NCERT Solutions - Admission of a Partner

Page No. 167

Short Questions:

Question 1: Identify various matters that need adjustments at the time of admission of a new partner.
Answer: The following are the various items that need to be adjusted at the time of admission of a new partner.
1. Profit Sharing Ratio: Calculation of new profit sharing ratio.
2. Goodwill: Valuation and adjustment of goodwill among the sacrificing old partners.
3. Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities: Assets and liabilities are revalued to ascertain the current value of the assets and liabilities of the partnership firm. Moreover, the profit or loss due to the revaluation need to be distributed among the old partners.
4. Accumulated profits, losses and reserves are distributed among the old partners in their old ratio.
5. Adjustment of capital of the partners.

Question 2: Why i is it necessary to ascertain new profit sharing ratio even for old partners when a new partner is admitted?
Answer: When new partner/s is/are admitted, then the old partners in the partnership firm need to sacrifice their share of profit in favour of the new partner/s. This reduces the share of profit of the old partners ,hence, it is necessary to ascertain the new profit sharing ratio even for the old partners in the event of admission of new partner/s.

Question 3: What is sacrificing ratio? Why is it calculated?
Answer: Sacrificing ratio refers to the ratio in which the old partners of a partnership firm surrender their share of profit in favour of the new partner/s. It is calculated as a difference between the old ratio and the new ratio of the old partners.
Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio − New Ratio
It is very important to calculate this ratio, as the new partner need to compensate the old partners for sacrificing their share of profit. The new partner compensates the old partners by making payment to them in the form of goodwill that is transferred among the old partners in their sacrificing ratio.

Question 4: On what occasions sacrificing ratio is used?
Answer: The following are the different situations when sacrificing ratio is used.
1. When the existing partners of a partnership firm agree to change the share of profit among themselves.
2. When a new partner is admitted in the partnership firm and the amount of the goodwill brought by him/her is transferred among the old partners in sacrificing ratio of the old partners.

Question 5: If some goodwill already exists in the books and the new partner brings in his share of goodwill in cash, how will you deal with existing amount of goodwill?
Answer: If goodwill already appears in the books of old firm (before the admission of new partner), then this should be written off among the old partners in their old profit sharing ratio. The following Journal entry is passed.
Old Partner’s Capital A/c          Dr.
To Goodwill A/c
(Goodwill written off in old ratio among the old partners)

Question 6: Why is there need for the revaluation of assets and liabilities on the admission of a partner?
At the time of admission of a new partner, it becomes very necessary to revalue the assets and liabilities of a partnership firm for ascertaining its true and fair values. This is done because the value of assets and liabilities may have increased or decreased and consequently their corresponding figures in the old balance sheet may either be understated or overstated. Moreover, it may also be possible that some of the assets and liabilities are left unrecorded. Thus, in order to record the increase and decrease in the market value of the assets and liabilities, Revaluation Account is prepared and any profits or losses associated with this increase or decrease are distributed among the old partners of the firm.

Page No 167:

Long Questions
Question 1: Do you advise that assets and liabilities must be revalued at the time of admission of a partner? If so, why? Also describe how is this treated in the book of account?
Answer: Yes, it is advisable to revalue the assets and liabilities at the time of admission of a new partner for ascertaining the true and fair value of the assets and liabilities. This is done because the value of assets and liabilities may have increased or decreased and consequently their corresponding figures in the old balance sheet may either be understated or overstated. Moreover, it may also be possible that some of the assets and liabilities are left unrecorded. Thus, in order to record the increase and decrease in the market value of the assets and liabilities, Revaluation Account is prepared and any profits or losses associated with this increase or decrease are distributed among the old partners of the firm.
Accounting Entries in the Books of Accounts:
The following Journal entries are recorded in the Revaluation Account on the date of admission of a new partner.
i) For increase in value of assets:
Assets A/c              Dr.
To Revaluation A/c
(Increase in the value of assets)
ii) For decrease in value of assets:
Revaluation A/c    Dr.
To Asset A/c
(Decrease in the value of assets)
iii) For increase in liabilities:
Revaluation A/c   Dr.
To Liabilities
(Increase in the value of liabilities)
iv) For decrease in liabilities:
Liability A/c         Dr.
To Revaluation A/c

(Decrease in the value of liabilities)
v) For recording of unrecorded assets:
Unrecorded Assets A/c    Dr.
To Revaluation A/c
(Recording of unrecorded assets)
vi) For recording of unrecorded liabilities:
Revaluation A/c            Dr.
To Unrecorded Liabilities A/c
(Recording of unrecorded liabilities)
vii) For transfer of credit balance of Revaluation Account:
Revaluation                 Dr.

To Old Partner’s Capital A/c
(Profit on revaluation is transferred to the Old Partner’s Capital Account in their old profit sharing ratio)
Or,
vii) For transfer of debit balance of Revaluation Account:
Old Partner’s Capital A/c     Dr.
To Revaluation A/c
(Loss on revaluation is transferred to the Old Partner’s Capital Account in their old profit sharing ratio)

