NCERT Solutions - Ashoka The Emperor Who Gave Up The War Class 6 Notes | EduRev

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NCERT Solutions - Ashoka The Emperor Who Gave Up The War Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Let’s Recall

Q1. Make a list of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan empire.

Ans: List of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan empire:

  • Farming
  • Herding
  • Handicrafts
  • Trading
  • Hunting-gathering


Q2. Complete the following sentences:

(a) Officials collected _____ from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
Ans: tax

(b) Royal princes often went to the provinces as ____
Ans: governors

(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control ____ and ____ which were important for transport.
Ans: roads and rivers

(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with ____
Ans: elephant, timbers, honey and wax.


Q3. State whether true or false:

(a) Ujjain was the gateway to the north-west.
Ans: False

(b) Chandragupta’s ideas were written down in the Arthashastra.
Ans: False

(c) Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal.
Ans: False

(d) Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script.
Ans: True


Let’s Discuss

Q4. What were the problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?

Ans: The problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma were:

  • Religious conflict
  • Animal sacrifice
  • Ill-treatment of slaves and servants
  • Quarrels in families and amongst neighbours.


Q5. What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma?

Ans: The means that Ashoka adopted to spread the message of dhamma were:

  • He appointed officials, known as the dhamma mahamatta who went from place to place teaching people about dhamma.
  • He got his messages inscribed on rocks and pillars, instructing his officials to read his message to those who could not read it themselves.
  • He also sent messengers to spread ideas about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.


Q6. Why do you think slaves and servants were ill-treated? Do you think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition? Give reasons for your answer.

Ans: Slaves and servants were ill-treated owing to the following reasons:

  • Most of them were prisoners of war.
  • Some belonged to the lowest social order, specifically Shudras.
  • The concept of human rights was virtually non-existent during that period.

Their condition would have improved after the order of the Emperor because:

  • No one would dare defy the supreme order of the emperor himself.
  • Those who would disobey the emperor would be severely punished by his officials.
  • The Emperor was the supreme commander of the Mauryan Empire. Thus his word was law and had to be obeyed to the fullest extent.


Q7. Write a short paragraph explaining Roshan why the lions are shown on our currency notes. List at least one other object on which you see them.

Ans: The Ashoka pillar in Sarnath has 4 lions on top. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining enlightenment in Sarnath. The four lions are related to Buddhism and signify peace and friendship. During our independence struggle, the Buddhist ideals of non-violence inspired the freedom movement. These lions on our symbol signify truth, peace, friendliness.

The lion symbol is an emblem of the Supreme Court of India, CBI, Police and almost all government departments. It is also seen on our passports as well.

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