NCERT Textbook - गिल्लू Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook - गिल्लू Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


fxYyw/1
fxYyw
egknsoh oekZ
lksutqgh
1
 esa vkt ,d ihyh dyh yxh gSA bls ns[kdj vuk;kl
2
 gh ml NksVs
tho dk Lej.k gks vk;k] tks bl yrk dh l?ku gjhfrek
3
 esa fNidj cSBrk Fkk
vkSj fiQj esjs fudV igq¡prs gh oaQ/s ij owQndj eq>s pkSadk nsrk FkkA rc eq>s dyh
dh [kkst jgrh Fkh] ij vkt ml y?kqizk.k
4
 dh [kkst gSA
ijarq og rks vc rd bl lksutqgh dh tM+ esa fe^h gksdj fey x;k gksxkA dkSu
tkus Lof.kZe dyh osQ cgkus ogh eq>s pkSadkus mQij vk x;k gks!
vpkud ,d fnu losjs dejs ls cjkens esa vkdj eSaus ns[kk] nks dkSos ,d xeys
osQ pkjksa vksj pksapksa ls Nwvk&NqvkSoy
5
 tSlk [ksy [ksy jgs gSaA ;g dkdHkq'kqafM Hkh
fofp=k i{kh gSµ,d lkFk leknfjr
6
 vuknfjr
7
] vfr lEekfur vfr voekfurA
gekjs cspkjs iqj[ks u xjQM+ osQ :i esa vk ldrs gSa] u e;wj osQ] u gal osQA mUgsa
firji{k esa gels oqQN ikus osQ fy, dkd cudj gh vorh.kZ
8
 gksuk iM+rk gSA bruk
gh ugha gekjs nwjLFk fiz;tuksa dks Hkh vius vkus dk e/q lans'k buosQ doZQ'k
9
 Loj
esa gh nsuk iM+rk gSA nwljh vksj ge dkSok vkSj dk¡o&dk¡o djus dks voekuuk osQ
vFkZ esa gh iz;qDr djrs gSaA
1- twgh (iq"i) dk ,d izdkj tks ihyk gksrk gS  2- vpkud  3- gfj;kyh  4- NksVk tho
5- pqiosQ ls Nwdj Nqi tkuk vkSj fiQj Nwuk 6- fo'ks"k vknj  7- vknj dk vHkko] frjLdkj
8- izdV  9- dVq] dkuksa dks u Hkkus okyh
Page 2


fxYyw/1
fxYyw
egknsoh oekZ
lksutqgh
1
 esa vkt ,d ihyh dyh yxh gSA bls ns[kdj vuk;kl
2
 gh ml NksVs
tho dk Lej.k gks vk;k] tks bl yrk dh l?ku gjhfrek
3
 esa fNidj cSBrk Fkk
vkSj fiQj esjs fudV igq¡prs gh oaQ/s ij owQndj eq>s pkSadk nsrk FkkA rc eq>s dyh
dh [kkst jgrh Fkh] ij vkt ml y?kqizk.k
4
 dh [kkst gSA
ijarq og rks vc rd bl lksutqgh dh tM+ esa fe^h gksdj fey x;k gksxkA dkSu
tkus Lof.kZe dyh osQ cgkus ogh eq>s pkSadkus mQij vk x;k gks!
