NCERT Textbook - जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook - जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


o`Qfrdk
10
;g ckr ml le; dh gS tc baXySaM dh jkuh
,fy”kkcsFk f}rh; e; vius ifr osQ ¯gnqLrku
ièkkjus okyh FkhaA v[kckjksa esa mudh ppkZ gks jgh
FkhA jks”k yanu osQ v[kckjksa ls [kcjsa vk jgh Fkha
fd 'kkgh nkSjs osQ fy, oSQlh&oSQlh rS;kfj;k¡ gks
jgh gSaµjkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dk nj”kh ijs'kku Fkk fd
¯gnqLrku] ikfdLrku vkSj usiky osQ nkSjs ij jkuh
dc D;k igusaxh\ mudk lsozsQVjh vkSj 'kk;n
tklwl Hkh muosQ igys gh bl egk}hi dk
rwI
+
kQkuh nkSjk djus okyk FkkA vkf[kj dksbZ e”kkd rks Fkk ughaA ”kekuk pw¡fd u;k Fkk]
I
+
kQkSt&iQkVs osQ lkFk fudyus osQ fnu chr pqosQ Fks] blfy, I
+
kQksVksxzkI
+
kQjksa dh I
+
kQkSt rS;kj
gks jgh Fkh---
baXySaM osQ v[kckjksa dh drjusa ¯gnqLrkuh v[kckjksa esa nwljs fnu fpidh u”kj vkrh
Fkha] fd jkuh us ,d ,slk gyosQ uhys jax dk lwV cuok;k gS ftldk js'keh diM+k
¯gnqLrku ls e¡xk;k x;k gS---fd djhc pkj lkS ikSaM [kjpk ml lwV ij vk;k gSA
jkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dh tUei=kh Hkh NihA ¯izl fiQfyi osQ dkjukes NisA vkSj rks vkSj]
muosQ ukSdjksa] ckojfp;ksa] [kkulkeksa] vaxj{kdksa dh iwjh dh iwjh thofu;k¡ ns[kus esa vkb±A
'kkgh egy esa jgus vkSj iyus okys oqQÙkksa rd dh rlohjsa v[kckjksa esa Ni xb±---
cM+h /we FkhA cM+k 'kksj&'kjkck FkkA 'ka[k baXySaM eas ct jgk Fkk] xw¡t ¯gnqLrku esa vk
jgh FkhA
bu [kcjksa ls ¯gnqLrku esa luluh iSQy jgh FkhA jkt/kuh esa rgydk epk gqvk FkkA
tks jkuh ik¡p gtkj #i, dk js'keh lwV igudj ikye osQ gokbZ vas ij mrjsxh] mlosQ
deys'oj
2
tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd
Page 2


