Q1. Fill in the blanks:
(a) 1 lakh = ______ten thousand
(b) 1 million = ______ hundred thousand
(c) 1 crore = ______ ten lakh
(d) 1 crore = ______ million
(e) 1 million = ______ lakh
Ans:
(a) 10
Hence, 1 lakh = 10 ten thousand
(b) 10
Hence, 1 million = 10 hundred thousand
(c) 10
Hence, 1 crore = 10 ten lakh
(d) 10
Hence, 1 crore = 10 million
(e) 10
Hence, 1 million = 10 lakh
Q2. Place commas correctly and write the numerals:
(a) Seventy three lakh seventy five thousand three hundred seven.
(b) Nine crore five lakh forty one.
(c) Seven crore fifty two lakh twenty one thousand three hundred two.
(d) Fifty eight million four hundred twenty three thousand two hundred two.
(e) Twenty three lakh thirty thousand ten
Ans:
(a) 73,75,307
(b) 9,05,00,041
(c) 7,52,21,302
(d) 58,423,202
(e) 23,30,010
Q3. Insert commas suitably and write the names according to Indian System of Numeration:
(a) 87595762
(b) 8546283
(c) 99900046
(d) 98432701
Ans:
(a) 8,75,95,762: Eight crore seventyfive lakh ninetyfive thousand seven hundred sixtytwo.
(b) 85,46,283: Eightfive lakh fortysix thousand two hundred eightythree.
(c) 9,99,00,046: Nine crore ninetynine lakh fortysix.
(d) 9,84,32,701: Nine crore eightyfour lakh thirtytwo thousand seven hundred one.
Q4. Insert commas suitably and write the names according to International System of Numeration:
(a) 78921092
(b) 7452283
(c) 99985102
(d) 48049831
Ans:
(a) 78,921,092: Seventyeight million nine hundred twentyone thousand ninetytwo.
(b) 7,452,483: Seven million four hundred fiftytwo thousand two hundred eightythree.
(c) 99,985,102: Ninetynine million nine hundred eightyfive thousand one hundred two.
(d) 48,049,831: Fortyeight million fortynine thousand eight hundred thirtyone.
Q1. A book exhibition was held for four days in a school. The number of tickets sold at the counter on the first, second, third and final day was respectively 1094, 1812, 2050 and 2751. Find the total number of tickets sold on all the four days.
Ans: Number of tickets sold on the first day = 1,094
⇒ Number of tickets sold on second day = 1,812
⇒ Number of tickets sold on third day = 2,050
⇒ Number of tickets sold on fourth day = 2,751
⇒ Total tickets sold = 1,094 + 1,812 + 2,050 + 2,751 = 7,707
Therefore, 7,707 tickets were sold on all the four days.
Q2. Shekhar is a famous cricket player. He has so far scored 6980 runs in test matches. He wishes to complete 10,000 runs. How many more runs does he need?
Ans: Total runs scored by Shekhar = 6,980
Number of run he wishes to complete = 10,000
Number of runs he needs
= Total runs he wishes to get  Runs Scored
= 10,000  6,980
= 3020
Q3. In an election, the successful candidate registered 5,77,500 votes and his nearest rival secured 3,48,700 votes. By what margin did the successful candidate win the election?
Ans: Number of votes secured by successful candidates = 5,77,500
Number of votes secured by his nearest rival = 3,48,700
Margin by which candidate wins
= Successful candidate votes  Rival votes
= 5,77,500  3, 48,700 = 2,28,800
Q4. Kirti Bookstore sold books worth Rs 2,85,891 in the first week of June and books worth Rs 4,00,768 in the second week of the month. How much was the sale for the two weeks together? In which week was the sale greater and by how much?
Ans: Books sold in first week = 2,85,891
⇒ Books sold in second week = 4,00,768
⇒ Total books sold = 6,86,659
Since 4,00,768,> 2,85,891
Therefore, Sale of the second week is greater than that of the first week.
⇒ Books sold in second week = 4,00,768
⇒ Books sold in first week = 2,85,891
Difference in sales of week 1 and week 2 = 4,00,768  2,85,891
= 1,14,877
Q5. Find the difference between the greatest and the least 5digit number that can be written using the digits 6, 2, 7, 4, 3 each only once.
Ans: Greatest fivedigit number using digits 6,2,7,4,3 = 76432
⇒ Smallest fivedigit number using digits 6,2,7,4,3 = 23467
⇒ Difference = 52965
Therefore, the difference is 52965.
Q6. A machine, on average, manufactures 2,825 screws a day. How many screws did it produce in the month of January 2006?
Ans: Number of screws manufactured in one day = 2,825
⇒ Number of days in the month of January (31 days) = 2,825 x 31 = 87,575
Therefore, the machine produced 87,575 screws in the month of January.
Q7. A merchant had Rs 78,592 with her. She placed an order for purchasing 40 radio sets at Rs 1,200 each. How much money will remain with her after the purchase?
Ans: Cost of one radio = Rs 1200
⇒ Cost of 40 radios = 1200 x 40 = Rs 48,000
⇒ Now, Total money with merchant = Rs 78,592
⇒ Money spent by her = Rs 48,000
⇒ Money left with her = Rs 30,592
Therefore, Rs 30,592 will remain with her after the purchase.
Q8. A student multiplied 7236 by 65 instead of multiplying by 56. By how much was his answer greater than the correct answer? (Hint: Do you need to do both the multiplications?)
Ans: Wrong answer = 7236 x 65
Correct answer = 7236 x 56
Difference in answers = 470340 – 405216 = 65,124.
Q9. To stitch a shirt, 2 m 15 cm cloth is needed. Out of 40 m cloth, how many shirts can be stitched and how much cloth will remain? (Hint: convert data in cm.)
Ans: Cloth required to stitch one shirt = 2 m 15 cm = (2 x 100) cm + 15 cm = 215 cm
⇒ Length of cloth = 40 m = 40 x 100 cm = 4000 cm
⇒ Number of shirts that can be stitched = 4000/215
Therefore, 18 shirts can be stitched and 130 cm (1 m 30 cm) cloth will remain.
Q10. Medicine is packed in boxes, each weighing 4 kg 500 g. How many such boxes can be loaded in a can which cannot carry beyond 800 kg?
Ans: The weight of one box = 4 kg 500 g = 4 x 1000 g + 500 g = 4500 g
⇒ Maximum load can be loaded in van = 800 kg = 800 x 1000 g = 800000 g
⇒ Number of boxes = 800000/4500
Therefore, 177 boxes can be loaded.
Q11. The distance between the school and the house of a student’s house is 1 km 875 m. Every day she walks both ways. Find the total distance covered by her in six days.
Ans: Distance between school and home = 1.875 km
⇒ Distance between home and school = + 1.875 km
⇒ Total distance covered in one day = 3.750 km
⇒ Distance covered in six days = 3.750 x 6 = 22.500 km.
Therefore, 22 km 500 m distance covered in six days.
Q12. A vessel has 4 liters and 500 ml of curd. In how many glasses each of 25 ml capacity, can it be filled?
Ans: Capacity of curd in a vessel = 4 litres 500 ml = 4 x 1000 ml + 500 ml = 4500 ml
⇒ Capacity of one glass = 25 ml
⇒ Number of glasses can be filled = 4500/25
Therefore, 180 glasses can be filled by curd.
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1. What are the different types of numbers discussed in the article? 
2. How can knowing our numbers help in everyday life? 
3. Why is it important to have a strong foundation in basic math concepts? 
4. Can you explain the concept of place value in numbers? 
5. How can one improve their understanding of numbers and mathematical concepts? 

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