Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Class 8 Mathematics by Full Circle

Created by: Vp Classes

Class 8 : Class 8 Notes | EduRev

The document Class 8 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 8 Course Class 8 Mathematics by Full Circle.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

Finding Square Root By Division Method

For larger numbers, we use the division method for finding their square roots. This requires the preestimation of number of digits in the square root.

We know that the smallest 3-digit perfect square number is 100 which is the square of 10 (2-digit number). The greatest 3-digit perfect number is 961 which is the square of 31 (2-digit number). The greatest 4-digit perfect number is 9801 which is the square of 99 (2-digit number).

We can say that, “if a perfect square is a 3-digit or 4-digit number, then its square root will have 2-digits.”

Example. Find the square root of 1369.

Solution:

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Think, Discuss Write

Question: Can we say that if a perfect square is of n-digits, then its square root will have n/2 digits

if n is even or (n+1)/2 if n is odd?

Solution: Yes, it is true that:

Number of digit of the perfect square
Number of digits of the square root

n

n

n/2 [when ‘n’ is even]

n+1/2 [when ‘n’ is odd]

Examples:

(i) 529 (a perfect number), n = 3 (odd number)

∴  Number of digits in square root = n+1/2

= 3+1/2 = 2

Also, square root of 529 = 23 (2-digits).

(ii) 1296 (is perfect square) and n = 4 (even number)

∴ Number of digits of its square root = n/2 = 4/2 =2

Now   Class 8 Notes | EduRev  = 36 (2-digits).

Question: Without calculating square roots, find the number of digits in the square root of the following numbers.

(i) 25600 (ii) 100000000 (iii) 36864

Solution:

(i) 25600

∵ n = 5 [an odd number]

∴ Its square root will have n+1/2 digits,

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(ii) 100000000

∵ n = 9 → odd number

∴ Number of digits of its square root = n+1/2

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iii) 36864

∵ n = 5 → odd number 

∴ Number of digits in its square root = n+1/2

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question: Estimate the value of the following to the nearest whole number.

(i)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev          (ii)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev (iii)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev   (iv)   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Solution: 

(i)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

∵ 102 = 100, 92 = 81, 82 = 64

and 80 is between 64 and 81.

i.e. 64 < 80 < 81

or 82 < 80 < 92

or 8 <  Class 8 Notes | EduRev  < 9

Thus,  Class 8 Notes | EduRevlies between 8 and 9.

(ii)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

We know that

302 = 900, 312 = 961, 322 = 1024

∴ 1000 lies between 961 and 1024.

i.e. 916 < 1000 < 1024

or 312 < 1000 < 322

or 31 <  Class 8 Notes | EduRev < 32

Thus, Class 8 Notes | EduRev lies between 31 and 32.

(iii)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

We have 182 = 324, 192 = 361

Since, 350 lies between 324 and 316.

or 324 < 350 < 361

or 182 < 350 < 192

or 18 < Class 8 Notes | EduRev< 19

Thus,   Class 8 Notes | EduRevlies between 18 and 19.    

(iv)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev       

∵ 222 = 484 and 232 = 529        

Since, 500 lies between 484 and 529.

or 484 < 500 < 529

or 222 < 500 < 232

or 22 <  Class 8 Notes | EduRev< 23

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev lies between 22 and 23.

 

Exercise 6.4 

Question 1. Find the square root of each of the following numbers by Division method.

(i) 2304 (ii) 4489 (iii) 3481 (iv) 529 (v) 3249 (vi) 1369
(vii) 5776 (viii) 7921 (ix) 576 (x) 1024 (xi) 3136 (xii) 900

Solution: 

(i) 

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(ii)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iii)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iv)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(v)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(vi)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(vii)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(viii)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(ix)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(x)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(xi)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(xii)

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question 2. Find the number of digits in the square root of each of the following numbers (without any calculation).

(i) 64 (ii) 144 (iii) 4489 (iv) 27225 (v) 390625

Solution: If ‘n’ stands for number of digits in the given number, then

(i) For 64, n = 2 [even number]

∴  Number of digit is its square root = n/2 = 2/2 = 1

(ii) For 144, n = 3 [odd number] 

∴ Number of digits in its square root  = n+1/2 = 3+1/2 = 4/2 = 2

(iii) For 4489, n = 4 [even number]

∴ Number of digits in its square root = n/2 = 4/2 = 2

(iv) For 27225, n = 5 [odd number]

∴ Number of digits in its square root = n+1/2 = 5+1/2 = 6/2 = 3

(v) For 390625, n = 6 [even number]

∴ Number of digits in its square root = n/2 =6/2 =3

Question 3. Find the square root of the following decimal numbers.

(i) 2.56 (ii) 7.29 (iii) 51.84 (iv) 42.25 (v) 31.36

Solution:

(i) Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Here, number of decimal places, are already even.

∴ We mark off the periods and find the square root.

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev = 1.6

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(ii)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Here, number of decimal places are already even.

Therefore, we mark off the periods and find the square root.

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev = 2.7

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iii)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Here, the decimal places are already even.  

