NCERT Textbook - The Junk Seller Class 4 Notes | EduRev

Mathematics (Maths) for Class 4

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - The Junk Seller Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


The Junk Seller
60
Have you ever met a – a woman who sells junk? This
is a true story told by Kiran who has a junk shop in Patna.
I studied in a Hindi medium school in my village. My father
wanted girls to study like boys. I loved Hindi and Science, but I
hated Maths! Today Maths is most useful for my work. I could
never imagine this in school.
What about you? Do you also find Maths difficult?
What is the most difficult thing in your Maths book?_______
What do you think is the easiest lesson? ________
When I was young, my father died in an accident. So my mother
worked as a servant in some houses. We had a difficult time.
I had to leave school after Class VIII. I wanted to study more but
my mother got me married.
My husband's family lived in a mud house. His two brothers and
his sister did not go to school. He had a tea stall.
Kabariwali
,
6
Page 2


The Junk Seller
60
Have you ever met a – a woman who sells junk? This
is a true story told by Kiran who has a junk shop in Patna.
I studied in a Hindi medium school in my village. My father
wanted girls to study like boys. I loved Hindi and Science, but I
hated Maths! Today Maths is most useful for my work. I could
never imagine this in school.
What about you? Do you also find Maths difficult?
What is the most difficult thing in your Maths book?_______
What do you think is the easiest lesson? ________
When I was young, my father died in an accident. So my mother
worked as a servant in some houses. We had a difficult time.
I had to leave school after Class VIII. I wanted to study more but
my mother got me married.
My husband's family lived in a mud house. His two brothers and
his sister did not go to school. He had a tea stall.
Kabariwali
,
6
If a person who runs a tea stall earns Rs 30 in a day,
how much will he earn in 10 days? _____________
And in a month? ________________
How did you get the answer? Discuss.
Findout:howmuchforacupoftea?
Ask people and find out the cost of a cup of tea
at a tea stall ____________
at a hotel ________________
?
?
Findout:whatisaloan?
Have you ever heard of someone taking a ?
For what? _________
How much loan was taken? ____________
How much money was paid back? ____________
Hariya and Babu want to buy a handcart for Rs 300.
loan ?
?
?
61
I thought of starting my own business. I thought I should open
a bangle shop or a tailor shop. But my uncle said that we
could earn a lot by opening a junk shop.
In 2001, my mother-in-law and I opened a junk shop. We took
a loan of Rs 8000 for the shop.
Who has to pay back more — Hariya or Babu? ___________
Babu
Hariya
I have taken a loan of
Rs 300 from a bank for six
months. I will pay Rs 51
every month to the bank.
But I have taken a
loan of Rs 300 from
Chunnilal. After six
months, I will pay
back Rs 360.
Page 3


The Junk Seller
60
Have you ever met a – a woman who sells junk? This
is a true story told by Kiran who has a junk shop in Patna.
I studied in a Hindi medium school in my village. My father
wanted girls to study like boys. I loved Hindi and Science, but I
hated Maths! Today Maths is most useful for my work. I could
never imagine this in school.
What about you? Do you also find Maths difficult?
What is the most difficult thing in your Maths book?_______
What do you think is the easiest lesson? ________
When I was young, my father died in an accident. So my mother
worked as a servant in some houses. We had a difficult time.
I had to leave school after Class VIII. I wanted to study more but
my mother got me married.
My husband's family lived in a mud house. His two brothers and
his sister did not go to school. He had a tea stall.
Kabariwali
,
6
If a person who runs a tea stall earns Rs 30 in a day,
how much will he earn in 10 days? _____________
And in a month? ________________
How did you get the answer? Discuss.
Findout:howmuchforacupoftea?
Ask people and find out the cost of a cup of tea
at a tea stall ____________
at a hotel ________________
?
?
Findout:whatisaloan?
Have you ever heard of someone taking a ?
For what? _________
How much loan was taken? ____________
How much money was paid back? ____________
Hariya and Babu want to buy a handcart for Rs 300.
loan ?
?
?
61
I thought of starting my own business. I thought I should open
a bangle shop or a tailor shop. But my uncle said that we
could earn a lot by opening a junk shop.
In 2001, my mother-in-law and I opened a junk shop. We took
a loan of Rs 8000 for the shop.
Who has to pay back more — Hariya or Babu? ___________
Babu
Hariya
I have taken a loan of
Rs 300 from a bank for six
months. I will pay Rs 51
every month to the bank.
But I have taken a
loan of Rs 300 from
Chunnilal. After six
months, I will pay
back Rs 360.
I have 9 rickshaws of my own. I give the rickshaws on rent, each
for Rs 20 a day. On Sundays I do not take any money for them.
For 1 rickshaw she gets Rs 20 per day.
So, for 9 rickshaws she will earn Rs __________.
How did you do it?
HowMuchdoesKiranEarnfrom9RickshawsinaDay?
Encourage children to use their own strategies to solve such problems. There should be
discussiononhowtheyarrivedattheiranswers.
62
People laughed and teased us about our work. They called it
or 'dirty business'. But I did not think so. I knew
this idea would work.
gandakaam
Now we have a house with
electricity. We have a fridge, a TV
and a gas stove. My husband's
brothers, sister and also my
daughter go to school.
pucca
Page 4


