NCERT Textbook - त्रिवर्णः ध्वजः Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Created by: Rohini Seth

Class 7 : NCERT Textbook - त्रिवर्णः ध्वजः Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


v"Ve% ikB%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
(osQpu ckydk% dk'pu ckfydk'p LorU=krk&fnolL; èotkjksg.klekjksgs lksRlkga xPNUr%
ijLija layifUrA)
nsos'k% & v| LorU=krk&fnol%A vLekoaQ fo|ky;L; izkpk;Z% èotkjksg.ka
dfj";frA Nk=kk'p lkaLÑfrddk;ZØeku~ izLrks";fUrA vUrs p eksndkfu
fefy";fUrA
MsfoM% & 'kqps! tkukfl Roe~\
vLekoaQ èot% dhn`'k%\
'kqfp% & vLekoaQ ns'kL; èot%
f=ko.kZ% bfrA
lyhe% & #ps! v;a f=ko.kZ% dFke~\
#fp% & vfLeu~ èots =k;% o.kkZ%
lfUr] vr% f=ko.kZ%A ¯d
Roe~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuka ukekfu
tkukfl\
lyhe% & vjs! osQ'kjo.kZ%] 'osr%] gfjr% p ,rs =k;% o.kkZ%A
nsos'k% & vLekoaQ èots ,rs =k;% o.kkZ% foaQ lwp;fUr\
lyhe% & 'k`.kq] osQ'kjo.kZ% 'kkS;ZL;] 'osr% lR;L;] gfjr'p le`¼s% lwpdk%
lfUrA
'kqfp% & fde~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuke~ vU;nfi egÙoe~\
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 2


v"Ve% ikB%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
(osQpu ckydk% dk'pu ckfydk'p LorU=krk&fnolL; èotkjksg.klekjksgs lksRlkga xPNUr%
ijLija layifUrA)
nsos'k% & v| LorU=krk&fnol%A vLekoaQ fo|ky;L; izkpk;Z% èotkjksg.ka
dfj";frA Nk=kk'p lkaLÑfrddk;ZØeku~ izLrks";fUrA vUrs p eksndkfu
fefy";fUrA
MsfoM% & 'kqps! tkukfl Roe~\
vLekoaQ èot% dhn`'k%\
'kqfp% & vLekoaQ ns'kL; èot%
f=ko.kZ% bfrA
lyhe% & #ps! v;a f=ko.kZ% dFke~\
#fp% & vfLeu~ èots =k;% o.kkZ%
lfUr] vr% f=ko.kZ%A ¯d
Roe~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuka ukekfu
tkukfl\
lyhe% & vjs! osQ'kjo.kZ%] 'osr%] gfjr% p ,rs =k;% o.kkZ%A
nsos'k% & vLekoaQ èots ,rs =k;% o.kkZ% foaQ lwp;fUr\
lyhe% & 'k`.kq] osQ'kjo.kZ% 'kkS;ZL;] 'osr% lR;L;] gfjr'p le`¼s% lwpdk%
lfUrA
'kqfp% & fde~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuke~ vU;nfi egÙoe~\
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
46
'kCnkFkkZ%
MsfoM% & vke~! dFka u\ èotL; mifj fLFkr% osQ'kjo.kZ% R;kxL; mRlkgL;
p lwpd%A eè;s fLFkr% 'osro.kZ% lkfÙodrk;k% 'kqfprk;k% p |ksrd%A
vèk% fLFkr% gfjro.kZ% olqU/jk;k% lq"kek;k% moZjrk;k'p  |ksrd%A
rsftUnj% & 'kqps! èotL; eè;s ,oaQ uhyo.k± poazQ orZrs\
'kqfp% & vke~ vke~A bne~ v'kksdpozaQ dF;rsA ,rr~ çxrs% U;k;L; p çorZde~A
lkjukFks v'kksdLrEHk% vfLrA rLekr~ ,o ,rr~ x`ghre~A
iz.ko% & vfLeu~ poszQ prqfo±'kfr% vjk% lfUrA
esjh & HkkjrL; lafo/kulHkk;ka 22 tqykbZ 1947 res o"ksZ lexzr;k vL;
