NCERT Textbook - दो गोरैया Class 8 Notes | EduRev

कक्षा - 8 हिन्दी (Class 8 Hindi) by VP Classes

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook - दो गोरैया Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


nks xkSjS;k/5
nks xkSjS;k
?kj esa ge rhu gh O;fDr jgrs gSaµek¡] firkth vkSj eSaA ij firkth dgrs gSa fd ;g ?kj ljk;
cuk gqvk gSA ge rks tSls ;gk¡ esgeku gSa] ?kj osQ ekfyd rks dksbZ nwljs gh gSaA
vk¡xu esa vke dk isM+ gSA rjg&rjg osQ i{kh ml ij Msjk Mkys jgrs gSaA tks Hkh i{kh
igkfM+;ksa&?kkfV;ksa ij ls mM+rk gqvk fnYyh igq¡prk gS] firkth dgrs gSa ogh lhèkk gekjs ?kj igq¡p
tkrk gS] tSls gekjs ?kj dk irk fy[kokdj yk;k gksA ;gk¡ dHkh rksrs igq¡p tkrs gSa] rks dHkh dkSos
vkSj dHkh rjg&rjg dh xkSjS;k¡A og 'kksj eprk gS fd dkuksa osQ insZ iQV tk,¡] ij yksx dgrs gSa
fd i{kh xk jgs gSa!
?kj osQ vanj Hkh ;gh gky gSA chfl;ksa rks pwgs clrs gSaA jkr&Hkj ,d dejs ls nwljs dejs
esa Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaA og /ek&pkSdM+h eprh gS fd ge yksx Bhd rjg ls lks Hkh ugha ikrsA crZu
fxjrs gSa] fMCcs [kqyrs gSa] I;kys VwVrs gSaA ,d pwgk v¡axhBh osQ ihNs cSBuk ilan djrk gS] 'kk;n
cw<+k gS mls lnhZ cgqr yxrh
gSA ,d nwljk gS ftls ckFk:e
dh Vadh ij p<+dj cSBuk ilan
gSA mls 'kk;n xehZ cgqr yxrh
gSA fcYyh gekjs ?kj esa jgrh
rks ugha exj ?kj mls Hkh ilan
gS vkSj og dHkh&dHkh >k¡d
tkrh gSA eu vk;k rks vanj
vkdj nw/ ih xbZ] u eu vk;k
rks ckgj ls gh ^fiQj vkm¡Qxh*
dgdj pyh tkrh gSA 'kke
iM+rs gh nks&rhu pexknM+
dejksa osQ vkj&ikj ij iSQyk,
dljr djus yxrs gSaA ?kj esa
nwljk ikB
Page 2


nks xkSjS;k/5
nks xkSjS;k
?kj esa ge rhu gh O;fDr jgrs gSaµek¡] firkth vkSj eSaA ij firkth dgrs gSa fd ;g ?kj ljk;
cuk gqvk gSA ge rks tSls ;gk¡ esgeku gSa] ?kj osQ ekfyd rks dksbZ nwljs gh gSaA
vk¡xu esa vke dk isM+ gSA rjg&rjg osQ i{kh ml ij Msjk Mkys jgrs gSaA tks Hkh i{kh
igkfM+;ksa&?kkfV;ksa ij ls mM+rk gqvk fnYyh igq¡prk gS] firkth dgrs gSa ogh lhèkk gekjs ?kj igq¡p
tkrk gS] tSls gekjs ?kj dk irk fy[kokdj yk;k gksA ;gk¡ dHkh rksrs igq¡p tkrs gSa] rks dHkh dkSos
vkSj dHkh rjg&rjg dh xkSjS;k¡A og 'kksj eprk gS fd dkuksa osQ insZ iQV tk,¡] ij yksx dgrs gSa
fd i{kh xk jgs gSa!