Question 2: What is goodwill? What are the factors that effect goodwill ?
Answer: Goodwill is an intangible asset of a firm. It is the value of a firm’s reputation and its good brand name in the market. A firm earns goodwill by its hard work and thereby winning the blind trust and faith of the customers by fulfilling their demands in both qualitative and quantitative aspects. A positive goodwill helps a firm to earn supernormal profits compared to its competitors that earns normal profits (as their goodwill is zero). In other words, goodwill ensures greater future profits as there will be greater number of satisfied customers in the future. As in the words of Lord Eldon, “Goodwill is nothing more than the probability, that the old customers will resort to the old place.”
Characteristics of Goodwill
The following are the characteristics of goodwill.
1) It is an intangible asset.
2) It is not a fictitious asset.
3) It is difficult to ascertain the exact value of goodwill.
4) It enhances the future as well as the present earning capacity of a business.
5) It helps in earning supernormal profits against the normal profits.
6) It assists the business to enjoy its upper hand over its counterparts.
Factors Affecting Goodwill
The following are the important factors that affect the goodwill of a firm.
1) Quality Products: If a company produces product of the best quality and in large scale, then automatically the company earns more goodwill.
2) Location: If a business islocated at easily reachable and convenient place, then more number of consumers will be attracted again and again which will lead to increase in sales and, therefore, the firm will earn higher goodwill.
3) Management: Efficient management leads to cost efficiency and increases productivity. If a firm’s management is efficient, then superior quality products can be produced at lower cost .These can be sold at lesser price. Superior quality at lower price enables a firm to earn higher goodwill.
4) Market Structure: If a firm is operating in a monopoly market with no close substitutes, then there will be more goodwill of the firm.
5) Economies of Scale: If a firm enjoys special advantages like, continuous supply of power, fuel and raw materials at a low price and produces quality product at a large scale, then the firm enjoys higher value of goodwill.

Question 3: Explain various methods of valuation of goodwill.
Answer: The following are the various methods of valuation of goodwill.
1. Average Profit Method: Under this method, goodwill is calculated on the average basis of the profits of past few years. The formula for calculating goodwill is:
Goodwill = Average Profit × No. of Years Purchase

Number of Years Purchase implies number of years for which the firm expects to earn the same amount of profits.
Steps to Calculate Goodwill by Average Profit Method:
Step 1: Ascertain the total profit of past given years.
Step 2: Add all abnormal losses like, loss by fire, theft etc.
Step 4: Less all non-business incomes and all abnormal gains and incomes like, speculation, lottery etc.
Step 5: Less all normal expenses, if not deducted previously.
Step 6: Calculate Average Profit, by dividing the total profit ascertained in Step 5 by number of years.
Step 7: Multiply the Average Profit to the Number of Year’s Purchases to calculate the value of goodwill.
Example:
The profits for last 5 years are 1,00,000,   3,00,000,   (2,00,000),   5,00,000,   8,00,000.
Calculate goodwill on the basis of 4 years purchase

2. Weight Average Method: It is modified version of the Average Profit Method. Under this method, the weights are assigned for each year’s profit. Highest weights are assigned to the recent year’s profit and lower weights are assigned to the past year’s profits. The products of the profits and the weights are added and divided by the total weights to calculate Weighted Average Profits. The formula for calculating goodwill by this method is:

Steps to Calculate Goodwill by Weight Average Method:
Step 1: Assign highest weights to the recent year’s profit and lower weights to the past year’s profits, like 4,3,2,1.
Step 2: Multiply the weights with its corresponding year’s profits.
Step 3: Calculate the total of the products
Step 4: Divide the total of the product by the total of the eights in order to calculate Weighted Average Profit.
Step 5: Multiply the Weighted Average Profit by the number of years purchase.
For example:
The profits for the last 5 years are Rs 1,00,000,   Rs 3,00,000,   Rs (2,00,000),   Rs 5,00,000,   Rs 8,00,000.
Calculate goodwill on the basis of 4 years purchase

3. Super Profit Method: Under this method, goodwill is calculated on the basis of excess profit earned by a firm over the normal profit earned by its counterparts in the same industry. The excess profit over the normal profit is termed as Super Normal Profit.
Steps to Calculate Goodwill by Super Profit Method:
Step 1: Calculate Average Profit
Step 2: Calculate Average Capital Employed as:

Step 3: Calculate Normal Profit by the formula:

Step 4:  Calculate Super Normal Profit by the formula:
Super Normal Profit = Average Profit – Normal Profit
Step 5:  Multiply the Super Normal Profit by the Number of Years Purchase to calculate goodwill.
4. Capitalisation Method: Under this method, goodwill is calculated by the following two methods :
a) By capitalisation of Average Profit.
b) By capitalisation of Super Profit.

a) Capitalisation of Average Profit
Step 1: Calculate Average Profit
Step 2: Calculate Capitalised value of Average Profit by the following formula:

Step 3:  Ascertain Actual Capital Employed
Step 4:  Deduct Actual Capital Employed from Capitalised Average Profit to calculate goodwill.
Goodwill = Capitalised Average Profit – Actual Capital Employed
b) Capitalisation of Super Profit
Step 1: Calculate the Capital Employed
Step 2: Calculate Normal Profit by the following formula:

Step 3: Calculate Average Profit.
Step 4: Calculate Super Normal Profit by the following formula:
Super Normal Profit = Average Profit – Normal Profit
Step 5: Calculate goodwill by the following formula:

Question 4: If it is agreed that the capital of all the partners be proportionate to the new profit sharing ratio, how will you work out the new capital of each partner? Give examples and state how necessary adjustments will be made.
Answer: When a new partner is admitted, sometimes it is agreed that the capital of all the partners should be proportionate to the new profit sharing ratio. The calculation of the new capital of each partner depends on the following situations:
1) When the capital of the new partner is given
2) When the total capital of the firm is given.
1) When the capital of the new partner is given
In this situation, the calculation of the new capital of all the partners involves the following steps:
Step 1: The total capital of the new firm is calculated on the basis of new partner’s capital.
Step 2: The new capital of each partner is calculated by dividing the total capital of the firm by their individual new profit share.
Step 3: After posting all adjustments and items in the Partners’ Capital Account, calculate credit minus debit side of the old Partners’ Capital Account.
Step 4: The new capital ascertained in the Step 2 is written as ‘Balance c/d’ on the credit side of the Partner’s Capital Account.
Step 5: If the amount ascertained in Step 2 (New capital) exceeds the capital amount ascertained in Step 3 (Old Capital), then it is termed as ‘Deficit’ and the difference amount is to be brought in by the old partners. On the contrast, if the amount ascertained in the Step 2 (New Capital) is lesser than the capital amount ascertained in the Step 3 (old Capital), then it is termed as ‘Surplus’ and the difference amount is returned to the old partners.
Let us understand the above steps with the help of an example.
A and B are partners sharing profit and loss equally. They agree to admit C  for share in profit. C brings Rs 50,000 as capital. The old capitals of A and B are Rs 60,000 and Rs 40,000 respectively, at the time admission of C.
Step 1: The total capital of the new firm on the basis of C =
Step 2: A’s new capital =
B’s share in new firm =
Step 3:

2) When the total capital of the new firm is given:
When the capital of new partner is not mentioned then his/her capital is ascertained on the proportionate basis of total capital of the firm. The amount ascertained is to be brought in by the new partner in the form of his/her portion of capital. In order to ascertain the proportionate capital of the new partner, the following steps are to be followed.
Step 1: Ascertain the total old capital of the old partners (after making all adjustments)
Step 2: Ascertain the total capital of the new firm by multiplying the total of old capitals of the old partners (ascertained in the Step 1) with reciprocal of total share of old partners. That is,

Step 3: Calculate New Capital of each partner on the basis of Total Capital ascertained in Step 2. That is, multiplying the Total Capital by the new profit sharing ratio individually for all the partners (including the new partner).
Let us understand the above steps with the help of an example.
X and Y are partners in a firm sharing profit and loss equally. They agree to admit Z for  share in profit and decided to share future profit and loss equally. X’s capital is Rs 2,00,000 and Y’s capital is Rs 1,50,000. Z brings sufficient capital for his share in profit.
Step 1: Calculation of Total Capital of Old Partners (after all adjustments)
The total capital of the old partners = Rs 2,00,000 + Rs 1,50,000 = Rs 3,50,000
Step 2: Calculation of Total Capital of New Firm

Step 3: Calculation of New Capital of Each Partner

Question 5: Explain how will you deal with goodwill when new partner is not in a position to bring his share of goodwill in cash.?
Answer: When the new partner is not in a position to bring his share of goodwill in cash, then goodwill account is adjusted through the old Partners’ Capital Account. New Partner’s Capital Account or Current Account is debited with his/her share of goodwill and the partners who sacrifice their share in favour of the new partner are credited in their sacrificing ratio. The following Journal entry is passed in the books of accounts.
New Partner’s Capital A/c       Dr.
To Old Partners’ Capital A/c
(New partner capital account is debited with his/her share of goodwill and sacrificing Partners’ Capital Account are credited in their sacrificing ratio)
NOTE: As per the Para 16 of Accounting Standard 10, goodwill is recorded in the books only when some consideration in money or money’s worth has been paid for it. This practice is mandatory to follow. In the case of admission, retirement, death or change in profit sharing ratio among existing partners, Goodwill Account cannot be raised as no consideration is paid for it.

Question 6: Explain various methods for the treatment of goodwill on the admission of a new partner?
Answer: The methods for the treatment of goodwill on the admission of a new partner are given below.
2. Revaluation Method
It should be noted that before following any of the below mentioned methods of goodwill, if goodwill already appears in the old books (old Balance Sheet) of the firm, then first of all, this goodwill should be written off among all the old partners in their old profit sharing ratio. The following Journal entry is passed to distribute the goodwill.
Old Partners’ Capital A/c       Dr.
To Goodwill A/c
(Goodwill written off among the old partners in their old profit sharing ratio)
1. Premium Method- This method is used when a new partner pays his/her share of goodwill in cash. The following are the different situations under this method.
i) When the new partner privately pays his/her share of goodwill to the old partners.
In this case, there is no need to pass any Journal entry in the books of accounts as the goodwill is privately paid.
ii) When the new partner brings his/her share of goodwill in cash and the goodwill is retained in the business.
Accounting Entries
a) For premium or goodwill brought in cash by the new partner
Cash/Bank A/c             Dr.
(Amount of goodwill brought in by the new partner)
b) For transferring of new partner’s goodwill among the old partners, i.e. if goodwill is retained in the business.
To Sacrificing Partners’ Capital A/c
(Goodwill brought in by the new partner is distributed among the old partners in their sacrificing ratio)
c)  If the new partner’s share of goodwill is withdrawn by the old partner, then
Sacrificing Partner’s Capital A/c       Dr.
To Cash A/c
(Amount of goodwill withdrawn by the old partners)
iii) If the new partner partly brings his/her share of goodwill
a) For bringing goodwill in cash
Cash A/c       Dr.
(Amount of goodwill brought in cash by the new partner)
b) For transferring of goodwill to the old partners
Goodwill A/c       Dr.
(With the amount of goodwill brought in by the new partner)
New Partner’s Capital A/c        Dr.
(With the amount of goodwill not brought in by the new partner)
To Sacrificing Partners’ Capital A/c
(Goodwill amount of the new partner distributed among the old partners in their sacrificing ratio)
2. Revaluation Method- When the new partner is not able to bring goodwill in cash at all.
New Partner’s Capital A/c     Dr.
(With the whole amount of goodwill that is not brought in by the new partner)
To Old Partners’ Capital A/c
(Goodwill amount of the new partner distributed among the old partners in their sacrificing ratio)
NOTE: As per the Para 16 of Accounting Standard 10, goodwill is recorded in the books only when some consideration in money or money’s worth has been paid for it. This practice is mandatory to follow. In  case of admission, retirement, death or change in profit sharing ratio among existing partners, Goodwill Account cannot be raised as no consideration is paid for it.