o`Qfrdk
10
;g ckr ml le; dh gS tc baXySaM dh jkuh
,fy”kkcsFk f}rh; e; vius ifr osQ ¯gnqLrku
ièkkjus okyh FkhaA v[kckjksa esa mudh ppkZ gks jgh
FkhA jks”k yanu osQ v[kckjksa ls [kcjsa vk jgh Fkha
fd 'kkgh nkSjs osQ fy, oSQlh&oSQlh rS;kfj;k¡ gks
jgh gSaµjkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dk nj”kh ijs'kku Fkk fd
¯gnqLrku] ikfdLrku vkSj usiky osQ nkSjs ij jkuh
dc D;k igusaxh\ mudk lsozsQVjh vkSj 'kk;n
tklwl Hkh muosQ igys gh bl egk}hi dk
rwI
+
kQkuh nkSjk djus okyk FkkA vkf[kj dksbZ e”kkd rks Fkk ughaA ”kekuk pw¡fd u;k Fkk]
I
+
kQkSt&iQkVs osQ lkFk fudyus osQ fnu chr pqosQ Fks] blfy, I
+
kQksVksxzkI
+
kQjksa dh I
+
kQkSt rS;kj
gks jgh Fkh---
baXySaM osQ v[kckjksa dh drjusa ¯gnqLrkuh v[kckjksa esa nwljs fnu fpidh u”kj vkrh
Fkha] fd jkuh us ,d ,slk gyosQ uhys jax dk lwV cuok;k gS ftldk js'keh diM+k
¯gnqLrku ls e¡xk;k x;k gS---fd djhc pkj lkS ikSaM [kjpk ml lwV ij vk;k gSA
jkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dh tUei=kh Hkh NihA ¯izl fiQfyi osQ dkjukes NisA vkSj rks vkSj]
muosQ ukSdjksa] ckojfp;ksa] [kkulkeksa] vaxj{kdksa dh iwjh dh iwjh thofu;k¡ ns[kus esa vkb±A
'kkgh egy esa jgus vkSj iyus okys oqQÙkksa rd dh rlohjsa v[kckjksa esa Ni xb±---
cM+h /we FkhA cM+k 'kksj&'kjkck FkkA 'ka[k baXySaM eas ct jgk Fkk] xw¡t ¯gnqLrku esa vk
jgh FkhA
bu [kcjksa ls ¯gnqLrku esa luluh iSQy jgh FkhA jkt/kuh esa rgydk epk gqvk FkkA
tks jkuh ik¡p gtkj #i, dk js'keh lwV igudj ikye osQ gokbZ vas ij mrjsxh] mlosQ
deys'oj
2
tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd
tkWtZ iape dh ukd
11
1- LokHkkfod :i ls  2- dkseykaxh  3- [kaHkk] ewfrZ  4- HkykbZ pkgus okys
fy, oqQN rks gksuk gh pkfg,A oqQN D;k] cgqr oqQN gksuk pkfg,A ftlosQ ckojph igys
egk;q¼ essa tku gFksyh ij ysdj yM+ pqosQ gSa] mldh 'kku&'kkSdr osQ D;k dgus] vkSj
ogh jkuh fnYyh vk jgh gS---u;h fnYyh us viuh rjI
+
kQ ns[kk vkSj cslk[rk
1
 eq¡g ls
fudy x;k] ¶og vk, gekjs ?kj] [kqnk dh jger---dHkh ge mudks dHkh vius ?kj
dks ns[krs gSa!¸ vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs u;h fnYyh dk dk;kiyV gksus yxkA
vkSj dfj'ek rks ;g Fkk fd fdlh us fdlh ls ugha dgk] fdlh us fdlh dks ugha
ns[kk ij lM+osaQ toku gks xb±] cq<+kis dh /wy lkI
+
kQ gks xbZA bekjrksa us uk”kuhuksa
2
 dh rjg
Üka`xkj fd;k---
ysfdu ,d cM+h eqf'dy is'k Fkhµog Fkh tkWtZ iape dh ukd!---u;h fnYYkh esa
lc oqQN Fkk] lc oqQN gksrk tk jgk Fkk] lc oqQN gks tkus dh mEehn Fkh ij tkWtZ iape
dh ukd cM+h eqlhcr FkhA u;h fnYyh esa lc Fkk---flI
+
kZQ ukd ugha Fkh!
bl ukd dh Hkh ,d yach nkLrku gSA bl ukd osQ fy, cM+s rgyosQ eps Fks fdlh
oDr! vkanksyu gq, FksA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us izLRkko ikl fd, FksA pank tek fd;k FkkA
oqQN usrkvksa us Hkk"k.k Hkh fn, FksA xjekxje cglsa Hkh gqbZ FkhaA v[kckjksa osQ iUus jax x,
FksA cgl bl ckr ij Fkh fd tkWtZ iape dh ukd jgus nh tk, ;k gVk nh tk,! vkSj
tSlk fd gj jktuhfrd vkanksyu esa gksrk gS] oqQN i{k esa Fks oqQN foi{k esa vkSj ”;knkrj
yksx [kkeks'k FksA [kkeks'k jgus okyksa dh rkdr nksuksa rjI
+
kQ Fkh---
;g vkanksyu py jgk FkkA tkWtZ iape dh ukd osQ fy, gfFk;kj can igjsnkj rSukr
dj fn, x, Fks] D;k etky fd dksbZ mudh ukd rd igq¡p tk,A ¯gnqLrku esa
txg&txg ,slh ukosaQ [kM+h FkhaA vkSj ftu rd yksxksa osQ gkFk igq¡p x, mUgsa
'kkuks&'kkSdr osQ lkFk mrkjdj vtk;c?kjksa esa igq¡pk fn;k x;kA dgha&dgha rks 'kkgh
ykVksa
3
 dh ukdksa osQ fy, xqfjYyk ;q¼ gksrk jgk---
mlh tekus esa ;g gknlk gqvk] bafM;k xsV osQ lkeus okyh tkWtZ iape dh ykV dh
ukd ,dk,d xk;c gks xbZ! gfFk;kjcan igjsnkj viuh txg rSukr jgsA x'r yxrh jgh
vkSj ykV dh ukd pyh xbZA
jkuh vk, vkSj ukd u gks! ,dk,d ijs'kkuh c<+hA cM+h ljxjeh 'kq: gqbZA ns'k osQ
[kSj[okgksa
4
 dh ,d ehfVax cqykbZ xbZ vkSj elyk is'k fd;k x;k fd D;k fd;k tk,\
ogk¡ lHkh lger Fks fd vxj ;g ukd ugha gS rks gekjh Hkh ukd ugha jg tk,xh---
Page 3


o`Qfrdk
10
;g ckr ml le; dh gS tc baXySaM dh jkuh
,fy”kkcsFk f}rh; e; vius ifr osQ ¯gnqLrku
ièkkjus okyh FkhaA v[kckjksa esa mudh ppkZ gks jgh
FkhA jks”k yanu osQ v[kckjksa ls [kcjsa vk jgh Fkha
fd 'kkgh nkSjs osQ fy, oSQlh&oSQlh rS;kfj;k¡ gks
jgh gSaµjkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dk nj”kh ijs'kku Fkk fd
¯gnqLrku] ikfdLrku vkSj usiky osQ nkSjs ij jkuh
dc D;k igusaxh\ mudk lsozsQVjh vkSj 'kk;n
tklwl Hkh muosQ igys gh bl egk}hi dk
rwI
+
kQkuh nkSjk djus okyk FkkA vkf[kj dksbZ e”kkd rks Fkk ughaA ”kekuk pw¡fd u;k Fkk]
I
+
kQkSt&iQkVs osQ lkFk fudyus osQ fnu chr pqosQ Fks] blfy, I
+
kQksVksxzkI
+
kQjksa dh I
+
kQkSt rS;kj
gks jgh Fkh---
baXySaM osQ v[kckjksa dh drjusa ¯gnqLrkuh v[kckjksa esa nwljs fnu fpidh u”kj vkrh
Fkha] fd jkuh us ,d ,slk gyosQ uhys jax dk lwV cuok;k gS ftldk js'keh diM+k
¯gnqLrku ls e¡xk;k x;k gS---fd djhc pkj lkS ikSaM [kjpk ml lwV ij vk;k gSA
jkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dh tUei=kh Hkh NihA ¯izl fiQfyi osQ dkjukes NisA vkSj rks vkSj]
muosQ ukSdjksa] ckojfp;ksa] [kkulkeksa] vaxj{kdksa dh iwjh dh iwjh thofu;k¡ ns[kus esa vkb±A
'kkgh egy esa jgus vkSj iyus okys oqQÙkksa rd dh rlohjsa v[kckjksa esa Ni xb±---
cM+h /we FkhA cM+k 'kksj&'kjkck FkkA 'ka[k baXySaM eas ct jgk Fkk] xw¡t ¯gnqLrku esa vk
jgh FkhA
bu [kcjksa ls ¯gnqLrku esa luluh iSQy jgh FkhA jkt/kuh esa rgydk epk gqvk FkkA
tks jkuh ik¡p gtkj #i, dk js'keh lwV igudj ikye osQ gokbZ vas ij mrjsxh] mlosQ
deys'oj
2
tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd
tkWtZ iape dh ukd
11
1- LokHkkfod :i ls  2- dkseykaxh  3- [kaHkk] ewfrZ  4- HkykbZ pkgus okys
fy, oqQN rks gksuk gh pkfg,A oqQN D;k] cgqr oqQN gksuk pkfg,A ftlosQ ckojph igys
egk;q¼ essa tku gFksyh ij ysdj yM+ pqosQ gSa] mldh 'kku&'kkSdr osQ D;k dgus] vkSj
ogh jkuh fnYyh vk jgh gS---u;h fnYyh us viuh rjI
+
kQ ns[kk vkSj cslk[rk
1
 eq¡g ls
fudy x;k] ¶og vk, gekjs ?kj] [kqnk dh jger---dHkh ge mudks dHkh vius ?kj
dks ns[krs gSa!¸ vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs u;h fnYyh dk dk;kiyV gksus yxkA
vkSj dfj'ek rks ;g Fkk fd fdlh us fdlh ls ugha dgk] fdlh us fdlh dks ugha
ns[kk ij lM+osaQ toku gks xb±] cq<+kis dh /wy lkI
+
kQ gks xbZA bekjrksa us uk”kuhuksa
2
 dh rjg
Üka`xkj fd;k---
ysfdu ,d cM+h eqf'dy is'k Fkhµog Fkh tkWtZ iape dh ukd!---u;h fnYYkh esa
lc oqQN Fkk] lc oqQN gksrk tk jgk Fkk] lc oqQN gks tkus dh mEehn Fkh ij tkWtZ iape
dh ukd cM+h eqlhcr FkhA u;h fnYyh esa lc Fkk---flI
+
kZQ ukd ugha Fkh!
bl ukd dh Hkh ,d yach nkLrku gSA bl ukd osQ fy, cM+s rgyosQ eps Fks fdlh
oDr! vkanksyu gq, FksA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us izLRkko ikl fd, FksA pank tek fd;k FkkA
oqQN usrkvksa us Hkk"k.k Hkh fn, FksA xjekxje cglsa Hkh gqbZ FkhaA v[kckjksa osQ iUus jax x,
FksA cgl bl ckr ij Fkh fd tkWtZ iape dh ukd jgus nh tk, ;k gVk nh tk,! vkSj
tSlk fd gj jktuhfrd vkanksyu esa gksrk gS] oqQN i{k esa Fks oqQN foi{k esa vkSj ”;knkrj
yksx [kkeks'k FksA [kkeks'k jgus okyksa dh rkdr nksuksa rjI
+
kQ Fkh---
;g vkanksyu py jgk FkkA tkWtZ iape dh ukd osQ fy, gfFk;kj can igjsnkj rSukr
dj fn, x, Fks] D;k etky fd dksbZ mudh ukd rd igq¡p tk,A ¯gnqLrku esa
txg&txg ,slh ukosaQ [kM+h FkhaA vkSj ftu rd yksxksa osQ gkFk igq¡p x, mUgsa
'kkuks&'kkSdr osQ lkFk mrkjdj vtk;c?kjksa esa igq¡pk fn;k x;kA dgha&dgha rks 'kkgh
ykVksa
3
 dh ukdksa osQ fy, xqfjYyk ;q¼ gksrk jgk---
mlh tekus esa ;g gknlk gqvk] bafM;k xsV osQ lkeus okyh tkWtZ iape dh ykV dh
ukd ,dk,d xk;c gks xbZ! gfFk;kjcan igjsnkj viuh txg rSukr jgsA x'r yxrh jgh
vkSj ykV dh ukd pyh xbZA
jkuh vk, vkSj ukd u gks! ,dk,d ijs'kkuh c<+hA cM+h ljxjeh 'kq: gqbZA ns'k osQ
[kSj[okgksa
4
 dh ,d ehfVax cqykbZ xbZ vkSj elyk is'k fd;k x;k fd D;k fd;k tk,\
ogk¡ lHkh lger Fks fd vxj ;g ukd ugha gS rks gekjh Hkh ukd ugha jg tk,xh---
o`Qfrdk
12
mPp Lrj ij e'kojs gq,] fnekx [kjksaps x, vkSj ;g r; fd;k x;k fd gj gkyr
esa bl ukd dk gksuk cgqr ”k:jh gSA ;g r; gksrs gh ,d ewfrZdkj dks gqDe fn;k x;k
fd og I
+
kQkSju fnYyh esa gkf”kj gksA
ewfrZdkj ;ksa rks dykdkj Fkk ij ”kjk iSls ls ykpkj FkkA vkrs gh] mlus gqDdkeksa osQ
psgjs ns[ks] vthc ijs'kkuh Fkh mu psgjksa ij] oqQN yVosQ] oqQN mnkl vkSj oqQN
cngokl FksA mudh gkyr ns[kdj ykpkj dykdkj dh vk¡[kksa esa vklw¡ vk x, rHkh ,d
vkok”k lqukbZ nh] ¶ewfrZdkj! tkWtZ iape dh ukd yxkuh gS!¸
ewfrZdkj us lquk vkSj tokc fn;k] ¶ukd yx tk,xhA ij eq>s ;g ekywe gksuk
pkfg, fd ;g ykV dc vkSj dgk¡ cuh FkhA bl ykV osQ fy, iRFkj dgk¡ ls yk;k
x;k Fkk\¸
lc gqDdkeksa us ,d nwljs dh rjI
+
kQ rkdk---,d dh u”kj us nwljs ls dgk fd ;g
crkus dh ftEesnkjh rqEgkjh gSA [kSj] elyk gy gqvkA ,d DyoZQ dks iQksu fd;k x;k
vkSj bl ckr dh iwjh Nkuchu djus dk dke lkSai fn;k x;kA---iqjkRkRo foHkkx dh
iQkbyksa osQ isV phjs x, ij oqQN Hkh irk ugha pykA DyoZQ us ykSVdj desVh osQ lkeus
dk¡irs gq, c;ku fd;k] ¶lj! esjh [krk ekI
+
kQ gks] I
+
kQkbysa lc oqQN g”ke dj pqdh gSaA¸
Page 4


o`Qfrdk
10
;g ckr ml le; dh gS tc baXySaM dh jkuh
,fy”kkcsFk f}rh; e; vius ifr osQ ¯gnqLrku
ièkkjus okyh FkhaA v[kckjksa esa mudh ppkZ gks jgh
FkhA jks”k yanu osQ v[kckjksa ls [kcjsa vk jgh Fkha
fd 'kkgh nkSjs osQ fy, oSQlh&oSQlh rS;kfj;k¡ gks
jgh gSaµjkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dk nj”kh ijs'kku Fkk fd
¯gnqLrku] ikfdLrku vkSj usiky osQ nkSjs ij jkuh
dc D;k igusaxh\ mudk lsozsQVjh vkSj 'kk;n
tklwl Hkh muosQ igys gh bl egk}hi dk
rwI
+
kQkuh nkSjk djus okyk FkkA vkf[kj dksbZ e”kkd rks Fkk ughaA ”kekuk pw¡fd u;k Fkk]
I
+
kQkSt&iQkVs osQ lkFk fudyus osQ fnu chr pqosQ Fks] blfy, I
+
kQksVksxzkI
+
kQjksa dh I
+
kQkSt rS;kj
gks jgh Fkh---
baXySaM osQ v[kckjksa dh drjusa ¯gnqLrkuh v[kckjksa esa nwljs fnu fpidh u”kj vkrh
Fkha] fd jkuh us ,d ,slk gyosQ uhys jax dk lwV cuok;k gS ftldk js'keh diM+k
¯gnqLrku ls e¡xk;k x;k gS---fd djhc pkj lkS ikSaM [kjpk ml lwV ij vk;k gSA
jkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dh tUei=kh Hkh NihA ¯izl fiQfyi osQ dkjukes NisA vkSj rks vkSj]
muosQ ukSdjksa] ckojfp;ksa] [kkulkeksa] vaxj{kdksa dh iwjh dh iwjh thofu;k¡ ns[kus esa vkb±A
'kkgh egy esa jgus vkSj iyus okys oqQÙkksa rd dh rlohjsa v[kckjksa esa Ni xb±---
cM+h /we FkhA cM+k 'kksj&'kjkck FkkA 'ka[k baXySaM eas ct jgk Fkk] xw¡t ¯gnqLrku esa vk
jgh FkhA
bu [kcjksa ls ¯gnqLrku esa luluh iSQy jgh FkhA jkt/kuh esa rgydk epk gqvk FkkA
tks jkuh ik¡p gtkj #i, dk js'keh lwV igudj ikye osQ gokbZ vas ij mrjsxh] mlosQ
deys'oj
2
tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd
tkWtZ iape dh ukd
11
1- LokHkkfod :i ls  2- dkseykaxh  3- [kaHkk] ewfrZ  4- HkykbZ pkgus okys
fy, oqQN rks gksuk gh pkfg,A oqQN D;k] cgqr oqQN gksuk pkfg,A ftlosQ ckojph igys
egk;q¼ essa tku gFksyh ij ysdj yM+ pqosQ gSa] mldh 'kku&'kkSdr osQ D;k dgus] vkSj
ogh jkuh fnYyh vk jgh gS---u;h fnYyh us viuh rjI
+
kQ ns[kk vkSj cslk[rk
1
 eq¡g ls
fudy x;k] ¶og vk, gekjs ?kj] [kqnk dh jger---dHkh ge mudks dHkh vius ?kj
dks ns[krs gSa!¸ vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs u;h fnYyh dk dk;kiyV gksus yxkA
vkSj dfj'ek rks ;g Fkk fd fdlh us fdlh ls ugha dgk] fdlh us fdlh dks ugha
ns[kk ij lM+osaQ toku gks xb±] cq<+kis dh /wy lkI
+
kQ gks xbZA bekjrksa us uk”kuhuksa
2
 dh rjg
Üka`xkj fd;k---
ysfdu ,d cM+h eqf'dy is'k Fkhµog Fkh tkWtZ iape dh ukd!---u;h fnYYkh esa
lc oqQN Fkk] lc oqQN gksrk tk jgk Fkk] lc oqQN gks tkus dh mEehn Fkh ij tkWtZ iape
dh ukd cM+h eqlhcr FkhA u;h fnYyh esa lc Fkk---flI
+
kZQ ukd ugha Fkh!
bl ukd dh Hkh ,d yach nkLrku gSA bl ukd osQ fy, cM+s rgyosQ eps Fks fdlh
oDr! vkanksyu gq, FksA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us izLRkko ikl fd, FksA pank tek fd;k FkkA
oqQN usrkvksa us Hkk"k.k Hkh fn, FksA xjekxje cglsa Hkh gqbZ FkhaA v[kckjksa osQ iUus jax x,
FksA cgl bl ckr ij Fkh fd tkWtZ iape dh ukd jgus nh tk, ;k gVk nh tk,! vkSj
tSlk fd gj jktuhfrd vkanksyu esa gksrk gS] oqQN i{k esa Fks oqQN foi{k esa vkSj ”;knkrj
yksx [kkeks'k FksA [kkeks'k jgus okyksa dh rkdr nksuksa rjI
+
kQ Fkh---
;g vkanksyu py jgk FkkA tkWtZ iape dh ukd osQ fy, gfFk;kj can igjsnkj rSukr
dj fn, x, Fks] D;k etky fd dksbZ mudh ukd rd igq¡p tk,A ¯gnqLrku esa
txg&txg ,slh ukosaQ [kM+h FkhaA vkSj ftu rd yksxksa osQ gkFk igq¡p x, mUgsa
'kkuks&'kkSdr osQ lkFk mrkjdj vtk;c?kjksa esa igq¡pk fn;k x;kA dgha&dgha rks 'kkgh
ykVksa
3
 dh ukdksa osQ fy, xqfjYyk ;q¼ gksrk jgk---
mlh tekus esa ;g gknlk gqvk] bafM;k xsV osQ lkeus okyh tkWtZ iape dh ykV dh
ukd ,dk,d xk;c gks xbZ! gfFk;kjcan igjsnkj viuh txg rSukr jgsA x'r yxrh jgh
