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Q1. Complete the sentences
(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because they found protection from rains, winds and sunlight.
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
(b) Grasslands developed around 12,000 years ago
Q2. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?
Ans: People who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time because they had to look after the crops. The plants had to be watered and had to be protected from birds and animals so that they could grow and the seeds would ripen.
Q3. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later?
Ans: Archaeologists found the bones of many animals such as deer in the earlier levels. Hence, they could conclude that they were hunters to start with. Herding became important because they found bones of sheep and goat in the later levels.
Q4. Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
Ans: There are 4 reasons:
Q5. List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire (see page 15). Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?
Ans: It was primarily used for 3 purposes:
Nowadays, we use fire:
Q6. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers.
Ans: Three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from hunt-gatherers are:
Q7. List the cereals that you eat.
Ans: Wheat, Rice, maize, barley, bajra etc.
Q8. Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer number 7? If yes, draw a chart to show the stages in growing them. If not, draw a chart to show how these cereals reach you from the farmers who grow them.
Ans: No, I don’t grow these cereals.
The cereals reach from the farmers through following process.
Farmers → Middleman → Wholesaler → Retailer → We (buyer)