NCERT Textbook:पाठ 10 - दोहे, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook:पाठ 10 - दोहे, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


92/Li'kZ
jghe
(1556 - 1626)
jghe dk tUe ykgkSj (vc ikfdLrku) esa lu~ 1556 esa gqvkA budk iwjk uke vCnqjZghe
[kku[kkuk FkkA jghe vjch] I
+
kQkjlh] laLÑr vkSj fganh osQ vPNs tkudkj FksA budh uhfrijd
mfDr;ksa ij laLÑr dfo;ksa dh Li"V Nki ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA jghe eè;;qxhu njckjh laLÑfr
osQ izfrfufèk dfo ekus tkrs gSaA vdcj osQ njckj esa fganh dfo;ksa esa budk egÙoiw.kZ LFkku FkkA
jghe vdcj osQ uojRuksa esa ls ,d FksA
jghe osQ dkO; dk eq[; fo"k;  Ük`axkj] uhfr vkSj HkfDr gSA jghe cgqr yksdfiz; dfo FksA
buosQ nksgs loZlkèkkj.k dks vklkuh ls ;kn gks tkrs gSaA buosQ uhfrijd nksgs ”;knk izpfyr gSa]
ftuesa nSfud thou osQ n`"Vkar nsdj dfo us mUgsa lgt] ljy vkSj cksèkxE; cuk fn;k gSA jghe
dks voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij leku vfèkdkj FkkA bUgksaus vius dkO; esa izHkkoiw.kZ Hkk"kk
dk iz;ksx fd;k gSA
jghe dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % jghe lrlbZ]  Ük`axkj lrlbZ] enuk"Vd] jkl iapkè;k;h] jghe
jRukoyh] cjoS] Hkkf"kd Hksno.kZuA ;s lHkh Ñfr;k¡ ^jghe xazFkkoyh* esa lekfgr gSaA
izLrqr ikB esa jghe osQ uhfrijd nksgs fn, x, gSaA ;s nksgs tgk¡ ,d vksj ikBd dks vkSjksa
osQ lkFk oSQlk cjrko djuk pkfg,] bldh f'k{kk nsrs gSa] ogha ekuo ek=k dks dj.kh; vkSj
vdj.kh; vkpj.k dh Hkh ulhgr nsrs gSaA bUgsa ,d ckj i<+ ysus osQ ckn Hkwy ikuk laHko ugha
gS vkSj mu fLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk gksrs gh budk ;kn vkuk ykf”keh gS] ftudk buesa fp=k.k gSA
Page 2