?kj osQ vanj Hkh ;gh gky gSA chfl;ksa rks pwgs clrs gSaA jkr&Hkj ,d dejs ls nwljs dejs
esa Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaA og /ek&pkSdM+h eprh gS fd ge yksx Bhd rjg ls lks Hkh ugha ikrsA crZu
fxjrs gSa] fMCcs [kqyrs gSa] I;kys VwVrs gSaA ,d pwgk v¡axhBh osQ ihNs cSBuk ilan djrk gS] 'kk;n
cw<+k gS mls lnhZ cgqr yxrh
gSA ,d nwljk gS ftls ckFk:e
dh Vadh ij p<+dj cSBuk ilan
gSA mls 'kk;n xehZ cgqr yxrh
gSA fcYyh gekjs ?kj esa jgrh
rks ugha exj ?kj mls Hkh ilan
gS vkSj og dHkh&dHkh >k¡d
tkrh gSA eu vk;k rks vanj
vkdj nw/ ih xbZ] u eu vk;k
rks ckgj ls gh ^fiQj vkm¡Qxh*
dgdj pyh tkrh gSA 'kke
iM+rs gh nks&rhu pexknM+
dejksa osQ vkj&ikj ij iSQyk,
dljr djus yxrs gSaA ?kj esa
nwljk ikB
nwokZ/6
dcwrj Hkh gSaA fnu&Hkj
^xqVj&x¡w xqVj&xw¡* dk laxhr
lqukbZ nsrk jgrk gSA brus
ij gh cl ugha] ?kj esa
fNidfy;k¡ Hkh gSa vkSj cjsZ
Hkh gSa vkSj phafV;ksa dh rks
tSls I+kQkSt gh Nkouh Mkys
gq, gSA
vc ,d fnu nks xkSjS;k lh/h vanj ?kql vkb± vkSj fcuk
iwNs mM+&mM+dj edku ns[kus yxhaA firkth dgus yxs fd
edku dk fujh{k.k dj jgh gSa fd muosQ jgus ;ksX; gS ;k
ughaA dHkh os fdlh jks'kunku ij tk cSBrha] rks dHkh f[kM+dh
ijA fiQj tSls vkb± Fkha oSls gh mM+ Hkh xb±A ij nks fnu ckn
geus D;k ns[kk fd cSBd dh Nr esa yxs ia[ks osQ xksys esa
mUgksaus viuk fcNkou fcNk fy;k gS] vkSj lkeku Hkh ys vkb±
gSa vkSj e”ks ls nksuksa cSBh xkuk xk jgh gSaA tkfgj gS] mUgsa ?kj
ilan vk x;k FkkA
ek¡ vkSj firkth nksuksa lksisQ ij cSBs mudh vksj ns[ks tk
jgs FksA FkksM+h nsj ckn ek¡ flj fgykdj cksyha] ¶vc rks ;s ugha
mM+saxhA igys bUgsa mM+k nsrs] rks mM+ tkrhaA vc rks bUgksaus ;gk¡
?kksalyk cuk fy;k gSA¸
bl ij firkth dks xqLlk vk x;kA og mB [kM+s gq,
vkSj cksys] ¶ns[krk gw¡ ;s oSQls ;gk¡ jgrh gSa! xkSjS;k¡ esjs vkxs
D;k ph”k gSa! eSa vHkh fudky ckgj djrk gw¡A¸
¶NksM+ks th] pwgksa dks rks fudky ugha ik,] vc fpfM+;ksa
dks fudkysaxs!¸ ek¡ us O;aX; ls dgkA
ek¡ dksbZ ckr O;aX; esa dgsa] rks firkth mcy iM+rs gSa
og le>rs gSa fd ek¡ mudk e”kkd mM+k jgh gSaA og iQkSju
mB [kM+s gq, vkSj ia[ks osQ uhps tkdj ”kksj ls rkyh ctkbZ
Page 3


nks xkSjS;k/5
nks xkSjS;k
?kj esa ge rhu gh O;fDr jgrs gSaµek¡] firkth vkSj eSaA ij firkth dgrs gSa fd ;g ?kj ljk;
cuk gqvk gSA ge rks tSls ;gk¡ esgeku gSa] ?kj osQ ekfyd rks dksbZ nwljs gh gSaA
vk¡xu esa vke dk isM+ gSA rjg&rjg osQ i{kh ml ij Msjk Mkys jgrs gSaA tks Hkh i{kh
igkfM+;ksa&?kkfV;ksa ij ls mM+rk gqvk fnYyh igq¡prk gS] firkth dgrs gSa ogh lhèkk gekjs ?kj igq¡p
tkrk gS] tSls gekjs ?kj dk irk fy[kokdj yk;k gksA ;gk¡ dHkh rksrs igq¡p tkrs gSa] rks dHkh dkSos
vkSj dHkh rjg&rjg dh xkSjS;k¡A og 'kksj eprk gS fd dkuksa osQ insZ iQV tk,¡] ij yksx dgrs gSa
fd i{kh xk jgs gSa!
