatever falls on the surface of the lake is drowned into it, the mirror 
also swallows whatever it sees. A new dimension, depth, is being 
referred here. 
 
 
(e) What is the woman searching for in the depths of the lake?  
 
Answer 
 
The woman is searching for her lost youth, charm and beauty in the 
depths of the lake. 
 
Page 3


www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
Chapter 8 : Mirror  
Page No: 99 
 
4. Answer the following questions briefly 
 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
 
Answer 
 
‘I swallow’ personifies the mirror. The mirror seems to say that the 
image on it is deep enough to swallow everything, passively. The 
objectivity of the mirror is significant. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
The mirror usually passes its time by constantly looking at the wall 
opposite to it. 
 
(c) What disturbs the mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall? 
 
Answer 
 
People's faces and the darkness diturb the mirror's contemplation of the 
opposite wall. 
 
(d) Why does the mirror appear to be a lake in the second stanza? What 
aspect of the mirror do you think is being referred to here? 
 
Answer 
 
The mirror appears to be lake in in the second stanza because it has also 
the quality of reflecting the image of what appears before it like a lake. 
As whatever falls on the surface of the lake is drowned into it, the mirror 
also swallows whatever it sees. A new dimension, depth, is being 
referred here. 
 
 
(e) What is the woman searching for in the depths of the lake?  
 
Answer 
 
The woman is searching for her lost youth, charm and beauty in the 
depths of the lake. 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
(f) How does the narrator convey the fact that the woman looking at her 
reflection in the lake is deeply distressed? 
 
Answer 
 
The narrator conveys the fact that women is deeply distressed because 
when she sees herself ageing in the mirror, she turns away to find her 
answers in the candles and the moon. She has tears in her eyes and her 
agitated hands express her distress. 
 
(g) What makes the woman start crying? 
 
Answer 
 
The woman starts crying when she sees her own reflection in the mirror 
and realises that she has lost her charm, beauty and youth. She has 
grown old. 
 
(h) What do you think the 'terrible fish' in the last line symbolizes? What 
is the poetic device used here? 
 
Answer 
 
The ‘terrible fish’ symbolises the bitter truth which puts human beings 
to a fatal end. The poetic device used here is a simile. 
Page 4


www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
Chapter 8 : Mirror  
Page No: 99 
 
4. Answer the following questions briefly 
 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
 
Answer 
 
‘I swallow’ personifies the mirror. The mirror seems to say that the 
image on it is deep enough to swallow everything, passively. The 
objectivity of the mirror is significant. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
The mirror usually passes its time by constantly looking at the wall 
opposite to it. 
 
(c) What disturbs the mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall? 
 
Answer 
 
People's faces and the darkness diturb the mirror's contemplation of the 
opposite wall. 
 
(d) Why does the mirror appear to be a lake in the second stanza? What 
aspect of the mirror do you think is being referred to here? 
 
Answer 
 
The mirror appears to be lake in in the second stanza because it has also 
the quality of reflecting the image of what appears before it like a lake. 
As whatever falls on the surface of the lake is drowned into it, the mirror 
also swallows whatever it sees. A new dimension, depth, is being 
referred here. 
 
 
(e) What is the woman searching for in the depths of the lake?  
 
Answer 
 
The woman is searching for her lost youth, charm and beauty in the 
depths of the lake. 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
(f) How does the narrator convey the fact that the woman looking at her 
reflection in the lake is deeply distressed? 
 
Answer 
 
The narrator conveys the fact that women is deeply distressed because 
when she sees herself ageing in the mirror, she turns away to find her 
answers in the candles and the moon. She has tears in her eyes and her 
agitated hands express her distress. 
 
(g) What makes the woman start crying? 
 
Answer 
 
The woman starts crying when she sees her own reflection in the mirror 
and realises that she has lost her charm, beauty and youth. She has 
grown old. 
 
(h) What do you think the 'terrible fish' in the last line symbolizes? What 
is the poetic device used here? 
 
Answer 
 
The ‘terrible fish’ symbolises the bitter truth which puts human beings 
to a fatal end. The poetic device used here is a simile. 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
Page No: 100 
 
5. Read the posm silently and answer the following questions: 
 
(a) List out the adjectives that have been used to describe the mirror. 
Add a few more adjectives to the list. 
 