Question 7: How will you deal with the accumulated profit and losses and reserves on the admission of a new partner?
Answer: When a new partner is admitted in a partnership firm, then all past accumulated profits or losses and reserves are distributed among all the old partners in their old profit sharing ratio. This is because these profits and losses are attributable to the hard work and labours of the old partners and consequently, the old partners are liable to bear past losses or profits, if any. The new partner is not entitled for a share in these profits as he/she did not contribute anything for the past performance of the business.
Accounting Treatment of Accumulated Profits and Losses
i) For distributing accumulated profits and reserves
Profit and Loss A/c      Dr.
General Reserve A/c    Dr.
Reserve Fund A/c         Dr.
Workmen’s Compensation Fund A/c        Dr.
Contingency Reserve A/        Dr.
To Old Partners’ Capital A/c
(Undistributed profits and reserves are distributed among old partners in their old profit sharing ratio)
ii) For distributing accumulated losses
Old Partners’ Capital A/c     Dr.
To Profit and Loss (Debit balance) A/c
To Preliminary Expenses A/c
(Undistributed losses are distributed among old partners in their old profit sharing ratio)

Question 8: At what figures the value of assets and liabilities appear in the books of the firm after revaluation has been done? Show with the help of an imaginary balance sheet.
After revaluation has been done, the assets and liabilities appear at their current market values in the Balance Sheet of the reconstituted firm. This can be better explained with the help of the below explained example.
A and B shares profit and loss equally.

1) On that date C is admitted for 1/3rd share and brings 1,00,000 as capital.
2) The value of stock is increased by Rs 7,000.
3) A provision of Rs 2,000 has been created against Debtors.
4) Furniture revalued at Rs 35,000.
5) A machinery costing Rs 50,000 purchased is not recorded in books.
6) Rent outstanding Rs 2,000.
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners’ Capital Account, Cash Account and Balance Sheet.

Page No. 167

Numerical Questions
Question 1: A and B were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. They admit C into the partnership with 1/6 share in the profits. Calculate the new profit sharing ratio
A : B
Old Ratio 3 : 2
OR

C admits for  share of new profit in new firm.
Let new firm profit = 1
Remaining share of A and B in the new firm = 1 − C’s share

New Ratio = Old Ratio × Remaining Share of A and B

Question 2: A, B, C were partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:2:1 ratio. They admitted D for 10% profits. Calculate the new profit sharing ratio?

D admits for  share in the new firm
Let new firm profit = 1
Remaining share of A, B and C in new firm = 1 − D’s share

New Ratio = Old Ratio × Remaining Share of A, B and C in new firm

Question 3: X and Y are partners sharing profits in 5:3 ratio admitted Z for 1/10 share which he acquired equally for X and Y. Calculate new profit sharing ratio?

Z admits for   share in the new firm.
X and Y each sacrifice =
New Ratio = Old Ratio − Sacrificing Ratio

Page No. 168

Question 4: A, B and C are partners sharing profits in 2:2:1 ratio admitted D for 1/8 share which he acquired entirely from A. Calculate new profit sharing ratio?

D admits for 1/8  share in new firm, which he takes from A.
Here only A will sacrifice.
New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio

Question 5: P and Q are partners sharing profits in 2:1 ratio. They admitted R into partnership giving  him 1/5 share which he acquired from P and Q in 1:2 ratio. Calculate new profit sharing  ratio?

R admits for 1/5 share in the new firm which he takes from  1/3  from P and 2/3  from Q.
P's sacrifice = R's share × 1/3

Q's sacrifice = R's share ×  2/3

New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio

Question 6: A, B and C are partners sharing profits in 3:2:2 ratio. They admitted D as a new partner  for 1/5 share which he acquired from A, B and C in 2:2:1 ratio respectively. Calculate new  profit sharing ratio?

D admits for 1/5 share in the new firm which he takes (1/5) in the ratio 2:2:1 from A, B and C.
A's sacrifice = D's share × 2/5

B's sacrifice = D's share × 2/5

C's sacrifice = D's share ×  1/5

New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio

Question 7: A and B were partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:2 ratio. They admitted C for 3/7 share which he took 2/7 from A and 1/7 from B. Calculate new profit sharing ratio?

C admitted for 3/7  share in the new firm
A's sacrifice = 2/7
B's sacrifice = 1/7

New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio

Question 8: A, B and C were partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:3:2 ratio. They admitted D as a new partner for 4/7 profit. D acquired his share 2/7 from A. 1/7 from B and 1/7 from C. Calculate new profit sharing ratio?

D admitted for 4/7 share of profit in new firm.
D's share = A's sacrifice + B's Sacrifice + C's sacrifice

=   +    +
New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio

Question 9: Radha and Rukmani are partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:2 ratio. They admitted Gopi as a new partner. Radha surrendered 1/3 of her share in favour of Gopi and Rukmani surrendered 1/4 of her share in favour of Gopi. Calculate new profit sharing ratio?