?kj osQ vanj Hkh ;gh gky gSA chfl;ksa rks pwgs clrs gSaA jkr&Hkj ,d dejs ls nwljs dejs
esa Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaA og /ek&pkSdM+h eprh gS fd ge yksx Bhd rjg ls lks Hkh ugha ikrsA crZu
fxjrs gSa] fMCcs [kqyrs gSa] I;kys VwVrs gSaA ,d pwgk v¡axhBh osQ ihNs cSBuk ilan djrk gS] 'kk;n
cw<+k gS mls lnhZ cgqr yxrh
gSA ,d nwljk gS ftls ckFk:e
dh Vadh ij p<+dj cSBuk ilan
gSA mls 'kk;n xehZ cgqr yxrh
gSA fcYyh gekjs ?kj esa jgrh
rks ugha exj ?kj mls Hkh ilan
gS vkSj og dHkh&dHkh >k¡d
tkrh gSA eu vk;k rks vanj
vkdj nw/ ih xbZ] u eu vk;k
rks ckgj ls gh ^fiQj vkm¡Qxh*
dgdj pyh tkrh gSA 'kke
iM+rs gh nks&rhu pexknM+
dejksa osQ vkj&ikj ij iSQyk,
dljr djus yxrs gSaA ?kj esa
nwljk ikB
nwokZ/6
dcwrj Hkh gSaA fnu&Hkj
^xqVj&x¡w xqVj&xw¡* dk laxhr
lqukbZ nsrk jgrk gSA brus
ij gh cl ugha] ?kj esa
fNidfy;k¡ Hkh gSa vkSj cjsZ
Hkh gSa vkSj phafV;ksa dh rks
tSls I+kQkSt gh Nkouh Mkys
gq, gSA
vc ,d fnu nks xkSjS;k lh/h vanj ?kql vkb± vkSj fcuk
iwNs mM+&mM+dj edku ns[kus yxhaA firkth dgus yxs fd
edku dk fujh{k.k dj jgh gSa fd muosQ jgus ;ksX; gS ;k
ughaA dHkh os fdlh jks'kunku ij tk cSBrha] rks dHkh f[kM+dh
ijA fiQj tSls vkb± Fkha oSls gh mM+ Hkh xb±A ij nks fnu ckn
geus D;k ns[kk fd cSBd dh Nr esa yxs ia[ks osQ xksys esa
mUgksaus viuk fcNkou fcNk fy;k gS] vkSj lkeku Hkh ys vkb±
gSa vkSj e”ks ls nksuksa cSBh xkuk xk jgh gSaA tkfgj gS] mUgsa ?kj
ilan vk x;k FkkA
ek¡ vkSj firkth nksuksa lksisQ ij cSBs mudh vksj ns[ks tk
jgs FksA FkksM+h nsj ckn ek¡ flj fgykdj cksyha] ¶vc rks ;s ugha
mM+saxhA igys bUgsa mM+k nsrs] rks mM+ tkrhaA vc rks bUgksaus ;gk¡
?kksalyk cuk fy;k gSA¸
bl ij firkth dks xqLlk vk x;kA og mB [kM+s gq,
vkSj cksys] ¶ns[krk gw¡ ;s oSQls ;gk¡ jgrh gSa! xkSjS;k¡ esjs vkxs
D;k ph”k gSa! eSa vHkh fudky ckgj djrk gw¡A¸
¶NksM+ks th] pwgksa dks rks fudky ugha ik,] vc fpfM+;ksa
dks fudkysaxs!¸ ek¡ us O;aX; ls dgkA
ek¡ dksbZ ckr O;aX; esa dgsa] rks firkth mcy iM+rs gSa
og le>rs gSa fd ek¡ mudk e”kkd mM+k jgh gSaA og iQkSju
mB [kM+s gq, vkSj ia[ks osQ uhps tkdj ”kksj ls rkyh ctkbZ
nks xkSjS;k/7
vkSj eq¡g ls ^'k-----'kw* dgk] ck¡gsa >qykb±] fiQj [kM+s&[kM+s owQnus yxs] dHkh ckgsa >qykrs] dHkh ^'k-
--'kw* djrsA
xkSjS;ksa us ?kksalys esa ls flj fudkydj uhps dh vksj >k¡ddj ns[kk vkSj nksuksa ,d lkFk
^pha&pha djus yxhaA vkSj ek¡ f[kyf[kykdj g¡lus yxhaA
firkth dks xqLlk vk x;k] blesa g¡lus dh D;k ckr gS\
ek¡ dks ,sls ekSdksa ij ges'kk e”kkd lw>rk gSA g¡ldj cksyh] fpfM+;k¡ ,d nwljh ls iwN jgh
gSa fd ;g vkneh dkSu gS vkSj ukp D;ksa jgk gS\
rc firkth dks vkSj Hkh ”;knk xqLlk vk x;k vkSj og igys ls Hkh ”;knk m¡Qpk owQnus yxsA
xkSjS;k¡ ?kksalys esa ls fudydj nwljs ia[ks osQ MSus ij tk cSBhaA mUgsa firkth dk ukpuk tSls
cgqr ilan vk jgk FkkA ek¡ fiQj g¡lus yxha] ;s fudysaxh ugha] thA vc bUgksaus vaMs ns fn, gksaxsA¸
¶fudysaxh oSQls ugha\¸ firkth cksys vkSj ckgj ls ykBh mBk yk,A blh chp xkSjS;k¡ fiQj
