NCERT Solutions: Chapter 5 - Water, SST, Class 7 | EduRev Notes

Social Studies (SST) Class 7

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Class 7 : NCERT Solutions: Chapter 5 - Water, SST, Class 7 | EduRev Notes

The document NCERT Solutions: Chapter 5 - Water, SST, Class 7 | EduRev Notes is a part of the Class 7 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 7.
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NCERT Solution for Class 7, SST( Geography-Our Environment), Chapter 5 - Water


Q1. Answer the following questions. 

(i) What is precipitation?

Answer Precipitation means any thing falling from the sky which include rain, snow, hail etc. on the surface of the earth when they become too heavy and unable to float in the air.

(ii) What is water cycle? 

Answer The process by which water continually changes its form and circulates between oceans, atmosphere and land is known as the water cycle.

(iii) What are the factors affecting the height of the waves?

Answer 

Factors affecting the height of the waves: 

(i) Speed off wind 

(ii) Duration of wind 

(iii) Distance the wind blows over water

(iv) Which factors affect the movement of ocean water? 

Answer - Factors affecting the movement of ocean water:

(i) Temperature

(ii) Earthquake or volcanic eruption

(iii) Gravitational pull of the sun and the moon

(iv) Underwater landslides

(v) What are tides and how are they caused? 

Answer The rhythmic rise and fall of ocean water twice in a day is called a tide.
The strong gravitational pull exerted by the sun and the moon on the surface of the earth causes the tides.

(vi) What are ocean currents?

Answer Ocean currents are streams of water flowing constantly on the ocean surface in definite directions.

Q2. Give reasons.

(i) Ocean water is salty. 

(ii) The quality of water is deterioting. 

Answer -

(i) Ocean water is salty because it contains large amount of dissolved salts. Most of the salt is sodium chloride or the common table salt that we eat.

(ii) The quality of water is deterioting because we get it from polluted water sources. These water bodies are getting polluted due to dumping of untreated wastes, sewage, pesticides, toxicor decayed materials into it. 

Q3. Tick the correct answer. 

(i) The process by which water continually changes its form and circulates between oceans, atmosphere and land 

(a) Water cycle 

(b) Tides 

(c) Ocean currents 

Ans. ✓ (a) Water cycle

(ii) Generally the warm ocean currents originate near 

(a) Poles 

(b) Equator 

(c) None of these

Ans.✓ (b) Equator

(iii) The rythmic rise and fall of ocean water twice in a day is called 

(a) Tide 

(b) Ocean current 

(c) Wave 

Ans.✓ (a) Tide

Q4. Match the following.

(i) Caspian Sea

(a) Largest lake

(ii) Tide

(b) Periodic rise and fall of water

(iii) Tsunami

(c) Strong seismic waves

(iv) Ocean currents

(d) Streams of water moving along definite paths

-

(e) Water cycle


Answer

(i) Caspian Sea

(a) Largest lake

(ii) Tide

(b) Periodic rise and fall of water

(iii) Tsunami

(c) Strong seismic waves

(iv) Ocean currents

(d) Streams of water moving along definite paths


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