A variety of things make us what we are- such as how we live, the languages we speak, what we eat, wear, the games we play and the things we celebrate are all influenced both by the geography and history of the place where we live.
Let's have a look at the NCERT solutions of the chapter.
Q1. Match the following statements in a way that challenges stereotypes.
Q2. How can the stereotype that girls are a burden on their parents affect the life of a daughter? Imagine this situation and list at least five different effects that this stereotype can have on the way daughters get treated in the house.
Ans: The stereotype that girls are a burden on their parents affect the life of a daughter in many ways which have impacts on their day to day life as well as shattering their dreams and goals. It also creates a feeling of being inferior to others and arouse a negative feel.
Five different effects are:
Q3. What does the Constitution say with regard to equality? Why do you think it is important for all people to be equal?
Ans: With regard to equality, the constitution said that:
It is important for all people to be equal so that all of them have the freedom to follow their religion, speak their language, celebrate their festivals and express themselves freely. Respect for diversity can only be achieved by equality.
Q4. Sometimes people make prejudiced comments in our presence. We are often not in a position to do anything about this because it is difficult to say something right then and there. Divide the class into groups and each group discuss what they could do in one of the following situations:
a. A friend begins to tease a classmate because he is poor.
b. You are watching TV with your family and one of them makes a prejudicial comment about a particular religious community.
c. Children in your class refuse to share their food with a particular person because they think she is dirty.
d. Someone tells you a joke that makes fun of a community because of their accent.
e. Some boys make remarks about girls not being able to play games as well as them.
Discuss in class what the different groups have suggested for the above situations, and also talk about the problems that can come up when raising the issue.
Ans: Students should make five groups and discuss the issues among themselves.
a. We should learn to respect the personality and social background of each other. We should not tease or make a joke of others only due to their appearance.
b. India is a country known for its religious harmony and sovereignty. This is our power and we should not hurt the sentiments and beliefs of others by commenting.
c. Everyone is a child of God and is unique in their own way. It is a shame to consider someone inferior or odd only because of their personal appearance.
d. Our country is having rich diversity and this is our beauty. People in each region have their own language and accent. We should not make fun or joke about this beauty and learn to adore and respect it.
e. Everyone has their own physique and everyone is not good in all things. Some may be good at sports some may not, some may be good at painting, learning, music etc. So, we should not make remarks on them for not being good at something. Rather we should encourage them.