?kksalys esa tk cSBh FkhaA mUgksaus ykBh m¡Qph mBkdj ia[ks osQ xksys dks BdksjkA ^pha&pha* djrh xkSjS;k¡
mM+dj insZ osQ MaMs ij tk cSBhaA
bruh rdyhi
+
Q djus dh D;k ”k:jr FkhA ia[kk pyk nsrs rks ;s mM+ tkrhaA ek¡ us g¡ldj dgkA
firkth ykBh mBk, insZ osQ MaMs dh vksj yiosQA ,d xkSjS;k mM+dj fdpu osQ njok”ks ij
tk cSBhA nwljh lhf<+;ksa okys njok”ks ijA
ek¡ fiQj g¡l nhA rqe rks cM+s le>nkj gks th] lHkh njok”ks [kqys gSa vkSj rqe xkSjS;ksa dks ckgj
fudky jgs gksA ,d njok”kk [kqyk NksM+ks] ckdh njok”ks can dj nksA rHkh ;s fudysaxhA
vc firkth us eq>s f>M+ddj dgk] ¶rw [kM+k D;k ns[k jgk gS\ tk] nksuksa njokts can dj ns!¸
eSaus Hkkxdj nksuksa njok”ks can dj fn, osQoy fdpu okyk njok”kk [kqyk jgkA
firkth us fiQj ykBh mBkbZ vkSj xkSjS;ksa ij geyk cksy fn;kA ,d ckj rks >wyrh ykBh ek¡
osQ flj ij yxrs&yxrs cphA pha&pha djrh fpfM+;k¡ dHkh ,d txg rks dHkh nwljh txg tk
cSBrhaA vkf[kj nksuksa fdpu dh vksj [kqyus okys njok”ks esa ls ckgj fudy xb±A ek¡ rkfy;k¡ ctkus
yxhaA firkth us ykBh nhokj osQ lkFk fVdkdj j[k nh vkSj Nkrh iSQyk, oqQlhZ ij vk cSBsA
¶vkt njok”ks can j[kks¸ mUgksaus gqDe fn;kA ¶,d fnu vanj ugha ?kql ik,¡xh] rks ?kj NksM+ nsaxhA¸
rHkh ia[ks osQ mQij ls pha&pha dh vkokt lqukbZ iM+hA vkSj ek¡ f[kyf[kykdj g¡l nhaA eSaus
flj mBkdj mQij dh vksj ns[kk] nksuksa xkSjS;k fiQj ls vius ?kksalys esa ekStwn FkhaA
Page 4


nks xkSjS;k/5
nks xkSjS;k
?kj esa ge rhu gh O;fDr jgrs gSaµek¡] firkth vkSj eSaA ij firkth dgrs gSa fd ;g ?kj ljk;
cuk gqvk gSA ge rks tSls ;gk¡ esgeku gSa] ?kj osQ ekfyd rks dksbZ nwljs gh gSaA
vk¡xu esa vke dk isM+ gSA rjg&rjg osQ i{kh ml ij Msjk Mkys jgrs gSaA tks Hkh i{kh
igkfM+;ksa&?kkfV;ksa ij ls mM+rk gqvk fnYyh igq¡prk gS] firkth dgrs gSa ogh lhèkk gekjs ?kj igq¡p
tkrk gS] tSls gekjs ?kj dk irk fy[kokdj yk;k gksA ;gk¡ dHkh rksrs igq¡p tkrs gSa] rks dHkh dkSos
vkSj dHkh rjg&rjg dh xkSjS;k¡A og 'kksj eprk gS fd dkuksa osQ insZ iQV tk,¡] ij yksx dgrs gSa
fd i{kh xk jgs gSa!
?kj osQ vanj Hkh ;gh gky gSA chfl;ksa rks pwgs clrs gSaA jkr&Hkj ,d dejs ls nwljs dejs
esa Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaA og /ek&pkSdM+h eprh gS fd ge yksx Bhd rjg ls lks Hkh ugha ikrsA crZu
fxjrs gSa] fMCcs [kqyrs gSa] I;kys VwVrs gSaA ,d pwgk v¡axhBh osQ ihNs cSBuk ilan djrk gS] 'kk;n
cw<+k gS mls lnhZ cgqr yxrh
gSA ,d nwljk gS ftls ckFk:e
dh Vadh ij p<+dj cSBuk ilan
gSA mls 'kk;n xehZ cgqr yxrh
gSA fcYyh gekjs ?kj esa jgrh
rks ugha exj ?kj mls Hkh ilan
gS vkSj og dHkh&dHkh >k¡d
tkrh gSA eu vk;k rks vanj
vkdj nw/ ih xbZ] u eu vk;k
rks ckgj ls gh ^fiQj vkm¡Qxh*
dgdj pyh tkrh gSA 'kke
iM+rs gh nks&rhu pexknM+
dejksa osQ vkj&ikj ij iSQyk,
dljr djus yxrs gSaA ?kj esa
nwljk ikB
nwokZ/6
dcwrj Hkh gSaA fnu&Hkj
^xqVj&x¡w xqVj&xw¡* dk laxhr
lqukbZ nsrk jgrk gSA brus
ij gh cl ugha] ?kj esa
fNidfy;k¡ Hkh gSa vkSj cjsZ
Hkh gSa vkSj phafV;ksa dh rks
