NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Mathematics (Maths) Class 7

Created by: Praveen Kumar

Class 7 : NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 7 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 7.
All you need of Class 7 at this link: Class 7

EXERCISE 11.3

Q.1. Find the circumference of the circles with the following radius:NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev
(a) 14 cm

(b) 28 mm 

(c) 21 cm 

Solution.

(a) A circumference of the circle  NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev
(b) A circumference of the circle NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev
(c) A circumference of the circle NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Q.2. Find the area of the following circles, given that: NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev
(a) radius = 14 mm 

(b) diameter = 49 m 

(c) radius = 5 cm 

Solution.

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Q.3. If the circumference of a circular sheet is 154 m, find its radius. Also, find the area of the sheet. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution. 
Circumference of the circular sheet = 154 m 
⇒ 2πr = 154 m
⇒ r = 154/2π
⇒  NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Now, Area of circular sheet =πr2NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

= 22 x 3.5 x 24.5 = 1886.5 m2

Thus, the radius and area of circular sheet are 24.5 m and 1886.5 m2 respectively.

Q.4. A gardener wants to fence a circular garden of diameter 21 m. Find the length of the rope he needs to purchase if he makes 2 rounds of a fence. Also, find the costs of the rope, if it cost Rs 4 per meter. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Diameter of the circular garden = 21 m

∴ Radius of the circular garden = 21/2 m

Now, Circumference of a circular gardenNCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

= 22 x 3 = 66 m

The gardener makes 2 rounds of a fence so the total length of the rope of fencing
= 2 x 2πr
= 2 x 66 = 132 m

Since, the cost of 1 meter rope = Rs 4
Therefore, Cost of 132 meter rope = 4 x 132 = Rs 528

Q.5. From a circular sheet of radius 4 cm, a circle of radius 3 cm is removed. Find the area of the remaining sheet. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Radius of circular sheet (R) = 4 cm and radius of removed circle (r) = 3 cm
 Area of the remaining sheet = Area of a circular sheet - Area of removed circle
NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Thus, the area of the remaining sheet is 21.98 cm2.

Q.6. Saima wants to put lace on the edge of a circular table cover of diameter 1.5 m. Find the length of the lace required and also find its cost if one meter of the lace costs Rs 15. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Diameter of the circular table cover = 1.5 m 

∴ Radius of the circular table cover = 1.5/2 m 

Circumference of circular table cover = 2πrNCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev= 4.71 m

Therefore, the length of required lace is 4.71 m.
Now the cost of 1 m lace = Rs 15
Then the cost of 4.71 m lace = 15 x 4.71 = Rs 70.65
Hence, the cost of 4.71 m lace is Rs 70.65.

Q.7. Find the perimeter of the adjoining figure, which is a semicircle including its diameter. 

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Diameter = 10 cm

Radius = 10/2 = 5 cm 

According to question,
Perimeter of figure = Circumference of semicircle + diameter

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Thus, the perimeter of the given figure is 25.71 cm.

Q.8. Find the cost of polishing a circular table-top of diameter 1.6 m, if the rate of polishing is Rs 15/m2. (Take π = 3.14)

Solution.
Diameter of the circular table top = 1.6 m 

Radius of the circular table top = 1.6/2 = 0.8 m

Area of circular table top = πr2 = 3.14 x 0.8 x 0.8 = 2.0096 m2
Now, the cost of polishing 1 m2 = Rs 15
Then cost of polishing 2.0096 m2 = 15 x 2.0096 = Rs 30.14 (approx.)
Thus, The cost of polishing a circular table top is Rs 30.14 (approx.)

