NCERT Solutions - The Indian Constitution, Civics, Class 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Class 8 Social Science by VP Classes

Class 8 : NCERT Solutions - The Indian Constitution, Civics, Class 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions - The Indian Constitution, Civics, Class 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 8 Course Class 8 Social Science by VP Classes.
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NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
 

Q.1. Discuss with your teacher what you understand by the term ‘constitutive’. Provide one example of ‘constitutive rules’ from your everyday life.
 Ans. 
The term ‘constitutive’ means fundamental.
One example of constitutive rules— A footballer should not touch the ball with his hand. This is a constitutive rule of the game of football.
 

Q.2. Why do the people of Nepal want a new constitution?  
 Ans. 
The people of Nepal want a new Constitution because the country by moving from a monarchy to a democratic government needs to change all its constitutive rules in order to usher in a new society.
 

Q.3. Read the following storyboard and answer the following questions:

NCERT Solutions - The Indian Constitution, Civics, Class 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

In what way is the class monitor misused his power? 

Ans. The class monitor misused his power by making false complain about Anil to the classteacher. Anil did not do anything, but the class monitor convinced the teacher that he was talking loudly during her absence. The teacher got annoyed and punished Anil.
 

Q.4. In which of the following situations is a minister misusing his power:
 (a) refuses to sanction a project of his ministry for sound technical reasons;
 (b) threatens to send his security staff to rough up his neighbour;
 (c) calls up the police station asking them not to register a complaint that is likely to be filed against his relative.
 Ans.
The ministers misuses his power in the following situations:
(b) threatens to send his security staff to rough up his neighbour;
(c) calls up the police station asking them not to register a complaint that is likely to be filed against his relative.
 

Q.5. Read the following storyboard and answer the question that follow:

NCERT Solutions - The Indian Constitution, Civics, Class 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Who is in a minority in the above storyboard?
 In what way is this minority being dominated by the decision taken by the majority?
 Ans.
Girls are in minority. The majority imposes its will on the minority. Finally girls have to do what the boys want.
 

Q.6. Read the following storyboard and answer the question that follow:

NCERT Solutions - The Indian Constitution, Civics, Class 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Why was Shabnam happy that she had not watched TV? What would you have done in a similar situation?
 Ans.
Instead of watching her favourite T.V. programme, Shabnam used that time in revising two chapters for the test. As a result, she did excellent in the test because many questions were from those two chapters. Therefore, she was very happy.
If I were in place of Shabnam, I would have done the same.
 

Q.7. Discuss the difference between State and Government with your teacher.
 Ans.
Government is responsible for administring and enforcing laws. It can change with elections. The state on the other hand refers to a political institution that represents a sovereign people who occupy a definite territory. For example, the Indian State.
 

Q.8. Which Fundamental Rights will the following situations violate:
 (a) If a 13-year old child is working in a factory manufacturing carpets.
 (b) If a politician in one state decides not to allow labourers from other states to work in his state.
 (c) If a group of people are not given permission to open a Telugu-medium school in Kerala.
 (d) If the government decides not to promote an officer of the armed forces because she is a woman.
 Ans.
(a) Right against Exploitation
(b) Right to Freedom
(c) Cultural and Educational Right
(d) Right to Equality.

 

NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
 

Q.1. Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
 Ans.
In a democratic country, leaders are chosen by the people. These leaders are expected to exercise power responsibly on our behalf. But there is always the possibility that these leaders might misuse their power. Here comes the Constitution. It provides safeguards against this.
 

Q.2. Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent Interim Constitution of Nepal.

1990 Constitution of Nepal Part 7: Executive2007 Interim Constitution Part 5: Executive

Article 35: Executive power: The executive power of the kingdom of Nepal shall be exercised exclusively by His

Majesty.

  • The executive power of Nepal shall, pursuant to this Constitution and other laws, be vested in the Council of Ministers.
  • The executive functions of Nepal shall be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.

What is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?
 Ans.
In the 1990 Constitution of Nepal, it was the king who exercises the executive power while in the 2007 Interim Constitution of Nepal it is the Prime Minister, the leader of the representatives of the people, exercises the executive power.
 

Q.3. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?
 Ans.
There would be anarchy.
 

Q.4. In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.
 (a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
 (b) In a city, 5 per cent of the population are Buddhists.
 (c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.
 (d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well off families.
 Ans.
( a) Female teachers are in minority. It is important to respect their views because they also contribute to the standard of teaching of the school.
(b) Buddhists are in minority. Their views must be respected because they represent a religious sect.
(c) Non-vegetarians are in minority. Their views must be respected because they are also human beings like those who are vegetarians.
(d) The rest 10 per cent poor/middle class students are in minority. We must respect their views because they are equal to others.
 

Q.5. The column on the left lists some of the key features of the Indian Constitution. In the other column write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this feature is important:

Key FeaturesSignificance
Federalism 
Separation of Powers 
Fundamental Rights 
Parliamentary form of Government 

Ans.

Key FeaturesSignificance
FederalismFederalism helps to manage a vast country smoothly. Distribution of power makes the progress of a country fast.
Separation of PowerThe three organs of the state, the legislature, the executive and the judiciary, exercise different powers. Thus, each organ acts as a check on the other organs of the state and this ensures the balance of power between the three.
Fundamental RightsFundamental Rights protect citizens against the absolute exercise of power by the state. These rights are essential for an individual to develop his/her personality and lead a life with decency.
Parliamentary form of GovernmentIt gives a chance to the people of the country to play a role in electing their represen-tatives. Also, every citizen of the country can contest in elections.

 

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