tSls I+kQkSt gh Nkouh Mkys
gq, gSA
vc ,d fnu nks xkSjS;k lh/h vanj ?kql vkb± vkSj fcuk
iwNs mM+&mM+dj edku ns[kus yxhaA firkth dgus yxs fd
edku dk fujh{k.k dj jgh gSa fd muosQ jgus ;ksX; gS ;k
ughaA dHkh os fdlh jks'kunku ij tk cSBrha] rks dHkh f[kM+dh
ijA fiQj tSls vkb± Fkha oSls gh mM+ Hkh xb±A ij nks fnu ckn
geus D;k ns[kk fd cSBd dh Nr esa yxs ia[ks osQ xksys esa
mUgksaus viuk fcNkou fcNk fy;k gS] vkSj lkeku Hkh ys vkb±
gSa vkSj e”ks ls nksuksa cSBh xkuk xk jgh gSaA tkfgj gS] mUgsa ?kj
ilan vk x;k FkkA
ek¡ vkSj firkth nksuksa lksisQ ij cSBs mudh vksj ns[ks tk
jgs FksA FkksM+h nsj ckn ek¡ flj fgykdj cksyha] ¶vc rks ;s ugha
mM+saxhA igys bUgsa mM+k nsrs] rks mM+ tkrhaA vc rks bUgksaus ;gk¡
?kksalyk cuk fy;k gSA¸
bl ij firkth dks xqLlk vk x;kA og mB [kM+s gq,
vkSj cksys] ¶ns[krk gw¡ ;s oSQls ;gk¡ jgrh gSa! xkSjS;k¡ esjs vkxs
D;k ph”k gSa! eSa vHkh fudky ckgj djrk gw¡A¸
¶NksM+ks th] pwgksa dks rks fudky ugha ik,] vc fpfM+;ksa
dks fudkysaxs!¸ ek¡ us O;aX; ls dgkA
ek¡ dksbZ ckr O;aX; esa dgsa] rks firkth mcy iM+rs gSa
og le>rs gSa fd ek¡ mudk e”kkd mM+k jgh gSaA og iQkSju
mB [kM+s gq, vkSj ia[ks osQ uhps tkdj ”kksj ls rkyh ctkbZ
nks xkSjS;k/7
vkSj eq¡g ls ^'k-----'kw* dgk] ck¡gsa >qykb±] fiQj [kM+s&[kM+s owQnus yxs] dHkh ckgsa >qykrs] dHkh ^'k-
--'kw* djrsA
xkSjS;ksa us ?kksalys esa ls flj fudkydj uhps dh vksj >k¡ddj ns[kk vkSj nksuksa ,d lkFk
^pha&pha djus yxhaA vkSj ek¡ f[kyf[kykdj g¡lus yxhaA
firkth dks xqLlk vk x;k] blesa g¡lus dh D;k ckr gS\
ek¡ dks ,sls ekSdksa ij ges'kk e”kkd lw>rk gSA g¡ldj cksyh] fpfM+;k¡ ,d nwljh ls iwN jgh
gSa fd ;g vkneh dkSu gS vkSj ukp D;ksa jgk gS\
rc firkth dks vkSj Hkh ”;knk xqLlk vk x;k vkSj og igys ls Hkh ”;knk m¡Qpk owQnus yxsA
xkSjS;k¡ ?kksalys esa ls fudydj nwljs ia[ks osQ MSus ij tk cSBhaA mUgsa firkth dk ukpuk tSls
cgqr ilan vk jgk FkkA ek¡ fiQj g¡lus yxha] ;s fudysaxh ugha] thA vc bUgksaus vaMs ns fn, gksaxsA¸
¶fudysaxh oSQls ugha\¸ firkth cksys vkSj ckgj ls ykBh mBk yk,A blh chp xkSjS;k¡ fiQj
?kksalys esa tk cSBh FkhaA mUgksaus ykBh m¡Qph mBkdj ia[ks osQ xksys dks BdksjkA ^pha&pha* djrh xkSjS;k¡
mM+dj insZ osQ MaMs ij tk cSBhaA
bruh rdyhi
+
Q djus dh D;k ”k:jr FkhA ia[kk pyk nsrs rks ;s mM+ tkrhaA ek¡ us g¡ldj dgkA
firkth ykBh mBk, insZ osQ MaMs dh vksj yiosQA ,d xkSjS;k mM+dj fdpu osQ njok”ks ij
tk cSBhA nwljh lhf<+;ksa okys njok”ks ijA
ek¡ fiQj g¡l nhA rqe rks cM+s le>nkj gks th] lHkh njok”ks [kqys gSa vkSj rqe xkSjS;ksa dks ckgj
fudky jgs gksA ,d njok”kk [kqyk NksM+ks] ckdh njok”ks can dj nksA rHkh ;s fudysaxhA
vc firkth us eq>s f>M+ddj dgk] ¶rw [kM+k D;k ns[k jgk gS\ tk] nksuksa njokts can dj ns!¸
eSaus Hkkxdj nksuksa njok”ks can dj fn, osQoy fdpu okyk njok”kk [kqyk jgkA
firkth us fiQj ykBh mBkbZ vkSj xkSjS;ksa ij geyk cksy fn;kA ,d ckj rks >wyrh ykBh ek¡
osQ flj ij yxrs&yxrs cphA pha&pha djrh fpfM+;k¡ dHkh ,d txg rks dHkh nwljh txg tk
