Q1 : Do you think that a change towards a peaceful world, needs a change in the way people think? Can mind promote peace and is it enough to focus only on the human mind?
Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference:
A change towards a peaceful world needs a change in the way people think for most conflicts arise in the minds of people. However, the mind by itself is insufficient to promote peace as the cause for violence also lies in the social structures. Thus, the creation of a peaceful society requires the elimination of structural violence.
Q2 : A State must protect the lives and rights of its citizens. However, at times its own actions are a source of violence against some of its citizens. Comment with the help of some examples
It is true that at times government's own actions are a source of violence against some of its citizens.
Q3 : Peace can be best realised when there is freedom, equality and justice. Do you agree?0
Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose. It is strongly recommended that you prepare thesolution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference:
Q4 : Use of violence does not achieve just ends in the long run. What do you think about this statement?
Q5 : Differentiate between the major approaches, discussed in the chapter, to the establishment of peace in the world.
There are three major approaches for the establishment of peace in the world.
1. The first approach favours sovereignty and deals with fair competition between the states and the maintenance of a balance of power to contain conflict. This approach upholds the sovereignty of states as paramount and competition among them as a fact in order to promote peace.
2. The second approach deals with economic integration and interdependence that leads to political unification. Economic and social cooperation between states would lead to peace by promoting international understanding.
3. The third approach visualises the state as a transitory system and the emergence of a global community surpassing the state system to maintain world peace. The rise of people's movements and multinational corporations is a step in this direction. The process of globalisation has contributed to this by reducing the influence of state and diluting the concept of sovereignty.