vpkud ,d fnu losjs dejs ls cjkens esa vkdj eSaus ns[kk] nks dkSos ,d xeys
osQ pkjksa vksj pksapksa ls Nwvk&NqvkSoy
5
 tSlk [ksy [ksy jgs gSaA ;g dkdHkq'kqafM Hkh
fofp=k i{kh gSµ,d lkFk leknfjr
6
 vuknfjr
7
] vfr lEekfur vfr voekfurA
gekjs cspkjs iqj[ks u xjQM+ osQ :i esa vk ldrs gSa] u e;wj osQ] u gal osQA mUgsa
firji{k esa gels oqQN ikus osQ fy, dkd cudj gh vorh.kZ
8
 gksuk iM+rk gSA bruk
gh ugha gekjs nwjLFk fiz;tuksa dks Hkh vius vkus dk e/q lans'k buosQ doZQ'k
9
 Loj
esa gh nsuk iM+rk gSA nwljh vksj ge dkSok vkSj dk¡o&dk¡o djus dks voekuuk osQ
vFkZ esa gh iz;qDr djrs gSaA
1- twgh (iq"i) dk ,d izdkj tks ihyk gksrk gS  2- vpkud  3- gfj;kyh  4- NksVk tho
5- pqiosQ ls Nwdj Nqi tkuk vkSj fiQj Nwuk 6- fo'ks"k vknj  7- vknj dk vHkko] frjLdkj
8- izdV  9- dVq] dkuksa dks u Hkkus okyh
2/lap;u
1- nks dkS, 2- fcuk fdlh gjdr osQ 3- fuf'apr  4- fpduk 5- vk'p;Zpfdr
esjs dkdiqjk.k osQ foospu esa vpkud ck/k vk iM+h] D;ksafd xeys vkSj
nhokj dh laf/ esa fNis ,d NksVs&ls tho ij esjh n`f"V jQd xbZA fudV tkdj
ns[kk] fxygjh dk NksVk&lk cPpk gS tks laHkor% ?kksalys ls fxj iM+k gS vkSj vc
dkSos ftlesa lqyHk vkgkj [kkst jgs gSaA
dkd};
1
 dh pksapksa osQ nks ?kko ml y?kqizk.k osQ fy, cgqr Fks] vr% og
fu'ps"V
2
&lk xeys ls fpiVk iM+k FkkA
lcus dgk] dkSos dh pksap dk ?kko yxus osQ ckn ;g cp ugha ldrk] vr%
bls ,sls gh jgus fn;k tk,A
ijarq eu ugha ekukµmls gkSys ls mBkdj vius dejs esa ykbZ] fiQj jQbZ ls
jDr iksaNdj ?kkoksa ij isaflfyu dk ejge yxk;kA
jQbZ dh iryh cÙkh nw/ ls fHkxksdj tSls&tSls mlosQ uUgs ls eq¡g esa yxkbZ
ij eq¡g [kqy u ldk vkSj nw/ dh c¡wnsa nksuksa vksj <qyd xb±A
dbZ ?kaVs osQ mipkj osQ mijkar mlosQ eq¡g esa ,d c¡wn ikuh Vidk;k tk ldkA
rhljs fnu og bruk vPNk vkSj vk'oLr
3
 gks x;k fd esjh m¡xyh vius nks uUgs
iatksa ls idM+dj] uhys dk¡p osQ eksfr;ksa tSlh vk¡[kksa ls b/j&m/j ns[kus yxkA
rhu&pkj ekl esa mlosQ fLuX/
4
 jks,¡] >Ccsnkj i¡wN vkSj papy pedhyh vk¡[ksa
lcdks fofLer
5
 djus yxhaA
geus mldh tkfrokpd laKk dks O;fDrokpd dk :i ns fn;k vkSj bl
izdkj ge mls fxYyw dgdj cqykus yxsA eSaus iwQy j[kus dh ,d gYkdh Mfy;k
esa jQbZ fcNkdj mls rkj ls f[kM+dh ij yVdk fn;kA
ogh nks o"kZ fxYyw dk ?kj jgkA og Lo;a fgykdj vius ?kj esa >wyrk vkSj
viuh dk¡p osQ eudkas&lh vk¡[kksa ls dejs osQ Hkhrj vkSj f[kM+dh ls ckgj u tkus
D;k ns[krk&le>rk jgrk FkkA ijarq mldh le>nkjh vkSj dk;Zdyki ij lcdks
vk'p;Z gksrk FkkA
Page 3


fxYyw/1
fxYyw
egknsoh oekZ
lksutqgh
1
 esa vkt ,d ihyh dyh yxh gSA bls ns[kdj vuk;kl
2
 gh ml NksVs
tho dk Lej.k gks vk;k] tks bl yrk dh l?ku gjhfrek
3
 esa fNidj cSBrk Fkk
vkSj fiQj esjs fudV igq¡prs gh oaQ/s ij owQndj eq>s pkSadk nsrk FkkA rc eq>s dyh
dh [kkst jgrh Fkh] ij vkt ml y?kqizk.k
4
 dh [kkst gSA
ijarq og rks vc rd bl lksutqgh dh tM+ esa fe^h gksdj fey x;k gksxkA dkSu
tkus Lof.kZe dyh osQ cgkus ogh eq>s pkSadkus mQij vk x;k gks!
vpkud ,d fnu losjs dejs ls cjkens esa vkdj eSaus ns[kk] nks dkSos ,d xeys
osQ pkjksa vksj pksapksa ls Nwvk&NqvkSoy
5
 tSlk [ksy [ksy jgs gSaA ;g dkdHkq'kqafM Hkh
fofp=k i{kh gSµ,d lkFk leknfjr
6
 vuknfjr
7
] vfr lEekfur vfr voekfurA
gekjs cspkjs iqj[ks u xjQM+ osQ :i esa vk ldrs gSa] u e;wj osQ] u gal osQA mUgsa
firji{k esa gels oqQN ikus osQ fy, dkd cudj gh vorh.kZ
8
 gksuk iM+rk gSA bruk
gh ugha gekjs nwjLFk fiz;tuksa dks Hkh vius vkus dk e/q lans'k buosQ doZQ'k
9
 Loj
esa gh nsuk iM+rk gSA nwljh vksj ge dkSok vkSj dk¡o&dk¡o djus dks voekuuk osQ
vFkZ esa gh iz;qDr djrs gSaA
1- twgh (iq"i) dk ,d izdkj tks ihyk gksrk gS  2- vpkud  3- gfj;kyh  4- NksVk tho
5- pqiosQ ls Nwdj Nqi tkuk vkSj fiQj Nwuk 6- fo'ks"k vknj  7- vknj dk vHkko] frjLdkj
8- izdV  9- dVq] dkuksa dks u Hkkus okyh
2/lap;u
1- nks dkS, 2- fcuk fdlh gjdr osQ 3- fuf'apr  4- fpduk 5- vk'p;Zpfdr
esjs dkdiqjk.k osQ foospu esa vpkud ck/k vk iM+h] D;ksafd xeys vkSj
nhokj dh laf/ esa fNis ,d NksVs&ls tho ij esjh n`f"V jQd xbZA fudV tkdj
ns[kk] fxygjh dk NksVk&lk cPpk gS tks laHkor% ?kksalys ls fxj iM+k gS vkSj vc
dkSos ftlesa lqyHk vkgkj [kkst jgs gSaA
dkd};
1
 dh pksapksa osQ nks ?kko ml y?kqizk.k osQ fy, cgqr Fks] vr% og
fu'ps"V
2
&lk xeys ls fpiVk iM+k FkkA
lcus dgk] dkSos dh pksap dk ?kko yxus osQ ckn ;g cp ugha ldrk] vr%
bls ,sls gh jgus fn;k tk,A
ijarq eu ugha ekukµmls gkSys ls mBkdj vius dejs esa ykbZ] fiQj jQbZ ls
jDr iksaNdj ?kkoksa ij isaflfyu dk ejge yxk;kA
jQbZ dh iryh cÙkh nw/ ls fHkxksdj tSls&tSls mlosQ uUgs ls eq¡g esa yxkbZ
ij eq¡g [kqy u ldk vkSj nw/ dh c¡wnsa nksuksa vksj <qyd xb±A
dbZ ?kaVs osQ mipkj osQ mijkar mlosQ eq¡g esa ,d c¡wn ikuh Vidk;k tk ldkA
rhljs fnu og bruk vPNk vkSj vk'oLr
3
 gks x;k fd esjh m¡xyh vius nks uUgs
iatksa ls idM+dj] uhys dk¡p osQ eksfr;ksa tSlh vk¡[kksa ls b/j&m/j ns[kus yxkA
rhu&pkj ekl esa mlosQ fLuX/
4
 jks,¡] >Ccsnkj i¡wN vkSj papy pedhyh vk¡[ksa
lcdks fofLer
5
 djus yxhaA
geus mldh tkfrokpd laKk dks O;fDrokpd dk :i ns fn;k vkSj bl
izdkj ge mls fxYyw dgdj cqykus yxsA eSaus iwQy j[kus dh ,d gYkdh Mfy;k
esa jQbZ fcNkdj mls rkj ls f[kM+dh ij yVdk fn;kA
ogh nks o"kZ fxYyw dk ?kj jgkA og Lo;a fgykdj vius ?kj esa >wyrk vkSj
viuh dk¡p osQ eudkas&lh vk¡[kksa ls dejs osQ Hkhrj vkSj f[kM+dh ls ckgj u tkus
D;k ns[krk&le>rk jgrk FkkA ijarq mldh le>nkjh vkSj dk;Zdyki ij lcdks
vk'p;Z gksrk FkkA
fxYyw/3
tc eSa fy[kus cSBrh rc viuh vksj esjk è;ku vkdf"kZr djus dh mls bruh
rhoz bPNk gksrh Fkh fd mlus ,d vPNk mik; [kkst fudkykA
og esjs iSj rd vkdj ljZ ls ijns ij p<+ tkrk vkSj fiQj mlh rs”kh ls
mrjrkA mldk ;g nkSM+us dk ozQe rc rd pyrk tc rd eSa mls idM+us osQ
fy, u mBrhA
dHkh eSa fxYyw dks idM+dj ,d yacs fy- IkQk- IksQ esa bl izdkj j[k nsrh fd
mlosQ vxys nks iatksa vkSj flj osQ vfrfjDr lkjk y?kqxkr
1
 fy- IkQk- IksQ osQ Hkhrj can
jgrkA bl vn~Hkqr fLFkfr esa dHkh&dHkh ?kaVksa es”k ij nhokj osQ lgkjs [kM+k jgdj
og viuh pedhyh vk¡[kksa ls esjk dk;Zdyki ns[kk djrkA
Hkw[k yxus ij fpd&fpd djosQ ekuks og eq>s lwpuk nsrk vkSj dktw ;k
fcLoqQV fey tkus ij mlh fLFkfr esa fy- IkQk- IksQ ls ckgj okys iatksa ls idM+dj mls
oqQrjrkA
fiQj fxYyw osQ thou dk izFke clar vk;kA uhe&pesyh dh xa/ esjs dejs
esa gkSys&gkSys vkus yxhA ckgj dh fxygfj;k¡ f[kM+dh dh tkyh osQ ikl vkdj
fpd&fpd djosQ u tkus D;k dgus yxha\
fxYyw dks tkyh osQ ikl cSBdj viusiu ls ckgj >k¡drs ns[kdj eq>s yxk
fd bls eqDr djuk vko';d gSA
eSaus dhysa fudkydj tkyh dk ,d dksuk [kksy fn;k vkSj bl ekxZ ls fxYyw
us ckgj tkus ij lpeqp gh eqfDr dh lk¡l yhA brus NksVs tho dks ?kj esa iys
oqQÙks] fcfYy;ksa ls cpkuk Hkh ,d leL;k gh FkhA
vko';d dkx”k&i=kksa osQ dkj.k esjs ckgj tkus ij dejk can gh jgrk gSA esjs
dkWyst ls ykSVus ij tSls gh dejk [kksyk x;k vkSj eSaus Hkhrj iSj j[kk] oSls gh
fxYyw vius tkyh osQ }kj ls Hkhrj vkdj esjs iSj ls flj vkSj flj ls iSj rd
nkSM+ yxkus yxkA rc ls ;g fuR; dk ozQe gks x;kA
1- NksVk 'kjhj
Page 4


fxYyw/1
fxYyw
egknsoh oekZ
lksutqgh
1
 esa vkt ,d ihyh dyh yxh gSA bls ns[kdj vuk;kl
2
 gh ml NksVs
tho dk Lej.k gks vk;k] tks bl yrk dh l?ku gjhfrek
3
 esa fNidj cSBrk Fkk
vkSj fiQj esjs fudV igq¡prs gh oaQ/s ij owQndj eq>s pkSadk nsrk FkkA rc eq>s dyh
dh [kkst jgrh Fkh] ij vkt ml y?kqizk.k
4
 dh [kkst gSA
ijarq og rks vc rd bl lksutqgh dh tM+ esa fe^h gksdj fey x;k gksxkA dkSu
tkus Lof.kZe dyh osQ cgkus ogh eq>s pkSadkus mQij vk x;k gks!
