NCERT Textbook - डिजीभारतम् Class 8 Notes | EduRev

संस्कृत कक्षा 8 (Sanskrit Class 8)

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook - डिजीभारतम् Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


fMthHkkjre~
¹izLrqr ikB ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ osQ ewy Hkko dks ysdj fy[kk x;k fucU/kRed ikB
gSA blesa oSKkfud izxfr osQ mu vk;keksa dks Nqvk x;k gS] ftuesa ge ,d ¶fDyd¸
}kjk cgqr oqQN dj ldrs gSaA vkt bUVjusV us gekjs thou dks fdruk ljy cuk fn;k
gSA ge HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls ,d nwljs osQ vR;Ur fudV vk x, gSaA blosQ }kjk thou
osQ izR;sd fØ;kdyki lqfo/ktud gks x, gSaA ,sls gh Hkkoksa dks ;gk¡ ljy laLÑr esa
O;Dr fd;k x;k gSAº
v| lEiw.kZfo'os ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Jw;rsA vL; inL; d% Hkko%  bfr
eufl ftKklk mRi|rsA dkyifjorZusu lg ekuoL; vko';drk¿fi ifjorZrsA izkphudkys
KkuL; vknku&iznkua ekSf[kde~ vklhr~] fo|k p JqfrijEij;k x`árs LeA vuUrja rkyi=kksifj
Hkksti=kksifj p ys[kudk;Ze~ vkjC/e~A ijofrZfu dkys dxZnL;
ys[kU;k% p vkfo"dkjs.k loZs"kkeso euksxrkuka Hkkokuka
dxZnksifj ys[kua izkjC/e~A VÄ
ï
.k;U=kL; vkfo"dkjs.k rq
fyf[krk lkexzh VfÄ
ï
rk lrh cgqdkyk; lqjf{krk vfr"Br~A
oSKkfudizfo/s% izxfr;k=kk iqujfi vxzs xrkA v| lokZf.k
dk;kZZf.k lÄõ.kdukeosQu ;U=ks.k lkf/rkfu HkofUrA
lekpkj&i=kkf.k] iqLrdkfu p dEI;wVjekè;esu iB~;Urs
fy[;Urs pA dxZnks|ksxs o`{kk.kke~ mi;ksxsu o`{kk% dR;ZUrs
Le] ije~ lÄõ.kdL; vf/dkf/d&iz;ksxs.k o`{kk.kka drZus U;wurk Hkfo";fr bfr fo'okl%A
vusu i;kZoj.klqj{kk;k% fnf'k egku~ midkjks Hkfo";frA
r`rh;% ikB%
2020-21
Page 2


fMthHkkjre~
¹izLrqr ikB ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ osQ ewy Hkko dks ysdj fy[kk x;k fucU/kRed ikB
gSA blesa oSKkfud izxfr osQ mu vk;keksa dks Nqvk x;k gS] ftuesa ge ,d ¶fDyd¸
}kjk cgqr oqQN dj ldrs gSaA vkt bUVjusV us gekjs thou dks fdruk ljy cuk fn;k
gSA ge HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls ,d nwljs osQ vR;Ur fudV vk x, gSaA blosQ }kjk thou
osQ izR;sd fØ;kdyki lqfo/ktud gks x, gSaA ,sls gh Hkkoksa dks ;gk¡ ljy laLÑr esa
O;Dr fd;k x;k gSAº
v| lEiw.kZfo'os ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Jw;rsA vL; inL; d% Hkko%  bfr