Radha surrendered in favour of Gopi = 1/3 of his share
Rukmani surrendered in favour of Gopi =1/4 of his share
Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio × Surrender Ratio

Rukmani =

New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio
Rukmani =

Gopi's Share = Radha's Sacrificing Ratio + Rukmani's Sacrificing Ratio

Question 10: Singh, Gupta and Khan are partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:2:3 ratio. They admitted Jain as a new partner. Singh surrendered 1/3 of his share in favour of Jain: Gupta surrendered 1/4 of his share in favour of Jain and Khan surrendered 1/5 in favour of Jain. Calculate new profit sharing ratio?

Singh Surrender = 1/3 of his share
Gupta Surrender =  1/4 of his share
Khan Surrender = 1/5 of his share
Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio × Surrender Ratio
Singh's =
Gupta's =
Khan's =
New Ratio = Old Ratio - Sacrificing Ratio

Singh's =

Gupta's =

Khan's =

Question 11: Sandeep and Navdeep are partners in a firm sharing profits in 5:3 ratio. They admit C into the firm and the new profit sharing ratio was agreed at 4:2:1. Calculate the sacrificing ratio?

Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Note: As solution sacrificing ratio is 3:5,. However answer given the book is different.

Question 12: Rao and Swami are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in 3:2 ratio. They admit Ravi as a new partner for 1/8 share in the profits. The new profit sharing ratio between Rao and Swami is 4:3. Calculate new profit sharing ratio and sacrificing ratio?

Ravi admits for 1/8 share of profit in the new firm.
Let the New Firm Profit = 1
Combined share of Rao and Swami in the new firm
= 1 -  Ravi's share of profit
= 1 - 1/8

=7/8

New Ratio = Combined Share of Rao and Swami × Proportion of Rao and Swami in the combined share

4:3:1

Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Question 13: Compute the value of goodwill on the basis of four years' purchase of the average profits based on the last five years? The profits for the last five years were as follows:

Average Profit =

Average Profit =  = 52,000

Goodwill = Average Profit × Number of Year's Purchases = 52,000 × 4 = Rs 2,08,000

Page No. 169

Question 14: Capital employed in a business is Rs. 2,00,000. The normal rate of return on capital employed is 15%. During the year 2002 the firm earned a profit of Rs. 48,000. Calculate goodwill on the basis of 3 years purchase of super profit?
Capital Employed = Rs 2,00,000
Actual Profit = 48,000
Normal Rate of Return = 15%
Normal Profit = Capital Employed ×

= Rs 30,000
Super profit = Actual Profit - Normal Profit
= 48,000 - 30,000
= Rs 18,000
Goodwill = Super Profit × Number of Years Purchase
= 18,000 × 3
= Rs 54,000

Question 15: The books of Ram and Bharat showed that the capital employed on 31.12.2002 was Rs. 5,00,000 and the profits for the last 5 years : 2002 Rs. 40,000; 2003 Rs. 50,000; 2004 Rs. 55,000; 2005 Rs. 70,000 and 2006 Rs. 85,000. Calculate the value of goodwill on the basis of 3 years purchase of the average super profits of the last 5 years assuming that the normal rate of return is 10%?
Average Actual Profit =

Average Super Profit =  = Rs. 60,000

Normal Profit = Capital Employed ×

Average Actual Profit - Normal Profit
= 60,000 - 50,000
= Rs 10,000
Goodwill = Average Super Profit × Number of year purchase
= 10,000 × 3
= Rs 30,000

Question 16: Rajan and Rajani are partners in a firm. Their capitals were Rajan Rs. 3,00,000; Rajani Rs. 2,00,000. During the year 2002 the firm earned a profit of Rs. 1,50,000. Calculate the value of goodwill of the firm assuming that the normal rate of return is 20%?

Normal Rate of Return = 20%
Capitalised Valued = Actual Profit ×
= 1,50,000 × (100/20)
= Rs 7,50,000

Goodwill = Capitalised Value - Capital Employed
= 7,50,000 - 5,00,000
= Rs 2,50,000

Alternative Method

Normal Profit = Capital Employed ×
= 5,00,000 ×(20/100)
= Rs 1,00,000

Super profit = Actual Profit - Normal Profit
= 1,50,000 - 1,00,000
= Rs 50,000

Goodwill = Super Profit ×
= 50,000 × (100/20)
= Rs 2,50,000

Page No. 169

Question 17: A business has earned average profits of Rs. 1,00,000 during the last few years. Find out the value of goodwill by capitalisation method, given that the assets of the business are Rs. 10,00,000 and its external liabilities are Rs. 1,80,000. The normal rate of return is 10%?
Capital Employed = Assets - External Liabilities
= 10,00,000 - 1,80,000
= Rs 8,20,000
Normal Profit = Capital Employed ×

== 8,20,000 x(10 / 100)
= Rs 82,000
Super Profit = Actual Profit - Normal Profit
= 1,00,000 - 82,000
= Rs 18,000

Goodwill = Super Profit ×

= 18,000 x (10 /100)
= Rs 1,80,000

Alternative Method
Capitalised Value = Actual Profit ×

Capitalised value  = 1,00,000 * 10 / 100
= Rs 1,00,000
Goodwill = Capitalised Value - Capital Employed
= 10,00,000 - 8,20,000
= Rs 1,80,000

Question 18: Verma and Sharma are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3. They admitted Ghosh as a new partner for 1/5 share of profits. Ghosh is to bring in Rs. 20,000 as capital and Rs. 4,000 as his share of goodwill premium. Give the necessary journal entries:
a) When the amount of goodwill is retained in the business.
b) When the amount of goodwill is fully withdrawn.
c) When 50% of the amount of goodwill is withdrawn.
d) When goodwill is paid privately.