èotL; Lohdj.ka tkre~\
rsftUnj% & vLekoaQ f=ko.kZ% èot% Lok/hur;k% jk"VªxkSjoL; p çrhd%A vr
,o LorU=krkfnols x.krU=kfnols p vL; èotL; mÙkksyua lekjksgiwoZoaQ
HkofrA
t;rq f=ko.kZ% èot%] t;rq Hkkjre~A
f=ko.kZ% èot% & rhu jaxksa okyk >aMk (frjaxk >aMk) tricolour flag
layifUr & okrkZyki djrs gSa@djrh gSa talk
izLrks";fUr & izLrqr djsaxs@djsaxh will present
eksndkfu & yM~Mw a kind of sweet
ÅtZfLork;k% & ÅtkZ dh of energy
vjk% & rhfy;k¡ spokes
mÙkksyue~ & Åij mBkuk@iQgjkuk hoisting
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 3


v"Ve% ikB%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
(osQpu ckydk% dk'pu ckfydk'p LorU=krk&fnolL; èotkjksg.klekjksgs lksRlkga xPNUr%
ijLija layifUrA)
nsos'k% & v| LorU=krk&fnol%A vLekoaQ fo|ky;L; izkpk;Z% èotkjksg.ka
dfj";frA Nk=kk'p lkaLÑfrddk;ZØeku~ izLrks";fUrA vUrs p eksndkfu
fefy";fUrA
MsfoM% & 'kqps! tkukfl Roe~\
vLekoaQ èot% dhn`'k%\
'kqfp% & vLekoaQ ns'kL; èot%
f=ko.kZ% bfrA
lyhe% & #ps! v;a f=ko.kZ% dFke~\
#fp% & vfLeu~ èots =k;% o.kkZ%
lfUr] vr% f=ko.kZ%A ¯d
Roe~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuka ukekfu
tkukfl\
lyhe% & vjs! osQ'kjo.kZ%] 'osr%] gfjr% p ,rs =k;% o.kkZ%A
nsos'k% & vLekoaQ èots ,rs =k;% o.kkZ% foaQ lwp;fUr\
lyhe% & 'k`.kq] osQ'kjo.kZ% 'kkS;ZL;] 'osr% lR;L;] gfjr'p le`¼s% lwpdk%
lfUrA
'kqfp% & fde~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuke~ vU;nfi egÙoe~\
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
46
'kCnkFkkZ%
MsfoM% & vke~! dFka u\ èotL; mifj fLFkr% osQ'kjo.kZ% R;kxL; mRlkgL;
p lwpd%A eè;s fLFkr% 'osro.kZ% lkfÙodrk;k% 'kqfprk;k% p |ksrd%A
vèk% fLFkr% gfjro.kZ% olqU/jk;k% lq"kek;k% moZjrk;k'p  |ksrd%A
rsftUnj% & 'kqps! èotL; eè;s ,oaQ uhyo.k± poazQ orZrs\
'kqfp% & vke~ vke~A bne~ v'kksdpozaQ dF;rsA ,rr~ çxrs% U;k;L; p çorZde~A
lkjukFks v'kksdLrEHk% vfLrA rLekr~ ,o ,rr~ x`ghre~A
iz.ko% & vfLeu~ poszQ prqfo±'kfr% vjk% lfUrA
esjh & HkkjrL; lafo/kulHkk;ka 22 tqykbZ 1947 res o"ksZ lexzr;k vL;
èotL; Lohdj.ka tkre~\
rsftUnj% & vLekoaQ f=ko.kZ% èot% Lok/hur;k% jk"VªxkSjoL; p çrhd%A vr
,o LorU=krkfnols x.krU=kfnols p vL; èotL; mÙkksyua lekjksgiwoZoaQ
HkofrA
t;rq f=ko.kZ% èot%] t;rq Hkkjre~A
f=ko.kZ% èot% & rhu jaxksa okyk >aMk (frjaxk >aMk) tricolour flag
layifUr & okrkZyki djrs gSa@djrh gSa talk
izLrks";fUr & izLrqr djsaxs@djsaxh will present
eksndkfu & yM~Mw a kind of sweet
ÅtZfLork;k% & ÅtkZ dh of energy
vjk% & rhfy;k¡ spokes
mÙkksyue~ & Åij mBkuk@iQgjkuk hoisting
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