eufl ftKklk mRi|rsA dkyifjorZusu lg ekuoL; vko';drk¿fi ifjorZrsA izkphudkys
KkuL; vknku&iznkua ekSf[kde~ vklhr~] fo|k p JqfrijEij;k x`árs LeA vuUrja rkyi=kksifj
Hkksti=kksifj p ys[kudk;Ze~ vkjC/e~A ijofrZfu dkys dxZnL;
ys[kU;k% p vkfo"dkjs.k loZs"kkeso euksxrkuka Hkkokuka
dxZnksifj ys[kua izkjC/e~A VÄ
ï
.k;U=kL; vkfo"dkjs.k rq
fyf[krk lkexzh VfÄ
ï
rk lrh cgqdkyk; lqjf{krk vfr"Br~A
oSKkfudizfo/s% izxfr;k=kk iqujfi vxzs xrkA v| lokZf.k
dk;kZZf.k lÄõ.kdukeosQu ;U=ks.k lkf/rkfu HkofUrA
lekpkj&i=kkf.k] iqLrdkfu p dEI;wVjekè;esu iB~;Urs
fy[;Urs pA dxZnks|ksxs o`{kk.kke~ mi;ksxsu o`{kk% dR;ZUrs
Le] ije~ lÄõ.kdL; vf/dkf/d&iz;ksxs.k o`{kk.kka drZus U;wurk Hkfo";fr bfr fo'okl%A
vusu i;kZoj.klqj{kk;k% fnf'k egku~ midkjks Hkfo";frA
r`rh;% ikB%
2020-21
14
#fpjk
r`rh;ks Hkkx%
v/quk vki.ks oLrqØ;kFkZe~ :I;dk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk ukfLrA ¶MsfcV dkMZ¸] ¶ØsfMV
dkMZ¸ bR;kn;% loZ=k :I;dk.kka LFkkua x`ghroUr%A foÙkdks'kL; (cSadL;) pkfi lokZf.k
dk;kZf.k lÄõ.kd;U=ks.k lEik|UrsA cgqfo/k% vuqiz;ksxk% (APP) eqnzkghuk; fofue;k;
(Cashless Transaction) lgk;dk% lfUrA
oqQ=kkfi ;k=kk dj.kh;k Hkosr~ jsy;ku;k=kki=kL;]
ok;q;ku;k=kki=kL; vfuok;Zrk v| ukfLrA lokZf.k i=kkf.k
vLekoaQ pynwjHkk"k;U=ks ^bZ&esy* bfr LFkkus lqjf{krkfu
HkofUr ;kfu lUn';Z o;a lkSd;sZ.k ;k=kk;k% vkuUna
x`Êhe%A fpfdRlky;s¿fi mipkjkFkZa :I;dk.kke~
vko';drk| ukuqHkw;rsA loZ=k dkMZekè;esu] bZ&cSadekè;esu 'kqYoaQ iznkrqa 'kD;rsA
rn~fnua ukfrnwje~ ;nk o;e~ gLrs ,dek=ka pynwjHkk"k;U=keknk; lokZf.k dk;kZf.k
lk/f;rqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";ke%A oL=kiqVosQ :I;dk.kke~ vko';drk u Hkfo";frA ^ikl~cqd*
pSd~cqd* bR;u;ks% vko';drk u Hkfo";frA iBukFkZa iqLrdkuka lekpkji=kk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk
lekIrizk;k Hkfo";frA ys[kukFkZe~ vH;kliqfLrdk;k% dxZnL; ok] uwruKkukUos"k.kkFk±
'kCndks'kL;k¿fi vko';drk u Hkfo";frA vifjfpr&ekxZL; KkukFk± ekxZn'kZdL; ekufp=kL;
vko';drk;k% vuqHkwfr% vfi u Hkfo";frA ,rr~ lo± ,osQusso ;U=ks.k dr±q] 'kD;rsA
'kkdkfnØ;kFkZe~] iQyØ;kFkZe~] foJkex`gs"kq d{ka
lqfuf'pra drq±] fpfdRlky;s 'kqYda iznkrqe~] fo|ky;s
egkfo|ky;s pkfi 'kqYoaQ iznkrqe~] foaQ cgquk nkuefi