92/Li'kZ
jghe
(1556 - 1626)
jghe dk tUe ykgkSj (vc ikfdLrku) esa lu~ 1556 esa gqvkA budk iwjk uke vCnqjZghe
[kku[kkuk FkkA jghe vjch] I
+
kQkjlh] laLÑr vkSj fganh osQ vPNs tkudkj FksA budh uhfrijd
mfDr;ksa ij laLÑr dfo;ksa dh Li"V Nki ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA jghe eè;;qxhu njckjh laLÑfr
osQ izfrfufèk dfo ekus tkrs gSaA vdcj osQ njckj esa fganh dfo;ksa esa budk egÙoiw.kZ LFkku FkkA
jghe vdcj osQ uojRuksa esa ls ,d FksA
jghe osQ dkO; dk eq[; fo"k;  Ük`axkj] uhfr vkSj HkfDr gSA jghe cgqr yksdfiz; dfo FksA
buosQ nksgs loZlkèkkj.k dks vklkuh ls ;kn gks tkrs gSaA buosQ uhfrijd nksgs ”;knk izpfyr gSa]
ftuesa nSfud thou osQ n`"Vkar nsdj dfo us mUgsa lgt] ljy vkSj cksèkxE; cuk fn;k gSA jghe
dks voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij leku vfèkdkj FkkA bUgksaus vius dkO; esa izHkkoiw.kZ Hkk"kk
dk iz;ksx fd;k gSA
jghe dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % jghe lrlbZ]  Ük`axkj lrlbZ] enuk"Vd] jkl iapkè;k;h] jghe
jRukoyh] cjoS] Hkkf"kd Hksno.kZuA ;s lHkh Ñfr;k¡ ^jghe xazFkkoyh* esa lekfgr gSaA
izLrqr ikB esa jghe osQ uhfrijd nksgs fn, x, gSaA ;s nksgs tgk¡ ,d vksj ikBd dks vkSjksa
osQ lkFk oSQlk cjrko djuk pkfg,] bldh f'k{kk nsrs gSa] ogha ekuo ek=k dks dj.kh; vkSj
vdj.kh; vkpj.k dh Hkh ulhgr nsrs gSaA bUgsa ,d ckj i<+ ysus osQ ckn Hkwy ikuk laHko ugha
gS vkSj mu fLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk gksrs gh budk ;kn vkuk ykf”keh gS] ftudk buesa fp=k.k gSA
nksgs/93
nksgs
jfgeu èkkxk izse dk] er rksM+ks pVdk;A
VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;AA
jfgeu fut eu dh fcFkk] eu gh jk[kks xks;A
lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;AA
,oSQ lkèks lc lèkS] lc lkèks lc tk;A
jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;AA
fp=kowQV esa jfe jgs] jfgeu voèk&ujslA
tk ij fcink iM+r gS] lks vkor ;g nslAA
nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
T;ksa jghe uV oqaQMyh] flfefV owQfn pf<+ tkfgaAA
èkfu jghe ty iad dks y?kq ft; fivr v?kk;A
mnfèk cM+kbZ dkSu gS] txr fivklks tk;AA
ukn jhf> ru nsr e``x] uj èku gsr lesrA
rs jghe i'kq ls vfèkd] jh>sgq dNw u nsrAA
fcxjh ckr cuS ugha] yk[k djkS fdu dks;A
jfgeu iQkVs nwèk dks] eFks u ek[ku gks;AA
Page 3


