NCERT Textbook - टिपटिपवा Class 3 Notes | EduRev

Hindi for Class 3

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 3 : NCERT Textbook - टिपटिपवा Class 3 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


54
7. fVifViok
,d Fkh cqf<+;kA mldk ,d iksrk FkkA iksrk jks”k jkr esa lksus ls igys
nknh ls dgkuh lqurkA nknh jks”k mls rjg&rjg dh dgkfu;k¡ lqukrhA
,d fnu ewlyk/kj ckfj'k gqbZA ,slh ckfj'k igys dHkh ugha gqbZ
FkhA lkjk xk¡o ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA cqf<+;k dh >ksaiM+h esa ikuh
txg&txg ls Vid jgk Fkk – fVifVi&fVifViA bl ckr ls cs[kcj
iksrk nknh dh xksn esa ysVk dgkuh lquus osQ fy, epy jgk FkkA
cqf<+;k [kh>dj cksyh – vjs cpok] dk dgkuh lquk,¡\ bZ fVifViok
ls tku cps rc u!
iksrk mBdj cSB x;kA
mlus iwNk – nknh] ;s
fVifViok dkSu gS\
fVifViok D;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls Hkh cM+k gksrk gS\
nknh Nr ls Vidrs
gq, ikuh dh rji
+
Q
ns[kdj cksyha – gk¡
cpok] u 'ksjok osQ Mj]
u c?kok osQ MjA Mj r
Mj] fVifViok osQ MjA
mÙkj izns'k dh yksddFkk
2019-2020
Page 2


54
7. fVifViok
,d Fkh cqf<+;kA mldk ,d iksrk FkkA iksrk jks”k jkr esa lksus ls igys
nknh ls dgkuh lqurkA nknh jks”k mls rjg&rjg dh dgkfu;k¡ lqukrhA
,d fnu ewlyk/kj ckfj'k gqbZA ,slh ckfj'k igys dHkh ugha gqbZ
FkhA lkjk xk¡o ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA cqf<+;k dh >ksaiM+h esa ikuh
txg&txg ls Vid jgk Fkk – fVifVi&fVifViA bl ckr ls cs[kcj
iksrk nknh dh xksn esa ysVk dgkuh lquus osQ fy, epy jgk FkkA
cqf<+;k [kh>dj cksyh – vjs cpok] dk dgkuh lquk,¡\ bZ fVifViok
ls tku cps rc u!
iksrk mBdj cSB x;kA
mlus iwNk – nknh] ;s
fVifViok dkSu gS\
fVifViok D;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls Hkh cM+k gksrk gS\
nknh Nr ls Vidrs
gq, ikuh dh rji
+
Q
ns[kdj cksyha – gk¡
cpok] u 'ksjok osQ Mj]
u c?kok osQ MjA Mj r
Mj] fVifViok osQ MjA
mÙkj izns'k dh yksddFkk
2019-2020
55
la;ksx ls eqlhcr dk ekjk ,d ck?k ckfj'k ls cpus osQ fy,
>ksaiM+h osQ ihNs cSBk FkkA cspkjk ck?k ckfj'k ls ?kcjk;k gqvk FkkA
cqf<+;k dh ckr lqurs gh og vkSj Mj x;kA
vc ;g fVifViok dkSu&lh
cyk gS\ ”k:j ;g dksbZ cM+k
tkuoj gSA rHkh rks cqf<+;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls ”;knk fVifViok ls Mjrh gSA
blls igys fd ckgj vkdj og
eq> ij geyk djs] eq>s gh ;gk¡
ls Hkkx tkuk pkfg,A
ck?k us ,slk lkspk vkSj >ViV
og¡k ls nqe nckdj Hkkx pykA
mlh xk¡o esa ,d /ksch jgrk FkkA og
Hkh ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA vkt lqcg ls
mldk xèkk xk;c FkkA lkjk fnu og
ckfj'k esa Hkhxrk jgk vkSj txg&txg
x/s dks <w¡<+rk jgk ysfdu og dgha ugha
feykA
/ksch dh iRuh cksyh – tkdj xk¡o osQ
IkafMr th ls D;ksa ugha iwNrs\ os cM+s Kkuh
gSaA vkxs&ihNs] lcosQ gky dh mUgsa [kcj
jgrh gSA
2019-2020
Page 3


54
7. fVifViok
,d Fkh cqf<+;kA mldk ,d iksrk FkkA iksrk jks”k jkr esa lksus ls igys
nknh ls dgkuh lqurkA nknh jks”k mls rjg&rjg dh dgkfu;k¡ lqukrhA
,d fnu ewlyk/kj ckfj'k gqbZA ,slh ckfj'k igys dHkh ugha gqbZ
FkhA lkjk xk¡o ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA cqf<+;k dh >ksaiM+h esa ikuh
txg&txg ls Vid jgk Fkk – fVifVi&fVifViA bl ckr ls cs[kcj
iksrk nknh dh xksn esa ysVk dgkuh lquus osQ fy, epy jgk FkkA
cqf<+;k [kh>dj cksyh – vjs cpok] dk dgkuh lquk,¡\ bZ fVifViok
ls tku cps rc u!