vpkud ,d fnu losjs dejs ls cjkens esa vkdj eSaus ns[kk] nks dkSos ,d xeys
osQ pkjksa vksj pksapksa ls Nwvk&NqvkSoy
5
 tSlk [ksy [ksy jgs gSaA ;g dkdHkq'kqafM Hkh
fofp=k i{kh gSµ,d lkFk leknfjr
6
 vuknfjr
7
] vfr lEekfur vfr voekfurA
gekjs cspkjs iqj[ks u xjQM+ osQ :i esa vk ldrs gSa] u e;wj osQ] u gal osQA mUgsa
firji{k esa gels oqQN ikus osQ fy, dkd cudj gh vorh.kZ
8
 gksuk iM+rk gSA bruk
gh ugha gekjs nwjLFk fiz;tuksa dks Hkh vius vkus dk e/q lans'k buosQ doZQ'k
9
 Loj
esa gh nsuk iM+rk gSA nwljh vksj ge dkSok vkSj dk¡o&dk¡o djus dks voekuuk osQ
vFkZ esa gh iz;qDr djrs gSaA
1- twgh (iq"i) dk ,d izdkj tks ihyk gksrk gS  2- vpkud  3- gfj;kyh  4- NksVk tho
5- pqiosQ ls Nwdj Nqi tkuk vkSj fiQj Nwuk 6- fo'ks"k vknj  7- vknj dk vHkko] frjLdkj
8- izdV  9- dVq] dkuksa dks u Hkkus okyh
2/lap;u
1- nks dkS, 2- fcuk fdlh gjdr osQ 3- fuf'apr  4- fpduk 5- vk'p;Zpfdr
esjs dkdiqjk.k osQ foospu esa vpkud ck/k vk iM+h] D;ksafd xeys vkSj
nhokj dh laf/ esa fNis ,d NksVs&ls tho ij esjh n`f"V jQd xbZA fudV tkdj
ns[kk] fxygjh dk NksVk&lk cPpk gS tks laHkor% ?kksalys ls fxj iM+k gS vkSj vc
dkSos ftlesa lqyHk vkgkj [kkst jgs gSaA
dkd};
1
 dh pksapksa osQ nks ?kko ml y?kqizk.k osQ fy, cgqr Fks] vr% og
fu'ps"V
2
&lk xeys ls fpiVk iM+k FkkA
lcus dgk] dkSos dh pksap dk ?kko yxus osQ ckn ;g cp ugha ldrk] vr%
bls ,sls gh jgus fn;k tk,A
ijarq eu ugha ekukµmls gkSys ls mBkdj vius dejs esa ykbZ] fiQj jQbZ ls
jDr iksaNdj ?kkoksa ij isaflfyu dk ejge yxk;kA
jQbZ dh iryh cÙkh nw/ ls fHkxksdj tSls&tSls mlosQ uUgs ls eq¡g esa yxkbZ
ij eq¡g [kqy u ldk vkSj nw/ dh c¡wnsa nksuksa vksj <qyd xb±A
dbZ ?kaVs osQ mipkj osQ mijkar mlosQ eq¡g esa ,d c¡wn ikuh Vidk;k tk ldkA
rhljs fnu og bruk vPNk vkSj vk'oLr
3
 gks x;k fd esjh m¡xyh vius nks uUgs
iatksa ls idM+dj] uhys dk¡p osQ eksfr;ksa tSlh vk¡[kksa ls b/j&m/j ns[kus yxkA
rhu&pkj ekl esa mlosQ fLuX/
4
 jks,¡] >Ccsnkj i¡wN vkSj papy pedhyh vk¡[ksa
lcdks fofLer
5
 djus yxhaA
geus mldh tkfrokpd laKk dks O;fDrokpd dk :i ns fn;k vkSj bl
izdkj ge mls fxYyw dgdj cqykus yxsA eSaus iwQy j[kus dh ,d gYkdh Mfy;k
esa jQbZ fcNkdj mls rkj ls f[kM+dh ij yVdk fn;kA
ogh nks o"kZ fxYyw dk ?kj jgkA og Lo;a fgykdj vius ?kj esa >wyrk vkSj
viuh dk¡p osQ eudkas&lh vk¡[kksa ls dejs osQ Hkhrj vkSj f[kM+dh ls ckgj u tkus
D;k ns[krk&le>rk jgrk FkkA ijarq mldh le>nkjh vkSj dk;Zdyki ij lcdks
vk'p;Z gksrk FkkA
fxYyw/3
tc eSa fy[kus cSBrh rc viuh vksj esjk è;ku vkdf"kZr djus dh mls bruh
rhoz bPNk gksrh Fkh fd mlus ,d vPNk mik; [kkst fudkykA