92/Li'kZ
jghe
(1556 - 1626)
jghe dk tUe ykgkSj (vc ikfdLrku) esa lu~ 1556 esa gqvkA budk iwjk uke vCnqjZghe
[kku[kkuk FkkA jghe vjch] I
+
kQkjlh] laLÑr vkSj fganh osQ vPNs tkudkj FksA budh uhfrijd
mfDr;ksa ij laLÑr dfo;ksa dh Li"V Nki ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA jghe eè;;qxhu njckjh laLÑfr
osQ izfrfufèk dfo ekus tkrs gSaA vdcj osQ njckj esa fganh dfo;ksa esa budk egÙoiw.kZ LFkku FkkA
jghe vdcj osQ uojRuksa esa ls ,d FksA
jghe osQ dkO; dk eq[; fo"k;  Ük`axkj] uhfr vkSj HkfDr gSA jghe cgqr yksdfiz; dfo FksA
buosQ nksgs loZlkèkkj.k dks vklkuh ls ;kn gks tkrs gSaA buosQ uhfrijd nksgs ”;knk izpfyr gSa]
ftuesa nSfud thou osQ n`"Vkar nsdj dfo us mUgsa lgt] ljy vkSj cksèkxE; cuk fn;k gSA jghe
dks voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij leku vfèkdkj FkkA bUgksaus vius dkO; esa izHkkoiw.kZ Hkk"kk
dk iz;ksx fd;k gSA
jghe dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % jghe lrlbZ]  Ük`axkj lrlbZ] enuk"Vd] jkl iapkè;k;h] jghe
jRukoyh] cjoS] Hkkf"kd Hksno.kZuA ;s lHkh Ñfr;k¡ ^jghe xazFkkoyh* esa lekfgr gSaA
izLrqr ikB esa jghe osQ uhfrijd nksgs fn, x, gSaA ;s nksgs tgk¡ ,d vksj ikBd dks vkSjksa
osQ lkFk oSQlk cjrko djuk pkfg,] bldh f'k{kk nsrs gSa] ogha ekuo ek=k dks dj.kh; vkSj
vdj.kh; vkpj.k dh Hkh ulhgr nsrs gSaA bUgsa ,d ckj i<+ ysus osQ ckn Hkwy ikuk laHko ugha
gS vkSj mu fLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk gksrs gh budk ;kn vkuk ykf”keh gS] ftudk buesa fp=k.k gSA
nksgs/93
nksgs
jfgeu èkkxk izse dk] er rksM+ks pVdk;A
VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;AA
jfgeu fut eu dh fcFkk] eu gh jk[kks xks;A
lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;AA
,oSQ lkèks lc lèkS] lc lkèks lc tk;A
jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;AA
fp=kowQV esa jfe jgs] jfgeu voèk&ujslA
tk ij fcink iM+r gS] lks vkor ;g nslAA
nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
T;ksa jghe uV oqaQMyh] flfefV owQfn pf<+ tkfgaAA
èkfu jghe ty iad dks y?kq ft; fivr v?kk;A
mnfèk cM+kbZ dkSu gS] txr fivklks tk;AA
ukn jhf> ru nsr e``x] uj èku gsr lesrA
rs jghe i'kq ls vfèkd] jh>sgq dNw u nsrAA
fcxjh ckr cuS ugha] yk[k djkS fdu dks;A
jfgeu iQkVs nwèk dks] eFks u ek[ku gks;AA
94/Li'kZ
jfgeu nsf[k cM+su dks] y?kq u nhft;s MkfjA
tgk¡ dke vkos lqbZ] dgk djs rjokfjAA
jfgeu fut laifr fcuk] dksm u fcifr lgk;A
fcuq ikuh T;ksa tyt dks] ufga jfo losQ cpk;AA
jfgeu ikuh jkf[k,] fcuq ikuh lc lwuA
ikuh x, u mQcjS] eksrh] ekuq"k] pwuAA
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) izse dk èkkxk VwVus ij igys dh Hkk¡fr D;ksa ugha gks ikrk\
([k) gesa viuk nq%[k nwljksa ij D;ksa ugha izdV djuk pkfg,\ vius eu dh O;Fkk nwljksa
ls dgus ij mudk O;ogkj oSQlk gks tkrk gS\
(x) jghe us lkxj dh vis{kk iad ty dks èkU; D;ksa dgk gS\
(?k) ,d dks lkèkus ls lc oSQls lèk tkrk gS\
(Ä) tyghu dey dh j{kk lw;Z Hkh D;ksa ugha dj ikrk\
(p) voèk ujs'k dks fp=kowQV D;ksa tkuk iM+k\
(N) ^uV* fdl dyk esa fl¼ gksus osQ dkj.k Åij p<+ tkrk gS\
(t) ^eksrh] ekuq"k] pwu* osQ lanHkZ esa ikuh osQ egÙo dks Li"V dhft,A
2. fuEufyf[kr dk Hkko Li"V dhft,µ
(d) VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;A
([k) lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;A
(x) jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;A
(?k) nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
(Ä) ukn jhf> ru nsr e`x] uj èku gsr lesrA
(p) tgk¡ dke vkos lqbZ] dgk djs rjokfjA
(N) ikuh x, u mQcjS] eksrh] ekuq"k] pwuA
Page 4