∴ We mark off the periods and find the square root:

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev = 7.2

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iv)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Here, the decimal places are already even.

∴ We mark off periods and find the square root:          

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev = 6.5

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(v)  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Here, the decimal places are already even.   

∴ We mark off the periods and find the square root:

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev = 5.6

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question 4. Find the least number which must be subtracted from each of the following numbers so as to get a perfect square. Also find the square root of the perfect square so obtained.      

(i) 402 (ii) 1989 (iii) 3250 (iv) 825 (v) 4000      

Solution: 

(i) On proceeding to find the square root of 402, we have Since, we get a remainder 2

∴ The required least number to be subtracted from 402 is 2.

∴ 402 – 2 = 400, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev  = 20

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(ii) Since, we get a remainder of 53

∴ The least number to be subtracted from the given number = 53

1989 – 53 = 1936, and  Class 8 Notes | EduRev  = 44

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iii) Since, we get a remainder 1.

∴ The smallest number to be subtracted from the given number = 1

Now, 3250 – 1 = 3249, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iv) Since, we get a remainder 41.

∴ The required smallest number to be subtracted from the given number = 41

Now, 825 – 41 = 784, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(v) Since, we get a remainder 31,

∴ The required smallest number to be subtracted from the given number = 31

Now, 4000 – 31 = 3969, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question 5. Find the least number which must be added to each of the following numbers so as to get a perfect square. Also find the square root of the perfect square so obtained.

(i) 525 (ii) 1750 (iii) 252 (iv) 1825 (v) 6412

Solution:

(i) Since, we get a remainder 41.

i.e. 525 > 222.

and next square number is 23.

∴ The required number to be added = 232 – 525

= 529 – 525 = 4

Now, 525 + 4 = 529, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev  

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(ii) Since, we get a remainder 69.

i.e. 1750 > (41)2

and next square number is 422.

∴ The required number to be added = 422 – 1750

= 1764 – 1750 = 14

Now, 1750 + 14 = 1764, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iii) Since, we get a remainder 27.

Since, 252 > (15)and next square number = 16

∴ The required number to be added = 162 – 252

= 256 – 252 = 4

Now, 252 + 4 = 256, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(iv) Since, we get a remainder, 61.

∴ 1825 > (42)2

∵ Next square number = 43

∴ The required number to be added = (43)– 1825

= 1849 – 1825 = 24

Now, 1825 + 24 = 1849, and   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(v) Since, we get a remainder 12.

∴ 6412 > (80)2

∵ Next square number = 81

∴ Required number to be added = (81)2 – 6412

= 6561 – 6412 = 149

Now, 6412 + 149 = 6561 and  Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question 6. Find the length of the side of a square whose area is 441 m2.

Solution: Let the side of the square = x metre

∴ Area = side * side

= x X x = x2 metre2

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Thus, the required side is 21 m.

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 

Question 7. In a right triangle ABC, ∠B = 90°.

(a) If AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm, find AC.

(b) If AC = 13 cm, BC = 5 cm, find AB.

Solution:

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Remember

I. In a right triangle, the longest side is called the hypotenuse.
II. (Hypotenuse)2 = [Sum of the squares of other two sides]

(a) ∵ ∠B = 90°

∴ Hypotenuse = AC

∴ AC2 = AB2 + BC2

= 82 + 62

= 64 + 36 = 100

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

AC = 10

Thus, AC = 10 cm

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(b) Here ∠B = 90°

∴ Hypotenuse = AC

∵ AC2 = AB2 + BC2

or 132 = AB2 + 52

or AB2 = 132 – 52

= 169 – 25 = 144

Now   Class 8 Notes | EduRev

or AB = 12

Thus, AB = 12 cm

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Question 8. A gardener has 1000 plants. He wants to plant these in such a way that the number of rows and the number of columns remain same. Find the minimum number of plants he needs more for this.

Solution: Since, the number of plants in a row and the number of columns are the same.

∴ Their product must be a square number.

∵ Th gardener has 1000 plants.

∴ 1000 is not a perfect square, and (31)2 < 1000

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

(∵ There is a remainder of 39).

Obviously the next square number = 32

∴ Number of plants required to be added = (32)2 – 1000

= 1024 – 1000 = 24

 

Question 9. There are 500 children in a school. For a P.T. drill they have to stand in such a manner that the number of rows is equal to number of columns. How many children would be left out in this arrangement.

Solution: Since, the number of rows and the number of columns are same.

∴ Total number (i.e. their product) must be a square number, we have Since, we get a remainder of 16

∴ 500 > (22)2 or 500 – 16 = (22)2

Thus, the required number of children to be left out = 16

 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Share with a friend

Complete Syllabus of Class 8

Dynamic Test

Content Category

Related Searches

Extra Questions

,

Class 8 Notes | EduRev

,

Important questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

practice quizzes

,

study material

,

Semester Notes

,

mock tests for examination

,

Free

,

MCQs

,

Objective type Questions

,

Class 8 Notes | EduRev

,

ppt

,

Summary

,

Class 8 Notes | EduRev

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Exam

,

past year papers

,

video lectures

,

Sample Paper

,

Viva Questions

,

pdf

;