cSBrhaA vkf[kj nksuksa fdpu dh vksj [kqyus okys njok”ks esa ls ckgj fudy xb±A ek¡ rkfy;k¡ ctkus
yxhaA firkth us ykBh nhokj osQ lkFk fVdkdj j[k nh vkSj Nkrh iSQyk, oqQlhZ ij vk cSBsA
¶vkt njok”ks can j[kks¸ mUgksaus gqDe fn;kA ¶,d fnu vanj ugha ?kql ik,¡xh] rks ?kj NksM+ nsaxhA¸
rHkh ia[ks osQ mQij ls pha&pha dh vkokt lqukbZ iM+hA vkSj ek¡ f[kyf[kykdj g¡l nhaA eSaus
flj mBkdj mQij dh vksj ns[kk] nksuksa xkSjS;k fiQj ls vius ?kksalys esa ekStwn FkhaA
nwokZ/8
¶njok”ks osQ uhps ls vk xbZ
gSa]¸ ek¡ cksyhaA
eSaus njokts osQ uhps
ns[kkA lpeqp njoktksa osQ
uhps FkksM+h&FkksM+h txg [kkyh
FkhA
firkth dks fiQj xqLlk
vk x;kA ek¡ enn rks djrh
ugha Fkha] cSBh g¡ls tk jgh
FkhaA
vc rks firkth xkSjS;ksa
ij fiy iM+sA mUgksaus njok”kksa
osQ uhps diM+s Bw¡l fn, rkfd
dgha dksbZ Nsn cpk ugha jg
tk,A vkSj fiQj ykBh >qykrs
gq, mu ij VwV iM+sA fpfM+;k¡
pha&pha djrh fiQj ckgj
fudy xb±A ij FkksM+h gh nsj
ckn os fiQj dejs esa ekStwn
FkhaA vcdh ckj os jks'kunku
esa ls vk xbZ Fkha ftldk ,d 'kh'kk VwVk gqvk FkkA
¶ns[kks&th] fpfM+;ksa dks er fudkyks]¸ ek¡ us vcdh ckj xaHkhjrk ls dgk] vc rks bUgksaus
vaMs Hkh ns fn, gksaxsA vc ;s ;gk¡ ls ugha tk,¡xhA
D;k eryc\ eSa dkyhu cjckn djok yw¡\ firkth cksys vkSj oqQlhZ ij p<+dj jks'kunku esa
diM+k Bw¡l fn;k vkSj fiQj ykBh >qykdj ,d ckj fiQj fpfM+;ksa dks [knsM+ fn;kA nksuksa fiNys
vk¡xu dh nhokj ij tk cSBhaA
brus esa jkr iM+ xbZA ge [kkuk [kkdj mQij tkdj lks x,A tkus ls igys eSaus vk¡xu esa
>k¡ddj ns[kk] fpfM+;k¡ ogk¡ ij ugha FkhaA eSaus le> fy;k fd mUgsa vDy vk xbZ gksxhA viuh
gkj ekudj fdlh nwljh txg pyh xbZ gksaxhA
Page 5


nks xkSjS;k/5
nks xkSjS;k
?kj esa ge rhu gh O;fDr jgrs gSaµek¡] firkth vkSj eSaA ij firkth dgrs gSa fd ;g ?kj ljk;
cuk gqvk gSA ge rks tSls ;gk¡ esgeku gSa] ?kj osQ ekfyd rks dksbZ nwljs gh gSaA
vk¡xu esa vke dk isM+ gSA rjg&rjg osQ i{kh ml ij Msjk Mkys jgrs gSaA tks Hkh i{kh
igkfM+;ksa&?kkfV;ksa ij ls mM+rk gqvk fnYyh igq¡prk gS] firkth dgrs gSa ogh lhèkk gekjs ?kj igq¡p
tkrk gS] tSls gekjs ?kj dk irk fy[kokdj yk;k gksA ;gk¡ dHkh rksrs igq¡p tkrs gSa] rks dHkh dkSos
vkSj dHkh rjg&rjg dh xkSjS;k¡A og 'kksj eprk gS fd dkuksa osQ insZ iQV tk,¡] ij yksx dgrs gSa
fd i{kh xk jgs gSa!
?kj osQ vanj Hkh ;gh gky gSA chfl;ksa rks pwgs clrs gSaA jkr&Hkj ,d dejs ls nwljs dejs
esa Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaA og /ek&pkSdM+h eprh gS fd ge yksx Bhd rjg ls lks Hkh ugha ikrsA crZu
fxjrs gSa] fMCcs [kqyrs gSa] I;kys VwVrs gSaA ,d pwgk v¡axhBh osQ ihNs cSBuk ilan djrk gS] 'kk;n
cw<+k gS mls lnhZ cgqr yxrh
gSA ,d nwljk gS ftls ckFk:e
dh Vadh ij p<+dj cSBuk ilan
gSA mls 'kk;n xehZ cgqr yxrh
gSA fcYyh gekjs ?kj esa jgrh
rks ugha exj ?kj mls Hkh ilan
gS vkSj og dHkh&dHkh >k¡d
tkrh gSA eu vk;k rks vanj
vkdj nw/ ih xbZ] u eu vk;k
rks ckgj ls gh ^fiQj vkm¡Qxh*
dgdj pyh tkrh gSA 'kke
iM+rs gh nks&rhu pexknM+