92/Li'kZ
jghe
(1556 - 1626)
jghe dk tUe ykgkSj (vc ikfdLrku) esa lu~ 1556 esa gqvkA budk iwjk uke vCnqjZghe
[kku[kkuk FkkA jghe vjch] I
+
kQkjlh] laLÑr vkSj fganh osQ vPNs tkudkj FksA budh uhfrijd
mfDr;ksa ij laLÑr dfo;ksa dh Li"V Nki ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA jghe eè;;qxhu njckjh laLÑfr
osQ izfrfufèk dfo ekus tkrs gSaA vdcj osQ njckj esa fganh dfo;ksa esa budk egÙoiw.kZ LFkku FkkA
jghe vdcj osQ uojRuksa esa ls ,d FksA
jghe osQ dkO; dk eq[; fo"k;  Ük`axkj] uhfr vkSj HkfDr gSA jghe cgqr yksdfiz; dfo FksA
buosQ nksgs loZlkèkkj.k dks vklkuh ls ;kn gks tkrs gSaA buosQ uhfrijd nksgs ”;knk izpfyr gSa]
ftuesa nSfud thou osQ n`"Vkar nsdj dfo us mUgsa lgt] ljy vkSj cksèkxE; cuk fn;k gSA jghe
dks voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij leku vfèkdkj FkkA bUgksaus vius dkO; esa izHkkoiw.kZ Hkk"kk
dk iz;ksx fd;k gSA
jghe dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % jghe lrlbZ]  Ük`axkj lrlbZ] enuk"Vd] jkl iapkè;k;h] jghe
jRukoyh] cjoS] Hkkf"kd Hksno.kZuA ;s lHkh Ñfr;k¡ ^jghe xazFkkoyh* esa lekfgr gSaA
izLrqr ikB esa jghe osQ uhfrijd nksgs fn, x, gSaA ;s nksgs tgk¡ ,d vksj ikBd dks vkSjksa
osQ lkFk oSQlk cjrko djuk pkfg,] bldh f'k{kk nsrs gSa] ogha ekuo ek=k dks dj.kh; vkSj
vdj.kh; vkpj.k dh Hkh ulhgr nsrs gSaA bUgsa ,d ckj i<+ ysus osQ ckn Hkwy ikuk laHko ugha
gS vkSj mu fLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk gksrs gh budk ;kn vkuk ykf”keh gS] ftudk buesa fp=k.k gSA
nksgs/93
nksgs
jfgeu èkkxk izse dk] er rksM+ks pVdk;A
VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;AA
jfgeu fut eu dh fcFkk] eu gh jk[kks xks;A
lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;AA
,oSQ lkèks lc lèkS] lc lkèks lc tk;A
jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;AA
fp=kowQV esa jfe jgs] jfgeu voèk&ujslA
tk ij fcink iM+r gS] lks vkor ;g nslAA
nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
T;ksa jghe uV oqaQMyh] flfefV owQfn pf<+ tkfgaAA
èkfu jghe ty iad dks y?kq ft; fivr v?kk;A
mnfèk cM+kbZ dkSu gS] txr fivklks tk;AA
ukn jhf> ru nsr e``x] uj èku gsr lesrA
rs jghe i'kq ls vfèkd] jh>sgq dNw u nsrAA
fcxjh ckr cuS ugha] yk[k djkS fdu dks;A
jfgeu iQkVs nwèk dks] eFks u ek[ku gks;AA
94/Li'kZ
jfgeu nsf[k cM+su dks] y?kq u nhft;s MkfjA
tgk¡ dke vkos lqbZ] dgk djs rjokfjAA
jfgeu fut laifr fcuk] dksm u fcifr lgk;A
fcuq ikuh T;ksa tyt dks] ufga jfo losQ cpk;AA
jfgeu ikuh jkf[k,] fcuq ikuh lc lwuA
ikuh x, u mQcjS] eksrh] ekuq"k] pwuAA