Q19: A and B are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. They decide to admit C into partnership with 1/4 share in profits. C will bring in Rs. 30,000 for capital and the requisite amount of goodwill premium in cash. The goodwill of the firm is valued at Rs, 20,000. The new profit sharing ratio is 2:1:1. A and B withdraw their share of goodwill. Give necessary journal entries?

Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Question 20: Arti and Bharti are partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:2 ratio, They admitted Sarthi for 1/4 share in the profits of the firm. Sarthi brings Rs. 50,000 for his capital and Rs. 10,000 for his 1/4 share of goodwill. Goodwill already appears in the books of Arti and Bharti at Rs. 5,000. the new profit sharing ratio between Arti, Bharti and Sarthi will be 2:1:1. Record the necessary journal entries in the books of the new firm?

Sarthi admitted for  share in new firm.

Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Page No. 170

Question 21: X and Y are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in 4:3 ratio. They admitted Z for 1/8 share. Z brought Rs. 20,000 for his capital and Rs. 7,000 for his 1/8 share of goodwill. Subsequently X, Y and Z decided to show goodwill in their books at Rs. 40,000. Show necessary journal entries in the books of X, Y and Z?

Question 22: Aditya and Balan are partners sharing profits and losses in 3:2 ratio. They admitted Christopher for 1/4 share in the profits. The new profit sharing ratio agreed was 2:1:1. Christopher brought Rs. 50,000 for his capital. His share of goodwill was agreed to at Rs. 15,000. Christopher could bring only Rs. 10,000 out of his share of goodwill. Record necessary journal entries in the books of the firm?

Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Question 23: Amar and Samar were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in 3:1 ratio. They admitted Kanwar for 1/4 share of profits. Kanwar could not bring his share of goodwill premium in cash. The Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs. 80,000 on Kanwar's admission. Record necessary journal entry for goodwill on Kanwar's admission.

Kanwar admitted for 1/4 share of profit.

New Firm's Goodwill = Rs 80,000
Kanwar's Share of Goodwill = 80,000 x (1/4) = 20,000
Kanwar's Goodwill will be taken by Amar and Samar in their sacrificing ratio here. Sacrificing Ratio will be equal to old ratio because new and sacrificing ratio is not given,
if sacrificing and new ratio is not given it is assumed that old partners sacrificed in their old ratio.

Question 24: Mohan Lal and Sohan Lal were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in 3:2 ratio. They admitted Ram Lal for 1/4 share on 1.1.2013. It was agreed that goodwill of the firm will be valued at 3 years purchase of the average profits of last 4 years which were Rs. 50,000 for 2014, Rs. 60,000 for 2014, Rs. 90,000 for 2015 and Rs. 70,000 for 2016. Ram Lal did not bring his share of goodwill premium in cash. Record the necessary journal entries in the books of the firm on Ram Lal's admission when:
a) Goodwill already appears in the books at Rs. 2,02,500.
b) Goodwill appears in the books at Rs. 2,500.
c) Goodwill appears in the books at Rs. 2,05,000.

Average Profit =2,70,000 /4= Rs 67,500
Goodwill = Average Profit × No. of Years Purchases = 67,500 × 3 = 2,02,500
Ram Lal entered into the firm for 1/4 share of Profit.
Ram Lal's share of goodwill = 2,02, 500 × (1/4) = Rs 50,625
Here sacrificing ratio of Mohan Lal and Sohan Lal will be equal to old ratio because new and
sacrificing ratio is not given.
Mohan Lal will get = Ram Lal's Share of Goodwill × (3/5) = 50,625 × (3/5) = 10,125 × 3 = Rs
30,375

Sohan Lal will = Ramlal Share of Goodwill × (1/5) = 50,625 × (1/5) = Rs 10,125 × 2 = Rs 20,250

Case (a)

Case (c)

Question 25: Rajesh and Mukesh are equal partners in a firm. They admit Hari into partnership and the new profit sharing ratio between Rajesh, Mukesh and Hari is 4:3:2. On Hari's admission goodwill of the firm is valued at Rs 36,000. Hari is unable to bring his share of goodwill premium in cash. Rajesh, Mukesh and Hari decided not to show goodwill in their balance sheet. Record necessary journal entries for the treatment of goodwill on Hari's admission.

Working Notes:
1) Goodwill of a firm = 36,000
Hari's share in goodwill
= Goodwill of firm × admitting Partner Share

2) Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Sacrificing Ratio between Rajesh and Mukesh 1:3.

Question 26: Amar and Akbar are equal partners in a firm. They admitted Anthony as a new partner and the new profit sharing ratio is 4:3:2. Anthony could not bring this share of goodwill Rs 45,000 in cash. It is decided to do adjustment for goodwill without opening goodwill account. Pass the necessary journal entry for the treatment of goodwill?

Working Notes:
1) Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio - New Ratio

Sacrificing Ratio between Amar and Akbar = 1:3.

Page No. 171

Question 27: Given below is the Balance Sheet of A and B, who are carrying on partnership business on 31.12.2016. A and B share profits and losses in the ratio of 2:1.