nkraq pynwjHkk"k;U=keso vye~A fMthHkkjre~ bfr
vL;ka fnf'k o;a Hkkjrh;k% nzqrxR;k vxzsljke%A
2020-21
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fMthHkkjre~
¹izLrqr ikB ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ osQ ewy Hkko dks ysdj fy[kk x;k fucU/kRed ikB
gSA blesa oSKkfud izxfr osQ mu vk;keksa dks Nqvk x;k gS] ftuesa ge ,d ¶fDyd¸
}kjk cgqr oqQN dj ldrs gSaA vkt bUVjusV us gekjs thou dks fdruk ljy cuk fn;k
gSA ge HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls ,d nwljs osQ vR;Ur fudV vk x, gSaA blosQ }kjk thou
osQ izR;sd fØ;kdyki lqfo/ktud gks x, gSaA ,sls gh Hkkoksa dks ;gk¡ ljy laLÑr esa
O;Dr fd;k x;k gSAº
v| lEiw.kZfo'os ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Jw;rsA vL; inL; d% Hkko%  bfr
eufl ftKklk mRi|rsA dkyifjorZusu lg ekuoL; vko';drk¿fi ifjorZrsA izkphudkys
KkuL; vknku&iznkua ekSf[kde~ vklhr~] fo|k p JqfrijEij;k x`árs LeA vuUrja rkyi=kksifj
Hkksti=kksifj p ys[kudk;Ze~ vkjC/e~A ijofrZfu dkys dxZnL;
ys[kU;k% p vkfo"dkjs.k loZs"kkeso euksxrkuka Hkkokuka
dxZnksifj ys[kua izkjC/e~A VÄ
ï
.k;U=kL; vkfo"dkjs.k rq
fyf[krk lkexzh VfÄ
ï
rk lrh cgqdkyk; lqjf{krk vfr"Br~A
oSKkfudizfo/s% izxfr;k=kk iqujfi vxzs xrkA v| lokZf.k
dk;kZZf.k lÄõ.kdukeosQu ;U=ks.k lkf/rkfu HkofUrA
lekpkj&i=kkf.k] iqLrdkfu p dEI;wVjekè;esu iB~;Urs
fy[;Urs pA dxZnks|ksxs o`{kk.kke~ mi;ksxsu o`{kk% dR;ZUrs
Le] ije~ lÄõ.kdL; vf/dkf/d&iz;ksxs.k o`{kk.kka drZus U;wurk Hkfo";fr bfr fo'okl%A
vusu i;kZoj.klqj{kk;k% fnf'k egku~ midkjks Hkfo";frA
r`rh;% ikB%
2020-21
14
#fpjk
r`rh;ks Hkkx%
v/quk vki.ks oLrqØ;kFkZe~ :I;dk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk ukfLrA ¶MsfcV dkMZ¸] ¶ØsfMV
dkMZ¸ bR;kn;% loZ=k :I;dk.kka LFkkua x`ghroUr%A foÙkdks'kL; (cSadL;) pkfi lokZf.k
dk;kZf.k lÄõ.kd;U=ks.k lEik|UrsA cgqfo/k% vuqiz;ksxk% (APP) eqnzkghuk; fofue;k;
(Cashless Transaction) lgk;dk% lfUrA
oqQ=kkfi ;k=kk dj.kh;k Hkosr~ jsy;ku;k=kki=kL;]
ok;q;ku;k=kki=kL; vfuok;Zrk v| ukfLrA lokZf.k i=kkf.k
vLekoaQ pynwjHkk"k;U=ks ^bZ&esy* bfr LFkkus lqjf{krkfu
HkofUr ;kfu lUn';Z o;a lkSd;sZ.k ;k=kk;k% vkuUna
x`Êhe%A fpfdRlky;s¿fi mipkjkFkZa :I;dk.kke~
vko';drk| ukuqHkw;rsA loZ=k dkMZekè;esu] bZ&cSadekè;esu 'kqYoaQ iznkrqa 'kD;rsA