f=ko.kZ% èot%
47
1- 'kq¼dFkuL; le{ke~ ^vke~* v'kq¼dFkuL; le{ka ^u* bfr fy[kr&
(d) vLekoaQ jk"VªL; èots =k;% o.kkZ% lfUrA
([k) èots gfjro.kZ% 'kkUrs% izrhd% vfLrA
(x) èots osQ'kjo.kZ% 'kDR;k% lwpd% vfLrA
(?k) pozsQ f=ka'kr~ vjk% lfUrA
(Ä) pozaQ çxrs% |ksrde~A
2- v/ksfyf[krs"kq ins"kq iz;qDrka foHkfDra opua p fy[kr&
inkfu foHkfDr% opue~
;Fkk&=k;k.kke~ "k"Bh cgqopue~
le`¼s%
----------------- -----------------
o.kkZuke~
----------------- -----------------
mRlkgL;
----------------- -----------------
ukxfjoSQ%
----------------- -----------------
lkfÙodrk;k%
----------------- -----------------
izk.kkuke~
----------------- -----------------
lHkk;ke~
----------------- -----------------
3- ,dinsu mÙkjr&
(d) vLekoaQ èots dfr o.kkZ% lfUr\
([k) f=ko.ksZ èots 'kDR;k% lwpd% d% o.kZ%\
(x) v'kksdpozaQ dL; |ksrde~ vfLr\
(?k) f=ko.kZ% èot% dL; izrhd%\
4- ,dokD;su mÙkjr&
(d) vLekoaQ èotL; 'osro.kZ% dL; lwpd% vfLr\
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 4


v"Ve% ikB%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot% f=o.kZ% èot%
(osQpu ckydk% dk'pu ckfydk'p LorU=krk&fnolL; èotkjksg.klekjksgs lksRlkga xPNUr%
ijLija layifUrA)
nsos'k% & v| LorU=krk&fnol%A vLekoaQ fo|ky;L; izkpk;Z% èotkjksg.ka
dfj";frA Nk=kk'p lkaLÑfrddk;ZØeku~ izLrks";fUrA vUrs p eksndkfu
fefy";fUrA
MsfoM% & 'kqps! tkukfl Roe~\
vLekoaQ èot% dhn`'k%\
'kqfp% & vLekoaQ ns'kL; èot%
f=ko.kZ% bfrA
lyhe% & #ps! v;a f=ko.kZ% dFke~\
#fp% & vfLeu~ èots =k;% o.kkZ%
lfUr] vr% f=ko.kZ%A ¯d
Roe~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuka ukekfu
tkukfl\
lyhe% & vjs! osQ'kjo.kZ%] 'osr%] gfjr% p ,rs =k;% o.kkZ%A
nsos'k% & vLekoaQ èots ,rs =k;% o.kkZ% foaQ lwp;fUr\
lyhe% & 'k`.kq] osQ'kjo.kZ% 'kkS;ZL;] 'osr% lR;L;] gfjr'p le`¼s% lwpdk%
lfUrA
'kqfp% & fde~ ,rs"kka o.kkZuke~ vU;nfi egÙoe~\
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
46
'kCnkFkkZ%
MsfoM% & vke~! dFka u\ èotL; mifj fLFkr% osQ'kjo.kZ% R;kxL; mRlkgL;
p lwpd%A eè;s fLFkr% 'osro.kZ% lkfÙodrk;k% 'kqfprk;k% p |ksrd%A
vèk% fLFkr% gfjro.kZ% olqU/jk;k% lq"kek;k% moZjrk;k'p  |ksrd%A
rsftUnj% & 'kqps! èotL; eè;s ,oaQ uhyo.k± poazQ orZrs\
'kqfp% & vke~ vke~A bne~ v'kksdpozaQ dF;rsA ,rr~ çxrs% U;k;L; p çorZde~A
lkjukFks v'kksdLrEHk% vfLrA rLekr~ ,o ,rr~ x`ghre~A
iz.ko% & vfLeu~ poszQ prqfo±'kfr% vjk% lfUrA
esjh & HkkjrL; lafo/kulHkk;ka 22 tqykbZ 1947 res o"ksZ lexzr;k vL;
èotL; Lohdj.ka tkre~\
rsftUnj% & vLekoaQ f=ko.kZ% èot% Lok/hur;k% jk"VªxkSjoL; p çrhd%A vr
,o LorU=krkfnols x.krU=kfnols p vL; èotL; mÙkksyua lekjksgiwoZoaQ
