The document NCERT Solutions(Part - 3) - Perimeter and Area Class 7 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 7 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 7.

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**EXERCISE 11.4 **

**Question 1: A garden is 90 m long and 75 m broad. A path 5 m wide is to be built outside and around it. Find the area of the path. Also find the area of the garden in hectares. **

**Answer 1: **

Length of rectangular garden = 90 m and breadth of rectangular garden = 75 m

Outer length of rectangular garden with path = 90 + 5 + 5 = 100 m

Outer breadth of rectangular garden with path = 75 + 5 + 5 = 85 m

Outer area of rectangular garden with path = length x breadth = 100 x 85 = 8,500 m^{2}

Inner area of garden without path = length x breadth = 90 x 75 = 6,750 m^{2}

Now, Area of path = Area of garden with path â€“ Area of garden without path

= 8,500 â€“ 6,750

= 1,750 m^{2}

**Question 2: **

**A 3 m wide path runs outside and around a rectangular park of length 125 m and breadth 65 m. Find the area of the path. **

**Answer 2: **

Length of rectangular park = 125 m

Breadth of rectangular park = 65 m

Width of the path = 3 m

Length of rectangular park with path = 125 + 3 + 3 = 131 m

Breadth of rectangular park with path = 65 + 3 + 3 = 71 m

âˆ´ Area of path = Area of park with path - Area of park without path

= (AB x AD) - (EF x EH)

= (131 x 71) - (125 x 65)

= 9301 - 8125 = 1,176 m^{2}

Thus, area of path around the park is 1,176 m^{2}.

**Question 3: **

**A picture is painted on a cardboard 8 cm long and 5 cm wide such that there is a margin of 1.5 cm along each of its sides. Find the total area of the margin. **

**Answer 3:**

Length of painted cardboard = 8 cm and breadth of painted card = 5 cm

Since, there is a margin of 1.5 cm long from each of its side.

Therefore reduced length = 8 â€“ (1.5 + 1.5) = 8 â€“ 3 = 5 cm

And reduced breadth = 5 - (1.5 + 1.5] = 5 - 3 = 2 cm

Area of margin = Area of cardboard (ABCD) - Area of cardboard (EFGH)

= (AB x AD) - (EF x EH)

= (8 x 5) - (5 x 2)

= 40 - 10

= 30 cm^{2}

Thus, total area of margin is 30 cm^{2}.

**Question 4: **

**A verandah of width 2.25 m is constructed all along outside a room which is 5.5 m long and 4 m wide. Find: **

**(i) the area of the verandah. **

**(ii) the cost of cementing the floor of the verandah at the rate of Rs 200 per m ^{2}. **

**Answer 4:**

**(i) **The length of room = 5.5 m

Width of the room = 4 m

The length of room with verandah = 5.5 + 2.25 + 2.25 = 10 m

The width of room with verandah = 4 + 2.25 + 2.25 = 8.5 m

Area of verandah = Area of room with verandah â€“ Area of room without verandah

= Area of ABCD â€“ Area of EFGH

= (AB x AD) â€“ (EF x EH)

= (10 x 8.5) â€“ (5.5 x 4)

= 85 â€“ 22

= 63 m^{2 }

**(ii) **The cost of cementing 1 m^{2} the floor of verandah = Rs 200

The cost of cementing 63 m^{2} the floor of verandah = 200 x 63 = Rs 12,600

**Question 5: **

**A path 1 m wide is built along the border and inside a square garden of side 30 m. Find: **

**(i) the area of the path. **

**(ii) the cost of planting grass in the remaining portion of the garden at the rate of Rs 40 per m ^{2}. **

**Answer 5: **

**(i) **Side of the square garden = 30 m and

Width of the path along the border = 1 m

Side of square garden without path = 30 â€“ (1 + 1) = 30 â€“ 2 = 28 m

Now Area of path = Area of ABCD - Area of EFGH

= (AB x AD) - (EF x EH)

= (30 x 30) - (28 x 28)

= 900 - 784

= 116 m^{2}

**(ii)** Area of remaining portion = 28 x 28 = 784 m^{2 }

The cost of planting grass in 1 m^{2} of the garden = Rs 40

The cost of planting grass in 784 m^{2} of the garden = Rs 40 x 784 = Rs 31,360

**Question 6:**

**Two cross roads, each of width 10 m, cut at right angles through the centre of a rectangular park of length 700 m and breadth 300 m and parallel to its sides. Find the area of the roads. Also find the area of the park excluding cross roads. Give the answer in hectares. **

