IN-TEXT QUESTIONS SOLVED
1. Explain at least three different reasons why groups may be marginalised.
Ans. Groups may be marginalised due to the following reasons:
(i) They speak different languages
(ii) They follow different customs
(iii) They are poor
2. Why was Dadu forced to leave his village in Orissa?
Ans. Dadu was forced to leave his village in Orissa because the companywallahs took his land for mining iron ore there.
3. List five products that you use at home that come from the forest.
Ans. (i) Fruit (ii) Timber (iii) Gum (iv) Lac (v) Honey
4. By whom were the following demands being made on forest land?
Ans. The demands mentioned above were made by the British government in India.
This would affect the establishment of the tribal people. They would be displaced to some other places where they would not get work easily.
5. In your opinion, why is it important that Adivasis should have a say in how their forests and forest lands are used?
Ans. Adivasis have been directly affected by the decisions of the government agencies.
6. Why do we need safeguards for minorities?
Ans. We need safeguards for minorities in order to protect them from being dominated by the majority.
7. Read the following content carefully.
|I live in a Muslim-dominated area. Some days back during Ramzan there was some disturbance that started taking a communal outlook. My brother and I had gone for an Iftar party in the neighbourhood and were dressed in traditional clothes, that is sherwani and salwar kameez respectively. On returning home, my brother and I were asked to change our clothes to jeans and T-shirt.|
Now when everything is fine I wonder what was the reason that we were asked to change our clothes and why I didn’t find it odd. Were our clothes giving away our identity and is that identity linked to all kinds of fears and discrimination?
Ainee A. Farooqi
This is an essay written by a child around your age. What do you think she is trying to convey?
Ans. People in society are very keen to hide their identity in order to avoid any tension. Some typical dresses signify some particular communities. Such dresses become their identity. At the time of communal tension, people try to avoid such dresses so that they cannot be targeted by the opposing group.
NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Q.1. Write in your own words two or more sentences of what you understand by the word ‘marginalisation’.
Ans. The word ‘marginalisation’ refers to a situation in which an individual or a group of individuals is deprived of certain privileges or treated as different from others. Marginalisation can be experienced in every sphere. Several factors are there which make certain groups in society feel marginalised. These factors are economic, social, cultural and political.
Q.2. List two reasons why Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalised.
Ans. (i) A divasis love to lead th eir life in their own way, without any interference from the other.
(ii) They usually resist changes or new ideas.
Q.3. Write one reason why you think the Constitution’s safeguards to protect minority communities are very important.
Ans. The Constitution’s safeguards to protect because they are numerically small in relation to the rest of the population and therefore they may be dominated by the majority communities.
Q.4. Re-read the section on Minorities and Marginalisation. What do you understand by the term minority?
Ans. The term minority refers to communities which are numerically small in relation to the rest of the population.
Q.5. You are participating in a debate where you have to provide reasons to support the following statement. ‘Muslims are a marginalised community’. Using the data provided in this chapter, list two reasons that you would give.
Ans. Two reasons are :
(i) Muslims are deprived of basic amenities such as water, electricity, etc.
(ii) They have little access to education.
Q.6. Imagine that you are watching the Republic Day Parade on TV with a friend and she remarks, ‘Look at these tribals. They look so exotic. And they seem to be dancing all the time.’ List three things that you would tell her about the lives of Adivasis in India.
Ans. Three things about the lives of Adivasis in India :
(i) They love to wear colourful dresses.
(ii) They are very close to forests.
(iii) They have their own languages, Santhali is one of them.
Q.7. In the storyboard you read about how Helan hopes to make a movie on the Adivasi story. Can you help her by developing a short story on Adivasi?
Ans. Adivasis live in close association with forests. They earn their livelihood through forests. They love to live in their traditional style. unaware of the developments of the present world. They usually resist changes or new ideas. Their life is very simple and they want very limited things. Since they are very close to nature, they enjoy a very healthy life. Dancing is an important part of their life. They love to dance collectively on festive occasions.
But new developments disturbed their life. They got displaced as a result of which they lost their access to forests. This created the problem of livelihood among them. They ultimately migrated to cities where they got engaged in local industries or at building or construction sites to earn low wages. In cities, they are bound to live a very hard life.
Q.8. Would you agree with the statement that economic and social marginalisation are interlinked? Why?
Ans. Yes. I do agree with the statement because economic condition of a man affects his social status. His social recognition is assessed by his economic base.