Q.1. Is every Office Memorandum a major political decision? If not, what made this one different?
Ans. No. Every Memorandum is not a major political decision. This was important because it made the announcement of 27% reservation for SEBC class, in addition to the reservations already there for SCs and STs.
Ans. Cartoon. It certainly has political overtones. The first one is referring to the 27% reservation for the SEBC.
Q.3. Who did what in this case of reservations for backward classes?
Supreme Court 1. Made formal announcement about this decision
Cabinet 2. Implemented the decision by issuing an order
President 3. Took the decision to give 27% job reservations
Government Officials 4. Upheld reservations as valid
Ans. Supreme Court 4, Cabinet 3, President 1, Government Officials 2.
Q.4. Which institutions are at work in the running of your school? Would it be better if one person alone took all the decisions regarding management of your school?
Ans. No, it would not be better. Decisions arrived with consensus and advice of more than one person are not rash or dictatorial. They are rational and considered the majority opinion. Institutions in a school are the Managing Committee, the parents-teachers association, the Principal and the staff.
Q.5. What is the point in having so much debate and discussion in the Parliament when we know that the view of the ruling party is going to prevail?
Ans. The ruling party, after a debate and discussion, learns about the weak points in its views. It can modify them in the light of what it learns. If no debate is held it will not come to know the views of the opposition or of the people, and take arbitrary decision.
Q.6. The race to become a minister is not new. Here is a cartoon depicting ministerial aspirants waiting to get a berth in Nehru’s Cabinet after the 1962 elections. Why do you think political leaders are so keen to become ministers?
Ans. Political leaders are keen to become ministers because of the power, prestige and financial gains they get. Minister have many privileges, power is desired by many. If your intentions are honourable, you can serve the nation in many ways. If not, you can misuse them for personal gain.
Q.7. This cartoon depicts a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the early 1970s, at the peak of her popularity. Do you think similar cartoons could be drawn about other prime ministers who followed her?
Ans. No. None of the Prime Ministers who followed her had the same status or power as Indira Gandhi had in the early 1970s.
Q.8. What is better for a democracy-a Prime Minister who can do whatever he wishes or a Prime Minister who needs to consult other leaders and parties?
Ans. The second option is indeed better in a democracy, otherwise we would end up with a dictator.
Q.9. It is quite common in the US for judges to be nominated on the basis of well-known political opinions and affiliations. This fictitious advertisement appeared in the US in 2005 when President Bush was considering various candidates for nomination to the US Supreme Court. What does this cartoon say about the independence of the judiciary?
Why do such cartoons not appear in our country? Does this demonstrate the independence of our judiciary?
Ans. The cartoon is definitely making fun of President Bush! It clearly states that judiciary is not independent in USA and judges will be chosen if they support Bush and his policies!
No such cartoon has ever appeared against the Indian judiciary which speaks a lot about the independence of judicial system in India. They are free from dominance of the Executive.
Q.10. Why are people allowed to go to courts against the government’s decisions?
Ans. People are allowed to go against the government to courts, because of the fundamental right given to them by the Constitution — Right to Constitutional Remedies. If any of the people’s fundamental rights is violated we can challenge the decision in court and ask for justice.