dejksa osQ vkj&ikj ij iSQyk,
dljr djus yxrs gSaA ?kj esa
nwljk ikB
nwokZ/6
dcwrj Hkh gSaA fnu&Hkj
^xqVj&x¡w xqVj&xw¡* dk laxhr
lqukbZ nsrk jgrk gSA brus
ij gh cl ugha] ?kj esa
fNidfy;k¡ Hkh gSa vkSj cjsZ
Hkh gSa vkSj phafV;ksa dh rks
tSls I+kQkSt gh Nkouh Mkys
gq, gSA
vc ,d fnu nks xkSjS;k lh/h vanj ?kql vkb± vkSj fcuk
iwNs mM+&mM+dj edku ns[kus yxhaA firkth dgus yxs fd
edku dk fujh{k.k dj jgh gSa fd muosQ jgus ;ksX; gS ;k
ughaA dHkh os fdlh jks'kunku ij tk cSBrha] rks dHkh f[kM+dh
ijA fiQj tSls vkb± Fkha oSls gh mM+ Hkh xb±A ij nks fnu ckn
geus D;k ns[kk fd cSBd dh Nr esa yxs ia[ks osQ xksys esa
mUgksaus viuk fcNkou fcNk fy;k gS] vkSj lkeku Hkh ys vkb±
gSa vkSj e”ks ls nksuksa cSBh xkuk xk jgh gSaA tkfgj gS] mUgsa ?kj
ilan vk x;k FkkA
ek¡ vkSj firkth nksuksa lksisQ ij cSBs mudh vksj ns[ks tk
jgs FksA FkksM+h nsj ckn ek¡ flj fgykdj cksyha] ¶vc rks ;s ugha
mM+saxhA igys bUgsa mM+k nsrs] rks mM+ tkrhaA vc rks bUgksaus ;gk¡
?kksalyk cuk fy;k gSA¸
bl ij firkth dks xqLlk vk x;kA og mB [kM+s gq,
vkSj cksys] ¶ns[krk gw¡ ;s oSQls ;gk¡ jgrh gSa! xkSjS;k¡ esjs vkxs
D;k ph”k gSa! eSa vHkh fudky ckgj djrk gw¡A¸
¶NksM+ks th] pwgksa dks rks fudky ugha ik,] vc fpfM+;ksa
dks fudkysaxs!¸ ek¡ us O;aX; ls dgkA
ek¡ dksbZ ckr O;aX; esa dgsa] rks firkth mcy iM+rs gSa
og le>rs gSa fd ek¡ mudk e”kkd mM+k jgh gSaA og iQkSju
mB [kM+s gq, vkSj ia[ks osQ uhps tkdj ”kksj ls rkyh ctkbZ
nks xkSjS;k/7
vkSj eq¡g ls ^'k-----'kw* dgk] ck¡gsa >qykb±] fiQj [kM+s&[kM+s owQnus yxs] dHkh ckgsa >qykrs] dHkh ^'k-
--'kw* djrsA
xkSjS;ksa us ?kksalys esa ls flj fudkydj uhps dh vksj >k¡ddj ns[kk vkSj nksuksa ,d lkFk
^pha&pha djus yxhaA vkSj ek¡ f[kyf[kykdj g¡lus yxhaA
firkth dks xqLlk vk x;k] blesa g¡lus dh D;k ckr gS\
ek¡ dks ,sls ekSdksa ij ges'kk e”kkd lw>rk gSA g¡ldj cksyh] fpfM+;k¡ ,d nwljh ls iwN jgh
gSa fd ;g vkneh dkSu gS vkSj ukp D;ksa jgk gS\
rc firkth dks vkSj Hkh ”;knk xqLlk vk x;k vkSj og igys ls Hkh ”;knk m¡Qpk owQnus yxsA
xkSjS;k¡ ?kksalys esa ls fudydj nwljs ia[ks osQ MSus ij tk cSBhaA mUgsa firkth dk ukpuk tSls
cgqr ilan vk jgk FkkA ek¡ fiQj g¡lus yxha] ;s fudysaxh ugha] thA vc bUgksaus vaMs ns fn, gksaxsA¸
¶fudysaxh oSQls ugha\¸ firkth cksys vkSj ckgj ls ykBh mBk yk,A blh chp xkSjS;k¡ fiQj
?kksalys esa tk cSBh FkhaA mUgksaus ykBh m¡Qph mBkdj ia[ks osQ xksys dks BdksjkA ^pha&pha* djrh xkSjS;k¡
mM+dj insZ osQ MaMs ij tk cSBhaA
bruh rdyhi
+
Q djus dh D;k ”k:jr FkhA ia[kk pyk nsrs rks ;s mM+ tkrhaA ek¡ us g¡ldj dgkA
firkth ykBh mBk, insZ osQ MaMs dh vksj yiosQA ,d xkSjS;k mM+dj fdpu osQ njok”ks ij
tk cSBhA nwljh lhf<+;ksa okys njok”ks ijA
ek¡ fiQj g¡l nhA rqe rks cM+s le>nkj gks th] lHkh njok”ks [kqys gSa vkSj rqe xkSjS;ksa dks ckgj
fudky jgs gksA ,d njok”kk [kqyk NksM+ks] ckdh njok”ks can dj nksA rHkh ;s fudysaxhA
vc firkth us eq>s f>M+ddj dgk] ¶rw [kM+k D;k ns[k jgk gS\ tk] nksuksa njokts can dj ns!¸