rn~fnua ukfrnwje~ ;nk o;e~ gLrs ,dek=ka pynwjHkk"k;U=keknk; lokZf.k dk;kZf.k
lk/f;rqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";ke%A oL=kiqVosQ :I;dk.kke~ vko';drk u Hkfo";frA ^ikl~cqd*
pSd~cqd* bR;u;ks% vko';drk u Hkfo";frA iBukFkZa iqLrdkuka lekpkji=kk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk
lekIrizk;k Hkfo";frA ys[kukFkZe~ vH;kliqfLrdk;k% dxZnL; ok] uwruKkukUos"k.kkFk±
'kCndks'kL;k¿fi vko';drk u Hkfo";frA vifjfpr&ekxZL; KkukFk± ekxZn'kZdL; ekufp=kL;
vko';drk;k% vuqHkwfr% vfi u Hkfo";frA ,rr~ lo± ,osQusso ;U=ks.k dr±q] 'kD;rsA
'kkdkfnØ;kFkZe~] iQyØ;kFkZe~] foJkex`gs"kq d{ka
lqfuf'pra drq±] fpfdRlky;s 'kqYda iznkrqe~] fo|ky;s
egkfo|ky;s pkfi 'kqYoaQ iznkrqe~] foaQ cgquk nkuefi
nkraq pynwjHkk"k;U=keso vye~A fMthHkkjre~ bfr
vL;ka fnf'k o;a Hkkjrh;k% nzqrxR;k vxzsljke%A
2020-21
15 15
fMthHkkjre~
ftKklk & tkuus dh bPNk
mRi|rs & mRiUu gksrk gS@gksrh gS
ijofrZfu dkys & ifjorZu ds le; esa
vuUrje~ & ckn esa
dxZnL; & dkx”k dk
izfof/% & rduhd] fof/
pynwjHkk"k;U=ke~ & eksckby iQksu
jsy;ku;k=kki=ke~ & jsy fVdV
ok;q;ku;k=kki=ke~ & gokbZ tgkt dk fVdV
lkSd;sZ.k & vklkuh ls] lqxerk ls
lUn';Z & fn[kykdj
fpfdRlky;% & vLirky
oL=kiqVosQ & tsc esa
nzqrxR;k & rhoz xfr ls
'kqYde~ & i
+
Qhl
'kCnkFkkZ%
vH;kl%
1- v/ksfyf[krkuka iz'ukuke~ mÙkjkf.k ,dinsu fy[kr&
(d)oqQ=k ¶fMftVy bf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Hkofr\
([k) osQu lg ekuoL; vko';drk ifjorZrs\
(x) vki.ks oLrwuka Ø;le;s osQ"kke~ vfuok;Zrk u Hkfo";fr\
2020-21
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fMthHkkjre~
¹izLrqr ikB ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ osQ ewy Hkko dks ysdj fy[kk x;k fucU/kRed ikB
gSA blesa oSKkfud izxfr osQ mu vk;keksa dks Nqvk x;k gS] ftuesa ge ,d ¶fDyd¸
}kjk cgqr oqQN dj ldrs gSaA vkt bUVjusV us gekjs thou dks fdruk ljy cuk fn;k
gSA ge HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls ,d nwljs osQ vR;Ur fudV vk x, gSaA blosQ }kjk thou
osQ izR;sd fØ;kdyki lqfo/ktud gks x, gSaA ,sls gh Hkkoksa dks ;gk¡ ljy laLÑr esa
O;Dr fd;k x;k gSAº
v| lEiw.kZfo'os ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Jw;rsA vL; inL; d% Hkko%  bfr
eufl ftKklk mRi|rsA dkyifjorZusu lg ekuoL; vko';drk¿fi ifjorZrsA izkphudkys