vkSj ykV dh ukd pyh xbZA
jkuh vk, vkSj ukd u gks! ,dk,d ijs'kkuh c<+hA cM+h ljxjeh 'kq: gqbZA ns'k osQ
[kSj[okgksa
4
 dh ,d ehfVax cqykbZ xbZ vkSj elyk is'k fd;k x;k fd D;k fd;k tk,\
ogk¡ lHkh lger Fks fd vxj ;g ukd ugha gS rks gekjh Hkh ukd ugha jg tk,xh---
o`Qfrdk
12
mPp Lrj ij e'kojs gq,] fnekx [kjksaps x, vkSj ;g r; fd;k x;k fd gj gkyr
esa bl ukd dk gksuk cgqr ”k:jh gSA ;g r; gksrs gh ,d ewfrZdkj dks gqDe fn;k x;k
fd og I
+
kQkSju fnYyh esa gkf”kj gksA
ewfrZdkj ;ksa rks dykdkj Fkk ij ”kjk iSls ls ykpkj FkkA vkrs gh] mlus gqDdkeksa osQ
psgjs ns[ks] vthc ijs'kkuh Fkh mu psgjksa ij] oqQN yVosQ] oqQN mnkl vkSj oqQN
cngokl FksA mudh gkyr ns[kdj ykpkj dykdkj dh vk¡[kksa esa vklw¡ vk x, rHkh ,d
vkok”k lqukbZ nh] ¶ewfrZdkj! tkWtZ iape dh ukd yxkuh gS!¸
ewfrZdkj us lquk vkSj tokc fn;k] ¶ukd yx tk,xhA ij eq>s ;g ekywe gksuk
pkfg, fd ;g ykV dc vkSj dgk¡ cuh FkhA bl ykV osQ fy, iRFkj dgk¡ ls yk;k
x;k Fkk\¸
lc gqDdkeksa us ,d nwljs dh rjI
+
kQ rkdk---,d dh u”kj us nwljs ls dgk fd ;g
crkus dh ftEesnkjh rqEgkjh gSA [kSj] elyk gy gqvkA ,d DyoZQ dks iQksu fd;k x;k
vkSj bl ckr dh iwjh Nkuchu djus dk dke lkSai fn;k x;kA---iqjkRkRo foHkkx dh
iQkbyksa osQ isV phjs x, ij oqQN Hkh irk ugha pykA DyoZQ us ykSVdj desVh osQ lkeus
dk¡irs gq, c;ku fd;k] ¶lj! esjh [krk ekI
+
kQ gks] I
+
kQkbysa lc oqQN g”ke dj pqdh gSaA¸
tkWtZ iape dh ukd
13
5- fdlh dk;Z osQ gksus ;k u gksus dh iwjh ftEesnkjh] dk;ZHkkj
gqDdkeksa osQ psgjksa ij mnklh osQ ckny Nk x,A ,d [kkl desVh cukbZ xbZ vkSj
mlosQ ftEes ;g dke ns fn;k x;k fd tSLks Hkh gks] ;g dke gksuk gS vkSj bl ukd
dk nkjksenkj
5
 vki ij gSA
vkf[kj ewfrZdkj dks fiQj cqyk;k x;k] mlus elyk gy dj fn;kA og cksyk]
¶iRFkj dh fdLe dk Bhd irk ugha pyk rks ijs'kku er gksb,] eSa ¯gnqLrku osQ gj
igkM+ ij tkmQ¡xk vkSj ,slk gh iRFkj [kkstdj ykmQ¡xkA¸ desVh osQ lnL;ksa dh tku esa
tku vkbZA lHkkifr us pyrs&pyrs xoZ ls dgk] ¶,slh D;k ph”k gS tks ¯gnqLrku eas
feyrh ughaA gj ph”k bl ns'k osQ xHkZ esa fNih gS] ”k:jr [kkst djus dh gSA [kkst djus
osQ fy, esgur djuh gksxh] bl esgur dk iQy gesa feysxk---vkus okyk ”kekuk
[kq'kgky gksxkA¸
;g NksVk&lk Hkk"k.k I
+
kQkSju v[kckjksa esa Ni x;kA
ewfrZdkj ¯gnqLrku osQ igkM+h izns'kksa vkSj iRFkjksa dh [kkuksa osQ nkSjs ij fudy iM+kA
oqQN fnu ckn og grk'k ykSVk] mlosQ psgjs ij ykur cjl jgh Fkh] mlus flj
yVdkdj [kcj nh] ¶¯gnqLrku dk pIik&pIik [kkst Mkyk ij bl fdLe dk iRFkj
dgha ugha feykA ;g iRFkj fons'kh gSA¸
lHkkifr us RkS'k esa vkdj dgk] ¶ykur gS vkidh vDy ij! fons'kksa dh lkjh ph”ksa
ge viuk pqosQ gSaµfny&fnekx] rkSj&rjhosQ vkSj jgu&lgu] tc ¯gnqLrku esa cky Mkal
rd fey tkrk gS rks iRFkj D;ksa ugha fey ldrk\¸
ewfrZdkj pqi [kM+k FkkA lglk mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA mlus dgk] ¶,d ckr
eSa dguk pkgw¡xk] ysfdu bl 'krZ ij fd ;g ckr v[kckj okyksa rd u igq¡ps---¸
lHkkifr dh vk¡[kksa esa Hkh ped vkbZA pijklh dks gqDe gqvk vkSj dejs osQ lc
njok”ks can dj fn, x,A rc ewfrZdkj us dgk] ¶ns'k esa vius usrkvksa dh ewfrZ;k¡ Hkh
gSa] vxj btk”kr gks vkSj vki yksx Bhd le>sa rks---esjk eryc gS rks---ftldh ukd
bl ykV ij Bhd cSBs] mls mrkj yk;k tk,---¸
lcus lcdh rjI
+
kQ ns[kkA lcdh vk¡[kksa esa ,d {k.k dh cngoklh osQ ckn [kq'kh
rSjus yxhA lHkkifr us /hes ls dgk] ¶ysfdu cM+h gksf'k;kjh lsA¸
vkSj ewfrZdkj fiQj ns'k&nkSjs ij fudy iM+kA tkWtZ iape dh [kksbZ gqbZ ukd dk uki
mlosQ ikl FkkA fnYyh ls og cacbZ igq¡pkA nknkHkkbZ ukSjksth] xks[kys] fryd] f'kokth]
dkWolth tgk¡xhjµlcdh ukosaQ mlus VVksyha] ukiha vkSj xqtjkr dh vksj Hkkxkµ xkaèkh
Page 5


o`Qfrdk
10
;g ckr ml le; dh gS tc baXySaM dh jkuh
,fy”kkcsFk f}rh; e; vius ifr osQ ¯gnqLrku
ièkkjus okyh FkhaA v[kckjksa esa mudh ppkZ gks jgh
FkhA jks”k yanu osQ v[kckjksa ls [kcjsa vk jgh Fkha
fd 'kkgh nkSjs osQ fy, oSQlh&oSQlh rS;kfj;k¡ gks
jgh gSaµjkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dk nj”kh ijs'kku Fkk fd
¯gnqLrku] ikfdLrku vkSj usiky osQ nkSjs ij jkuh
dc D;k igusaxh\ mudk lsozsQVjh vkSj 'kk;n
tklwl Hkh muosQ igys gh bl egk}hi dk
rwI
+
kQkuh nkSjk djus okyk FkkA vkf[kj dksbZ e”kkd rks Fkk ughaA ”kekuk pw¡fd u;k Fkk]
I
+
kQkSt&iQkVs osQ lkFk fudyus osQ fnu chr pqosQ Fks] blfy, I
+
kQksVksxzkI
+
kQjksa dh I
+
kQkSt rS;kj
gks jgh Fkh---
baXySaM osQ v[kckjksa dh drjusa ¯gnqLrkuh v[kckjksa esa nwljs fnu fpidh u”kj vkrh
Fkha] fd jkuh us ,d ,slk gyosQ uhys jax dk lwV cuok;k gS ftldk js'keh diM+k
¯gnqLrku ls e¡xk;k x;k gS---fd djhc pkj lkS ikSaM [kjpk ml lwV ij vk;k gSA
jkuh ,fy”kkcsFk dh tUei=kh Hkh NihA ¯izl fiQfyi osQ dkjukes NisA vkSj rks vkSj]
muosQ ukSdjksa] ckojfp;ksa] [kkulkeksa] vaxj{kdksa dh iwjh dh iwjh thofu;k¡ ns[kus esa vkb±A
'kkgh egy esa jgus vkSj iyus okys oqQÙkksa rd dh rlohjsa v[kckjksa esa Ni xb±---
cM+h /we FkhA cM+k 'kksj&'kjkck FkkA 'ka[k baXySaM eas ct jgk Fkk] xw¡t ¯gnqLrku esa vk
jgh FkhA
bu [kcjksa ls ¯gnqLrku esa luluh iSQy jgh FkhA jkt/kuh esa rgydk epk gqvk FkkA
tks jkuh ik¡p gtkj #i, dk js'keh lwV igudj ikye osQ gokbZ vas ij mrjsxh] mlosQ
deys'oj
2
tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd tkWtZ iape dh ukd
tkWtZ iape dh ukd
11
1- LokHkkfod :i ls  2- dkseykaxh  3- [kaHkk] ewfrZ  4- HkykbZ pkgus okys
fy, oqQN rks gksuk gh pkfg,A oqQN D;k] cgqr oqQN gksuk pkfg,A ftlosQ ckojph igys
egk;q¼ essa tku gFksyh ij ysdj yM+ pqosQ gSa] mldh 'kku&'kkSdr osQ D;k dgus] vkSj
ogh jkuh fnYyh vk jgh gS---u;h fnYyh us viuh rjI
+
kQ ns[kk vkSj cslk[rk
1
 eq¡g ls
fudy x;k] ¶og vk, gekjs ?kj] [kqnk dh jger---dHkh ge mudks dHkh vius ?kj
dks ns[krs gSa!¸ vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs u;h fnYyh dk dk;kiyV gksus yxkA
vkSj dfj'ek rks ;g Fkk fd fdlh us fdlh ls ugha dgk] fdlh us fdlh dks ugha
ns[kk ij lM+osaQ toku gks xb±] cq<+kis dh /wy lkI
+
kQ gks xbZA bekjrksa us uk”kuhuksa
2
 dh rjg
Üka`xkj fd;k---
ysfdu ,d cM+h eqf'dy is'k Fkhµog Fkh tkWtZ iape dh ukd!---u;h fnYYkh esa
lc oqQN Fkk] lc oqQN gksrk tk jgk Fkk] lc oqQN gks tkus dh mEehn Fkh ij tkWtZ iape
dh ukd cM+h eqlhcr FkhA u;h fnYyh esa lc Fkk---flI
+
kZQ ukd ugha Fkh!
bl ukd dh Hkh ,d yach nkLrku gSA bl ukd osQ fy, cM+s rgyosQ eps Fks fdlh
oDr! vkanksyu gq, FksA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us izLRkko ikl fd, FksA pank tek fd;k FkkA
oqQN usrkvksa us Hkk"k.k Hkh fn, FksA xjekxje cglsa Hkh gqbZ FkhaA v[kckjksa osQ iUus jax x,
FksA cgl bl ckr ij Fkh fd tkWtZ iape dh ukd jgus nh tk, ;k gVk nh tk,! vkSj
tSlk fd gj jktuhfrd vkanksyu esa gksrk gS] oqQN i{k esa Fks oqQN foi{k esa vkSj ”;knkrj
yksx [kkeks'k FksA [kkeks'k jgus okyksa dh rkdr nksuksa rjI
+
kQ Fkh---
;g vkanksyu py jgk FkkA tkWtZ iape dh ukd osQ fy, gfFk;kj can igjsnkj rSukr
dj fn, x, Fks] D;k etky fd dksbZ mudh ukd rd igq¡p tk,A ¯gnqLrku esa
txg&txg ,slh ukosaQ [kM+h FkhaA vkSj ftu rd yksxksa osQ gkFk igq¡p x, mUgsa
'kkuks&'kkSdr osQ lkFk mrkjdj vtk;c?kjksa esa igq¡pk fn;k x;kA dgha&dgha rks 'kkgh
ykVksa
3
 dh ukdksa osQ fy, xqfjYyk ;q¼ gksrk jgk---
mlh tekus esa ;g gknlk gqvk] bafM;k xsV osQ lkeus okyh tkWtZ iape dh ykV dh
ukd ,dk,d xk;c gks xbZ! gfFk;kjcan igjsnkj viuh txg rSukr jgsA x'r yxrh jgh
vkSj ykV dh ukd pyh xbZA
jkuh vk, vkSj ukd u gks! ,dk,d ijs'kkuh c<+hA cM+h ljxjeh 'kq: gqbZA ns'k osQ
[kSj[okgksa
4
 dh ,d ehfVax cqykbZ xbZ vkSj elyk is'k fd;k x;k fd D;k fd;k tk,\
ogk¡ lHkh lger Fks fd vxj ;g ukd ugha gS rks gekjh Hkh ukd ugha jg tk,xh---
o`Qfrdk
12
mPp Lrj ij e'kojs gq,] fnekx [kjksaps x, vkSj ;g r; fd;k x;k fd gj gkyr
esa bl ukd dk gksuk cgqr ”k:jh gSA ;g r; gksrs gh ,d ewfrZdkj dks gqDe fn;k x;k
fd og I
+
kQkSju fnYyh esa gkf”kj gksA
ewfrZdkj ;ksa rks dykdkj Fkk ij ”kjk iSls ls ykpkj FkkA vkrs gh] mlus gqDdkeksa osQ
psgjs ns[ks] vthc ijs'kkuh Fkh mu psgjksa ij] oqQN yVosQ] oqQN mnkl vkSj oqQN
cngokl FksA mudh gkyr ns[kdj ykpkj dykdkj dh vk¡[kksa esa vklw¡ vk x, rHkh ,d
vkok”k lqukbZ nh] ¶ewfrZdkj! tkWtZ iape dh ukd yxkuh gS!¸
ewfrZdkj us lquk vkSj tokc fn;k] ¶ukd yx tk,xhA ij eq>s ;g ekywe gksuk
pkfg, fd ;g ykV dc vkSj dgk¡ cuh FkhA bl ykV osQ fy, iRFkj dgk¡ ls yk;k
x;k Fkk\¸
lc gqDdkeksa us ,d nwljs dh rjI
+
kQ rkdk---,d dh u”kj us nwljs ls dgk fd ;g
crkus dh ftEesnkjh rqEgkjh gSA [kSj] elyk gy gqvkA ,d DyoZQ dks iQksu fd;k x;k
vkSj bl ckr dh iwjh Nkuchu djus dk dke lkSai fn;k x;kA---iqjkRkRo foHkkx dh
iQkbyksa osQ isV phjs x, ij oqQN Hkh irk ugha pykA DyoZQ us ykSVdj desVh osQ lkeus
dk¡irs gq, c;ku fd;k] ¶lj! esjh [krk ekI
+
kQ gks] I
+
kQkbysa lc oqQN g”ke dj pqdh gSaA¸
tkWtZ iape dh ukd
13
5- fdlh dk;Z osQ gksus ;k u gksus dh iwjh ftEesnkjh] dk;ZHkkj
gqDdkeksa osQ psgjksa ij mnklh osQ ckny Nk x,A ,d [kkl desVh cukbZ xbZ vkSj
mlosQ ftEes ;g dke ns fn;k x;k fd tSLks Hkh gks] ;g dke gksuk gS vkSj bl ukd
dk nkjksenkj
5
 vki ij gSA
vkf[kj ewfrZdkj dks fiQj cqyk;k x;k] mlus elyk gy dj fn;kA og cksyk]
¶iRFkj dh fdLe dk Bhd irk ugha pyk rks ijs'kku er gksb,] eSa ¯gnqLrku osQ gj
igkM+ ij tkmQ¡xk vkSj ,slk gh iRFkj [kkstdj ykmQ¡xkA¸ desVh osQ lnL;ksa dh tku esa
tku vkbZA lHkkifr us pyrs&pyrs xoZ ls dgk] ¶,slh D;k ph”k gS tks ¯gnqLrku eas
feyrh ughaA gj ph”k bl ns'k osQ xHkZ esa fNih gS] ”k:jr [kkst djus dh gSA [kkst djus
osQ fy, esgur djuh gksxh] bl esgur dk iQy gesa feysxk---vkus okyk ”kekuk
[kq'kgky gksxkA¸
;g NksVk&lk Hkk"k.k I
+
kQkSju v[kckjksa esa Ni x;kA
ewfrZdkj ¯gnqLrku osQ igkM+h izns'kksa vkSj iRFkjksa dh [kkuksa osQ nkSjs ij fudy iM+kA
oqQN fnu ckn og grk'k ykSVk] mlosQ psgjs ij ykur cjl jgh Fkh] mlus flj
yVdkdj [kcj nh] ¶¯gnqLrku dk pIik&pIik [kkst Mkyk ij bl fdLe dk iRFkj
dgha ugha feykA ;g iRFkj fons'kh gSA¸
lHkkifr us RkS'k esa vkdj dgk] ¶ykur gS vkidh vDy ij! fons'kksa dh lkjh ph”ksa
ge viuk pqosQ gSaµfny&fnekx] rkSj&rjhosQ vkSj jgu&lgu] tc ¯gnqLrku esa cky Mkal
rd fey tkrk gS rks iRFkj D;ksa ugha fey ldrk\¸
ewfrZdkj pqi [kM+k FkkA lglk mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA mlus dgk] ¶,d ckr
eSa dguk pkgw¡xk] ysfdu bl 'krZ ij fd ;g ckr v[kckj okyksa rd u igq¡ps---¸
lHkkifr dh vk¡[kksa esa Hkh ped vkbZA pijklh dks gqDe gqvk vkSj dejs osQ lc