HkofrA
t;rq f=ko.kZ% èot%] t;rq Hkkjre~A
f=ko.kZ% èot% & rhu jaxksa okyk >aMk (frjaxk >aMk) tricolour flag
layifUr & okrkZyki djrs gSa@djrh gSa talk
izLrks";fUr & izLrqr djsaxs@djsaxh will present
eksndkfu & yM~Mw a kind of sweet
ÅtZfLork;k% & ÅtkZ dh of energy
vjk% & rhfy;k¡ spokes
mÙkksyue~ & Åij mBkuk@iQgjkuk hoisting
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
f=ko.kZ% èot%
47
1- 'kq¼dFkuL; le{ke~ ^vke~* v'kq¼dFkuL; le{ka ^u* bfr fy[kr&
(d) vLekoaQ jk"VªL; èots =k;% o.kkZ% lfUrA
([k) èots gfjro.kZ% 'kkUrs% izrhd% vfLrA
(x) èots osQ'kjo.kZ% 'kDR;k% lwpd% vfLrA
(?k) pozsQ f=ka'kr~ vjk% lfUrA
(Ä) pozaQ çxrs% |ksrde~A
2- v/ksfyf[krs"kq ins"kq iz;qDrka foHkfDra opua p fy[kr&
inkfu foHkfDr% opue~
;Fkk&=k;k.kke~ "k"Bh cgqopue~
le`¼s%
----------------- -----------------
o.kkZuke~
----------------- -----------------
mRlkgL;
----------------- -----------------
ukxfjoSQ%
----------------- -----------------
lkfÙodrk;k%
----------------- -----------------
izk.kkuke~
----------------- -----------------
lHkk;ke~
----------------- -----------------
3- ,dinsu mÙkjr&
(d) vLekoaQ èots dfr o.kkZ% lfUr\
([k) f=ko.ksZ èots 'kDR;k% lwpd% d% o.kZ%\
(x) v'kksdpozaQ dL; |ksrde~ vfLr\
(?k) f=ko.kZ% èot% dL; izrhd%\
4- ,dokD;su mÙkjr&
(d) vLekoaQ èotL; 'osro.kZ% dL; lwpd% vfLr\
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
48
([k)v'kksdLrEHk% oqQ=k vfLr\
(x) f=ko.kZèotL; mÙkksyua dnk Hkofr\
(?k) v'kksdposzQ dfr vjk% lfUr\
5- vèkksfyf[krokD;s"kq js[kkfVrinkfu vk/`R; iz'ufuekZ.ka oqQ#r&
(d) vLekoaQ f=ko.kZèot% fo'ofot;h Hkosr~A
([k) Lo/ekZr~ izekna o;a u oqQ;kZeA
(x) ,rr~ loZe~ vLekoaQ usr`
`
.kka ln~cq¼s% lRiQye~A
(?k) 'k=kw.kka le{ka fot;% lqfuf'pr% Hkosr~A
6- mnkgj.kkuqlkja leqfprS% inS% fjDrLFkkukfu iwj;r&
'kCnk% foHkfDr% ,dopue~ f}opue~ cgqopue~
;Fkk&if^dk "k"Bh if^dk;k% if^d;ks% if^dkuke~
vfXuf'k[kk lIreh vfXuf'k[kk;ke~
----------------- -----------------
lHkk prqFkhZ
-----------------
lHkkH;ke~
-----------------
v¯glk f}rh;k v¯glke~
----------------- -----------------
liQyrk i×peh
-----------------
liQyrkH;ke~
-----------------
lwfpdk r`rh;k lwfpd;k
----------------- -----------------
7- leqfpresyua ÑRok fy[kr&
d [k
osQ'kjo.kZ% çxrs% U;k;L; p çorZde~A
gfjro.kZ% 22 tqykbZ 1947 res o"ksZ tkre~A
v'kksdpozQe~ 'kkS;ZL; R;kxL; p lwpd%A
f=ko.kZ% èot% lq"kek;k% moZjrk;k% p lwpd%A
f=ko.kZèotL; Lohdj.ka Lok/hurk;k% jk"VªxkSjoL; p çrhd%A
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
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