Class 6  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 6  >  NCERT Summary: Asoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War

NCERT Summary: Asoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War - Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6

1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?

A very big kingdom = an empire

  • The Mauryan empire that Ashoka ruled was founded by his grandfather, Chandragupta Maurya, more than 2300 years ago.
  • Chandragupta was supported by a wise man named Chanakya or Kautilya.
  • There were several cities in the empire which included the capital Pataliputra, Taxila, and Ujjain. Taxila was a gateway to the northwest, including Central Asia, while Ujjain lay on the route from north to south India.

How are empires different from kingdoms?

  • Emperors need more resources than kings because empires are larger than kingdoms, and need to be protected by big armies.
  • So also they need a larger number of officials who collect taxes.

Ruling the empire

  • The officials were appointed to collect taxes from farmers, herders, crafts persons and traders, who lived in villages and towns in the area.
    • Officials also punished those who disobeyed the ruler’s orders.
    • Many of these officials were given salaries.
  • Royal princes were often sent as governors of provinces which was ruled from a provincial capital such as Taxila or Ujjain.
  • The Mauryas tried to control roads and rivers, which were important for transport, and to collect whatever resources were available as tax and tribute.
  • People of forested regions were more or less independent, but may have been expected to provide elephants, timber, honey and wax to Mauryan officials.

Ashoka, a unique ruler

  • The most famous Mauryan ruler was Ashoka.
  • He was the first ruler who tried to take his message to the people through inscriptions which were in Prakrit and were written in the Brahmi script.

Ashoka’s war in Kalinga

  • Ashoka was so horrified when he saw the violence and bloodshed in Kalinga's war that he decided not to fight any more wars.
  • He is the only king in the history of the world who gave up conquest after winning a war.

What was Ashoka’s dhamma?

  • Ashoka’s dhamma did not involve worship of a god, or performance of a sacrifice.
  • He felt that just as a father tries to teach his children, he had a duty to instruct his subjects.
  • He was also inspired by the teachings of the Buddha.
  • He appointed officials, known as the dhamma mahamatta who went from place to place teaching people about dhamma.
  • Ashoka also sent messengers to spread ideas about dhamma to other lands, such as Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.
The document NCERT Summary: Asoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War - Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6
61 videos|263 docs|58 tests
Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code
61 videos|263 docs|58 tests
Download as PDF

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

Related Searches

past year papers

,

The Emperor Who Gave Up War - Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6

,

Viva Questions

,

Important questions

,

practice quizzes

,

Extra Questions

,

MCQs

,

Free

,

The Emperor Who Gave Up War - Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6

,

NCERT Summary: Asoka

,

pdf

,

study material

,

Sample Paper

,

Semester Notes

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

mock tests for examination

,

ppt

,

Summary

,

NCERT Summary: Asoka

,

Exam

,

video lectures

,

NCERT Summary: Asoka

,

Objective type Questions

,

The Emperor Who Gave Up War - Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

;