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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in Health

Q1. In this chapter you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and 'public health' in your own words. An important part of the Constitution says it is the “duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.”
Ans: Living Standard:
(i) It means the condition in which people are living.
(ii) The facilities provided by the government in order to raise the standard of living of people are measured in terms of comforts, wealth, goods or services.
(iii) Higher the standard of living of people higher the economy and vice versa. Thus it also reflects the economic condition for a country.
Public Health:
(i) It means the general level of public health.
(ii) The Government provides free basic health facilities and low-cost hospitals and medicines to their people.
(iii) It ensures that every person has the right to get health facilities.


Q2. What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all? Discuss. 
Ans: NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in HealthFig. policy started by governmentDifferent ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all:
(i) Establishing public healthcare at the zonal level.
(ii) Setting up low-cost government hospitals.
(iii) Health insurance for basic treatment.
(iv) Provision of clean drinking water and steps to check pollution.
(v) Generic medicines at low prices should be provided.
(vi) Healthcare program and creating awareness.
(vii) The mobile clinic should be encouraged more in rural areas.


Q3. What differences do you find between private and public health services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in Health
Ans:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in Health


Q4. ‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’ Explain with the help of examples.
Ans: It is true that 'improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’
(i) Contaminated water is the main reason for many diseases like cholera, jaundice, etc.
(ii) By the provision of clean drinking water, protection from water-related diseases can be assured.
(iii) Poor sanitation is responsible for many communicable diseases.
(iv) Lack of proper sanitation also gives rise to the birth of mosquitoes, several insects which affect the health of people.
(v) Proper sanitation will lead to a hygienic condition which will surely control many diseases.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in Health is a part of the Class 7 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 7.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in Health

1. What is the role of the government in health?
Ans. The government plays a crucial role in ensuring the health and well-being of its citizens. Its role in health includes providing access to healthcare services, creating policies and regulations to ensure public health and safety, and investing in research and development to improve healthcare outcomes. The government also plays a role in promoting healthy behaviors and lifestyles through education and awareness campaigns.
2. How does the government provide access to healthcare services?
Ans. The government provides access to healthcare services through various means such as establishing public healthcare facilities, providing insurance programs, and subsidizing healthcare costs. In countries with universal healthcare systems, the government provides healthcare services to all citizens, regardless of their ability to pay. In other countries, the government provides healthcare services to vulnerable populations such as the elderly, low-income families, and individuals with disabilities.
3. What policies and regulations does the government create to ensure public health and safety?
Ans. The government creates policies and regulations to ensure public health and safety by setting standards for healthcare providers, regulating food and drug safety, and monitoring disease outbreaks. The government also creates policies to support preventive healthcare measures such as vaccination programs and screening tests. Additionally, the government regulates health insurance companies to ensure that they provide adequate coverage and do not engage in discriminatory practices.
4. How does the government invest in research and development to improve healthcare outcomes?
Ans. The government invests in research and development to improve healthcare outcomes by funding research institutions and universities, providing grants to researchers, and supporting clinical trials. The government also collaborates with private industry to develop new technologies and medical treatments. Through these investments, the government aims to improve healthcare outcomes, reduce healthcare costs, and advance medical knowledge.
5. What is the impact of government's role in health on society?
Ans. The government's role in health has a significant impact on society. By providing access to healthcare services and promoting healthy behaviors, the government can improve the overall health and well-being of its citizens. This, in turn, can lead to increased productivity, economic growth, and social cohesion. The government's investment in research and development can lead to new medical breakthroughs, which can improve healthcare outcomes and save lives. Overall, the government's role in health is critical to ensuring a healthy and prosperous society.
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