NCERT Solutions - Motions Of The Earth Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 6

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UPSC : NCERT Solutions - Motions Of The Earth Class 6 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions - Motions Of The Earth Class 6 Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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Motions Of The Earth - 

Q1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What is the angle of inclination of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane?

Answer: The angle of inclination of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane is 66 ½º.

NCERT Solutions - Motions Of The Earth Class 6 Notes | EduRev

(b) Define rotation and revolution.

Answer: Rotation is the movement of the earth on its axis.

Revolution is the movement of the earth around the sun in a fixed path or orbit.


(c) What is a leap year?

Answer: Earth takes 365 days and 6 hours to complete a revolution. But, for the sake of convenience, we consider that a year consists of 365 days. The six hours that are ignored make one day (24 hours) over a period of four years. This one day is added to that year in the month of February. Therefore, after every four years February has 29 days and that year is known as leap year.


(d) Differentiate between the Summer and Winter Solstice.

Answer-

Summer Solstice

Winter Solstice

It is the position of the Earth when the rays of the sun fall directly on the tropic of cancer.

It is the position of the Earth when the rays of the sun fall directly on the tropic of Capricorn.

In this position, the North pole is tilted towards the sun.

In this position, the North pole is tilted away from the sun.

Due to large portion of the Northern hemisphere gets light from sun, it is summer in Northern Hemisphere.

Due to large portion of the Southern hemisphere gets light from sun, it is winter in Northern Hemisphere.

During this period in Northern hemispehre, days are longer than nights

During this period in Northern hemisphere, nights are longer than days


(e) What is an equinox?

Answer: Equinox is the position of the earth when direct rays of the sun fall on the equator. At this position, neither of the poles is tilted towards the sun so, the whole earth experiences equal days and equal night.


(f) Why does the Southern Hemisphere experience Winter and Summer Solstice in different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere?

Answer: The Southern Hemisphere experience Winter and Summer Solstice in different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere because:

i)When the North Pole is tilted towards the Sun, the Northern Hemisphere experiences Summer Solstice. At this time, since the South Pole is tilted away from the Sun, the Southern Hemisphere experiences Winter Solstice.

ii) When the North Pole is tilted away from the Sun, the Northern Hemisphere experiences Winter Solstice. At this time, since the South Pole is tilted towards the Sun, the Southern Hemisphere experiences Summer Solstice.


(g) Why do the poles experience about six months day and six months night?

Answer: The Poles experience about six months of day and six months of night because of the tilt of the Earth on its axis. When the Northern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, the North Pole is inclined towards the sun, it experiences continuous daylight for six months. These conditions are reversed when the South hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun.


Q2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The movement of the earth around the sun is known as
(i) Rotation
(ii) Revolution
(iii) Inclination
Ans. (ii) Revolution

(b) Direct rays of the sun fall on the equator on
(i) 21 March
(ii) 21 June
(iii) 22 December
Ans. (i) 21 March

(c) Christmas is celebrated in summer in
(i) Japan
(ii) India
(iii) Australia
Ans. (iii) Australia

(d) Cycle of the seasons is caused due to
(i) Rotation
(ii) Revolution
(iii) Gravitation
Ans. (ii) Revolution


Q3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) A leap year has ____ number of days.
Ans. 366

(b) The daily motion of the earth is _____.
Ans. rotational

(c) The earth travels around the sun in ____ orbit.
Ans. elliptical

(d) The sun’s rays fall vertically on the Tropic of ___ on 21 st June.
Ans. Cancer

(e) Days are shorter during ___ season.
Ans. winter

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