NCERT Solutions - Inside Our Earth Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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UPSC : NCERT Solutions - Inside Our Earth Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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Ques 1: Answer the following questions

(i) What are the three layers of the earth?

Ans: The three layers of the Earth are the crust, the mantle and the core.

(ii) What is a rock?

Ans: Any natural mass of mineral matter that makes up the earth’s crust is called a rock.

(iii) Name three types of rocks. 

Ans: The three types of rocks are igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks.NCERT Solutions - Inside Our Earth Class 7 Notes | EduRevFig. Rock types

(iv) How are extrusive and intrusive rocks formed? 

Ans: The molten lava comes out of volcanoes, reaches the earth’s surface and cools down rapidly to become a solid piece of rock. This is how extrusive rocks are formed. For example, Basalt.

When the molten lava solidifies deep inside the earth’s crust, the rocks so formed are called intrusive rocks. For example, Granite.

(v) What do you mean by a rock cycle?

Ans: The process of transformation of rocks from one type to another, due to changes in certain conditions in a cyclic manner, is called a rock cycle. 

(vi) What are the uses of rocks? 

Ans: Rocks are useful for various purposes: 

  1. It helps in making roads
  2. It is used in the construction of houses and buildings
  3. Small stones are used by children in different types of games
  4. They are used in fertilisers

(vii) What are metamorphic rocks? 

Ans: The type of rocks formed when igneous and sedimentary rocks experience heat and pressure are called metamorphic rocks. 


Ques 2: Tick the correct answer. 

(i) The rock which is made up of molten magma is

(a) Igneous

(b) Sedimentary

(c) Metamorphic

Ans: ✓ (a) Igneous 

(ii) The innermost layer of the earth is

(a) Crust

(b) Core

(c) Mantle

Ans: ✓ (b) Core

(iii) Gold, petroleum and coal are examples of 

(a) Rocks

(b) Minerals

(c) Fossils

Ans: ✓ (b) Minerals

(iv) Rocks which contain fossils are

(a) Sedimentary rocks

(b) Metamorphic rocks

(c) Igneous rocks

Ans: ✓ (a) Sedimentary rocks

(v) The thinnest layer of the earth is

(a) Crust

(b) Mantle

(c) Core

Ans: ✓ (a) Crust 


Ques 3: Match the following.

(i) Core

(a) Earth's surface

(ii) Minerals

(b) Used for roads and buildings

(iii) Rocks

(c) Made of silicon and alumina

(iv) Clay

(d) Has definite chemical composition

(v) Sial

(e) Innermost layer

-

(f) Changes into slate

-

(g) Process of transformation of the rock

Ans:

(i) Core

(e) Innermost layer

(ii) Minerals

(d) Has definite chemical composition

(iii) Rocks

(b) Used for roads and buildings

(iv) Clay

(f) Changes into slate

(v) Sial

(c) Made of silicon and alumina


Ques 4: Give reasons. 

(i) We cannot go to the centre of the earth. 

(ii) Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediments.

(iii) Limestone is changed into marble. 

Ans: 

(i) We cannot go to the centre of the earth because the temperature and pressure at the centre of the earth are very high and not just human beings, but even rocks melt at the centre of the Earth. 

(ii) Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediments because of extreme compression and hardening of the particles of sediment which are transported and deposited by wind, water etc.

(iii) Limestone is changed into marble because of extreme heat and pressure as it is a sedimentary rock.

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