iksrk mBdj cSB x;kA
mlus iwNk – nknh] ;s
fVifViok dkSu gS\
fVifViok D;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls Hkh cM+k gksrk gS\
nknh Nr ls Vidrs
gq, ikuh dh rji
+
Q
ns[kdj cksyha – gk¡
cpok] u 'ksjok osQ Mj]
u c?kok osQ MjA Mj r
Mj] fVifViok osQ MjA
mÙkj izns'k dh yksddFkk
2019-2020
55
la;ksx ls eqlhcr dk ekjk ,d ck?k ckfj'k ls cpus osQ fy,
>ksaiM+h osQ ihNs cSBk FkkA cspkjk ck?k ckfj'k ls ?kcjk;k gqvk FkkA
cqf<+;k dh ckr lqurs gh og vkSj Mj x;kA
vc ;g fVifViok dkSu&lh
cyk gS\ ”k:j ;g dksbZ cM+k
tkuoj gSA rHkh rks cqf<+;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls ”;knk fVifViok ls Mjrh gSA
blls igys fd ckgj vkdj og
eq> ij geyk djs] eq>s gh ;gk¡
ls Hkkx tkuk pkfg,A
ck?k us ,slk lkspk vkSj >ViV
og¡k ls nqe nckdj Hkkx pykA
mlh xk¡o esa ,d /ksch jgrk FkkA og
Hkh ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA vkt lqcg ls
mldk xèkk xk;c FkkA lkjk fnu og
ckfj'k esa Hkhxrk jgk vkSj txg&txg
x/s dks <w¡<+rk jgk ysfdu og dgha ugha
feykA
/ksch dh iRuh cksyh – tkdj xk¡o osQ
IkafMr th ls D;ksa ugha iwNrs\ os cM+s Kkuh
gSaA vkxs&ihNs] lcosQ gky dh mUgsa [kcj
jgrh gSA
2019-2020
56
iRuh dh ckr /ksch dks t¡p xbZA viuk eksVk y_ mBkdj og
IkafMr th osQ ?kj dh rji -Q py iM+kA mlus ns[kk fd IkafMr th ?kj
esa tek ckfj'k dk ikuh myhp&myhpdj isaQd jgs Fks A
/ksch us cslczh ls iwNk–
egkjkt] esjk x/k lqcg
ls ugha fey jgk gSA ”kjk
iksFkh ck¡pdj crkb, rks og
dgk¡ gS\
lqcg ls ikuh myhprs&
myhprs IkafMr th Fkd x,
FksA /ksch dh ckr lquh rks
>q¡>yk iM+s vkSj cksys –
esjh iksFkh esa rsjs x/s dk irk &
fBdkuk fy[kk gS D;k] tks vk x;k iwNus\ vjs] tkdj <w¡<+ mls
fdlh x<+bZ&iks[kj esaA
vkSj IkafMr th yxs fiQj ikuh myhpusA /ksch ogk¡ ls py fn;kA
pyrs&pyrs og ,d rkykc osQ ikl igq¡pkA rkykc osQ fdukjs
m¡Qph&m¡Qph ?kkl mx jgh FkhA /ksch ?kkl esa x/s dks <w¡<+us yxkA
fdLer dk ekjk cspkjk ck?k fVifViok osQ Mj ls ogha ?kkl esa fNik
cSBk FkkA /ksch dks yxk fd ck?k gh mldk xèkk gSA mlus vko ns[kk
u rko vkSj yxk ck?k ij eksVk y_ cjlkusA cspkjk ck?k bl vpkud
geys ls ,dne ?kcjk x;kA
2019-2020
Page 4


54
7. fVifViok
,d Fkh cqf<+;kA mldk ,d iksrk FkkA iksrk jks”k jkr esa lksus ls igys
nknh ls dgkuh lqurkA nknh jks”k mls rjg&rjg dh dgkfu;k¡ lqukrhA
,d fnu ewlyk/kj ckfj'k gqbZA ,slh ckfj'k igys dHkh ugha gqbZ
