NCERT Textbook: नए इलाके में...खुशबू रचते हैं हाथ..., स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook: नए इलाके में...खुशबू रचते हैं हाथ..., स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


120/Li'kZ
v#.k dey
(1954)
v#.k dey dk tUe fcgkj osQ jksgrkl f”kys osQ ukljhxat esa 15 iQjojh 1954 dks gqvkA
;s bu fnuksa iVuk fo'ofo|ky; esa izkè;kid gSaA bUgsa viuh dforkvksa osQ fy, lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj lfgr dbZ vU; iqjLdkjksa ls Hkh lEekfur fd;k x;kA bUgksaus dfork&ys[ku
osQ vykok dbZ iqLrdksa vkSj jpukvksa dk vuqokn Hkh fd;k gSA
v#.k dey dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % viuh osQoy èkkj] lcwr] u, bykosQ esa] iqryh
esa lalkj (pkjkas dfork&laxzg) rFkk dfork vkSj le; (vkykspukRed Ñfr)A buosQ
vykok v#.k dey us ek;dksO;Ldh dh vkRedFkk vkSj taxy cqd dk fganh esa vkSj fganh
osQ ;qok dfo;ksa dh dforkvksa dk vaxzs”kh esa vuqokn fd;k] tks ^okW;lst* uke ls izdkf'kr
gqvkA
v#.k dey dh dforkvksa esa u, fcac] cksypky dh Hkk"kk] [kM+h cksyh osQ vusd
y;&Nanksa dk lekos'k gSA budh dfork,¡ ftruh vkichrh gSa] mruh gh txchrh HkhA budh
dforkvksa esa thou osQ fofoèk {ks=kksa dk fp=k.k gSA bl fofoèkrk osQ dkj.k budh Hkk"kk esa
Hkh fofoèkrk osQ n'kZu gksrs gSaA ;s cM+h oqQ'kyrk vkSj lgtrk ls thou&izlaxksa dks dfork
esa :ikarfjr dj nsrs gaSA budh dfork esa orZeku 'kks"k.kewyd O;oLFkk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ
vkØks'k] uI
+
kQjr vkSj mls myVdj ,d ubZ ekuoh; O;oLFkk dk fuekZ.k djus dh vkoqQyrk
loZ=k fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
izLrqr ikB dh igyh dfork ^u, bykosQ esa* esa ,d ,slh nqfu;k esa izos'k dk
vkea=k.k gS] tks ,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gSA ;g bl ckr dk cksèk djkrh gS
fd thou esa oqQN Hkh LFkk;h ugha gksrkA bl iy&iy curh&fcxM+rh nqfu;k esa
Le`fr;ksa osQ Hkjksls ugha ft;k tk ldrkA bl ikB dh nwljh dfork ^[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk*
lkekftd fo"kerkvksa dks csudkc djrh gSA ;g fdldh vkSj oSQlh dkjLrkuh gS fd tks
Page 2


120/Li'kZ
v#.k dey
(1954)
v#.k dey dk tUe fcgkj osQ jksgrkl f”kys osQ ukljhxat esa 15 iQjojh 1954 dks gqvkA
;s bu fnuksa iVuk fo'ofo|ky; esa izkè;kid gSaA bUgsa viuh dforkvksa osQ fy, lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj lfgr dbZ vU; iqjLdkjksa ls Hkh lEekfur fd;k x;kA bUgksaus dfork&ys[ku
osQ vykok dbZ iqLrdksa vkSj jpukvksa dk vuqokn Hkh fd;k gSA
v#.k dey dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % viuh osQoy èkkj] lcwr] u, bykosQ esa] iqryh
