NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

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Class 9 : NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev is a part of Class 9 category.
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Exercise 1.1

1. Is zero a rational number? Can you write it in the form p/q, where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0?

Answer

Yes. Zero is a rational number as it can be represented as 0/1 or  0/2 or  0/3 etc

2. Find six rational numbers between 3 and 4.

Answer

There are infinite rational numbers in between 3 and 4.3 and 4 can be represented as 24/8 and 32/8 respectively.
Therefore, six rational numbers between 3 and 4 are 25/8, 26/8, 27/8, 28/8, 29/8, 30/8.

3. Find five rational numbers between 3/5 and 4/5.

Answer

There are infinite rational numbers in between 3/5 and 4/5
3/5 = 3×6/5×6 = 18/30
4/5 = 4×6/5×6 = 24/30
Therefore, five rational numbers between 3/5 and 4/5 are
19/30, 20/30, 21/30, 22/30, 23/30.

4. State whether the following statements are true or false. Give reasons for your answers.

(i) Every natural number is a whole number.

Answer

True, since the collection of whole numbers contains all natural numbers.

(ii) Every integer is a whole number.

Answer

False, as integers may be negative but whole numbers are always positive.
(iii) Every rational number is a whole number.

Answer 

False, as rational numbers may be fractional but whole numbers may not be.

For example: 1/5 is a rational number but not a whole number.


Exercise 1.2
1. State whether the following statements are true or false. Justify your answers.
(i) Every irrational number is a real number.

Answer

True, since the collection of real numbers is made up of rational and irrational numbers.
(ii) Every point on the number line is of the form √m, where m is a natural number.

Answer

False, since positive number cannot be expressed as square roots.

(iii) Every real number is an irrational number.

Answer

False, as real numbers include both rational and irrational numbers. Therefore, every real number cannot be an irrational number.


2. Are the square roots of all positive integers irrational? If not, give an example of the square root of a number that is a rational number.

Answer
No, the square roots of all positive integers are not irrational. For example √4 = 2.


3. Show how √5 can be represented on the number line.

Answer

Step 1: Let AB be a line of length 2 unit on number line.

Step 2: At B, draw a perpendicular line BC of length 1 unit. Join CA.

Step 3: Now, ABC is a right angled triangle. Applying Pythagoras theorem,
AB + BC2 = CA2
⇒ 22 + 12 = CA2
⇒ CA2 = 5
⇒ CA = √5
Thus, CA is a line of length √5 unit.

Step 4: Taking CA as a radius and A as a centre draw an arc touching the number line. The point at which number line get intersected by arc is at √5 distance from 0 because it is a radius of the circle whose centre was A.

Thus, √5 is represented on the number line as shown in the figure.

NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Exercise 1.3

1. Write the following in decimal form and say what kind of decimal expansion each has:

(i) 36/100
= 0.36 (Terminating)
(ii) 1/11
0.09090909... =NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev (Non terminating repeating)

(iii) NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev
= 33/8 = 4.125 (Terminating)

(iv) 3/13
= 0.230769230769... NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev (Non terminating repeating) 

(v) 2/11

= 0.181818181818... NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev (Non terminating repeating)

(vi) 329/400

= 0.8225 (Terminating)

2. You know that 1/7 = NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev.Can you predict what the decimal expansion of 2/7, 3/7, 4/7, 5/7, 6/7 are without actually doing the long division? If so, how?
[Hint: Study the remainders while finding the value of 1/7 carefully.]

Answer

Yes. We can be done this by:

NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

3. Express the following in the form p/q where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0.

(i)NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

(ii) NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

(iii) NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Answer

(i) NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev = 0.666...
Let x = 0.666...
10x = 6.666...
10x = 6+ x
9x = 6
x = 2/3

(ii) NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev = 0.4777...
= 4/10 + 0.777/10
Let x = 0.777…
10x = 7.777…
10x = 7+x

x = 7/9

4/10  0.777.../10 = 4/10  7/90

= (36+7)/90 = 43/90

(iii) NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev = 0.001001...

Let x = 0.001001...

1000x = 1.001001…
1000x = 1 + x
999x = 1

x = 1/999

4. Express 0.99999…in the form  p/q. Are you surprised by your answer? With your teacher and classmates discuss why the answer makes sense.

Answer

Let x = 0.9999…
10x = 9.9999…
10x = 9 + x
9x = 9
x = 1

The difference between 1 and 0.999999 is 0.000001 which is negligible. Thus, 0.999 is too much near 1, Therefore, the 1 as answer can be justified. 

5. What can the maximum number of digits be in the repeating block of digits in the decimal expansion of 1/17? Perform the division to check your answer.

Answer
1/17  NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

There are 16 digits in the repeating block of the decimal expansion of 1/17.

Division Check:

NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

6. Look at several examples of rational numbers in the form p/(≠ 0) where p and q are integers with no common factors other than 1 and having terminating decimal representations (expansions). Can you guess what property q must satisfy?

Answer
We observe that when q is 2, 4, 5, 8, 10... then the decimal expansion is terminating. For example:
1/2 = 0.5, denominator q = 21
7/8 = 0.875, denominator q = 23
4/5 = 0.8, denominator q = 51
We can observe that terminating decimal may be obtained in the situation where prime factorisation of the denominator of the given fractions has the power of 2 only or 5 only or both. 

7. Write three numbers whose decimal expansions are non-terminating non-recurring.

Answer

Three numbers whose decimal expansions are non-terminating non-recurring are:

0.303003000300003...

0.505005000500005...

0.7207200720007200007200000…

8. Find three different irrational numbers between the rational numbers 5/7 and 9/11.

Answer

5/7 = NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev
9/11 = NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Three different irrational numbers are:

0.73073007300073000073…

0.75075007300075000075…

0.76076007600076000076…

9. Classify the following numbers as rational or irrational:

(i) √23

(ii) √225

(iii) 0.3796
(iv) 7.478478 

(v) 1.101001000100001…

Answer

(i) √23 = 4.79583152331...

Since the number is non-terminating non-recurring therefore, it is an irrational number.

(ii) √225 = 15 = 15/1
Since the number is rational number as it can represented in p/form. 

(iii) 0.3796

Since the number is terminating therefore, it is an rational number.

(iv) 7.478478 = NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 - Number System (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Since the this number is non-terminating recurring, therefore, it is a rational number.

(v) 1.101001000100001…

Since the number is non-terminating non-repeating, therefore, it is an irrational number.

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