eSaus Hkkxdj nksuksa njok”ks can dj fn, osQoy fdpu okyk njok”kk [kqyk jgkA
firkth us fiQj ykBh mBkbZ vkSj xkSjS;ksa ij geyk cksy fn;kA ,d ckj rks >wyrh ykBh ek¡
osQ flj ij yxrs&yxrs cphA pha&pha djrh fpfM+;k¡ dHkh ,d txg rks dHkh nwljh txg tk
cSBrhaA vkf[kj nksuksa fdpu dh vksj [kqyus okys njok”ks esa ls ckgj fudy xb±A ek¡ rkfy;k¡ ctkus
yxhaA firkth us ykBh nhokj osQ lkFk fVdkdj j[k nh vkSj Nkrh iSQyk, oqQlhZ ij vk cSBsA
¶vkt njok”ks can j[kks¸ mUgksaus gqDe fn;kA ¶,d fnu vanj ugha ?kql ik,¡xh] rks ?kj NksM+ nsaxhA¸
rHkh ia[ks osQ mQij ls pha&pha dh vkokt lqukbZ iM+hA vkSj ek¡ f[kyf[kykdj g¡l nhaA eSaus
flj mBkdj mQij dh vksj ns[kk] nksuksa xkSjS;k fiQj ls vius ?kksalys esa ekStwn FkhaA
nwokZ/8
¶njok”ks osQ uhps ls vk xbZ
gSa]¸ ek¡ cksyhaA
eSaus njokts osQ uhps
ns[kkA lpeqp njoktksa osQ
uhps FkksM+h&FkksM+h txg [kkyh
FkhA
firkth dks fiQj xqLlk
vk x;kA ek¡ enn rks djrh
ugha Fkha] cSBh g¡ls tk jgh
FkhaA
vc rks firkth xkSjS;ksa
ij fiy iM+sA mUgksaus njok”kksa
osQ uhps diM+s Bw¡l fn, rkfd
dgha dksbZ Nsn cpk ugha jg
tk,A vkSj fiQj ykBh >qykrs
gq, mu ij VwV iM+sA fpfM+;k¡
pha&pha djrh fiQj ckgj
fudy xb±A ij FkksM+h gh nsj
ckn os fiQj dejs esa ekStwn
FkhaA vcdh ckj os jks'kunku
esa ls vk xbZ Fkha ftldk ,d 'kh'kk VwVk gqvk FkkA
¶ns[kks&th] fpfM+;ksa dks er fudkyks]¸ ek¡ us vcdh ckj xaHkhjrk ls dgk] vc rks bUgksaus
vaMs Hkh ns fn, gksaxsA vc ;s ;gk¡ ls ugha tk,¡xhA
D;k eryc\ eSa dkyhu cjckn djok yw¡\ firkth cksys vkSj oqQlhZ ij p<+dj jks'kunku esa
diM+k Bw¡l fn;k vkSj fiQj ykBh >qykdj ,d ckj fiQj fpfM+;ksa dks [knsM+ fn;kA nksuksa fiNys
vk¡xu dh nhokj ij tk cSBhaA
brus esa jkr iM+ xbZA ge [kkuk [kkdj mQij tkdj lks x,A tkus ls igys eSaus vk¡xu esa
>k¡ddj ns[kk] fpfM+;k¡ ogk¡ ij ugha FkhaA eSaus le> fy;k fd mUgsa vDy vk xbZ gksxhA viuh
gkj ekudj fdlh nwljh txg pyh xbZ gksaxhA
nks xkSjS;k/9
nwljs fnu brokj FkkA tc ge yksx uhps mrjdj vk, rks os fiQj ls ekStwn Fkha vkSj e”ks ls
cSBh eYgkj xk jgh FkhaA firkth us fiQj ykBh mBk yhA ml fnu mUgsa xkSjS;ksa dks ckgj fudkyus
esa cgqr nsj ugha yxhA
vc rks jks”k ;gh oqQN gksus yxkA fnu esa rks os ckgj fudky nh tkrha ij jkr osQ oDr tc
ge lks jgs gksrs] rks u tkus
fdl jkLrs ls os vanj ?kql
vkrhaA
firkth ijs'kku gks mBsA
vkf[kj dksbZ dgk¡ rd ykBh
>qyk ldrk gS\ firkth
ckj&ckj dgsaa] ¶eSa gkj ekuus
okyk vkneh ugha gw¡A¸ ij
vkf[kj og Hkh rax vk x,
FksA vkf[kj tc mudh
lgu'khyrk pqd xbZ rks og
dgus yxs fd og xkSjS;ksa dk
?kksalyk ukspdj fudky nsaxsA
vkSj og IkQkSju gh ckgj ls
,d LVwy mBk yk,A
?kksalyk rksM+uk dfBu
dke ugha FkkA mUgksaus ia[ks osQ
uhps iQ'kZ ij LVwy j[kk vkSj
ykBh ysdj LVwy ij p<+ x,A
¶fdlh dks lpeqp ckgj
fudkyuk gks] rks mldk ?kj
rksM+ nsuk pkfg,]¸ mUgksaus xqLls
ls dgkA
?kksalys esa ls vussd fruosQ
ckgj dh vksj yVd jgs Fks]
xkSjS;ksa us ltkoV osQ fy, ekuks
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