esa lalkj (pkjkas dfork&laxzg) rFkk dfork vkSj le; (vkykspukRed Ñfr)A buosQ
vykok v#.k dey us ek;dksO;Ldh dh vkRedFkk vkSj taxy cqd dk fganh esa vkSj fganh
osQ ;qok dfo;ksa dh dforkvksa dk vaxzs”kh esa vuqokn fd;k] tks ^okW;lst* uke ls izdkf'kr
gqvkA
v#.k dey dh dforkvksa esa u, fcac] cksypky dh Hkk"kk] [kM+h cksyh osQ vusd
y;&Nanksa dk lekos'k gSA budh dfork,¡ ftruh vkichrh gSa] mruh gh txchrh HkhA budh
dforkvksa esa thou osQ fofoèk {ks=kksa dk fp=k.k gSA bl fofoèkrk osQ dkj.k budh Hkk"kk esa
Hkh fofoèkrk osQ n'kZu gksrs gSaA ;s cM+h oqQ'kyrk vkSj lgtrk ls thou&izlaxksa dks dfork
esa :ikarfjr dj nsrs gaSA budh dfork esa orZeku 'kks"k.kewyd O;oLFkk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ
vkØks'k] uI
+
kQjr vkSj mls myVdj ,d ubZ ekuoh; O;oLFkk dk fuekZ.k djus dh vkoqQyrk
loZ=k fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
izLrqr ikB dh igyh dfork ^u, bykosQ esa* esa ,d ,slh nqfu;k esa izos'k dk
vkea=k.k gS] tks ,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gSA ;g bl ckr dk cksèk djkrh gS
fd thou esa oqQN Hkh LFkk;h ugha gksrkA bl iy&iy curh&fcxM+rh nqfu;k esa
Le`fr;ksa osQ Hkjksls ugha ft;k tk ldrkA bl ikB dh nwljh dfork ^[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk*
lkekftd fo"kerkvksa dks csudkc djrh gSA ;g fdldh vkSj oSQlh dkjLrkuh gS fd tks
u, bykosQ esa/[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk/121
oxZ lekt esa lkSan;Z dh l`f"V dj jgk gS vkSj mls [kq'kgky cuk jgk gS] ogh oxZ vHkko
esa] xanxh esa thou clj dj jgk gS\ yksxksa osQ thou esa lqxaèk fc[ksjusokys gkFk Hk;kog
fLFkfr;ksa esa viuk thou fcrkus ij etcwj gSa! D;k foMacuk gS fd [kq'kcw jpusokys ;s gkFk
nwjnjk”k osQ lcls xans vkSj cncwnkj bykdksa esa thou fcrk jgs gSaA LoLFk lekt osQ fuekZ.k
esa ;ksxnku djusokys ;s yksx brus misf{kr gSa! vkf[kj dc rd\
v#.k dey/121
Page 3


120/Li'kZ
v#.k dey
(1954)
v#.k dey dk tUe fcgkj osQ jksgrkl f”kys osQ ukljhxat esa 15 iQjojh 1954 dks gqvkA
;s bu fnuksa iVuk fo'ofo|ky; esa izkè;kid gSaA bUgsa viuh dforkvksa osQ fy, lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj lfgr dbZ vU; iqjLdkjksa ls Hkh lEekfur fd;k x;kA bUgksaus dfork&ys[ku
osQ vykok dbZ iqLrdksa vkSj jpukvksa dk vuqokn Hkh fd;k gSA
v#.k dey dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % viuh osQoy èkkj] lcwr] u, bykosQ esa] iqryh
esa lalkj (pkjkas dfork&laxzg) rFkk dfork vkSj le; (vkykspukRed Ñfr)A buosQ
vykok v#.k dey us ek;dksO;Ldh dh vkRedFkk vkSj taxy cqd dk fganh esa vkSj fganh