**Answer 6: **

Here, PQ = 10 m and PS = 300 m, EH = 10 m and EF = 700 m And KL = 10 m and KN = 10 m

Area of roads = Area of PQRS + Area of EFGH - Area of KLMN

[âˆµ KLMN is taken twice, which is to be subtracted] = (PS x PQ) + (EF x EH) - (KL x KN)

= (300 x 10) + (700 x 10) - (10 x 10)

= 3000 + 7000 - 100

= 9,900 m^{2}

Area of road in hectares,

âˆ´

Now, Area of park excluding cross roads

= Area of park - Area of road

= (AB x AD) - 9,900 = (700 x 300) - 9,900

= 2,10,000 - 9,900

= 2,00,100 m^{2}

**Question 7: **

**Through a rectangular field of length 90 m and breadth 60 m, two roads are constructed which are parallel to the sides and cut each other at right angles through the centre of the fields. If the width of each road is 3 m, find: **

**(i) the area covered by the roads. **

**(ii) the cost of constructing the roads at the rate of Rs 110 per m ^{2}. **

**Answer 7:**

**(i) **Here, PQ = 3 m and PS = 60 m, EH = 3 m and

EF = 90 m and KL = 3 m and KN = 3 m

Area of roads = Area of PQRS + Area of EFGH - Area of KLMN

[âˆµ KLMN is taken twice, which is to be subtracted]

= (PS x PQ) + (EF x EH) - (KL x KN)

= (60 x 3)+ (90 x 3) - (3 x 3)

= 180 + 270 - 9

= 441 m^{2}

**(ii)** The cost of 1 m^{2} constructing the roads = Rs 110

The cost of 441 m^{2} constructing the roads = Rs 110 x 441 = Rs 48,510

Therefore, the cost of constructing the roads = Rs 48,510

**Question 8: **

**Pragya wrapped a cord around a circular pipe of radius 4 cm (adjoining figure) and cut off the length required of the cord. Then she wrapped it around a square box of side 4 cm (also shown). Did she have any cord left? (Take Ï€ = 3.14)**

**Answer 8: **

Radius of pipe = 4 cm

Wrapping cord around circular pipe = 2Ï€r

= 2 x 3.14 x 4 = 25.12 cm

Again, wrapping cord around a square = 4 x side

= 4 x 4 = 16 cm

Remaining cord = Cord wrapped on pipe â€“ Cord wrapped on square

= 25.12 â€“ 16

= 9.12 cm

Thus, she is left with 9.12 cm cord.

**Question 9: **

**The adjoining figure represents a rectangular lawn with a circular flower bed in the middle. Find: **

**(i) the area of the whole land. **

**(ii) the area of the flower bed. **

**(iii) the area of the lawn excluding the area of the flower bed. **

**(iv) the circumference of the flower bed. **

**Answer 9:**

Length of rectangular lawn = 10 m, breadth of the rectangular lawn = 5 m

And radius of the circular flower bed = 2 m

**(i)** Area of the whole land = length x breadth = 10 x 5 = 50 m^{2}

**(ii)** Area of flower bed = Ï€r^{2}

= 3.14 x 2 x 2 = 12.56 m^{2}

**(iii)** Area of lawn excluding the area of the flower bed = area of lawn - area of flower bed

= 50 - 12.56

= 37.44 m^{2}

**(iv)** The circumference of the flower bed = 2Ï€r = 2 x 3.1 4 x 2 = 12.56 m

**Question 10: **

**In the following figures, find the area of the shaded portions: **

**Answer 10: **

**(i)** Here, AB = 18 cm, BC = 10 cm, AF = 6 cm, AE = 10 cm and BE = 8 cm

Area of shaded portion = Area of rectangle ABCD - (Area of Î” FAE + area of Î” EBC}

**(ii) **Here, SR = SU + UR = 10 + 10 = 20 cm, QR = 20 cm

PQ = SR = 20 cm

PT = PS - TS =(20 - 10)cm

TS = 10 cm, SU = 10 cm, QR = 20 cm and UR = 10 cm

Area of shaded region

= Area of square PQRS - Area of Î”QPT - Area of Î”TSU - Area of Î”UQR

**Question 11:**

**Find die area of the equilateral ABCD. Here, AC = 22 cm, BM = 3 cm, DN = 3 cm and BM âŠ¥ AC, DN âŠ¥ AC.**

**Answer 11: **

Here, AC = 22 cm, BM = 3 cm, DN = 3 cm

Area of quadrilateral ABCDF = Area of Î” ABC + Area of Î” ADC

Thus, the area of quadrilateral ABCD is 66 cm^{2}.

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