FkhA lkjk xk¡o ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA cqf<+;k dh >ksaiM+h esa ikuh
txg&txg ls Vid jgk Fkk – fVifVi&fVifViA bl ckr ls cs[kcj
iksrk nknh dh xksn esa ysVk dgkuh lquus osQ fy, epy jgk FkkA
cqf<+;k [kh>dj cksyh – vjs cpok] dk dgkuh lquk,¡\ bZ fVifViok
ls tku cps rc u!
iksrk mBdj cSB x;kA
mlus iwNk – nknh] ;s
fVifViok dkSu gS\
fVifViok D;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls Hkh cM+k gksrk gS\
nknh Nr ls Vidrs
gq, ikuh dh rji
+
Q
ns[kdj cksyha – gk¡
cpok] u 'ksjok osQ Mj]
u c?kok osQ MjA Mj r
Mj] fVifViok osQ MjA
mÙkj izns'k dh yksddFkk
2019-2020
55
la;ksx ls eqlhcr dk ekjk ,d ck?k ckfj'k ls cpus osQ fy,
>ksaiM+h osQ ihNs cSBk FkkA cspkjk ck?k ckfj'k ls ?kcjk;k gqvk FkkA
cqf<+;k dh ckr lqurs gh og vkSj Mj x;kA
vc ;g fVifViok dkSu&lh
cyk gS\ ”k:j ;g dksbZ cM+k
tkuoj gSA rHkh rks cqf<+;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls ”;knk fVifViok ls Mjrh gSA
blls igys fd ckgj vkdj og
eq> ij geyk djs] eq>s gh ;gk¡
ls Hkkx tkuk pkfg,A
ck?k us ,slk lkspk vkSj >ViV
og¡k ls nqe nckdj Hkkx pykA
mlh xk¡o esa ,d /ksch jgrk FkkA og
Hkh ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA vkt lqcg ls
mldk xèkk xk;c FkkA lkjk fnu og
ckfj'k esa Hkhxrk jgk vkSj txg&txg
x/s dks <w¡<+rk jgk ysfdu og dgha ugha
feykA
/ksch dh iRuh cksyh – tkdj xk¡o osQ
IkafMr th ls D;ksa ugha iwNrs\ os cM+s Kkuh
gSaA vkxs&ihNs] lcosQ gky dh mUgsa [kcj
jgrh gSA
2019-2020
56
iRuh dh ckr /ksch dks t¡p xbZA viuk eksVk y_ mBkdj og
IkafMr th osQ ?kj dh rji -Q py iM+kA mlus ns[kk fd IkafMr th ?kj
esa tek ckfj'k dk ikuh myhp&myhpdj isaQd jgs Fks A
/ksch us cslczh ls iwNk–
egkjkt] esjk x/k lqcg
ls ugha fey jgk gSA ”kjk
iksFkh ck¡pdj crkb, rks og
dgk¡ gS\
lqcg ls ikuh myhprs&
myhprs IkafMr th Fkd x,
FksA /ksch dh ckr lquh rks
>q¡>yk iM+s vkSj cksys –
esjh iksFkh esa rsjs x/s dk irk &
fBdkuk fy[kk gS D;k] tks vk x;k iwNus\ vjs] tkdj <w¡<+ mls
fdlh x<+bZ&iks[kj esaA
vkSj IkafMr th yxs fiQj ikuh myhpusA /ksch ogk¡ ls py fn;kA
pyrs&pyrs og ,d rkykc osQ ikl igq¡pkA rkykc osQ fdukjs
m¡Qph&m¡Qph ?kkl mx jgh FkhA /ksch ?kkl esa x/s dks <w¡<+us yxkA
fdLer dk ekjk cspkjk ck?k fVifViok osQ Mj ls ogha ?kkl esa fNik
cSBk FkkA /ksch dks yxk fd ck?k gh mldk xèkk gSA mlus vko ns[kk
u rko vkSj yxk ck?k ij eksVk y_ cjlkusA cspkjk ck?k bl vpkud
