|1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?|
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS (SOLVED)
Q1. The poet has used a number of words which indicate ‘movement’ and ‘sound’. Make a list of these words from the poem and complete the web-chart.
2. The following is a flow chart showing the course of the brook. Can you fill in the blank spaces with the help from the phrases given below?
Q3. On the basis of your understanding of the poem, answer the following questions by ticking the correct choice.
(a) The message of the poem is that the life of a brook is __________.
Ans : (a) (iii) eternal
(b) The poet draws a parallel between the journey of the brook and __________.
(i) the life of a man
(ii) the death of a man
(iii) the difficulties in a man’s life
(iv) the endless talking of human beings
Ans : (a) (i) the life of a man
(c) The poem is narrated in the first person by the brook. This figure of speech is __________.
(iv) Transferred epithet
Ans : (a) (i) Personification
(d) In the poem, below mentioned lines: “And here and there a lusty trout, And here and there a grayling” suggest that __________.
(i) the brook is a source of life.
(ii) people enjoy the brook.
(iii) fishes survive because of water.
(iv) the brook witnesses all kinds of scenes.
Ans : (a) (i) the brook is a source of life.
Q4. Answer the following questions briefly :
(a) How does the brook ‘sparkle’?
Ans : The brook shines as the sunlight gets reflected in its splashing water.
(b) ‘Bicker’ means, to quarrel. Why does the poet use this word here?
Ans : The brook makes loud noise as it falls down. It sounds like a quarrel.
(c) How many hills and bridges does the brook pass during its journey?
Ans : The brook passes through thirty hills and fifty bridges.
(d) Where does it finally meet the river?
Ans : The brook finally meets the river near Phillip’s farm.
(e) Why has the word ‘chatter’ been repeated in the poem?
Ans : The poem is written in the first person and since the brook is narrating the story, the word ‘chatter’ is used. It is to heighten the autobiographical element and make it look personal.
(f) ‘With many a curve my banks I fret.’ What does the poet mean by this statement?
Ans : The brook becomes tired occasionally as it has to curve and move round and round, again and again.
(g) ‘I wind about, and in and out’. What kind of picture does this line create in your mind?
Ans : A picture of a whirlpool.
(h) Name the different things that can be found floating in the brook.
Ans : Flowers, fish, willows, weeds, etc.
(i) What does the poet want to convey by using the words ‘steal’ and ‘slide’?
Ans : It refers to the smooth and noiseless movement of the brook.
(j) The poem has many examples of alliteration. List any five examples.
Ans : Babble-bubble, field-fallow, golden-gravel, slide-slip, gloom-glance etc.
(k) ‘I make the netted sunbeam dance.’ What does ‘netted sunbeam’ mean? How does it dance?
Ans : The sunrays filtering through the leaves and bushes make a net-like pattern on shallow water-pools. They are reflected on the surface of water and appear to be dancing as the water flows.
(l) What is the ‘refrain’ in the poem? What effect does it create?
Ans : The ‘refrain’ in the poem is ‘for men may come and men may go, But I go on forever.’ The repetition of the refrain emphasises the transitory nature of man and the eternal nature of the brook.
Q5. Read the given lines and answer the questions :
I chatter, chatter, as I flow To join the brimming river, For men may come and men may go, But I go on forever.
(a) Who does ‘I’ refer to in the given lines?
Ans : ‘I’ in this extract refers to the brook.
(b) How does it ‘chatter’?
Ans : The brook chatters by flowing over the pebbles making a lot of meaningless noise.
(c) Why has the poet used the word ‘brimming’? What kind of a picture does it create?
Ans : ‘Brimming’ means full to the brim or top. It creates an impression on our mind of the picture of a big river in flood.
(d) Explain the last two lines of the stanza.
Ans : The last two lines highlight the law of nature that man is mortal and dies, whereas streams rarely die. They have been flowing since time immemorial.
Q6. Identify the rhyme scheme of the poem.
Ans : The rhyme scheme is ab ab cd cd .....
Q7. The poem is full of images that come alive through skillful use of words. List out any two images that appeal to you the most, quoting the lines from the poem.
Ans : The first vivid image created by the poet is that of the brook flowing through hills and valleys, under the bridges and by the villages.
By thirty hills I hurry down Or slip between the ridges By twenty thorpes, a little town, And half a hundred bridges.
The second striking image is that of the serpent. Like the flow of the brook, with flowers and fish floating on it. This image is most appealing because it is apt, colourful and poetic.
Q8. The brook appears to be a symbol of life. Pick out examples of a parallel drawn between life and the brook.
Ans. The brook is a small stream that is born in some mountain. It grows bigger and stronger in the course of its journey. It makes so many types of sounds as it flows through the pebbles. Its movements are also varied. It slips and slides; it steals and winds its curves and flows. It chatters and babbles, it makes musical as well as harsh sounds. The brook’s birth and growth, chattering and babbling are very much similar to the activities of a human being. The brook represents life in general. Both have an origin, a middle stage, and an end. Both struggle against various adversities, odds and keep moving towards their goal. Above all, the brook represents life. Men may come and men may go, but life goes on forever. The same rule applies in the case of the brook. It keeps flowing eternally, like life.