1. Comment on any points of difference between the native peoples of South and North America.
Owing to topographical differences, South Americans were hunter gatherers, agriculturists and herders. They were simple people contended with their means. In North America, native people used to live in band in villages along the river valleys. They ate fish and meat and cultivated vegetables and maize. The natives of South America maintained empire, while the natives of North America did not maintain it.
2. Other than the use of English, what other features of English economic and social life do you notice in nineteenth-century USA?
(i) The English brought land and clear large tracts of forest for the expansion of agriculture.
(ii) The English used the land in a different ways as compared to the native of purchased land in USA, but their ancestors were incapable to inherit this property.
(iii) They cheated the native by the taking their land and economically exploited them.
(iv) They also signed contract with American to sell the land to them and paid American low prices of land.
3. What did the ‘frontier’ mean to the Americans?
The conquest and purchase of land by the Americans resulted in the extension of boundaries. The natives of America were compelled to move accordingly. The boundary where natives reached was known as 'frontier'.
4. Why was the history of the Australian native peoples left out of history books?
It was because the European Historian followed the policy of discrimination against the native peoples. They wrote book only in praise of their peoples instead of giving attention towards the natives Australian for their deeds.
Answer in Short Essay
5. How satisfactory is a museum gallery display in explaining the culture of a people? Give examples from your own experience of a museum.
(i) A museum gallery displays the culture of a people in the following ways:
(ii) Icons of the ancient period, the theology in its basic forms and coins are also found in the museum.
(iii) Remains of pots , apparels, ornaments and other things are displayed.
(iv) Books, research papers, survey reports and works of historians and archaeologists are kept in the gallery of museum.
(v) In museum, we seek information regarding dialects and languages.