geys ls ,dne ?kcjk x;kA
2019-2020
57
ck?k us eu gh eu lkspk – yxrk gS ;gh fVifViok gSA vkf[kj
blus eq>s <w¡<+ gh fy;kA vc viuh tku cpkuh gS rks ;g tks dgs]
pqipki djrs tkvksA
vkt rwus cgqr ijs'kku fd;k gSA ekj&ekjdj eSa rsjk dPkwej
fudky nw¡xk – ,slk dgdj /ksch us ck?k dk dku idM+k vkSj mls
[khaprk gqvk ?kj dh rji -Q py fn;kA ck?k fcuk pw¡&piM+ fd, Hkhxh
fcYyh cuk /ksch osQ ihNs&ihNs py fn;kA ?kj igq¡pdj /ksch us ck?k
dks [kw¡Vs ls ck¡/ fn;k vkSj lks x;kA
lqcg tc xk¡o okyksa us /ksch osQ ?kj osQ ckgj [kw¡Vs ls ,d ck?k
dks c¡èks ns[kk rks mudh vk¡[ksa [kqyh dh [kqyh jg xbZaA
fxfjtk jkuh vLFkkuk
2019-2020
Page 5


54
7. fVifViok
,d Fkh cqf<+;kA mldk ,d iksrk FkkA iksrk jks”k jkr esa lksus ls igys
nknh ls dgkuh lqurkA nknh jks”k mls rjg&rjg dh dgkfu;k¡ lqukrhA
,d fnu ewlyk/kj ckfj'k gqbZA ,slh ckfj'k igys dHkh ugha gqbZ
FkhA lkjk xk¡o ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA cqf<+;k dh >ksaiM+h esa ikuh
txg&txg ls Vid jgk Fkk – fVifVi&fVifViA bl ckr ls cs[kcj
iksrk nknh dh xksn esa ysVk dgkuh lquus osQ fy, epy jgk FkkA
cqf<+;k [kh>dj cksyh – vjs cpok] dk dgkuh lquk,¡\ bZ fVifViok
ls tku cps rc u!
iksrk mBdj cSB x;kA
mlus iwNk – nknh] ;s
fVifViok dkSu gS\
fVifViok D;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls Hkh cM+k gksrk gS\
nknh Nr ls Vidrs
gq, ikuh dh rji
+
Q
ns[kdj cksyha – gk¡
cpok] u 'ksjok osQ Mj]
u c?kok osQ MjA Mj r
Mj] fVifViok osQ MjA
mÙkj izns'k dh yksddFkk
2019-2020
55
la;ksx ls eqlhcr dk ekjk ,d ck?k ckfj'k ls cpus osQ fy,
>ksaiM+h osQ ihNs cSBk FkkA cspkjk ck?k ckfj'k ls ?kcjk;k gqvk FkkA
cqf<+;k dh ckr lqurs gh og vkSj Mj x;kA
vc ;g fVifViok dkSu&lh
cyk gS\ ”k:j ;g dksbZ cM+k
tkuoj gSA rHkh rks cqf<+;k 'ksj&ck?k
ls ”;knk fVifViok ls Mjrh gSA
blls igys fd ckgj vkdj og
eq> ij geyk djs] eq>s gh ;gk¡
ls Hkkx tkuk pkfg,A
ck?k us ,slk lkspk vkSj >ViV
og¡k ls nqe nckdj Hkkx pykA
mlh xk¡o esa ,d /ksch jgrk FkkA og
Hkh ckfj'k ls ijs'kku FkkA vkt lqcg ls
mldk xèkk xk;c FkkA lkjk fnu og
ckfj'k esa Hkhxrk jgk vkSj txg&txg
x/s dks <w¡<+rk jgk ysfdu og dgha ugha
feykA
/ksch dh iRuh cksyh – tkdj xk¡o osQ
IkafMr th ls D;ksa ugha iwNrs\ os cM+s Kkuh
gSaA vkxs&ihNs] lcosQ gky dh mUgsa [kcj
jgrh gSA
2019-2020
56
iRuh dh ckr /ksch dks t¡p xbZA viuk eksVk y_ mBkdj og
IkafMr th osQ ?kj dh rji -Q py iM+kA mlus ns[kk fd IkafMr th ?kj