Q.9. Shazli took a wire of length 44 cm and bent it into the shape of a circle. Find the radius of that circle. Also, find its area. If the same wire is bent into the shape of a square, what will be the length of each of its sides? Which figure encloses more area, the circle or the square? NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Total length of the wire = 44 cm
 ∴ The circumference of the circle = 2πr = 44 cm

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Now Area of the circle = πr2
NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Now the wire is converted into the square.
The perimeter of square = 44 cm

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Now, area of square = side x side = 11 x 11 = 121 cm2

Therefore, on comparing, the area of the circle is greater than that of a square, so the circle encloses more area.

Q.10. From a circular card sheet of radius 14 cm, two circles of radius 3.5 cm and a rectangle of length 3 cm and breadth 1 cm are removed (as shown in the adjoining figure). Find the area of the remaining sheet. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Radius of circular sheet (R) = 14 cm and Radius of smaller circle (r) = 3.5 cm
Length of rectangle (l) = 3 cm and breadth of rectangle (b) = 1 cm
According to question,
Area of remaining sheet = Area of circular sheet- (Area of two smaller circle + Area of rectangle)

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Therefore, the area of the remaining sheet is 536 cm2.

Q.11. A circle of radius 2 cm is cut out from a square piece of an aluminum sheet of side 6 cm. What is the area of the leftover aluminum sheet? NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Radius of circle = 2 cm and side of aluminium square sheet = 6 cm
According to question,
Area of aluminum sheet left = Total area of aluminum sheet - Area of circle
 = side x side - πr2

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Therefore, the area of the aluminum sheet left is 23.44 cm2.


Q.12. The circumference of a circle is 31.4 cm. Find the radius and the area of the circle. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

The circumference of the circle = 31.4 cm

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Then area of the circle = πr2 = 3.14 x 5 x 5
= 78.5 cm2
Therefore, the radius and the area of the circle are 5 cm and 78.5 cm2 respectively.

Q.13. A circular flower bed is surrounded by a path 4 m wide. The diameter of the flower bed is 66 m. What is the area of this path? NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Diameter of the circular flower bed = 66 m
∴ Radius of circular flower bed (r) = 66/2 = 33 m
∴ Radius of circular flower bed with 4 m wide path (R) = 33 + 4 = 37 m

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

According to question,
Area of path = Area of bigger circle - Area of smaller circle

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRevNCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev
= 3.14 x 70 x 4
= 879.20 m2
Therefore, the area of the path is 879.20 m2.

Q.14. A circular flower garden has an area of 314 m2. A sprinkler at the centre of the garden can cover an area that has a radius of 12 m. Will the sprinkler water the entire garden? NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Circular area covered by the sprinkler = πr2
= 3.14 x 12 x 12
= 3.14 x 144
= 452.16 m2
Area of the circular flower garden = 314 m2

As Area of the circular flower garden is smaller than area with a sprinkler. Therefore, the sprinkler will water the entire garden.

Q.15. Find the circumference of the inner and the outer circles, shown in the adjoining figure. NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Radius of outer circle (r) = 19 m
Circumference of outer circle = 2πr = 2 x 3.14 x 19 = 119.32 m
Now radius of inner circle (r')  = 19 - 10 = 9 m
∴ Circumference of inner circle = 2πr' = 2 x 3.14 x 9 = 56.52 m

Therefore, the circumferences of inner and outer circles are 56.52 m and 119.32 m respectively.

Q.16. How many times a wheel of radius 28 cm must rotate to go 352 m? NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

Let wheel must be rotated n times of its circumference.
Radius of wheel = 28 cm and Total distance = 352 m = 35200 cm
∴ Distance covered by wheel = n x circumference of wheel
NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Thus, the wheel must rotate 200 times to go 352 m.

Q.17. The minute hand of a circular clock is 15 cm long. How far does the tip of the minute hand move in 1 hour? NCERT Solutions(Part - 2) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Solution.

In 1 hour, minute hand completes one round means making a circle.
Radius of the circle (r) = 15 cm
A circumference of circular clock = 2πr
= 2 x 3.14 x 15
= 94.2 cm

Therefore, the tip of the minute hand moves 94.2 cm in 1 hour.

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