Q1. Make a list of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan empire.
Ans: List of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan empire:
Q2. Complete the following sentences:
(a) Officials collected _____ from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
(b) Royal princes often went to the provinces as ____
(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control ____ and ____ which were important for transport.
Ans: roads and rivers
(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with ____
Ans: elephant, timbers, honey and wax.
Q3. State whether true or false:
(a) Ujjain was the gateway to the north-west.
(b) Chandragupta’s ideas were written down in the Arthashastra.
(c) Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal.
(d) Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script.
Q4. What were the problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?
Ans: The problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma were:
Q5. What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma?
Ans: The means that Ashoka adopted to spread the message of dhamma were:
Q6. Why do you think slaves and servants were ill-treated? Do you think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans: Slaves and servants were ill-treated owing to the following reasons:
Their condition would have improved after the order of the Emperor because:
Q7. Write a short paragraph explaining Roshan why the lions are shown on our currency notes. List at least one other object on which you see them.
Ans: The Ashoka pillar in Sarnath has 4 lions on top. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining enlightenment in Sarnath. The four lions are related to Buddhism and signify peace and friendship. During our independence struggle, the Buddhist ideals of non-violence inspired the freedom movement. These lions on our symbol signify truth, peace, friendliness.
The lion symbol is an emblem of the Supreme Court of India, CBI, Police and almost all government departments. It is also seen on our passports as well.