KkuL; vknku&iznkua ekSf[kde~ vklhr~] fo|k p JqfrijEij;k x`árs LeA vuUrja rkyi=kksifj
Hkksti=kksifj p ys[kudk;Ze~ vkjC/e~A ijofrZfu dkys dxZnL;
ys[kU;k% p vkfo"dkjs.k loZs"kkeso euksxrkuka Hkkokuka
dxZnksifj ys[kua izkjC/e~A VÄ
ï
.k;U=kL; vkfo"dkjs.k rq
fyf[krk lkexzh VfÄ
ï
rk lrh cgqdkyk; lqjf{krk vfr"Br~A
oSKkfudizfo/s% izxfr;k=kk iqujfi vxzs xrkA v| lokZf.k
dk;kZZf.k lÄõ.kdukeosQu ;U=ks.k lkf/rkfu HkofUrA
lekpkj&i=kkf.k] iqLrdkfu p dEI;wVjekè;esu iB~;Urs
fy[;Urs pA dxZnks|ksxs o`{kk.kke~ mi;ksxsu o`{kk% dR;ZUrs
Le] ije~ lÄõ.kdL; vf/dkf/d&iz;ksxs.k o`{kk.kka drZus U;wurk Hkfo";fr bfr fo'okl%A
vusu i;kZoj.klqj{kk;k% fnf'k egku~ midkjks Hkfo";frA
r`rh;% ikB%
2020-21
14
#fpjk
r`rh;ks Hkkx%
v/quk vki.ks oLrqØ;kFkZe~ :I;dk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk ukfLrA ¶MsfcV dkMZ¸] ¶ØsfMV
dkMZ¸ bR;kn;% loZ=k :I;dk.kka LFkkua x`ghroUr%A foÙkdks'kL; (cSadL;) pkfi lokZf.k
dk;kZf.k lÄõ.kd;U=ks.k lEik|UrsA cgqfo/k% vuqiz;ksxk% (APP) eqnzkghuk; fofue;k;
(Cashless Transaction) lgk;dk% lfUrA
oqQ=kkfi ;k=kk dj.kh;k Hkosr~ jsy;ku;k=kki=kL;]
ok;q;ku;k=kki=kL; vfuok;Zrk v| ukfLrA lokZf.k i=kkf.k
vLekoaQ pynwjHkk"k;U=ks ^bZ&esy* bfr LFkkus lqjf{krkfu
HkofUr ;kfu lUn';Z o;a lkSd;sZ.k ;k=kk;k% vkuUna
x`Êhe%A fpfdRlky;s¿fi mipkjkFkZa :I;dk.kke~
vko';drk| ukuqHkw;rsA loZ=k dkMZekè;esu] bZ&cSadekè;esu 'kqYoaQ iznkrqa 'kD;rsA
rn~fnua ukfrnwje~ ;nk o;e~ gLrs ,dek=ka pynwjHkk"k;U=keknk; lokZf.k dk;kZf.k
lk/f;rqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";ke%A oL=kiqVosQ :I;dk.kke~ vko';drk u Hkfo";frA ^ikl~cqd*
pSd~cqd* bR;u;ks% vko';drk u Hkfo";frA iBukFkZa iqLrdkuka lekpkji=kk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk
lekIrizk;k Hkfo";frA ys[kukFkZe~ vH;kliqfLrdk;k% dxZnL; ok] uwruKkukUos"k.kkFk±
'kCndks'kL;k¿fi vko';drk u Hkfo";frA vifjfpr&ekxZL; KkukFk± ekxZn'kZdL; ekufp=kL;
vko';drk;k% vuqHkwfr% vfi u Hkfo";frA ,rr~ lo± ,osQusso ;U=ks.k dr±q] 'kD;rsA
'kkdkfnØ;kFkZe~] iQyØ;kFkZe~] foJkex`gs"kq d{ka
lqfuf'pra drq±] fpfdRlky;s 'kqYda iznkrqe~] fo|ky;s
egkfo|ky;s pkfi 'kqYoaQ iznkrqe~] foaQ cgquk nkuefi
nkraq pynwjHkk"k;U=keso vye~A fMthHkkjre~ bfr
vL;ka fnf'k o;a Hkkjrh;k% nzqrxR;k vxzsljke%A
