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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 - On Equality

Exercises

Q1. In a democracy why is universal adult franchise important?
Ans: Universal adult franchise is important in a democracy because it is based on the idea of equality. The citizens are assured that everyone has one vote irrespective of their gender or socio-economic status.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 - On Equality


Q2. Re-read the box on Article 15 and state two ways in which this Article addresses inequality?
Ans: Article 15 in democracy of the constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Two ways in which this Article addresses inequality:
(i) It suggests States not to discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
(ii) No citizen shall be subject to any disability, liability and restriction on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.

Q3. What do you understand by the term “all persons are equal before the law”? Why do you think it is important in a democracy?
Ans: The term “all persons are equal before the law” states that all citizens, irrespective of their social or economic background, have to obey the same laws. No person shall be discriminated against in the eyes of the law on the grounds of race, religion, caste or gender.
The very essence of democracy is the idea of equality, as it gives equal and if not important recognition to all. It would never have existed in the first place if there were inequalities on the basis of race, religion and gender etc.

Q4. According to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, persons with disabilities have equal rights, and that the government should make possible their full participation in society. The government has to provide free education and integrate children with disabilities into mainstream schools. This law also states that all public places including buildings, schools, etc., should be accessible and provided with ramps.
Look at the photograph and think about the boy who is being carried down the stairs. Do you think the above law is being implemented in his case? What needs to be done to make the building more accessible for him? How would his being carried down the stairs affect his dignity as well as his safety?

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 - On Equality

Ans: The boy in the photograph is disabled. As per the law, this building should have been accessible to him. But we see the law is not being implemented in his case. He is being carried down by security personnel through stairs. This building does not provide ramps. The boy’s dignity is overlooked here. He may morally feel inferior. The way he is carried down the stairs may prove dangerous. Law should take this case to the court.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 - On Equality is a part of the Class 7 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 7.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 - On Equality

1. What is the importance of equality in Indian democracy?
Ans. Equality is an essential component of Indian democracy as it ensures that every individual is treated equally irrespective of their caste, creed, gender, religion, or economic status. It ensures equal opportunities for all and promotes social justice in the country. Equality helps in removing social and economic disparities and leads to the overall development of the country.
2. How does the Indian Constitution promote equality?
Ans. The Indian Constitution promotes equality through various provisions such as the Right to Equality, which prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth. It also provides for reservation of seats in educational institutions and government jobs for socially and economically backward classes. The Constitution also ensures equal pay for equal work and prohibits untouchability.
3. What are the challenges faced in achieving equality in Indian democracy?
Ans. Despite various efforts, achieving equality in Indian democracy is still a challenge. The major challenges faced are discrimination based on caste, gender, religion, and economic status. The lack of education and awareness among people also contributes to the problem. Inadequate implementation of laws and policies designed to promote equality is another significant challenge.
4. How can we promote equality in Indian democracy?
Ans. To promote equality in Indian democracy, it is essential to create awareness among people about their rights and the importance of treating everyone equally. The government should implement policies and laws that promote equality, and strict action should be taken against those who discriminate against others. Education and economic empowerment can also help in promoting equality.
5. What role do citizens play in promoting equality in Indian democracy?
Ans. Citizens play a crucial role in promoting equality in Indian democracy. They can raise their voice against discrimination and support policies and laws that promote equality. They can also create awareness among others about the importance of treating everyone equally and contribute to the development of a more inclusive society. Citizens can also participate in various programs and initiatives that promote equality and work towards the overall development of the country.
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