Ques 1. Complete the sentences
(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because – they found protection from rains, winds and sunlight.
(b) Grasslands developed around —12,000 years ago
Ques 2. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?
Ans: People who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time because they had to look after the crops. The plants had to be watered and had to be protected from birds and animals so that they could grow and the seeds would ripen.
Ques 3. Look at the table on page 25. If Neinuo wanted to eat rice, which are the places she should have visited?
Ans: If Neinuo wanted to eat rice, she should have visited Koldihwa and Mahagara (both are in present-day Uttar Pradesh).
Ques 4. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later?
Ans: Archaeologists found the bones of many animals such as deer in the earlier levels. Hence, they could conclude that they were hunters to start with. Herding became important because they found bones of sheep and goat in the later levels.
Ques 5. State whether true or false:
(a) Millets have been found at Hallur.
(b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses.
(c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir.
(d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China.
Ques 6. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers.
Three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from hunt-gatherers are:
Hunt-gatherers keep moving from place to place in search of food while farmers and herders grow their food from their living place.
Hunt-gatherers did not build any permanent houses mostly they live in caves while farmers and herders build huts and houses.
Hunt-gatherers had no role in protecting animals and plants while farmers and herders protect animals and plants.
Ques 7. Make a list of all the animals mentioned in the table (page 25). For each one, describe what they may have been used for.
Meat and Wool
Milk and meat
Milk and its products
Look after Fields
Ploughing the fields and pulling carts
Ques 7. List the cereals that you eat.
Ans: Wheat, Rice, maize, barley, bajra etc.
Ques 8. Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer no. 7? If yes, draw a chart to show the stages in growing them. If not, draw a chart to show how these cereals reach you from the farmers who grow them.
Ans: No, I don’t grow these cereals.
The cereals reach from the farmers through following process.
Farmers → Middleman → Wholesaler → Retailer → We (buyer)