osQ ;qok dfo;ksa dh dforkvksa dk vaxzs”kh esa vuqokn fd;k] tks ^okW;lst* uke ls izdkf'kr
gqvkA
v#.k dey dh dforkvksa esa u, fcac] cksypky dh Hkk"kk] [kM+h cksyh osQ vusd
y;&Nanksa dk lekos'k gSA budh dfork,¡ ftruh vkichrh gSa] mruh gh txchrh HkhA budh
dforkvksa esa thou osQ fofoèk {ks=kksa dk fp=k.k gSA bl fofoèkrk osQ dkj.k budh Hkk"kk esa
Hkh fofoèkrk osQ n'kZu gksrs gSaA ;s cM+h oqQ'kyrk vkSj lgtrk ls thou&izlaxksa dks dfork
esa :ikarfjr dj nsrs gaSA budh dfork esa orZeku 'kks"k.kewyd O;oLFkk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ
vkØks'k] uI
+
kQjr vkSj mls myVdj ,d ubZ ekuoh; O;oLFkk dk fuekZ.k djus dh vkoqQyrk
loZ=k fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
izLrqr ikB dh igyh dfork ^u, bykosQ esa* esa ,d ,slh nqfu;k esa izos'k dk
vkea=k.k gS] tks ,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gSA ;g bl ckr dk cksèk djkrh gS
fd thou esa oqQN Hkh LFkk;h ugha gksrkA bl iy&iy curh&fcxM+rh nqfu;k esa
Le`fr;ksa osQ Hkjksls ugha ft;k tk ldrkA bl ikB dh nwljh dfork ^[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk*
lkekftd fo"kerkvksa dks csudkc djrh gSA ;g fdldh vkSj oSQlh dkjLrkuh gS fd tks
u, bykosQ esa/[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk/121
oxZ lekt esa lkSan;Z dh l`f"V dj jgk gS vkSj mls [kq'kgky cuk jgk gS] ogh oxZ vHkko
esa] xanxh esa thou clj dj jgk gS\ yksxksa osQ thou esa lqxaèk fc[ksjusokys gkFk Hk;kog
fLFkfr;ksa esa viuk thou fcrkus ij etcwj gSa! D;k foMacuk gS fd [kq'kcw jpusokys ;s gkFk
nwjnjk”k osQ lcls xans vkSj cncwnkj bykdksa esa thou fcrk jgs gSaA LoLFk lekt osQ fuekZ.k
esa ;ksxnku djusokys ;s yksx brus misf{kr gSa! vkf[kj dc rd\
v#.k dey/121 122/Li'kZ
(1) u, bykosQ esa
bu u, clrs bykdksa esa
tgk¡ jks”k cu jgs gSa u,&u, edku
eSa vdlj jkLrk Hkwy tkrk gw¡
èkks[kk ns tkrs gSa iqjkus fu'kku
[kkstrk gw¡ rkdrk ihiy dk isM+
[kkstrk gw¡ <gk gqvk ?kj
vkSj ”kehu dk [kkyh VqdM+k tgk¡ ls ck,¡
eqM+uk Fkk eq>s
fiQj nks edku ckn fcuk jaxokys yksgs osQ iQkVd dk
?kj Fkk bdeaf”kyk
vkSj eSa gj ckj ,d ?kj ihNs
py nsrk gw¡
;k nks ?kj vkxs Bdedkrk
;gk¡ jks”k oqQN cu jgk gS
jks”k oqQN ?kV jgk gS
;gk¡ Le`fr dk Hkjkslk ugha
Page 4


120/Li'kZ
v#.k dey
(1954)
v#.k dey dk tUe fcgkj osQ jksgrkl f”kys osQ ukljhxat esa 15 iQjojh 1954 dks gqvkA
;s bu fnuksa iVuk fo'ofo|ky; esa izkè;kid gSaA bUgsa viuh dforkvksa osQ fy, lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj lfgr dbZ vU; iqjLdkjksa ls Hkh lEekfur fd;k x;kA bUgksaus dfork&ys[ku
