NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Class 8 Mathematics by VP Classes

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Class 8 : NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 8 Course Class 8 Mathematics by VP Classes.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

Question 1. How will you construct a rectangle PQRS if you know only the lengths PQ and QR?

Solution: A rectangle can be constructed by taking PQ as the length. 

Making an ∠90° at Q and cutting off QR, the breadth the ray NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev Remaining two points R and S can be located by taking P and R as centres and radii as QR and PQ respectively draw arcs to intersect at S. Thus, PQRS is the required parallelogram.

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question 2. Construct the kite EASY if AY = 8 cm, EY = 4 cm and SY = 6 cm. Which properties of the kite did you use in the process?

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Solution: Following properties have been used in constructing the KITE:

(i) Diagonals are at right angles.

(ii) One of the diagonal bisects the other.

(iii) Pairs of consecutive sides are equal.

Steps of construction:

I. Draw a line segment AY = 8 cm. 
II. Draw NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev , the perpendicular bisector of AY such that it meets AY at O.
III. We cannot locate a point E on PQ at 4 cm from Y and A, i.e. EY = 4 cm = EA is not possible. It is possible only when E and O coincide. In that case the kite does not exist.

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

EXERCISE 4.5
Question: Draw the following.
1. The square READ with RE = 5.1 cm.
2. A rhombus whose diagonals are 5.2 cm and 6.4 cm long.
3. A rectangle with adjacent sides of lengths 5 cm and 4 cm.
4. A parallelogram OKAY where OK = 5.5 cm and KA = 4.2 cm.

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Solution:1. Steps of construction:

I. Draw a line segment RE = 5.1 cm.

II. At E, draw NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev, such that ∠REX = 90°. 

III. From NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev, cut-off NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev = 5.1 cm.

IV. With centre at A, draw an arc above RE of radius = 5.1 cm.

V. With centre at R, and radius = 5.1 cm, draw another arc to intersect the previous arc at D.

VI. Join DA and DR.

Thus, READ is the required square.

2. Steps of construction:

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Note: The diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.

I. Draw a line segment AC = 5.2 cm.

II. Draw NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev  , the perpendicular bisector of AC. 

III. From XY, cut-off OD NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

IV. Similarly, cut-off OB NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

V. Join AD, DC, CB and BA.

Thus, ABCD is the required rhombus.

3. Steps of construction:

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

I. Draw a line segment PQ = 5 cm.

II. At P, draw NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev , such that ∠QPX = 90° 

III. FromNCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev , cut-off PS = 4 cm.

IV. With centre at 5 and radius = 5 cm, mark an arc towards Q.

V. With centre Q and radius = 4 cm, mark an arc to intersect the previous arc at R.

VI. Join RQ and RS

Thus, PQRS is the required rectangle.

 

4. Steps of construction:

NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev

I. Draw a line segment OK = 5.5 cm.

II. At K, draw a ray NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev .

III. From NCERT Solutions(Part- 3)- Practical Geometry Class 8 Notes | EduRev , cut-off KA = 4.2 cm.

IV. With centre at A and radius = 5.5 cm, draw an arc above OK.

V. With centre O and radius = 4.2 cm, draw another arc to intersect the previous arc at Y.

VI. Join YO and YA.

Thus, OKAY is the required parallelogram.

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