IN-TEXT QUESTIONS SOLVED
1. State one reason why you think the Sedition Act of 1870 was arbitrary? In what ways does the Sedition Act of 1870 contradict the rule of law?
Ans. The Sedition Act of 1870 was arbitrary because under this Act the British could arrest and detain any person they wanted.
2. What do you understand by “domestic violence”? List the two rights that the new law helped achieve for women who are survivors of violence.
Ans. Domestic violence refers to the injury or harm or threat of injury or harm caused by an adult male, usually the husband, against his wife. Injury may be caused by physically beating up the woman or by emotionally abusing her. Emotional abuse of the woman includes verbal, sexual and economic abuse.
The two rights the new law helped achieve for women who are survivors of violence: (i) The new law recognises the right of women to live in a shared household. Women can get a protection order against any further violence. (ii) Women can get monetary relief to meet their expenses including medical costs.
3. Can you list one process that was used to make more people aware of the need for this law?
Ans. Public discussion.
4. From the story board given, can you list two different ways in which people lobbied Parliament?
Ans. Two ways in which people lobbied Parliament:
(ii) Submission of demand
5. Observe the following poster carefully. What do you understand by the phrase ‘Equal Relationships are Violence Free’?
Ans. Equal relationship means both husband and wife enjoy equal rights in the family. Neither of them should suppress the other. Such relationships are always violence free because both husband and wife care for one another.
NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Q.1. Write in your own words what you understand by the term the ‘rule of law’. In your response include a fictitious or real example of a violation of the rule of law.
Ans. The term the ‘rule of law’ means that all laws apply equally to all citizens and no one is above the law, not even the President of India. The law cannot discriminate between person on the basis of their religion, caste or gender. Any crime or violation of law has a specific punishment as well as a process through which the guilt of the person has to be established.
Example of violation of the rule of law
Q.2. State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.
Ans. Historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India on several grounds, two of which are given below:
(i) The colonial rule was arbitrary. The British passed the Sedition Act in 1870. Under this Act any person protesting or criticising the British government could be arrested without trial.
(ii) The Indian nationalists played a prominent role in development of the legal sphere in British India.
Q.3. Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen.
Q. 4. Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentences. They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to law as including ideas of justice.
Ans. The Indian nationalists were fed up with the arbitrary use of authority by the British. They wanted to uproot it in order to bring equality.
They made efforts to establish the rule of law by eliminating the colonial laws which were in no way justified.