esa tek ckfj'k dk ikuh myhp&myhpdj isaQd jgs Fks A
/ksch us cslczh ls iwNk–
egkjkt] esjk x/k lqcg
ls ugha fey jgk gSA ”kjk
iksFkh ck¡pdj crkb, rks og
dgk¡ gS\
lqcg ls ikuh myhprs&
myhprs IkafMr th Fkd x,
FksA /ksch dh ckr lquh rks
>q¡>yk iM+s vkSj cksys –
esjh iksFkh esa rsjs x/s dk irk &
fBdkuk fy[kk gS D;k] tks vk x;k iwNus\ vjs] tkdj <w¡<+ mls
fdlh x<+bZ&iks[kj esaA
vkSj IkafMr th yxs fiQj ikuh myhpusA /ksch ogk¡ ls py fn;kA
pyrs&pyrs og ,d rkykc osQ ikl igq¡pkA rkykc osQ fdukjs
m¡Qph&m¡Qph ?kkl mx jgh FkhA /ksch ?kkl esa x/s dks <w¡<+us yxkA
fdLer dk ekjk cspkjk ck?k fVifViok osQ Mj ls ogha ?kkl esa fNik
cSBk FkkA /ksch dks yxk fd ck?k gh mldk xèkk gSA mlus vko ns[kk
u rko vkSj yxk ck?k ij eksVk y_ cjlkusA cspkjk ck?k bl vpkud
geys ls ,dne ?kcjk x;kA
2019-2020
57
ck?k us eu gh eu lkspk – yxrk gS ;gh fVifViok gSA vkf[kj
blus eq>s <w¡<+ gh fy;kA vc viuh tku cpkuh gS rks ;g tks dgs]
pqipki djrs tkvksA
vkt rwus cgqr ijs'kku fd;k gSA ekj&ekjdj eSa rsjk dPkwej
fudky nw¡xk – ,slk dgdj /ksch us ck?k dk dku idM+k vkSj mls
[khaprk gqvk ?kj dh rji -Q py fn;kA ck?k fcuk pw¡&piM+ fd, Hkhxh
fcYyh cuk /ksch osQ ihNs&ihNs py fn;kA ?kj igq¡pdj /ksch us ck?k
dks [kw¡Vs ls ck¡/ fn;k vkSj lks x;kA
lqcg tc xk¡o okyksa us /ksch osQ ?kj osQ ckgj [kw¡Vs ls ,d ck?k
dks c¡èks ns[kk rks mudh vk¡[ksa [kqyh dh [kqyh jg xbZaA
fxfjtk jkuh vLFkkuk
2019-2020
58
dkSu&fdlls ijs'kku\
bl dgkuh esa yxrk gS lHkh ijs'kku FksA crkvks dkSu&fdlls ijs'kku Fkk\
--------------
&
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------
&
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------
&
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------
&
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
eryc crkvks
uhps dgkuh esa ls oqQN okD; fn, x, gSaA bUgsa vius 'kCnksa esa
fy[kksA
? fVifViok dkSu&lh cyk gS\
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? iRuh dh ckr /ksch dks t¡p xbZA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? ck?k fcuk pw¡&piM+ fd, Hkhxh fcYyh cuk /ksch osQ ihNs&ihNs
py fn;kA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? ”kjk iksFkh ck¡p dj crkb, og dgk¡ gS\
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2019-2020
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