C is admitted as a partner on the date of the balance sheet on the following terms:
(i) C will bring in Rs 1,00,000 as his capital and Rs 60,000 as his share of goodwill for 1/4 share in the profits.
(ii) Plant is to be appreciated to Rs 1,20,000 and the value of buildings is to be appreciated by 10%.
(iii) Stock is found over valued by Rs 4,000.
(iv) A provision for bad and doubtful debts is to be created at 5% of debtors.
(v) Creditors were unrecorded to the extent of Rs 1,000.
Pass the necessary journal entries, prepare the revaluation account and partners' capital accounts, and show the Balance Sheet after the admission of C.

Working Note:
1) Sacrificing ratio = Old Ratio − New Ratio

Question 28: Leela and Meeta were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3. On Is Jan. 2017 they admitted Om as a new partner. On the date of Om's admission the balance sheet of Leela and Meeta showed a balance of Rs 16,000 in general reserve and Rs 24,000 (Cr) in Profit and Loss Account. Record necessary journal entries for the treatment of these items on Om's admission. The new profit sharing ratio between Leela, Meeta and Om was 5:3:2.

Question 29: Amit and Viney are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in 3:1 ratio. On 1.1.2017 they admitted Ranjan as a partner. On Ranjan’s admission the profit and loss account of Amit and Viney showed a debit balance of Rs 40,000. Record necessary journal entry for the treatment of the same.

Q 30: A and B share profits in the proportions of 3/4 and 1/4. Their Balance Sheet on Dec. 31, 2016 was as follows:

On Jan. 1,2017, C was admitted into partnership on the following terms:
(a) That C pays Rs 10,000 as his capital.
(b) That C pays Rs 5,000 for goodwill. Half of this sum is to be withdrawn by A and B.
(c) That stock and fixtures be reduced by 10% and a 5%, provision for doubtful debts be created on Sundry Debtors and Bills Receivable.
(d) That the value of land and buildings be appreciated by 20%.
(e) There being a claim against the firm for damages, a liability to the extent of Rs 1,000 should be created.
(f) An item of Rs 650 included in sundry creditors is not likely to be claimed and hence should be written back.
Record the above transactions (journal entries) in the books of the firm assuming that the profit sharing ratio between A and B has not changed. Prepare the new Balance Sheet on the admission of C.

Working Note:
1)

2)

3)
Sacrificing ratio = Old Ratio − New Ratio

Note: Assuming that ratio between A and B has not change hence sacrificing ratio should be same as old ratio.

Page No. 172

Question 31: A and B are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:1. On Ist Jan. 2017 they admitted C as a new partner for 1/4 share in the profits of the firm. C brings Rs 20,000 as for his 1/4 share in the profits of the firm. The capitals of A and B after all adjustments in respect of goodwill, revaluation of assets and liabilities, etc. has been worked out at Rs 50,000 for A and Rs 12,000 for B. It is agreed that partner’s capitals will be according to new profit sharing ratio. Calculate the new capitals of A and B and pass the necessary journal entries assuming that A and B brought in or withdrew the necessary cash as the case may be for making their capitals in proportion to their profit sharing ratio?

1) Calculation of New Profit sharing Ratio

New Profit sharing ratio of A, B and C will be 9:3:4
2) New Capital of A and B.
C bring Rs 20,000 for 1/4th share of profit in the new firm.
Thus, total capital of firm on the basis of C’s share= 20,000 * 4/ 1 = 80,000

Page No. 172

Question 32: Pinky, Qumar and Roopa partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. S is admitted as a new partner for 1/4 share in the profits of the firm, whichs he gets 1/8 from Pinky, and 1/16 each from Qmar and Roopa. The total capital of the new firm after Seema’s admission will be Rs 2,40,000. Seema is required to bring in cash equal to 1/4 of the total capital of the new firm. The capitals of the old partners also have to be adjusted in proportion of their profit sharing ratio. The capitals of Pinky, Qumar and Roopa after all adjustments in respect of goodwill and revaluation of assets and liabilities have been made are Pinky Rs 80,000, Qumar Rs 30,000 and Roopa Rs 20,000. Calculate the capitals of all the partners and record the necessary journal entries for doing adjustments in respect of capitals according to the agreement between the partners?
1) Calculation of new profit sharing Ratio = Old Ratio − Sacrificing Ratio
New profit sharing ratio between Pinky, Qumar, Roopa and Seema
2) Required capital of all partners in the new firm
3) Amount to be brought by each partnerPinky = 90,000 − 80,000 = 10,000
Qumar = 65,000 − 30,000 = 35,000
Roopa = 25,000 − 20,000 = 5,000
Seema = 2,40,000  =60,000

Page No. 173

Question 33: The following was the Balance Sheet of Arun, Bablu and Chetan sharing profits and losses in the ratio of  respectively.
They agreed to take Deepak into partnership and give him a share of 1/8 on the following terms:
(a) that Deepak should bring in Rs 4,200 as goodwill and Rs 7,000 as his Capital;
(b) that furniture be depreciated by 12%;
(c) that stock be depreciated by 10% ;
(d) that a Reserve of 5% be created for doubtful debts;
(e) that the value of land and buildings having appreciated be brought upto Rs 31,000;
(f) that after making the adjustments the capital accounts of the old partners (who continue to share in the same proportion as before) be adjusted on the basis of the proportion of Deepak’s Capital to his share in the business, i.e., actual cash to be paid off to, or brought in by the old partners as the case may be.
Prepare Cash Account, Profit and Loss Adjustment Account (Revaluation Account) and the Opening Balance Sheet of the new firm.