2020-21
15 15
fMthHkkjre~
ftKklk & tkuus dh bPNk
mRi|rs & mRiUu gksrk gS@gksrh gS
ijofrZfu dkys & ifjorZu ds le; esa
vuUrje~ & ckn esa
dxZnL; & dkx”k dk
izfof/% & rduhd] fof/
pynwjHkk"k;U=ke~ & eksckby iQksu
jsy;ku;k=kki=ke~ & jsy fVdV
ok;q;ku;k=kki=ke~ & gokbZ tgkt dk fVdV
lkSd;sZ.k & vklkuh ls] lqxerk ls
lUn';Z & fn[kykdj
fpfdRlky;% & vLirky
oL=kiqVosQ & tsc esa
nzqrxR;k & rhoz xfr ls
'kqYde~ & i
+
Qhl
'kCnkFkkZ%
vH;kl%
1- v/ksfyf[krkuka iz'ukuke~ mÙkjkf.k ,dinsu fy[kr&
(d)oqQ=k ¶fMftVy bf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Hkofr\
([k) osQu lg ekuoL; vko';drk ifjorZrs\
(x) vki.ks oLrwuka Ø;le;s osQ"kke~ vfuok;Zrk u Hkfo";fr\
2020-21
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#fpjk
r`rh;ks Hkkx%
(?k) dfLeu~ m|ksxs o`{kk% mi;qT;Urs\
(Ä) v| lokZf.k dk;kZf.k osQu lkf/rkfu HkofUr\
2- v/ksfyf[krku~ iz'uku~ iw.kZokD;su mRrjr&
(d) izkphudkys fo|k dFka x`árs Le\
([k)o`{kk.kka drZua dFka U;wurka ;kL;fr\
(x) fpfdRlky;s dL; vko';drk v| ukuqHkw;rs\
(?k) o;a dL;ka fnf'k vxzsljke%\
(Ä) oL=kiqVosQ osQ"kke~ vko';drk u Hkfo";fr\
3- js[kkfÄ
ï
rinkU;f/ÑR; iz'ufuekZ.ka oqQ#r&
(d) Hkksti=kksifj ys[kue~ vkjC/e~A
([k)ys[kukFk± dxZnL; vko';drk;k% vuqHkwfr% u Hkfo";frA
(x) foJkex`gs"kq d{ka lqfuf'pra Hkosr~A
(?k) lokZf.k i=kkf.k pynwjHkk"k;U=ks lqjf{krkfu HkofUr
(Ä) o;e~ mipkjkFk± fpfdRlky;a xPNke%\
4- mnkgj.keuql`R; fo'ks"k.k fo'ks";esyua oqQ#r&
;Fkk & fo'ks"k.k fo'ks";
lEiw.ksZ Hkkjrs
(d) ekSf[kde~ (1) Kkue~
([k) euksxrk% (2) midkj%
(x) VfÄ
ï
rk (3) dkys
2020-21
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fMthHkkjre~
¹izLrqr ikB ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ osQ ewy Hkko dks ysdj fy[kk x;k fucU/kRed ikB
gSA blesa oSKkfud izxfr osQ mu vk;keksa dks Nqvk x;k gS] ftuesa ge ,d ¶fDyd¸
}kjk cgqr oqQN dj ldrs gSaA vkt bUVjusV us gekjs thou dks fdruk ljy cuk fn;k
gSA ge HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls ,d nwljs osQ vR;Ur fudV vk x, gSaA blosQ }kjk thou
osQ izR;sd fØ;kdyki lqfo/ktud gks x, gSaA ,sls gh Hkkoksa dks ;gk¡ ljy laLÑr esa
O;Dr fd;k x;k gSAº
v| lEiw.kZfo'os ¶fMftVybf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Jw;rsA vL; inL; d% Hkko%  bfr