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) izse dk èkkxk VwVus ij igys dh Hkk¡fr D;ksa ugha gks ikrk\
([k) gesa viuk nq%[k nwljksa ij D;ksa ugha izdV djuk pkfg,\ vius eu dh O;Fkk nwljksa
ls dgus ij mudk O;ogkj oSQlk gks tkrk gS\
(x) jghe us lkxj dh vis{kk iad ty dks èkU; D;ksa dgk gS\
(?k) ,d dks lkèkus ls lc oSQls lèk tkrk gS\
(Ä) tyghu dey dh j{kk lw;Z Hkh D;ksa ugha dj ikrk\
(p) voèk ujs'k dks fp=kowQV D;ksa tkuk iM+k\
(N) ^uV* fdl dyk esa fl¼ gksus osQ dkj.k Åij p<+ tkrk gS\
(t) ^eksrh] ekuq"k] pwu* osQ lanHkZ esa ikuh osQ egÙo dks Li"V dhft,A
2. fuEufyf[kr dk Hkko Li"V dhft,µ
(d) VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;A
([k) lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;A
(x) jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;A
(?k) nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
(Ä) ukn jhf> ru nsr e`x] uj èku gsr lesrA
(p) tgk¡ dke vkos lqbZ] dgk djs rjokfjA
(N) ikuh x, u mQcjS] eksrh] ekuq"k] pwuA
nksgs/95
3. fuEufyf[kr Hkko dks ikB esa fdu iafDr;ksa }kjk vfHkO;Dr fd;k x;k gSµ
(d)ftl ij foink iM+rh gS ogh bl ns'k esa vkrk gSA
([k)dksbZ yk[k dksf'k'k djs ij fcxM+h ckr fiQj cu ugha ldrhA
(x) ikuh osQ fcuk lc lwuk gS vr% ikuh vo'; j[kuk pkfg,A
4. mnkgj.k osQ vkèkkj ij ikB esa vk, fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa osQ izpfyr :i fyf[k,µ
mnkgj.k% dks; µ dksbZ] ts µ tks
T;ksa --------------------- dNq ---------------------
ufga --------------------- dks; ---------------------
èkfu --------------------- vk[kj ---------------------
ft; --------------------- Fkksjs ---------------------
gks; --------------------- ek[ku ---------------------
rjokfj --------------------- lhafpcks ---------------------
ewyfga --------------------- fivr ---------------------
fivklks --------------------- fcxjh ---------------------
vkos --------------------- lgk; ---------------------
mQcjS --------------------- fcuq ---------------------
fcFkk --------------------- vfBySgSa ---------------------
ifjtk; ---------------------
;ksX;rk&foLrkj
1- ^lqbZ dh txg ryokj dke ugha vkrh* rFkk ^fcu ikuh lc lwu* bu fo"k;ksa ij
d{kk esa ifjppkZ vk;ksftr dhft,A
2- ^fp=kowQV* fdl jkT; esa fLFkr gS] tkudkjh izkIr dhft,A
ifj;kstuk dk;Z
uhfr lacaèkh vU; dfo;ksa osQ nksgss@dfork ,d=k dhft, vkSj mu nksgksa@dforkvksa dks
pkVZ ij fy[kdj fHkfÙk if=kdk ij yxkb,A
'kCnkFkZ vkSj fVIif.k;k¡
pVdk; µpVdkdj
fcFkk µ O;Fkk] nq%[k] osnuk
xks; µ fNikdj
Page 5