osQ vykok dbZ iqLrdksa vkSj jpukvksa dk vuqokn Hkh fd;k gSA
v#.k dey dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % viuh osQoy èkkj] lcwr] u, bykosQ esa] iqryh
esa lalkj (pkjkas dfork&laxzg) rFkk dfork vkSj le; (vkykspukRed Ñfr)A buosQ
vykok v#.k dey us ek;dksO;Ldh dh vkRedFkk vkSj taxy cqd dk fganh esa vkSj fganh
osQ ;qok dfo;ksa dh dforkvksa dk vaxzs”kh esa vuqokn fd;k] tks ^okW;lst* uke ls izdkf'kr
gqvkA
v#.k dey dh dforkvksa esa u, fcac] cksypky dh Hkk"kk] [kM+h cksyh osQ vusd
y;&Nanksa dk lekos'k gSA budh dfork,¡ ftruh vkichrh gSa] mruh gh txchrh HkhA budh
dforkvksa esa thou osQ fofoèk {ks=kksa dk fp=k.k gSA bl fofoèkrk osQ dkj.k budh Hkk"kk esa
Hkh fofoèkrk osQ n'kZu gksrs gSaA ;s cM+h oqQ'kyrk vkSj lgtrk ls thou&izlaxksa dks dfork
esa :ikarfjr dj nsrs gaSA budh dfork esa orZeku 'kks"k.kewyd O;oLFkk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ
vkØks'k] uI
+
kQjr vkSj mls myVdj ,d ubZ ekuoh; O;oLFkk dk fuekZ.k djus dh vkoqQyrk
loZ=k fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
izLrqr ikB dh igyh dfork ^u, bykosQ esa* esa ,d ,slh nqfu;k esa izos'k dk
vkea=k.k gS] tks ,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gSA ;g bl ckr dk cksèk djkrh gS
fd thou esa oqQN Hkh LFkk;h ugha gksrkA bl iy&iy curh&fcxM+rh nqfu;k esa
Le`fr;ksa osQ Hkjksls ugha ft;k tk ldrkA bl ikB dh nwljh dfork ^[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk*
lkekftd fo"kerkvksa dks csudkc djrh gSA ;g fdldh vkSj oSQlh dkjLrkuh gS fd tks
u, bykosQ esa/[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk/121
oxZ lekt esa lkSan;Z dh l`f"V dj jgk gS vkSj mls [kq'kgky cuk jgk gS] ogh oxZ vHkko
esa] xanxh esa thou clj dj jgk gS\ yksxksa osQ thou esa lqxaèk fc[ksjusokys gkFk Hk;kog
fLFkfr;ksa esa viuk thou fcrkus ij etcwj gSa! D;k foMacuk gS fd [kq'kcw jpusokys ;s gkFk
nwjnjk”k osQ lcls xans vkSj cncwnkj bykdksa esa thou fcrk jgs gSaA LoLFk lekt osQ fuekZ.k
esa ;ksxnku djusokys ;s yksx brus misf{kr gSa! vkf[kj dc rd\
v#.k dey/121 122/Li'kZ
(1) u, bykosQ esa
bu u, clrs bykdksa esa
tgk¡ jks”k cu jgs gSa u,&u, edku
eSa vdlj jkLrk Hkwy tkrk gw¡
èkks[kk ns tkrs gSa iqjkus fu'kku
[kkstrk gw¡ rkdrk ihiy dk isM+
[kkstrk gw¡ <gk gqvk ?kj
vkSj ”kehu dk [kkyh VqdM+k tgk¡ ls ck,¡
eqM+uk Fkk eq>s
fiQj nks edku ckn fcuk jaxokys yksgs osQ iQkVd dk
?kj Fkk bdeaf”kyk
vkSj eSa gj ckj ,d ?kj ihNs
py nsrk gw¡
;k nks ?kj vkxs Bdedkrk
;gk¡ jks”k oqQN cu jgk gS
jks”k oqQN ?kV jgk gS
;gk¡ Le`fr dk Hkjkslk ugha
u, bykosQ esa/[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk/123