Working Note:

1)2) Calculation of New Profit Sharing RatioNew Profit sharing ratio of Arun, Bablu, Chetan and Deepak= 42:35:21:14 or 6:5:3:23) Calculation of capital of Arun, Bablu, and Chetan in the new firm
Deepak bring Rs 7,000 for  th share of profit.Hence total capital of the new firm = Question 34: Azad and Babli are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:1. Chintan is admitted into the firm with 1/4 share in profits. Chintan will bring in Rs 30,000 as his capital and the capitals of Azad and Babli are to be adjusted in the profit sharing ratio. The Balance Sheet of Azad and Babli as on December 31, 2016 (before Chintan’s admission) was as follows:

It was agreed that:
i) Chintan will bring in Rs 12,000 as his share of goodwill premium.
ii) Buildings were valued at Rs 45,000 and Machinery at Rs 23,000.
iii) A provision for doubtful debts is to be created @ 6% on debtors.
iv) The capital accounts of Azad and Babli are to be adjusted by opening current accounts.
Record necessary journal entries, show necessary ledger accounts and prepare the Balance Sheet after admission.

Working Note:
1) Calculation of New Profit Sharing Ratio
New Profit sharing ratio of Azad, Babli and Chintan2) New Capital of Azad, and BabliChintan bring Rs 30,000 for share of profit. Hence total capital of a firm = 30,000 =1,20,000Azad’s Capital = Babli’s Capital =

Page No 174:

Question 35: Ashish and Dutta were partners in a firm sharing profits in 3:2 ratio. On Jan. 01, 2015 they admitted Vimal for 1/5 share in the profits. The Balance Sheet of Ashish and Dutta as on Jan. 01, 2016 was as follows:

It was agreed that:
i) The value of Land and Building be increased by Rs 15,000.
ii) The value of plant be increased by 10,000.
iii) Goodwill of the firm be valued at Rs 20,000.
iv) Vimal to bring in capital to the extent of 1/5th of the total capital of the new firm.
Record the necessary journal entries and prepare the Balance Sheet of the firm after Vimal’s admission.
Working Note:
1)
2)3) Calculation of New Profit Sharing RatioNew Profit sharing ratio of Ashish, Dutta and Vimal4) Sacrificing Ratio = Old Ratio – New RatioAshish’s Sacrificing Share = Dutta’s Sacrificing Share = Sacrificing Ratio between Ashish and Dutta is 3:2Note: Here, Goodwill has been adjusted through current account because Vimal has not brought his share of goodwill and he is to bring capital in proportion to total capital of the new firm after adjustment.
5) Capital of new firm on the basis of old partners adjusted capital:
Total adjusted capital of old partners
Remaining Share of Ashish and Dutta (old partners) in the new firm = Capital of the new firm = 1,44,000 =1,80,000Vimal’s share in the capital of the new firm = 1,80,000 =36,000.

The document Admission of a Partner NCERT Solutions | Accountancy Class 12 - Commerce is a part of the Commerce Course Accountancy Class 12.
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## Accountancy Class 12

41 videos|106 docs|56 tests

## FAQs on Admission of a Partner NCERT Solutions - Accountancy Class 12 - Commerce

 1. What is the meaning of admission of a partner in business?
Ans. Admission of a partner in business refers to the process of adding a new partner to an existing partnership firm. It implies that a new partner is joining the partnership firm, and the existing partners are sharing their profits and losses with the new partner as per the agreed upon terms.
 2. What are the benefits of admitting a new partner into a partnership?
Ans. There are several benefits of admitting a new partner into a partnership, such as: 1. Additional capital: The new partner brings in additional capital, which increases the financial capacity of the partnership firm. 2. Diversification of skills: The new partner may bring in new skills and expertise, which can help the partnership firm to diversify its operations. 3. Shared workload: With the addition of a new partner, the workload can be shared among more people, which can reduce the burden on the existing partners. 4. Expansion opportunities: A new partner may bring in new business opportunities, which can help the partnership firm to expand its operations.
 3. What are the legal formalities involved in admitting a new partner into a partnership firm?
Ans. The legal formalities involved in admitting a new partner into a partnership firm may vary depending on the nature of the partnership firm and the terms of the partnership deed. However, some of the common formalities include: 1. Drafting a new or amended partnership deed. 2. Obtaining necessary registrations and licenses. 3. Making necessary changes to the accounts and books of the partnership firm. 4. Informing the concerned authorities about the change in partnership.
 4. Can a partner be admitted into a partnership without the consent of all the existing partners?
Ans. No, a partner cannot be admitted into a partnership without the consent of all the existing partners. As per the Indian Partnership Act, 1932, any change in the constitution of a partnership firm requires the unanimous consent of all the partners, unless the partnership deed provides otherwise.
 5. What are the implications of admitting a new partner into a partnership firm?
Ans. Admitting a new partner into a partnership firm can have several implications, such as: 1. Sharing of profits and losses: The new partner will have to share the profits and losses of the partnership firm as per the agreed upon terms. 2. Change in management structure: The addition of a new partner may require a change in the management structure of the partnership firm. 3. Dilution of ownership: With the addition of a new partner, the ownership of the partnership firm is diluted among more people. 4. Tax implications: The addition of a new partner may have tax implications, and the partnership firm may need to make necessary changes to comply with the tax laws.

## Accountancy Class 12

41 videos|106 docs|56 tests

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