eufl ftKklk mRi|rsA dkyifjorZusu lg ekuoL; vko';drk¿fi ifjorZrsA izkphudkys
KkuL; vknku&iznkua ekSf[kde~ vklhr~] fo|k p JqfrijEij;k x`árs LeA vuUrja rkyi=kksifj
Hkksti=kksifj p ys[kudk;Ze~ vkjC/e~A ijofrZfu dkys dxZnL;
ys[kU;k% p vkfo"dkjs.k loZs"kkeso euksxrkuka Hkkokuka
dxZnksifj ys[kua izkjC/e~A VÄ
ï
.k;U=kL; vkfo"dkjs.k rq
fyf[krk lkexzh VfÄ
ï
rk lrh cgqdkyk; lqjf{krk vfr"Br~A
oSKkfudizfo/s% izxfr;k=kk iqujfi vxzs xrkA v| lokZf.k
dk;kZZf.k lÄõ.kdukeosQu ;U=ks.k lkf/rkfu HkofUrA
lekpkj&i=kkf.k] iqLrdkfu p dEI;wVjekè;esu iB~;Urs
fy[;Urs pA dxZnks|ksxs o`{kk.kke~ mi;ksxsu o`{kk% dR;ZUrs
Le] ije~ lÄõ.kdL; vf/dkf/d&iz;ksxs.k o`{kk.kka drZus U;wurk Hkfo";fr bfr fo'okl%A
vusu i;kZoj.klqj{kk;k% fnf'k egku~ midkjks Hkfo";frA
r`rh;% ikB%
2020-21
14
#fpjk
r`rh;ks Hkkx%
v/quk vki.ks oLrqØ;kFkZe~ :I;dk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk ukfLrA ¶MsfcV dkMZ¸] ¶ØsfMV
dkMZ¸ bR;kn;% loZ=k :I;dk.kka LFkkua x`ghroUr%A foÙkdks'kL; (cSadL;) pkfi lokZf.k
dk;kZf.k lÄõ.kd;U=ks.k lEik|UrsA cgqfo/k% vuqiz;ksxk% (APP) eqnzkghuk; fofue;k;
(Cashless Transaction) lgk;dk% lfUrA
oqQ=kkfi ;k=kk dj.kh;k Hkosr~ jsy;ku;k=kki=kL;]
ok;q;ku;k=kki=kL; vfuok;Zrk v| ukfLrA lokZf.k i=kkf.k
vLekoaQ pynwjHkk"k;U=ks ^bZ&esy* bfr LFkkus lqjf{krkfu
HkofUr ;kfu lUn';Z o;a lkSd;sZ.k ;k=kk;k% vkuUna
x`Êhe%A fpfdRlky;s¿fi mipkjkFkZa :I;dk.kke~
vko';drk| ukuqHkw;rsA loZ=k dkMZekè;esu] bZ&cSadekè;esu 'kqYoaQ iznkrqa 'kD;rsA
rn~fnua ukfrnwje~ ;nk o;e~ gLrs ,dek=ka pynwjHkk"k;U=keknk; lokZf.k dk;kZf.k
lk/f;rqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";ke%A oL=kiqVosQ :I;dk.kke~ vko';drk u Hkfo";frA ^ikl~cqd*
pSd~cqd* bR;u;ks% vko';drk u Hkfo";frA iBukFkZa iqLrdkuka lekpkji=kk.kke~ vfuok;Zrk
lekIrizk;k Hkfo";frA ys[kukFkZe~ vH;kliqfLrdk;k% dxZnL; ok] uwruKkukUos"k.kkFk±
'kCndks'kL;k¿fi vko';drk u Hkfo";frA vifjfpr&ekxZL; KkukFk± ekxZn'kZdL; ekufp=kL;
vko';drk;k% vuqHkwfr% vfi u Hkfo";frA ,rr~ lo± ,osQusso ;U=ks.k dr±q] 'kD;rsA
'kkdkfnØ;kFkZe~] iQyØ;kFkZe~] foJkex`gs"kq d{ka
lqfuf'pra drq±] fpfdRlky;s 'kqYda iznkrqe~] fo|ky;s
egkfo|ky;s pkfi 'kqYoaQ iznkrqe~] foaQ cgquk nkuefi
nkraq pynwjHkk"k;U=keso vye~A fMthHkkjre~ bfr