The Junk Seller
60
Have you ever met a – a woman who sells junk? This
is a true story told by Kiran who has a junk shop in Patna.
I studied in a Hindi medium school in my village. My father
wanted girls to study like boys. I loved Hindi and Science, but I
hated Maths! Today Maths is most useful for my work. I could
never imagine this in school.
What about you? Do you also find Maths difficult?
What is the most difficult thing in your Maths book?_______
What do you think is the easiest lesson? ________
When I was young, my father died in an accident. So my mother
worked as a servant in some houses. We had a difficult time.
I had to leave school after Class VIII. I wanted to study more but
my mother got me married.
My husband's family lived in a mud house. His two brothers and
his sister did not go to school. He had a tea stall.
Kabariwali
,
6
If a person who runs a tea stall earns Rs 30 in a day,
how much will he earn in 10 days? _____________
And in a month? ________________
How did you get the answer? Discuss.
Findout:howmuchforacupoftea?
Ask people and find out the cost of a cup of tea
at a tea stall ____________
at a hotel ________________
?
?
Findout:whatisaloan?
Have you ever heard of someone taking a ?
For what? _________
How much loan was taken? ____________
How much money was paid back? ____________
Hariya and Babu want to buy a handcart for Rs 300.
loan ?
?
?
61
I thought of starting my own business. I thought I should open
a bangle shop or a tailor shop. But my uncle said that we
could earn a lot by opening a junk shop.
In 2001, my mother-in-law and I opened a junk shop. We took
a loan of Rs 8000 for the shop.
Who has to pay back more — Hariya or Babu? ___________
Babu
Hariya
I have taken a loan of
Rs 300 from a bank for six
months. I will pay Rs 51
every month to the bank.
But I have taken a
loan of Rs 300 from
Chunnilal. After six
months, I will pay
back Rs 360.
I have 9 rickshaws of my own. I give the rickshaws on rent, each
for Rs 20 a day. On Sundays I do not take any money for them.
For 1 rickshaw she gets Rs 20 per day.
So, for 9 rickshaws she will earn Rs __________.
How did you do it?
HowMuchdoesKiranEarnfrom9RickshawsinaDay?
Encourage children to use their own strategies to solve such problems. There should be
discussiononhowtheyarrivedattheiranswers.
62
People laughed and teased us about our work. They called it
or 'dirty business'. But I did not think so. I knew
this idea would work.
gandakaam
Now we have a house with
electricity. We have a fridge, a TV
and a gas stove. My husband's
brothers, sister and also my
daughter go to school.
pucca
Page 5


The Junk Seller
60
Have you ever met a – a woman who sells junk? This
is a true story told by Kiran who has a junk shop in Patna.
I studied in a Hindi medium school in my village. My father
wanted girls to study like boys. I loved Hindi and Science, but I
hated Maths! Today Maths is most useful for my work. I could
never imagine this in school.
What about you? Do you also find Maths difficult?
What is the most difficult thing in your Maths book?_______
What do you think is the easiest lesson? ________
When I was young, my father died in an accident. So my mother
worked as a servant in some houses. We had a difficult time.
I had to leave school after Class VIII. I wanted to study more but
my mother got me married.
My husband's family lived in a mud house. His two brothers and
his sister did not go to school. He had a tea stall.
Kabariwali
,
6
If a person who runs a tea stall earns Rs 30 in a day,
how much will he earn in 10 days? _____________
And in a month? ________________
How did you get the answer? Discuss.
Findout:howmuchforacupoftea?
Ask people and find out the cost of a cup of tea
at a tea stall ____________
at a hotel ________________
?
?
Findout:whatisaloan?
Have you ever heard of someone taking a ?
For what? _________
How much loan was taken? ____________
How much money was paid back? ____________
Hariya and Babu want to buy a handcart for Rs 300.
loan ?
?
?
61
I thought of starting my own business. I thought I should open
a bangle shop or a tailor shop. But my uncle said that we
could earn a lot by opening a junk shop.
In 2001, my mother-in-law and I opened a junk shop. We took
a loan of Rs 8000 for the shop.
Who has to pay back more — Hariya or Babu? ___________
Babu
Hariya
I have taken a loan of
Rs 300 from a bank for six
months. I will pay Rs 51
every month to the bank.
But I have taken a
loan of Rs 300 from
Chunnilal. After six
months, I will pay
back Rs 360.
I have 9 rickshaws of my own. I give the rickshaws on rent, each
for Rs 20 a day. On Sundays I do not take any money for them.
For 1 rickshaw she gets Rs 20 per day.
So, for 9 rickshaws she will earn Rs __________.
How did you do it?
HowMuchdoesKiranEarnfrom9RickshawsinaDay?
Encourage children to use their own strategies to solve such problems. There should be
discussiononhowtheyarrivedattheiranswers.
62
People laughed and teased us about our work. They called it
or 'dirty business'. But I did not think so. I knew
this idea would work.
gandakaam
Now we have a house with
electricity. We have a fridge, a TV
and a gas stove. My husband's
brothers, sister and also my
daughter go to school.
pucca
Guess the total money
Kiran will pay to the junk
collectors. Will it be
— More than 600?
— Less than 600?
Can you do this without writing?
?
?
How much will Kiran pay for
42 kg newspaper?
Also find the cost of:
a) 22 kg of plastic
b) 23 kg of waste paper
c) 12 kg of iron
SmartKiranSellstheJunk
Kiran sells her junk to a big shop. She
checks the prices on her mobile phone and
sells only when she gets a good price.
64
Rate–List
Price of 1 Kg
1. Waste Paper ...... Rs 4/-
2. Newspaper ......... Rs 5/-
3. Iron ..................... Rs 12/-
4. Brass .................. Rs 170/-
5. Plastic ................. Rs 10/-
Kind of Junk
Today she has gone to sell plastic, newspaper, iron and brass at
Dinu's big shop.
Dinu weighs 32 kg iron, 4 kg brass, 152 kg newspaper, 63 kg
plastic.
7
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