92/Li'kZ
jghe
(1556 - 1626)
jghe dk tUe ykgkSj (vc ikfdLrku) esa lu~ 1556 esa gqvkA budk iwjk uke vCnqjZghe
[kku[kkuk FkkA jghe vjch] I
+
kQkjlh] laLÑr vkSj fganh osQ vPNs tkudkj FksA budh uhfrijd
mfDr;ksa ij laLÑr dfo;ksa dh Li"V Nki ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA jghe eè;;qxhu njckjh laLÑfr
osQ izfrfufèk dfo ekus tkrs gSaA vdcj osQ njckj esa fganh dfo;ksa esa budk egÙoiw.kZ LFkku FkkA
jghe vdcj osQ uojRuksa esa ls ,d FksA
jghe osQ dkO; dk eq[; fo"k;  Ük`axkj] uhfr vkSj HkfDr gSA jghe cgqr yksdfiz; dfo FksA
buosQ nksgs loZlkèkkj.k dks vklkuh ls ;kn gks tkrs gSaA buosQ uhfrijd nksgs ”;knk izpfyr gSa]
ftuesa nSfud thou osQ n`"Vkar nsdj dfo us mUgsa lgt] ljy vkSj cksèkxE; cuk fn;k gSA jghe
dks voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij leku vfèkdkj FkkA bUgksaus vius dkO; esa izHkkoiw.kZ Hkk"kk
dk iz;ksx fd;k gSA
jghe dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % jghe lrlbZ]  Ük`axkj lrlbZ] enuk"Vd] jkl iapkè;k;h] jghe
jRukoyh] cjoS] Hkkf"kd Hksno.kZuA ;s lHkh Ñfr;k¡ ^jghe xazFkkoyh* esa lekfgr gSaA
izLrqr ikB esa jghe osQ uhfrijd nksgs fn, x, gSaA ;s nksgs tgk¡ ,d vksj ikBd dks vkSjksa
osQ lkFk oSQlk cjrko djuk pkfg,] bldh f'k{kk nsrs gSa] ogha ekuo ek=k dks dj.kh; vkSj
vdj.kh; vkpj.k dh Hkh ulhgr nsrs gSaA bUgsa ,d ckj i<+ ysus osQ ckn Hkwy ikuk laHko ugha
gS vkSj mu fLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk gksrs gh budk ;kn vkuk ykf”keh gS] ftudk buesa fp=k.k gSA
nksgs/93
nksgs
jfgeu èkkxk izse dk] er rksM+ks pVdk;A
VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;AA
jfgeu fut eu dh fcFkk] eu gh jk[kks xks;A
lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;AA
,oSQ lkèks lc lèkS] lc lkèks lc tk;A
jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;AA
fp=kowQV esa jfe jgs] jfgeu voèk&ujslA
tk ij fcink iM+r gS] lks vkor ;g nslAA
nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
T;ksa jghe uV oqaQMyh] flfefV owQfn pf<+ tkfgaAA
èkfu jghe ty iad dks y?kq ft; fivr v?kk;A
mnfèk cM+kbZ dkSu gS] txr fivklks tk;AA
ukn jhf> ru nsr e``x] uj èku gsr lesrA
rs jghe i'kq ls vfèkd] jh>sgq dNw u nsrAA
fcxjh ckr cuS ugha] yk[k djkS fdu dks;A
jfgeu iQkVs nwèk dks] eFks u ek[ku gks;AA
94/Li'kZ
jfgeu nsf[k cM+su dks] y?kq u nhft;s MkfjA
tgk¡ dke vkos lqbZ] dgk djs rjokfjAA
jfgeu fut laifr fcuk] dksm u fcifr lgk;A
fcuq ikuh T;ksa tyt dks] ufga jfo losQ cpk;AA
jfgeu ikuh jkf[k,] fcuq ikuh lc lwuA
ikuh x, u mQcjS] eksrh] ekuq"k] pwuAA
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) izse dk èkkxk VwVus ij igys dh Hkk¡fr D;ksa ugha gks ikrk\
([k) gesa viuk nq%[k nwljksa ij D;ksa ugha izdV djuk pkfg,\ vius eu dh O;Fkk nwljksa
ls dgus ij mudk O;ogkj oSQlk gks tkrk gS\
(x) jghe us lkxj dh vis{kk iad ty dks èkU; D;ksa dgk gS\
(?k) ,d dks lkèkus ls lc oSQls lèk tkrk gS\
(Ä) tyghu dey dh j{kk lw;Z Hkh D;ksa ugha dj ikrk\
(p) voèk ujs'k dks fp=kowQV D;ksa tkuk iM+k\
(N) ^uV* fdl dyk esa fl¼ gksus osQ dkj.k Åij p<+ tkrk gS\
(t) ^eksrh] ekuq"k] pwu* osQ lanHkZ esa ikuh osQ egÙo dks Li"V dhft,A
