NCERT Solutions - Life in the Deserts Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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UPSC : NCERT Solutions - Life in the Deserts Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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Q.1. Answer the following questions. 
(a) What are the two types of deserts found in the world?
Ans. Two types of deserts found in the world are:
(i) Cold Desert 
(ii) Hot Desert
NCERT Solutions - Life in the Deserts Class 7 Notes | EduRev

(b) In which continent is the Sahara desert located?
Ans. Sahara desert is located in Africa.
(c) What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?
Ans. The climate of Ladakh is extremely cold and dry due to high altitude. The air at this altitude is so thin that the heat of the sun can be felt intensely.
(d) What mainly attracts tourists to Ladakh?
Ans. Natural beauty, the gompas, treks to see the meadows and glaciers, witnessing ceremonies and festivities mainly attracts tourists to Ladakh.
(e) What type of clothes the people of the Sahara desert wear?
Ans. The people of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot winds.
(f) Name the trees that grow in Ladakh.
Ans. Trees that grow in Ladakh are Groves of willows and poplars, fruit trees such as apples, apricots and walnuts bloom.

Q.2. Tick the correct answer. 
(i) Sahara is located in which part of Africa
(a) Eastern 
(b) Northern
(c) Western
Ans. (b) Northern
(ii) Sahara is what type of desert 
(a) Cold 
(b) Hot 
(c) Mild 
Ans. (b) Hot
(iii) The Ladakh desert is mainly inhabited by 
(a) Christians and Muslims 
(b) Buddhists and Muslims 
(c) Christians and Buddhists
Ans. (b) Buddhists and Muslims
(iv) Deserts are characterised by
(a) Scanty vegetation 
(b) Heavy precipitation 
(c) Low evaporation
Ans. (a) Scanty vegetation
(v) Hemis in the Ladakh is a famous 
(a) Temple 
(b) Church 
(c) Monastery
Ans. (c) Monastery
(vi) Egypt is famous for growing 
(a) Wheat 
(b) Maize 
(c) Cotton
Ans. (c) Cotton

Q.3. Match the following.

(i) Oasis

(a) Libya

(ii) Bedouins

(b) monastery

(iii) Oil

(c) glacier

(iv) Gangri

(d) depressions with water

(v) Lainayum

(e) cold desert

-

(f) Sahara

Ans. 

(i) Oasis

(d) depressions with water

(ii) Bedouins

(f) Sahara

(iii) Oil

(a) Libya

(iv) Gangri

(c) glacier

(v) Lama yum

(b) monastery


Q.4. Give reasons.

(i) There is scanty vegetation in the deserts. 

(ii) People of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes. 

Ans. 

(i) Deserts are characterised by extreme climatic conditions. They receive very low rainfall per year and temperature is either very high or very low. As a result, there is scanty vegetation in the desserts.

(ii) People of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot winds. Sahara is a hot desert therefore dust storms and hot winds of containing sands is common there. It also help them in protection from the Sun.

Q.5. Map skills.
(i) On the outline map of Africa, mark the Sahara desert and any four countries around it.
(ii) On the outline map of India, mark the Karakoram Range, Zanskar Range, Ladakh and Zoji La pass.
Ans. 
(i)
NCERT Solutions - Life in the Deserts Class 7 Notes | EduRev

(ii) 
NCERT Solutions - Life in the Deserts Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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