og esjs iSj rd vkdj ljZ ls ijns ij p<+ tkrk vkSj fiQj mlh rs”kh ls
mrjrkA mldk ;g nkSM+us dk ozQe rc rd pyrk tc rd eSa mls idM+us osQ
fy, u mBrhA
dHkh eSa fxYyw dks idM+dj ,d yacs fy- IkQk- IksQ esa bl izdkj j[k nsrh fd
mlosQ vxys nks iatksa vkSj flj osQ vfrfjDr lkjk y?kqxkr
1
 fy- IkQk- IksQ osQ Hkhrj can
jgrkA bl vn~Hkqr fLFkfr esa dHkh&dHkh ?kaVksa es”k ij nhokj osQ lgkjs [kM+k jgdj
og viuh pedhyh vk¡[kksa ls esjk dk;Zdyki ns[kk djrkA
Hkw[k yxus ij fpd&fpd djosQ ekuks og eq>s lwpuk nsrk vkSj dktw ;k
fcLoqQV fey tkus ij mlh fLFkfr esa fy- IkQk- IksQ ls ckgj okys iatksa ls idM+dj mls
oqQrjrkA
fiQj fxYyw osQ thou dk izFke clar vk;kA uhe&pesyh dh xa/ esjs dejs
esa gkSys&gkSys vkus yxhA ckgj dh fxygfj;k¡ f[kM+dh dh tkyh osQ ikl vkdj
fpd&fpd djosQ u tkus D;k dgus yxha\
fxYyw dks tkyh osQ ikl cSBdj viusiu ls ckgj >k¡drs ns[kdj eq>s yxk
fd bls eqDr djuk vko';d gSA
eSaus dhysa fudkydj tkyh dk ,d dksuk [kksy fn;k vkSj bl ekxZ ls fxYyw
us ckgj tkus ij lpeqp gh eqfDr dh lk¡l yhA brus NksVs tho dks ?kj esa iys
oqQÙks] fcfYy;ksa ls cpkuk Hkh ,d leL;k gh FkhA
vko';d dkx”k&i=kksa osQ dkj.k esjs ckgj tkus ij dejk can gh jgrk gSA esjs
dkWyst ls ykSVus ij tSls gh dejk [kksyk x;k vkSj eSaus Hkhrj iSj j[kk] oSls gh
fxYyw vius tkyh osQ }kj ls Hkhrj vkdj esjs iSj ls flj vkSj flj ls iSj rd
nkSM+ yxkus yxkA rc ls ;g fuR; dk ozQe gks x;kA
1- NksVk 'kjhj
4/lap;u
Page 5


fxYyw/1
fxYyw
egknsoh oekZ
lksutqgh
1
 esa vkt ,d ihyh dyh yxh gSA bls ns[kdj vuk;kl
2
 gh ml NksVs
tho dk Lej.k gks vk;k] tks bl yrk dh l?ku gjhfrek
3
 esa fNidj cSBrk Fkk
vkSj fiQj esjs fudV igq¡prs gh oaQ/s ij owQndj eq>s pkSadk nsrk FkkA rc eq>s dyh
dh [kkst jgrh Fkh] ij vkt ml y?kqizk.k
4
 dh [kkst gSA
ijarq og rks vc rd bl lksutqgh dh tM+ esa fe^h gksdj fey x;k gksxkA dkSu
tkus Lof.kZe dyh osQ cgkus ogh eq>s pkSadkus mQij vk x;k gks!
vpkud ,d fnu losjs dejs ls cjkens esa vkdj eSaus ns[kk] nks dkSos ,d xeys
osQ pkjksa vksj pksapksa ls Nwvk&NqvkSoy
5
 tSlk [ksy [ksy jgs gSaA ;g dkdHkq'kqafM Hkh
fofp=k i{kh gSµ,d lkFk leknfjr
6
 vuknfjr
7
] vfr lEekfur vfr voekfurA
gekjs cspkjs iqj[ks u xjQM+ osQ :i esa vk ldrs gSa] u e;wj osQ] u gal osQA mUgsa
firji{k esa gels oqQN ikus osQ fy, dkd cudj gh vorh.kZ
8
 gksuk iM+rk gSA bruk
gh ugha gekjs nwjLFk fiz;tuksa dks Hkh vius vkus dk e/q lans'k buosQ doZQ'k
9
 Loj
esa gh nsuk iM+rk gSA nwljh vksj ge dkSok vkSj dk¡o&dk¡o djus dks voekuuk osQ
vFkZ esa gh iz;qDr djrs gSaA
1- twgh (iq"i) dk ,d izdkj tks ihyk gksrk gS  2- vpkud  3- gfj;kyh  4- NksVk tho