2. fuEufyf[kr dk Hkko Li"V dhft,µ
(d) VwVs ls fiQj uk feys] feys xk¡B ifj tk;A
([k) lqfu vfBySgSa yksx lc] ck¡fV u ySgaS dks;A
(x) jfgeu ewyfga lhafpcks] iwQyS iQyS v?kk;A
(?k) nhj?k nksgk vjFk osQ] vk[kj Fkksjs vkfgaA
(Ä) ukn jhf> ru nsr e`x] uj èku gsr lesrA
(p) tgk¡ dke vkos lqbZ] dgk djs rjokfjA
(N) ikuh x, u mQcjS] eksrh] ekuq"k] pwuA
nksgs/95
3. fuEufyf[kr Hkko dks ikB esa fdu iafDr;ksa }kjk vfHkO;Dr fd;k x;k gSµ
(d)ftl ij foink iM+rh gS ogh bl ns'k esa vkrk gSA
([k)dksbZ yk[k dksf'k'k djs ij fcxM+h ckr fiQj cu ugha ldrhA
(x) ikuh osQ fcuk lc lwuk gS vr% ikuh vo'; j[kuk pkfg,A
4. mnkgj.k osQ vkèkkj ij ikB esa vk, fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa osQ izpfyr :i fyf[k,µ
mnkgj.k% dks; µ dksbZ] ts µ tks
T;ksa --------------------- dNq ---------------------
ufga --------------------- dks; ---------------------
èkfu --------------------- vk[kj ---------------------
ft; --------------------- Fkksjs ---------------------
gks; --------------------- ek[ku ---------------------
rjokfj --------------------- lhafpcks ---------------------
ewyfga --------------------- fivr ---------------------
fivklks --------------------- fcxjh ---------------------
vkos --------------------- lgk; ---------------------
mQcjS --------------------- fcuq ---------------------
fcFkk --------------------- vfBySgSa ---------------------
ifjtk; ---------------------
;ksX;rk&foLrkj
1- ^lqbZ dh txg ryokj dke ugha vkrh* rFkk ^fcu ikuh lc lwu* bu fo"k;ksa ij
d{kk esa ifjppkZ vk;ksftr dhft,A
2- ^fp=kowQV* fdl jkT; esa fLFkr gS] tkudkjh izkIr dhft,A
ifj;kstuk dk;Z
uhfr lacaèkh vU; dfo;ksa osQ nksgss@dfork ,d=k dhft, vkSj mu nksgksa@dforkvksa dks
pkVZ ij fy[kdj fHkfÙk if=kdk ij yxkb,A
'kCnkFkZ vkSj fVIif.k;k¡
pVdk; µpVdkdj
fcFkk µ O;Fkk] nq%[k] osnuk
xks; µ fNikdj
96/Li'kZ
vfBySgSa µ bBykuk] e”kkd mM+kuk
lhafpcks µ flapkbZ djuk] ikSèkksa esa ikuh nsuk
v?kk; &r`Ir
vjFk (vFkZ) µ ek;us] vk'k;
Fkksjs & FkksM+k] de
iad µ dhpM+
mnfèk &lkxj
ukn &èofu
jhf> & eksfgr gksdj
fcxjh & fcxM+h gqbZ
iQkVs nwèk & iQVk gqvk nwèk
eFks & fcyksuk] eFkuk
vkos &vkuk
fut & viuk
fcifr & eqlhcr] ladV
fivklks &I;klk
fp=kowQV & ouokl osQ le; Jh jkepanz th lhrk vkSj y{e.k osQ lkFk
oqQN le; rd fp=kowQV esa jgs Fks
Read More

Complete Syllabus of Class 9

Dynamic Test

Content Category

Related Searches

Important questions

,

Exam

,

study material

,

mock tests for examination

,

Extra Questions

,

हिन्दी

,

स्पर्श

,

Sample Paper

,

pdf

,

past year papers

,

MCQs

,

ppt

,

NCERT Textbook:पाठ 10 - दोहे

,

हिन्दी

,

Semester Notes

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

स्पर्श

,

NCERT Textbook:पाठ 10 - दोहे

,

कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

स्पर्श

,

Objective type Questions

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Summary

,

video lectures

,

कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

Viva Questions

,

हिन्दी

,

NCERT Textbook:पाठ 10 - दोहे

,

practice quizzes

,

Free

;