Answer 
 
Adjectives used in the poem to describe the mirror: 
silver, exact, honest, faithful, unmisted, unbiased, four cornered 
 
A few more adjectives for the same are listed below: 
Deep, significant, reality, bitter, fair, honest 
 
(b) In the second stanza why has the narrator replaced the mirror with a 
lake? What is he/she trying to focus on? 
 
Answer 
 
In the second stanza, the poetess has replaced the mirror with a lake to 
add a new dimension to it which is depth. The lake has depth. Both the 
mirror and the lake have the quality of reflecting the image of what 
appears before them. Just as anything falls and drowns into the lake, the 
youth and beauty of the woman seems to have drowned  in the mirror. 
 
6. Find the various instances of personification used in this poem. 
 
Answer 
Page 5


www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
Chapter 8 : Mirror  
Page No: 99 
 
4. Answer the following questions briefly 
 
(a) What is the poetic device used when the mirror says 'I swallow'? 
 
Answer 
 
‘I swallow’ personifies the mirror. The mirror seems to say that the 
image on it is deep enough to swallow everything, passively. The 
objectivity of the mirror is significant. 
 
(b) How does the mirror usually pass its time? 
 
Answer 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
The mirror usually passes its time by constantly looking at the wall 
opposite to it. 
 
(c) What disturbs the mirror's contemplation of the opposite wall? 
 
Answer 
 
People's faces and the darkness diturb the mirror's contemplation of the 
opposite wall. 
 
(d) Why does the mirror appear to be a lake in the second stanza? What 
aspect of the mirror do you think is being referred to here? 
 
Answer 
 
The mirror appears to be lake in in the second stanza because it has also 
the quality of reflecting the image of what appears before it like a lake. 
As whatever falls on the surface of the lake is drowned into it, the mirror 
also swallows whatever it sees. A new dimension, depth, is being 
referred here. 
 
 
(e) What is the woman searching for in the depths of the lake?  
 
Answer 
 
The woman is searching for her lost youth, charm and beauty in the 
depths of the lake. 
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
(f) How does the narrator convey the fact that the woman looking at her 
reflection in the lake is deeply distressed? 
 
Answer 
 
The narrator conveys the fact that women is deeply distressed because 
when she sees herself ageing in the mirror, she turns away to find her 
answers in the candles and the moon. She has tears in her eyes and her 
agitated hands express her distress. 
 
(g) What makes the woman start crying? 
 
Answer 
 
The woman starts crying when she sees her own reflection in the mirror 
and realises that she has lost her charm, beauty and youth. She has 
grown old. 
 
(h) What do you think the 'terrible fish' in the last line symbolizes? What 
is the poetic device used here? 
 
Answer 
 
The ‘terrible fish’ symbolises the bitter truth which puts human beings 
to a fatal end. The poetic device used here is a simile. 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
Page No: 100 
 
5. Read the posm silently and answer the following questions: 
 
(a) List out the adjectives that have been used to describe the mirror. 
Add a few more adjectives to the list. 
 
Answer 
 
Adjectives used in the poem to describe the mirror: 
silver, exact, honest, faithful, unmisted, unbiased, four cornered 
 
A few more adjectives for the same are listed below: 
Deep, significant, reality, bitter, fair, honest 
 
(b) In the second stanza why has the narrator replaced the mirror with a 
lake? What is he/she trying to focus on? 
 
Answer 
 
In the second stanza, the poetess has replaced the mirror with a lake to 
add a new dimension to it which is depth. The lake has depth. Both the 
mirror and the lake have the quality of reflecting the image of what 
appears before them. Just as anything falls and drowns into the lake, the 
youth and beauty of the woman seems to have drowned  in the mirror. 
 
6. Find the various instances of personification used in this poem. 
 
Answer 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
www.ncrtsolutions.in  
 
The various instances of personification used in the poem are: 
I am silver and exact. 
I have no preconceptions 
Whatever I see, I swallow immediately; 
I am not cruel, only truthful; 
Now, I am a lake; 
The eye of a little god; 
I am important to her. 
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