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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Forest and Wildlife Resources

Q1. Multiple choice questions
(i) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?
(a) Joint forest management
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan
(c) Chipko Movement

(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries
Ans: (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Q2. Match the following.

Reserved forests

other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

Protected forests

forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Unclassed forests

forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Ans:

Reserved forests

forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Protected forests

forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Unclassed forests

other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities


Q3. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Ans: 
(i) Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on earth. Biodiversity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels.
(ii) Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, overexploitation, environmental pollution, poisoning and forest fires are factors that led to the decline of biodiversity.

Q4. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India?
(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.
Ans: NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Forest and Wildlife Resources

Conservation of Forest

(i) 

  • In Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining by citing Wildlife Protection Act.
  • The inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’ declaring their own set of rules and regulations disallowing hunting and protecting the wildlife against outside encroachments.
  • The Mundas and Santhals of the Chota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees.
  • Tribals of Odisha and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees during weddings.
  • Langurs and macaques around temples are fed daily and treated as a part of temple devotees.
  • In and around Bishnoi villages in Rajasthan herds of blackbuck, nilgai and peacocks can be seen as an integral part of the community and nobody can harm them.
  • Chipko Movement has resisted deforestation in several areas.

(ii) 

  • In the conservation of forests and wildlife, many good practices have been evolved over the years which are social-cultural on one hand and legal on the other hand such as the making of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Bio-Reserves to protect endangered species of plants and animals.
  • Mundas and the Santhals of the Chota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba.
  • Bishnoi people protect blackbuck, nilgai and peacocks and no one can harm them.
  • Attempts to revive the traditional conservation methods or developing new methods of ecological farming are widespread.
  • Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya have shown that adequate levels of diversified crop production without the use of synthetic chemicals are possible and economically viable.
  • Programmes such as Van Mahotsav are for creating awareness among people.
The document NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Forest and Wildlife Resources is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Forest and Wildlife Resources

1. What are the major threats to forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. The major threats to forest and wildlife resources include deforestation, habitat destruction, illegal hunting and poaching, pollution, and climate change. These activities lead to loss of biodiversity, disruption of ecosystems, and endangerment of various species.
2. How does deforestation affect forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Deforestation has a significant impact on forest and wildlife resources. It leads to the loss of habitat for numerous species, increases the risk of extinction, disrupts ecological balance, and contributes to climate change. Deforestation also affects the availability of forest products and can have negative socio-economic consequences.
3. What are the measures taken for the conservation of forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Several measures have been taken for the conservation of forest and wildlife resources. These include the establishment of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves, implementation of strict laws against illegal hunting and poaching, promotion of sustainable forestry practices, and awareness campaigns to educate people about the importance of conservation.
4. How does climate change impact forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Climate change has various impacts on forest and wildlife resources. It alters the distribution and behavior of species, affects the timing of biological events like migration and flowering, increases the risk of wildfires, and leads to changes in habitat suitability. These changes can have detrimental effects on the survival and sustainability of forest ecosystems and wildlife.
5. What are the benefits of conserving forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Conserving forest and wildlife resources provides numerous benefits. It helps in maintaining biodiversity, preserving ecological balance, protecting watersheds, mitigating climate change, and supporting sustainable development. Conserved forests also provide various ecosystem services like clean air, water, and soil, as well as opportunities for recreation and ecotourism.
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