5- pqiosQ ls Nwdj Nqi tkuk vkSj fiQj Nwuk 6- fo'ks"k vknj  7- vknj dk vHkko] frjLdkj
8- izdV  9- dVq] dkuksa dks u Hkkus okyh
2/lap;u
1- nks dkS, 2- fcuk fdlh gjdr osQ 3- fuf'apr  4- fpduk 5- vk'p;Zpfdr
esjs dkdiqjk.k osQ foospu esa vpkud ck/k vk iM+h] D;ksafd xeys vkSj
nhokj dh laf/ esa fNis ,d NksVs&ls tho ij esjh n`f"V jQd xbZA fudV tkdj
ns[kk] fxygjh dk NksVk&lk cPpk gS tks laHkor% ?kksalys ls fxj iM+k gS vkSj vc
dkSos ftlesa lqyHk vkgkj [kkst jgs gSaA
dkd};
1
 dh pksapksa osQ nks ?kko ml y?kqizk.k osQ fy, cgqr Fks] vr% og
fu'ps"V
2
&lk xeys ls fpiVk iM+k FkkA
lcus dgk] dkSos dh pksap dk ?kko yxus osQ ckn ;g cp ugha ldrk] vr%
bls ,sls gh jgus fn;k tk,A
ijarq eu ugha ekukµmls gkSys ls mBkdj vius dejs esa ykbZ] fiQj jQbZ ls
jDr iksaNdj ?kkoksa ij isaflfyu dk ejge yxk;kA
jQbZ dh iryh cÙkh nw/ ls fHkxksdj tSls&tSls mlosQ uUgs ls eq¡g esa yxkbZ
ij eq¡g [kqy u ldk vkSj nw/ dh c¡wnsa nksuksa vksj <qyd xb±A
dbZ ?kaVs osQ mipkj osQ mijkar mlosQ eq¡g esa ,d c¡wn ikuh Vidk;k tk ldkA
rhljs fnu og bruk vPNk vkSj vk'oLr
3
 gks x;k fd esjh m¡xyh vius nks uUgs
iatksa ls idM+dj] uhys dk¡p osQ eksfr;ksa tSlh vk¡[kksa ls b/j&m/j ns[kus yxkA
rhu&pkj ekl esa mlosQ fLuX/
4
 jks,¡] >Ccsnkj i¡wN vkSj papy pedhyh vk¡[ksa
lcdks fofLer
5
 djus yxhaA
geus mldh tkfrokpd laKk dks O;fDrokpd dk :i ns fn;k vkSj bl
izdkj ge mls fxYyw dgdj cqykus yxsA eSaus iwQy j[kus dh ,d gYkdh Mfy;k
esa jQbZ fcNkdj mls rkj ls f[kM+dh ij yVdk fn;kA
ogh nks o"kZ fxYyw dk ?kj jgkA og Lo;a fgykdj vius ?kj esa >wyrk vkSj
viuh dk¡p osQ eudkas&lh vk¡[kksa ls dejs osQ Hkhrj vkSj f[kM+dh ls ckgj u tkus
D;k ns[krk&le>rk jgrk FkkA ijarq mldh le>nkjh vkSj dk;Zdyki ij lcdks
vk'p;Z gksrk FkkA
fxYyw/3
tc eSa fy[kus cSBrh rc viuh vksj esjk è;ku vkdf"kZr djus dh mls bruh
rhoz bPNk gksrh Fkh fd mlus ,d vPNk mik; [kkst fudkykA
og esjs iSj rd vkdj ljZ ls ijns ij p<+ tkrk vkSj fiQj mlh rs”kh ls
mrjrkA mldk ;g nkSM+us dk ozQe rc rd pyrk tc rd eSa mls idM+us osQ
fy, u mBrhA
dHkh eSa fxYyw dks idM+dj ,d yacs fy- IkQk- IksQ esa bl izdkj j[k nsrh fd
mlosQ vxys nks iatksa vkSj flj osQ vfrfjDr lkjk y?kqxkr
1
 fy- IkQk- IksQ osQ Hkhrj can
jgrkA bl vn~Hkqr fLFkfr esa dHkh&dHkh ?kaVksa es”k ij nhokj osQ lgkjs [kM+k jgdj
og viuh pedhyh vk¡[kksa ls esjk dk;Zdyki ns[kk djrkA
Hkw[k yxus ij fpd&fpd djosQ ekuks og eq>s lwpuk nsrk vkSj dktw ;k
fcLoqQV fey tkus ij mlh fLFkfr esa fy- IkQk- IksQ ls ckgj okys iatksa ls idM+dj mls
oqQrjrkA
