Class 9 Exam  >  Class 9 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 9  >  NCERT Solutions: Working of Institutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions

Q1. If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decisions can you take on your own?
(a) Select the person you like as Prime Minister.
(b) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.
(c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
(d) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.

Ans: (c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both houses.


Q2. Who among the following is a part of the political executive?
(a) District Collector
(b) Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs
(c) Home Minister
(d) Director General of Police
Ans:
 (c) Home Minister

Q3. Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?
(a) Every law passed by the Parliament needs the approval of the Supreme Court.
(b) Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution.
(c) Judiciary is independent of the Executive.
(d) Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated
Ans: 
(a) Every law passed by the Parliament needs the approval of the Supreme Court.


Q4. Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?
(a) The Supreme Court
(b) The President
(c) The Prime Minister
(d) The Parliament
Ans:
 (d) The Parliament

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions


Q5. Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:

(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.
(i) Ministry of Defence
(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas.
(ii) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution
(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down.
(iii) Ministry of Health
(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched.
(iv) Ministry of Commerce and Industry
(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.
(v) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

Ans:

(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.
(iv) Ministry of Commerce and Industry
(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas.
(v) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down.
(ii) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution
(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched.
(iii) Ministry of Health
(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.
(i) Ministry of Defence


Q6. Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
(a) Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens.
(b) Considers the recommendation of a Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange.
(c) Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments.
(d) Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.
Ans:
(a) Lok Sabha (The Finance Ministry)
(b) The Parliament
(c) The Supreme Court
(d) The Executive

Q7. Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people?
Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.
(a) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
(b) Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.
(c) Since the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.
(d) Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.

Ans: The most appropriate answer is ‘a’. This is to ensure that the Prime Minister secures majority support. This prevents him/her from being either a puppet or a dictator since he/she has to function along with a council of ministers.

Q8. Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?
Ans: Such a film is unrealistic and undemocratic. The Chief Minister should be appointed after a fair election process. At the same time, a lot of planning is needed to carry out reforms.

Q9. A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you. Which one would you choose and why?
Ans: I would choose to have a majority in the Lok Sabha, as the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha because:

  • If any law is not passed by both the houses, the final decision is taken in the joint session in which members of both the houses sit together but because of the larger number of members, the view of the Lok Sabha is likely to prevail.
  • The Lok Sabha exercises more powers in money matters too. Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget of the government or any other money-related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it.
  • Most importantly, the Lok Sabha controls the Council of Ministers. If the majority of the Lok Sabha members say they have no confidence in the Council of Ministers, it has to quit, whereas the Rajya Sabha does not have this power.


Q10. After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?
(a) Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent.
(b) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
(c) Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.

Ans: (b) Anjaiah’s view on the role of the judiciary is correct because the judiciary is independent and impartial. It is not under the control of the legislature or the executive. The judges do not act in the direction of the government or according to the wishes of the party in power.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9
52 videos|413 docs|87 tests

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions

1. What are institutions?
Ans. Institutions refer to the organizations or systems that are established to perform specific functions in society. They can be government bodies, educational institutions, healthcare systems, or economic organizations. These institutions play a crucial role in maintaining order, providing services, and regulating various aspects of society.
2. How do institutions work?
Ans. Institutions work by establishing a set of rules, regulations, and procedures that govern their functioning. They have a defined structure and hierarchy, with individuals assigned specific roles and responsibilities. These institutions also have decision-making processes, mechanisms for resource allocation, and mechanisms for accountability. They aim to achieve their objectives by implementing these processes effectively.
3. What is the significance of institutions in society?
Ans. Institutions are significant in society as they provide a framework for governance, service delivery, and social order. They help in maintaining law and order, ensuring justice, promoting economic growth, and providing essential services like education, healthcare, and infrastructure. Institutions also play a crucial role in protecting individual rights, preserving cultural heritage, and fostering social cohesion.
4. How do institutions impact individuals and communities?
Ans. Institutions have a profound impact on individuals and communities. They influence the behavior, opportunities, and choices available to individuals. Institutions like schools and universities shape the education and skills of individuals, while healthcare institutions provide access to healthcare services. Economic institutions impact employment opportunities and economic growth. Institutions also shape community development, social norms, and cultural practices.
5. What are some challenges faced by institutions?
Ans. Institutions may face various challenges, such as corruption, bureaucracy, lack of transparency, and inefficiency. They may struggle with resource constraints, inadequate infrastructure, and limited capacity. Institutions also face the challenge of adapting to changing societal needs and technological advancements. Additionally, ensuring accountability, inclusivity, and effective governance can be challenging for institutions. Overcoming these challenges is essential for institutions to function effectively.
52 videos|413 docs|87 tests
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for Class 9 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

Important questions

,

Objective type Questions

,

ppt

,

Sample Paper

,

study material

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions

,

MCQs

,

Free

,

Summary

,

Semester Notes

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 - Working of Institutions

,

pdf

,

past year papers

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Viva Questions

,

Extra Questions

,

Exam

,

practice quizzes

,

video lectures

;