,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gS nqfu;k
tSls olar dk x;k ir>M+ dks ykSVk gw¡
tSls cSlk[k dk x;k Hkknksa dks ykSVk gw¡
vc ;gh gS mik; fd gj njok”kk [kV[kVkvks
vkSj iwNksµ D;k ;gh gS oks ?kj\
le; cgqr de gS rqEgkjs ikl
vk pyk ikuh <gk vk jgk vdkl
'kk;n iqdkj ys dksbZ igpkuk mQij ls ns[kdjA
(2) [kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk
dbZ xfy;ksa osQ chp
dbZ ukyksa osQ ikj
owQM+s&djdV
osQ <sjksa osQ ckn
cncw ls iQVrs tkrs bl
Vksys osQ vanj
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFkA
mHkjh ulksaokys gkFk
f?kls uk[kwukssaokys gkFk
ihiy osQ iÙks&ls u,&u, gkFk
twgh dh Mky&ls [kq'kcwnkj gkFk
Page 5


120/Li'kZ
v#.k dey
(1954)
v#.k dey dk tUe fcgkj osQ jksgrkl f”kys osQ ukljhxat esa 15 iQjojh 1954 dks gqvkA
;s bu fnuksa iVuk fo'ofo|ky; esa izkè;kid gSaA bUgsa viuh dforkvksa osQ fy, lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj lfgr dbZ vU; iqjLdkjksa ls Hkh lEekfur fd;k x;kA bUgksaus dfork&ys[ku
osQ vykok dbZ iqLrdksa vkSj jpukvksa dk vuqokn Hkh fd;k gSA
v#.k dey dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % viuh osQoy èkkj] lcwr] u, bykosQ esa] iqryh
esa lalkj (pkjkas dfork&laxzg) rFkk dfork vkSj le; (vkykspukRed Ñfr)A buosQ
vykok v#.k dey us ek;dksO;Ldh dh vkRedFkk vkSj taxy cqd dk fganh esa vkSj fganh
osQ ;qok dfo;ksa dh dforkvksa dk vaxzs”kh esa vuqokn fd;k] tks ^okW;lst* uke ls izdkf'kr
gqvkA
v#.k dey dh dforkvksa esa u, fcac] cksypky dh Hkk"kk] [kM+h cksyh osQ vusd
y;&Nanksa dk lekos'k gSA budh dfork,¡ ftruh vkichrh gSa] mruh gh txchrh HkhA budh
dforkvksa esa thou osQ fofoèk {ks=kksa dk fp=k.k gSA bl fofoèkrk osQ dkj.k budh Hkk"kk esa
Hkh fofoèkrk osQ n'kZu gksrs gSaA ;s cM+h oqQ'kyrk vkSj lgtrk ls thou&izlaxksa dks dfork
esa :ikarfjr dj nsrs gaSA budh dfork esa orZeku 'kks"k.kewyd O;oLFkk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ
vkØks'k] uI
+
kQjr vkSj mls myVdj ,d ubZ ekuoh; O;oLFkk dk fuekZ.k djus dh vkoqQyrk
loZ=k fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
izLrqr ikB dh igyh dfork ^u, bykosQ esa* esa ,d ,slh nqfu;k esa izos'k dk
vkea=k.k gS] tks ,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gSA ;g bl ckr dk cksèk djkrh gS
fd thou esa oqQN Hkh LFkk;h ugha gksrkA bl iy&iy curh&fcxM+rh nqfu;k esa
Le`fr;ksa osQ Hkjksls ugha ft;k tk ldrkA bl ikB dh nwljh dfork ^[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk*
lkekftd fo"kerkvksa dks csudkc djrh gSA ;g fdldh vkSj oSQlh dkjLrkuh gS fd tks