fiQj fxYyw osQ thou dk izFke clar vk;kA uhe&pesyh dh xa/ esjs dejs
esa gkSys&gkSys vkus yxhA ckgj dh fxygfj;k¡ f[kM+dh dh tkyh osQ ikl vkdj
fpd&fpd djosQ u tkus D;k dgus yxha\
fxYyw dks tkyh osQ ikl cSBdj viusiu ls ckgj >k¡drs ns[kdj eq>s yxk
fd bls eqDr djuk vko';d gSA
eSaus dhysa fudkydj tkyh dk ,d dksuk [kksy fn;k vkSj bl ekxZ ls fxYyw
us ckgj tkus ij lpeqp gh eqfDr dh lk¡l yhA brus NksVs tho dks ?kj esa iys
oqQÙks] fcfYy;ksa ls cpkuk Hkh ,d leL;k gh FkhA
vko';d dkx”k&i=kksa osQ dkj.k esjs ckgj tkus ij dejk can gh jgrk gSA esjs
dkWyst ls ykSVus ij tSls gh dejk [kksyk x;k vkSj eSaus Hkhrj iSj j[kk] oSls gh
fxYyw vius tkyh osQ }kj ls Hkhrj vkdj esjs iSj ls flj vkSj flj ls iSj rd
nkSM+ yxkus yxkA rc ls ;g fuR; dk ozQe gks x;kA
1- NksVk 'kjhj
4/lap;u fxYyw/5
esjs dejs ls ckgj tkus ij fxYyw Hkh f[kM+dh dh [kqyh tkyh dh jkg
ckgj pyk tkrk vkSj fnu Hkj fxygfj;ksa osQ >qaM dk usrk cuk gj Mky ij
mNyrk&owQnrk jgrk vkSj Bhd pkj cts og f[kM+dh ls Hkhrj vkdj vius
>wys esa >wyus yxrkA
eq>s pkSadkus dh bPNk mlesa u tkus dc vkSj oSQls mRiUu gks xbZ FkhA dHkh
iwQynku osQ iwQyksa esa fNi tkrk] dHkh ijns dh pqUuV esa vkSj dHkh lksutqgh dh
ifÙk;ksa esaA
esjs ikl cgqr ls i'kq&i{kh gSa vkSj mudk eq>ls yxko Hkh de ugha gS] ijarq
muesa ls fdlh dks esjs lkFk esjh Fkkyh esa [kkus dh fgEer gqbZ gS] ,slk eq>s Lej.k
ugha vkrkA
fxYyw buesa viokn
1
 FkkA eSa tSls gh [kkus osQ dejs esa ig¡qprh] og f[kM+dh
ls fudydj vk¡xu dh nhokj] cjkenk ikj djosQ es”k ij ig¡qp tkrk vkSj esjh
Fkkyh esa cSB tkuk pkgrkA cM+h dfBukbZ ls eSaus mls Fkkyh osQ ikl cSBuk fl[kk;k
tgk¡ cSBdj og esjh Fkkyh esa ls ,d&,d pkoy mBkdj cM+h l- IkQkbZ ls [kkrk
jgrkA dktw mldk fiz; [kk|
2
 Fkk vkSj dbZ fnu dktw u feyus ij og vU; [kkus
dh ph”ksa ;k rks ysuk can dj nsrk ;k >wys ls uhps isaQd nsrk FkkA
mlh chp eq>s eksVj nq?kZVuk esa vkgr gksdj oqQN fnu vLirky esa jguk iM+kA
mu fnuksa tc esjs dejs dk njok”kk [kksyk tkrk fxYyw vius >wys ls mrjdj
nkSM+rk vkSj fiQj fdlh nwljs dks ns[kdj mlh rs”kh ls vius ?kksalys
3
 esa tk cSBrkA
lc mls dktw ns vkrs] ijarq vLirky ls ykSVdj tc eSaus mlosQ >wys dh l- IkQkbZ
dh rks mlesa dktw Hkjs feys] ftuls Kkr gksrk Fkk fd og mu fnuksa viuk fiz;
[kk| fdruk de [kkrk jgkA
esjh vLoLFkrk esa og rfd, ij fljgkus cSBdj vius uUgs&uUgs iatksa ls esjs
flj vkSj ckyksa dks brus gkSys&gkSys lgykrk jgrk fd mldk gVuk ,d
ifjpkfjdk
4
 osQ gVus osQ leku yxrkA
1- lkekU; fu;e dks ckf/r ;k e;kZfnr djus okyk 2- Hkkstu 3- uhM+] jgus dh txg 4- lsfodk
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