vL;ka fnf'k o;a Hkkjrh;k% nzqrxR;k vxzsljke%A
2020-21
15 15
fMthHkkjre~
ftKklk & tkuus dh bPNk
mRi|rs & mRiUu gksrk gS@gksrh gS
ijofrZfu dkys & ifjorZu ds le; esa
vuUrje~ & ckn esa
dxZnL; & dkx”k dk
izfof/% & rduhd] fof/
pynwjHkk"k;U=ke~ & eksckby iQksu
jsy;ku;k=kki=ke~ & jsy fVdV
ok;q;ku;k=kki=ke~ & gokbZ tgkt dk fVdV
lkSd;sZ.k & vklkuh ls] lqxerk ls
lUn';Z & fn[kykdj
fpfdRlky;% & vLirky
oL=kiqVosQ & tsc esa
nzqrxR;k & rhoz xfr ls
'kqYde~ & i
+
Qhl
'kCnkFkkZ%
vH;kl%
1- v/ksfyf[krkuka iz'ukuke~ mÙkjkf.k ,dinsu fy[kr&
(d)oqQ=k ¶fMftVy bf.M;k¸ bR;L; ppkZ Hkofr\
([k) osQu lg ekuoL; vko';drk ifjorZrs\
(x) vki.ks oLrwuka Ø;le;s osQ"kke~ vfuok;Zrk u Hkfo";fr\
2020-21
16
#fpjk
r`rh;ks Hkkx%
(?k) dfLeu~ m|ksxs o`{kk% mi;qT;Urs\
(Ä) v| lokZf.k dk;kZf.k osQu lkf/rkfu HkofUr\
2- v/ksfyf[krku~ iz'uku~ iw.kZokD;su mRrjr&
(d) izkphudkys fo|k dFka x`árs Le\
([k)o`{kk.kka drZua dFka U;wurka ;kL;fr\
(x) fpfdRlky;s dL; vko';drk v| ukuqHkw;rs\
(?k) o;a dL;ka fnf'k vxzsljke%\
(Ä) oL=kiqVosQ osQ"kke~ vko';drk u Hkfo";fr\
3- js[kkfÄ
ï
rinkU;f/ÑR; iz'ufuekZ.ka oqQ#r&
(d) Hkksti=kksifj ys[kue~ vkjC/e~A
([k)ys[kukFk± dxZnL; vko';drk;k% vuqHkwfr% u Hkfo";frA
(x) foJkex`gs"kq d{ka lqfuf'pra Hkosr~A
(?k) lokZf.k i=kkf.k pynwjHkk"k;U=ks lqjf{krkfu HkofUr
(Ä) o;e~ mipkjkFk± fpfdRlky;a xPNke%\
4- mnkgj.keuql`R; fo'ks"k.k fo'ks";esyua oqQ#r&
;Fkk & fo'ks"k.k fo'ks";
lEiw.ksZ Hkkjrs
(d) ekSf[kde~ (1) Kkue~
([k) euksxrk% (2) midkj%
(x) VfÄ
ï
rk (3) dkys
2020-21
17
17
fMthHkkjre~
(?k) egku~ (4) fofue;%
(Ä) eqnzkfoghu% (5) dk;kZf.k
5- v/ksfyf[krin;ks% lfU/a ÑRok fy[kr&
inL; $ vL;
rkyi=k $ mifj
p $ vfr"Br
dxZn $ m|ksxs
Ø; $ vFkZe~
bfr $ vu;ks%
mipkj $ vFkZe~
6- mnkgj.keuql`R; v/ksfyf[krsu insu y?kq okD; fuekZ.ka oqQ#r&
;Fkk & ftKklk & ee eufl oSKkfudkuka fo"k;s ftKklk vfLr
(d) vko';drk &
([k) lkexzh &
(x) i;kZoj.k lqj{kk &
(?k) foJkex`ge~ &
7- mnkgj.kkuqlkje~ dks"BdiznRrs"kq ins"kq prqFkhZ iz;qT; fjDrLFkkuiwfr± oqQ#r&
;Fkk µ fHk{kqdk; /ua nnkrqA (fHk{kqd)
(d) ------------ iqLroaQ nsfgA (Nk=k)
([k)
vge~ ------------- oL=kkf.k nnkfeA (fu/Zu)
(x)
-------------- iBua jksprsA (yrk)
2020-21
Read More
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