njok”ks can dj fn, x,A rc ewfrZdkj us dgk] ¶ns'k esa vius usrkvksa dh ewfrZ;k¡ Hkh
gSa] vxj btk”kr gks vkSj vki yksx Bhd le>sa rks---esjk eryc gS rks---ftldh ukd
bl ykV ij Bhd cSBs] mls mrkj yk;k tk,---¸
lcus lcdh rjI
+
kQ ns[kkA lcdh vk¡[kksa esa ,d {k.k dh cngoklh osQ ckn [kq'kh
rSjus yxhA lHkkifr us /hes ls dgk] ¶ysfdu cM+h gksf'k;kjh lsA¸
vkSj ewfrZdkj fiQj ns'k&nkSjs ij fudy iM+kA tkWtZ iape dh [kksbZ gqbZ ukd dk uki
mlosQ ikl FkkA fnYyh ls og cacbZ igq¡pkA nknkHkkbZ ukSjksth] xks[kys] fryd] f'kokth]
dkWolth tgk¡xhjµlcdh ukosaQ mlus VVksyha] ukiha vkSj xqtjkr dh vksj Hkkxkµ xkaèkh
o`Qfrdk
14
th] ljnkj iVsy] fo_yHkkbZ iVsy] egknso nslkbZ dh ewfrZ;ksa dks ij[kk vkSj caxky dh
vksj pykµxq#nso johanzukFk] lqHkk"kpanz cksl] jktk jkeeksgu jk; vkfn dks Hkh ns[kk]
uki&tks[k dh vkSj fcgkj dh rjI
+
kQ pykA fcgkj gksrk gqvk mÙkj izns'k dh vksj
vk;kµpanz'ks[kj vk”kkn] fcfLey] eksrhyky usg:] enueksgu ekyoh; dh ykVksa osQ
ikl x;kA ?kcjkgV esa enzkl Hkh igq¡pk] lR;ewfrZ oQks Hkh ns[kk vkSj eSlwj&osQjy vkfn
lHkh izns'kksa dk nkSjk djrk gqqvk iatkc igq¡pkµykyk yktirjk; vkSj Hkxr¯lg dh ykVksa
ls Hkh lkeuk gqvkA vkf[kj fnYyh igq¡pk vkSj mlus viuh eqf'dy c;ku dh] ¶iwjs
¯gnqLrku dh ifjozQek dj vk;k] lc ewfrZ;k¡ ns[k vk;kA lcdh ukdksa dk uki fy;k
ij tkWtZ iape dh bl ukd ls lc cM+h fudyhaA
lqudj lc grk'k gks x, vkSj >q¡>ykus yxsA ewfrZdkj us <k<l c¡/krs gq, vkxs
dgk] ¶lquk gS fd fcgkj lsozsQVfj,V osQ lkeus lu~ c;kyhl esa 'kghn gkssus okys cPpkas
dh ewfrZ;k¡ LFkkfir gSa] 'kk;n cPpksa dh ukd gh fiQV cSB tk,] ;g lkspdj ogk¡ Hkh
igq¡pk ij mu cPpksa dh ukosaQ Hkh blls dgha cM+h cSBrh gSaA vc crkb,] EkSa D;k
d:¡\¸
---jkt/kuh esa lc rS;kfj;k¡ FkhaA tkWtZ iape dh ykV dks ey&eydj ugyk;k x;k
FkkA jksxu yxk;k x;k FkkA lc oqQN gks pqdk Fkk] flI
+
kZQ ukd ugha FkhA
ckr fiQj cM+s gqDdkeksa rd ig¡qphA cM+h [kycyh ephµvxj tkWtZ iape osQ ukd
u yx ikbZ rks fiQj jkuh dk Lokxr djus dk eryc\ ;g rks viuh ukd dVkus okyh
ckr gqbZA
ysfdu ewfrZdkj iSls ls ykpkj Fkk---;kuh gkj ekuus okyk dykdkj ugha FkkA ,d
gSjrvaxs”k [k;ky mlosQ fnekx esa dkSa/k vkSj mlus igyh 'krZ nksgjkbZA ftl dejs esa
desVh cSBh gqbZ Fkh mlosQ njok”ks fiQj can gq, vkSj ewfrZdkj us viuh u;h ;kstuk is'k
dh] ¶pw¡fd ukd yxuk ,dne ”k:jh gS] blfy, esjh jk; gS fd pkyhl djksM+ esa ls
dksbZ ,d ¯”knk ukd dkVdj yxk nh tk,---¸
ckr osQ lkFk gh lUukVk Nk x;kA oqQN feuVksa dh [kkeks'kh osQ ckn lHkkifr us
lcdh rjI
+
kQ ns[kkA lcdks ijs'kku ns[kdj ewfrZdkj oqQN vpdpk;k
6
 vkSj /hjs ls cksyk]
¶vki yksx D;ksa ?kcjkrs gSa! ;g dke esjs mQij NksM+ nhft,---ukd pquuk esjk dke gS]
vkidh flI
+
kZQ btk”kr pkfg,A¸
dkukiwQlh gqbZ vkSj ewfrZdkj dks btk”kr ns nh xbZA
6- pkSad mBuk] HkkSapDdk gksuk
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,

ppt

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Objective type Questions

,

NCERT Textbook - जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

video lectures

,

Viva Questions

,

Important questions

,

Semester Notes

,

Extra Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

NCERT Textbook - जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

pdf

,

practice quizzes

;