u, bykosQ esa/[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk/121
oxZ lekt esa lkSan;Z dh l`f"V dj jgk gS vkSj mls [kq'kgky cuk jgk gS] ogh oxZ vHkko
esa] xanxh esa thou clj dj jgk gS\ yksxksa osQ thou esa lqxaèk fc[ksjusokys gkFk Hk;kog
fLFkfr;ksa esa viuk thou fcrkus ij etcwj gSa! D;k foMacuk gS fd [kq'kcw jpusokys ;s gkFk
nwjnjk”k osQ lcls xans vkSj cncwnkj bykdksa esa thou fcrk jgs gSaA LoLFk lekt osQ fuekZ.k
esa ;ksxnku djusokys ;s yksx brus misf{kr gSa! vkf[kj dc rd\
v#.k dey/121 122/Li'kZ
(1) u, bykosQ esa
bu u, clrs bykdksa esa
tgk¡ jks”k cu jgs gSa u,&u, edku
eSa vdlj jkLrk Hkwy tkrk gw¡
èkks[kk ns tkrs gSa iqjkus fu'kku
[kkstrk gw¡ rkdrk ihiy dk isM+
[kkstrk gw¡ <gk gqvk ?kj
vkSj ”kehu dk [kkyh VqdM+k tgk¡ ls ck,¡
eqM+uk Fkk eq>s
fiQj nks edku ckn fcuk jaxokys yksgs osQ iQkVd dk
?kj Fkk bdeaf”kyk
vkSj eSa gj ckj ,d ?kj ihNs
py nsrk gw¡
;k nks ?kj vkxs Bdedkrk
;gk¡ jks”k oqQN cu jgk gS
jks”k oqQN ?kV jgk gS
;gk¡ Le`fr dk Hkjkslk ugha
u, bykosQ esa/[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk/123
,d gh fnu esa iqjkuh iM+ tkrh gS nqfu;k
tSls olar dk x;k ir>M+ dks ykSVk gw¡
tSls cSlk[k dk x;k Hkknksa dks ykSVk gw¡
vc ;gh gS mik; fd gj njok”kk [kV[kVkvks
vkSj iwNksµ D;k ;gh gS oks ?kj\
le; cgqr de gS rqEgkjs ikl
vk pyk ikuh <gk vk jgk vdkl
'kk;n iqdkj ys dksbZ igpkuk mQij ls ns[kdjA
(2) [kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk
dbZ xfy;ksa osQ chp
dbZ ukyksa osQ ikj
owQM+s&djdV
osQ <sjksa osQ ckn
cncw ls iQVrs tkrs bl
Vksys osQ vanj
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFkA
mHkjh ulksaokys gkFk
f?kls uk[kwukssaokys gkFk
ihiy osQ iÙks&ls u,&u, gkFk
twgh dh Mky&ls [kq'kcwnkj gkFk
124/Li'kZ
xans dVs&fiVs gkFk
”k[e ls iQVs gq, gkFk
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFkA
;gha bl xyh esa curh gSa
eqYd dh e'kgwj vxjcfÙk;k¡
bUgha xans eqgYyksa osQ xans yksx
cukrs gaS osQoM+k xqykc [kl vkSj jkrjkuh
vxjcfÙk;k¡
nqfu;k dh lkjh xanxh osQ chp
nqfu;k dh lkjh [kq'kcw
jprs jgrs gSa gkFk
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFk
[kq'kcw jprs gSa gkFkA
iz'u&vH;kl
(1) u, bykosQ esa
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) u, clrs bykosQ esa dfo jkLrk D;ksa Hkwy tkrk gS\
([k) dfork esa dkSu&dkSu ls iqjkus fu'kkuksa dk mYys[k fd;k x;k gS\
(x) dfo ,d ?kj ihNs ;k nks ?kj vkxs D;ksa py nsrk gS\
(?k) ^olar dk x;k ir>M+* vkSj ^cSlk[k dk x;k Hkknksa dks ykSVk* ls D;k vfHkizk; gS\
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