NCERT Solution for Class 7, SST( Geography-Our Environment), Chapter 7 - Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication
(i) What are the four means of transport?
Ans. The four means of transport are:
(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?
Ans. Settlements are places where human beings built their homes. Earlier human beings lived in forests and in caves, but with time and advancement in vegetation, humans made homes to create settlements.
(iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people?
Ans. Activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work, trading, etc are practised by the rural people.
(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.
Ans. Two merits of railways are:
(v) What do you understand by communication?
Ans. Communication is the process of conveying messages to others. Technology has helped us discover faster means of communication. Telephones, mobile phones and the internet are a few means of communication that we use.
(vi) What is mass media?
Ans. Different means of communication have brought about an information revolution in the country. Various media like radio, television and newspapers are used to provide information to people. This mode of providing information is known as mass media.
(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?
Ans. ✓ (c) table
(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?
(a) fly over
Ans.✓ (c) subways
(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?
Ans.✓ (a) ship
(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment
Ans.✓ (a) cycle
(i) Today’s world is shrinking.
Ans. Today’s world is shrinking because of globalization and improved means of transportation and communication. Due to improved communication system, we can talk or get connected with each other in the world at any time by internet, phones etc. Also, the news from all over the world can be known by sitting at one place. We can reach opposite corners of the world in no time due to improved means of transportation. Globalization of markets added flavour to it. That is why the world has now became small villa or get shrink.
(i) Conduct a survey in your locality and find out how people commute to their respective workplaces using:
(a) more than two modes of transport
(b) more than three modes of transport
(c) stay within walking distance.
(ii) Mention which mode of communication you will prefer most in the following situations:
(a) your grandfather has suddenly fallen ill How will you inform the doctor?
(b) your mother wants to sell the old house. How will she spread this news?
(c) you are going to attend the marriage of your cousin for which you will be absent from the school for the next two days. How will you inform the teacher?
(d) your friend has moved out with his/her family to New York. How will you keep in touch on a daily basis?
Ans: (i) (a) on foot, metro, and auto-rickshaw
(b) on foot, bus, metro, and rickshaw
(c) on foot.
(ii) (a) By telephone or mobile.
(b) Through newspaper or through realty brokers.
(c) Through written application.
(d) Through telephone, mobile, e-mail, internet, etc.