Ques 1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Name the major physical divisions of India.
The major physical divisions of India are:
• The Great Himalayas or Himadri
• The Northern Great Plains
• The Coastal Plains
• The Peninsular Plains
• The Islands
(b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.
The countries that share land boundaries with India are:
(c) Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?
Ans: Narmada and Tapi are the two major rivers that fall into Arabian Sea.
(d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
Ans: Sundarbans delta is formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
(e) How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
Ans: There are 29 States and 7 Union Territories in India. The states of Haryana and Punjab have a common capital – Chandigarh.
(f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?
Ans: Northern plains are formed by the alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers- the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation. Therefore, a large number of people live in the Northern plains.
(g) Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
Ans: Lakshdweep island is known as coral island because it has been made up of coral, which are skeletons of tiny marine animals called polyps.When the living polyps die, other polyps grow on top of their hard skeletons. They grow higher and higher and thus form coral islands.
Ques 2. Tick the correct answers.
(a) The southernmost Himalayas are known as
Ans: (i) Shiwaliks
(b) Sahyadris is also known as
(ii) Western Ghats
Ans: (ii) Western Ghats
(c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries
(i) Sri Lanka and Maldives
(ii) India and Sri Lanka
(iii) India and Maldives
Ans: (ii) India and Sri Lanka
(d) The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as
(i) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(ii) Lakshadweep Islands
Ans: (ii) Lakshadweep Islands
(e) The oldest mountain range in India is the
(i) Aravali hills
(ii) Western ghats
Ans: (i) Aravali hills
Ques 3. Fill in the blanks.
(a) India has an area of about _____.
Ans: 3.28 million sq. kms.
(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as____.
(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is_____.
(d) The river Narmada falls into the _____ sea.
(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ____.
Ans: Tropic of Cancer
Ques 1. On an outline map of India, mark the following.
(a) Tropic of Cancer
(b) Standard Meridian of India
(c) State in which you live
(d) Andaman Islands and Lakshadweep Islands
(e) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats