NCERT Textbook: पाठ -11 आदमी नामा, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ -11 आदमी नामा, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


vkneh ukek/97
u”khj vdcjkcknh
(1735 - 1830)
u”khj vdcjkcknh dk tUe vkxjk 'kgj esa lu~ 1735 esa gqvkA bUgksaus vkxjk osQ vjch&I
+
kQkjlh
osQ e'kgwj vnhcksa ls rkyhe gkfly dhA u”khj fganw R;ksgkjksa esa cgqr fnypLih ysrs Fks vkSj muesa
'kkfey gksdj fnykstku ls yqRI
+
kQ mBkrs FksA fe;k¡ u”khj jkg pyrs u”esa dgus osQ fy, e'kgwj
FksA vius V^Â ij lokj u”khj dks dgha ls dgha vkrs&tkrs le; jkg esa dksbZ Hkh jksddj I
+
kQfj;kn
djrk Fkk fd mlosQ gquj ;k is'ks ls rkYyqd j[kusokyh dksbZ u”e dg nhft,A u”khj
vkuu&iQkuu esa ,d u”e jp nsrs FksA ;gh o”kg gS fd fHk'rh] ddM+h cspusokyk] fclkrh rd
u”khj dh jph u”esa xk&xkdj viuk lkSnk csprs Fks] rks ogha xhr xkdj xq”kj djusokfy;ksa osQ
oaQB ls Hkh u”khj dh u”esa gh iwQVrh FkhaA
u”khj nqfu;k osQ jax esa j¡xs gq, ,d egkdfo FksA budh dforkvksa esa nqfu;k g¡lrh&cksyrh]
thrh&tkxrh] pyrh&fiQjrh vkSj thou dk R;ksgkj eukrh u”kj vkrh gSA u”khj ,sls dfo gSa] ftUgsa
fganh vkSj mnZw] nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa osQ vke tu us viuk;kA u”khj dh dfork,¡ gekjh jk"Vªh; ,drk dh
felky gSa] ftuesa dbZ tkfr;k¡] dbZ izns'k] dbZ Hkk"kk,¡ vkSj dbZ ijaijk,¡ gksrs gq, Hkh lcesa ,dk gSA
u”khj viuh jpukvksa esa euksfouksn djrs gSaA g¡lh&fBBksyh djrs gSaA Kkuh dh rjg ugha]
fe=k dh rjg lykg&e'kfojk nsrs gSa] thou dh lekykspuk djrs gSaA ^lc BkB iM+k jg tk,xk]
tc ykn pysxk catkjk* tSlh ulhgr nsusokyk ;g dfo viuh jpukvksa esa thou dk mYykl
vkSj thou dh lPpkbZ mtkxj djrk gSA
izLrqr u”e ^vkneh ukek* esa u”khj us oqQnjr osQ lcls uk;kc fcjknj] vkneh dks vkbZuk
fn[kkrs gq, mldh vPNkb;ksa] lhekvksa vkSj laHkkoukvksa ls ifjfpr djk;k gSA bl lalkj dks vkSj
Hkh laqnj cukus osQ laosQr Hkh fn, gSaA
Page 2


vkneh ukek/97
u”khj vdcjkcknh
(1735 - 1830)
u”khj vdcjkcknh dk tUe vkxjk 'kgj esa lu~ 1735 esa gqvkA bUgksaus vkxjk osQ vjch&I
+
kQkjlh
osQ e'kgwj vnhcksa ls rkyhe gkfly dhA u”khj fganw R;ksgkjksa esa cgqr fnypLih ysrs Fks vkSj muesa
'kkfey gksdj fnykstku ls yqRI
+
kQ mBkrs FksA fe;k¡ u”khj jkg pyrs u”esa dgus osQ fy, e'kgwj
FksA vius V^Â ij lokj u”khj dks dgha ls dgha vkrs&tkrs le; jkg esa dksbZ Hkh jksddj I
+
kQfj;kn
djrk Fkk fd mlosQ gquj ;k is'ks ls rkYyqd j[kusokyh dksbZ u”e dg nhft,A u”khj
vkuu&iQkuu esa ,d u”e jp nsrs FksA ;gh o”kg gS fd fHk'rh] ddM+h cspusokyk] fclkrh rd
u”khj dh jph u”esa xk&xkdj viuk lkSnk csprs Fks] rks ogha xhr xkdj xq”kj djusokfy;ksa osQ
oaQB ls Hkh u”khj dh u”esa gh iwQVrh FkhaA
u”khj nqfu;k osQ jax esa j¡xs gq, ,d egkdfo FksA budh dforkvksa esa nqfu;k g¡lrh&cksyrh]
thrh&tkxrh] pyrh&fiQjrh vkSj thou dk R;ksgkj eukrh u”kj vkrh gSA u”khj ,sls dfo gSa] ftUgsa
fganh vkSj mnZw] nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa osQ vke tu us viuk;kA u”khj dh dfork,¡ gekjh jk"Vªh; ,drk dh
felky gSa] ftuesa dbZ tkfr;k¡] dbZ izns'k] dbZ Hkk"kk,¡ vkSj dbZ ijaijk,¡ gksrs gq, Hkh lcesa ,dk gSA
u”khj viuh jpukvksa esa euksfouksn djrs gSaA g¡lh&fBBksyh djrs gSaA Kkuh dh rjg ugha]
fe=k dh rjg lykg&e'kfojk nsrs gSa] thou dh lekykspuk djrs gSaA ^lc BkB iM+k jg tk,xk]
tc ykn pysxk catkjk* tSlh ulhgr nsusokyk ;g dfo viuh jpukvksa esa thou dk mYykl
vkSj thou dh lPpkbZ mtkxj djrk gSA
izLrqr u”e ^vkneh ukek* esa u”khj us oqQnjr osQ lcls uk;kc fcjknj] vkneh dks vkbZuk
fn[kkrs gq, mldh vPNkb;ksa] lhekvksa vkSj laHkkoukvksa ls ifjfpr djk;k gSA bl lalkj dks vkSj
Hkh laqnj cukus osQ laosQr Hkh fn, gSaA
98/Li'kZ
vkneh ukek
( 1 )
nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
”kjnkj csuok gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
fUkver tks [kk jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
VqdMs+ pck jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 2 )
eLkf”kn Hkh vkneh us cukbZ gS ;ka fe;k¡
curs gSa vkneh gh beke vkSj [kqrck[ok¡
i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 3 )
;ka vkneh iS tku dks okjs gS vkneh
vkSj vkneh iS rsx dks ekjs gS vkneh
ixM+h Hkh vkneh dh mrkjs gS vkneh
fpYyk osQ vkneh dks iqdkjs gS vkneh
vkSj lquosQ nkSM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
Page 3


vkneh ukek/97
u”khj vdcjkcknh
(1735 - 1830)
u”khj vdcjkcknh dk tUe vkxjk 'kgj esa lu~ 1735 esa gqvkA bUgksaus vkxjk osQ vjch&I
+
kQkjlh
osQ e'kgwj vnhcksa ls rkyhe gkfly dhA u”khj fganw R;ksgkjksa esa cgqr fnypLih ysrs Fks vkSj muesa
'kkfey gksdj fnykstku ls yqRI
+
kQ mBkrs FksA fe;k¡ u”khj jkg pyrs u”esa dgus osQ fy, e'kgwj
FksA vius V^Â ij lokj u”khj dks dgha ls dgha vkrs&tkrs le; jkg esa dksbZ Hkh jksddj I
+
kQfj;kn
djrk Fkk fd mlosQ gquj ;k is'ks ls rkYyqd j[kusokyh dksbZ u”e dg nhft,A u”khj
vkuu&iQkuu esa ,d u”e jp nsrs FksA ;gh o”kg gS fd fHk'rh] ddM+h cspusokyk] fclkrh rd
u”khj dh jph u”esa xk&xkdj viuk lkSnk csprs Fks] rks ogha xhr xkdj xq”kj djusokfy;ksa osQ
oaQB ls Hkh u”khj dh u”esa gh iwQVrh FkhaA
u”khj nqfu;k osQ jax esa j¡xs gq, ,d egkdfo FksA budh dforkvksa esa nqfu;k g¡lrh&cksyrh]
thrh&tkxrh] pyrh&fiQjrh vkSj thou dk R;ksgkj eukrh u”kj vkrh gSA u”khj ,sls dfo gSa] ftUgsa
fganh vkSj mnZw] nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa osQ vke tu us viuk;kA u”khj dh dfork,¡ gekjh jk"Vªh; ,drk dh
felky gSa] ftuesa dbZ tkfr;k¡] dbZ izns'k] dbZ Hkk"kk,¡ vkSj dbZ ijaijk,¡ gksrs gq, Hkh lcesa ,dk gSA
u”khj viuh jpukvksa esa euksfouksn djrs gSaA g¡lh&fBBksyh djrs gSaA Kkuh dh rjg ugha]
fe=k dh rjg lykg&e'kfojk nsrs gSa] thou dh lekykspuk djrs gSaA ^lc BkB iM+k jg tk,xk]
tc ykn pysxk catkjk* tSlh ulhgr nsusokyk ;g dfo viuh jpukvksa esa thou dk mYykl
vkSj thou dh lPpkbZ mtkxj djrk gSA
izLrqr u”e ^vkneh ukek* esa u”khj us oqQnjr osQ lcls uk;kc fcjknj] vkneh dks vkbZuk
fn[kkrs gq, mldh vPNkb;ksa] lhekvksa vkSj laHkkoukvksa ls ifjfpr djk;k gSA bl lalkj dks vkSj
Hkh laqnj cukus osQ laosQr Hkh fn, gSaA
98/Li'kZ
vkneh ukek
( 1 )
nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
”kjnkj csuok gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
fUkver tks [kk jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
VqdMs+ pck jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 2 )
eLkf”kn Hkh vkneh us cukbZ gS ;ka fe;k¡
curs gSa vkneh gh beke vkSj [kqrck[ok¡
i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 3 )
;ka vkneh iS tku dks okjs gS vkneh
vkSj vkneh iS rsx dks ekjs gS vkneh
ixM+h Hkh vkneh dh mrkjs gS vkneh
fpYyk osQ vkneh dks iqdkjs gS vkneh
vkSj lquosQ nkSM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
vkneh ukek/99
( 4 )
v'kjkI
+
kQ vkSj dehus ls ys 'kkg rk o”khj
;s vkneh gh djrs gSa lc dkjs fnyi”khj
;ka vkneh eqjhn gS vkSj vkneh gh ihj
vPNk Hkh vkneh gh dgkrk gS , u”khj
vkSj lcesa tks cqjk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) igys Nan esa dfo dh n`f"V vkneh osQ fdu&fdu :iksa dk c[kku djrh gS\ Øe
ls fyf[k,A
([k) pkjksa Nanksa esa dfo us vkneh osQ ldkjkRed vkSj udkjkRed :iksa dks ijLij
fdu&fdu :iksa esa j[kk gS\ vius 'kCnksa esa Li"V dhft,A
(x) ^vkneh ukek* 'kh"kZd dfork osQ bu va'kksa dks i<+dj vkiosQ eu esa euq"; osQ izfr
D;k èkkj.kk curh gS\
(?k) bl dfork dk dkSu&lk Hkkx vkidks lcls vPNk yxk vkSj D;ksa\
(Ä) vkneh dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk mYys[k dhft,A
2. fuEufyf[kr va'kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,µ
(d) nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
([k) v'kjkI
+
kQ vkSj dehus ls ys 'kkg rk o”khj
;s vkneh gh djrs gSa lc dkjs fnyi”khj
3. fuEufyf[kr esa vfHkO;Dr O;aX; dks Li"V dhft,µ
(d) i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
Page 4


vkneh ukek/97
u”khj vdcjkcknh
(1735 - 1830)
u”khj vdcjkcknh dk tUe vkxjk 'kgj esa lu~ 1735 esa gqvkA bUgksaus vkxjk osQ vjch&I
+
kQkjlh
osQ e'kgwj vnhcksa ls rkyhe gkfly dhA u”khj fganw R;ksgkjksa esa cgqr fnypLih ysrs Fks vkSj muesa
'kkfey gksdj fnykstku ls yqRI
+
kQ mBkrs FksA fe;k¡ u”khj jkg pyrs u”esa dgus osQ fy, e'kgwj
FksA vius V^Â ij lokj u”khj dks dgha ls dgha vkrs&tkrs le; jkg esa dksbZ Hkh jksddj I
+
kQfj;kn
djrk Fkk fd mlosQ gquj ;k is'ks ls rkYyqd j[kusokyh dksbZ u”e dg nhft,A u”khj
vkuu&iQkuu esa ,d u”e jp nsrs FksA ;gh o”kg gS fd fHk'rh] ddM+h cspusokyk] fclkrh rd
u”khj dh jph u”esa xk&xkdj viuk lkSnk csprs Fks] rks ogha xhr xkdj xq”kj djusokfy;ksa osQ
oaQB ls Hkh u”khj dh u”esa gh iwQVrh FkhaA
u”khj nqfu;k osQ jax esa j¡xs gq, ,d egkdfo FksA budh dforkvksa esa nqfu;k g¡lrh&cksyrh]
thrh&tkxrh] pyrh&fiQjrh vkSj thou dk R;ksgkj eukrh u”kj vkrh gSA u”khj ,sls dfo gSa] ftUgsa
fganh vkSj mnZw] nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa osQ vke tu us viuk;kA u”khj dh dfork,¡ gekjh jk"Vªh; ,drk dh
felky gSa] ftuesa dbZ tkfr;k¡] dbZ izns'k] dbZ Hkk"kk,¡ vkSj dbZ ijaijk,¡ gksrs gq, Hkh lcesa ,dk gSA
u”khj viuh jpukvksa esa euksfouksn djrs gSaA g¡lh&fBBksyh djrs gSaA Kkuh dh rjg ugha]
fe=k dh rjg lykg&e'kfojk nsrs gSa] thou dh lekykspuk djrs gSaA ^lc BkB iM+k jg tk,xk]
tc ykn pysxk catkjk* tSlh ulhgr nsusokyk ;g dfo viuh jpukvksa esa thou dk mYykl
vkSj thou dh lPpkbZ mtkxj djrk gSA
izLrqr u”e ^vkneh ukek* esa u”khj us oqQnjr osQ lcls uk;kc fcjknj] vkneh dks vkbZuk
fn[kkrs gq, mldh vPNkb;ksa] lhekvksa vkSj laHkkoukvksa ls ifjfpr djk;k gSA bl lalkj dks vkSj
Hkh laqnj cukus osQ laosQr Hkh fn, gSaA
98/Li'kZ
vkneh ukek
( 1 )
nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
”kjnkj csuok gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
fUkver tks [kk jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
VqdMs+ pck jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 2 )
eLkf”kn Hkh vkneh us cukbZ gS ;ka fe;k¡
curs gSa vkneh gh beke vkSj [kqrck[ok¡
i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 3 )
;ka vkneh iS tku dks okjs gS vkneh
vkSj vkneh iS rsx dks ekjs gS vkneh
ixM+h Hkh vkneh dh mrkjs gS vkneh
fpYyk osQ vkneh dks iqdkjs gS vkneh
vkSj lquosQ nkSM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
vkneh ukek/99
( 4 )
v'kjkI
+
kQ vkSj dehus ls ys 'kkg rk o”khj
;s vkneh gh djrs gSa lc dkjs fnyi”khj
;ka vkneh eqjhn gS vkSj vkneh gh ihj
vPNk Hkh vkneh gh dgkrk gS , u”khj
vkSj lcesa tks cqjk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) igys Nan esa dfo dh n`f"V vkneh osQ fdu&fdu :iksa dk c[kku djrh gS\ Øe
ls fyf[k,A
([k) pkjksa Nanksa esa dfo us vkneh osQ ldkjkRed vkSj udkjkRed :iksa dks ijLij
fdu&fdu :iksa esa j[kk gS\ vius 'kCnksa esa Li"V dhft,A
(x) ^vkneh ukek* 'kh"kZd dfork osQ bu va'kksa dks i<+dj vkiosQ eu esa euq"; osQ izfr
D;k èkkj.kk curh gS\
(?k) bl dfork dk dkSu&lk Hkkx vkidks lcls vPNk yxk vkSj D;ksa\
(Ä) vkneh dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk mYys[k dhft,A
2. fuEufyf[kr va'kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,µ
(d) nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
([k) v'kjkI
+
kQ vkSj dehus ls ys 'kkg rk o”khj
;s vkneh gh djrs gSa lc dkjs fnyi”khj
3. fuEufyf[kr esa vfHkO;Dr O;aX; dks Li"V dhft,µ
(d) i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
100/Li'kZ
([k) ixM+h Hkh vkneh dh mrkjs gS vkneh
fpYyk osQ vkneh dks iqdkjs gS vkneh
vkSj lquosQ nkSM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
4. uhps fy[ks 'kCnksa dk mPpkj.k dhft, vkSj lef>, fd fdl izdkj uqDrs osQ dkj.k
muesa vFkZ ifjorZu vk x;k gSA
jk”k (jgL;) I
+
kQu (dkS'ky)
jkt ('kklu) IkQu (lk¡i dk eq¡g)
”kjk (FkksM+k) I
+
kQyd (vkdk'k)
tjk (cq<+kik) IkQyd (ydM+h dk r[rk)
”k I
+
kQ ls ;qDr nks&nks 'kCnksa dks vkSj fyf[k,A
5. fuEufyf[kr eqgkojksa dk iz;ksx okD;ksa esa dhft,µ
(d)VqdMs+ pckuk
([k)ixM+h mrkjuk
(x) eqjhn gksuk
(?k) tku okjuk
(Ä) rsx ekjuk
;ksX;rk&foLrkj
vxj ^canj ukek* fy[kuk gks rks vki fdu&fdu ldkjkRed vkSj udkjkRed ckrksa dk
mYys[k djsaxsA
'kCnkFkZ vkSj fVIif.k;k¡
ckn'kkg µ jktk
eqI
+
kQfyl µ xjhc] nhu&nfjnz
xnk µ fHk[kkjh] IkQdhj
”kjnkj µ ekynkj] nkSyrean
csuok µ de”kksj
fuver µ Lokfn"V Hkkstu
beke µ uek”k i<+usokys
rkM+rk (rkM+uk)µ Hkk¡i ysuk
[kqrck[ok¡ µ oqQjku 'kjhI
+
kQ dk vFkZ crkusokyk
Page 5


vkneh ukek/97
u”khj vdcjkcknh
(1735 - 1830)
u”khj vdcjkcknh dk tUe vkxjk 'kgj esa lu~ 1735 esa gqvkA bUgksaus vkxjk osQ vjch&I
+
kQkjlh
osQ e'kgwj vnhcksa ls rkyhe gkfly dhA u”khj fganw R;ksgkjksa esa cgqr fnypLih ysrs Fks vkSj muesa
'kkfey gksdj fnykstku ls yqRI
+
kQ mBkrs FksA fe;k¡ u”khj jkg pyrs u”esa dgus osQ fy, e'kgwj
FksA vius V^Â ij lokj u”khj dks dgha ls dgha vkrs&tkrs le; jkg esa dksbZ Hkh jksddj I
+
kQfj;kn
djrk Fkk fd mlosQ gquj ;k is'ks ls rkYyqd j[kusokyh dksbZ u”e dg nhft,A u”khj
vkuu&iQkuu esa ,d u”e jp nsrs FksA ;gh o”kg gS fd fHk'rh] ddM+h cspusokyk] fclkrh rd
u”khj dh jph u”esa xk&xkdj viuk lkSnk csprs Fks] rks ogha xhr xkdj xq”kj djusokfy;ksa osQ
oaQB ls Hkh u”khj dh u”esa gh iwQVrh FkhaA
u”khj nqfu;k osQ jax esa j¡xs gq, ,d egkdfo FksA budh dforkvksa esa nqfu;k g¡lrh&cksyrh]
thrh&tkxrh] pyrh&fiQjrh vkSj thou dk R;ksgkj eukrh u”kj vkrh gSA u”khj ,sls dfo gSa] ftUgsa
fganh vkSj mnZw] nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa osQ vke tu us viuk;kA u”khj dh dfork,¡ gekjh jk"Vªh; ,drk dh
felky gSa] ftuesa dbZ tkfr;k¡] dbZ izns'k] dbZ Hkk"kk,¡ vkSj dbZ ijaijk,¡ gksrs gq, Hkh lcesa ,dk gSA
u”khj viuh jpukvksa esa euksfouksn djrs gSaA g¡lh&fBBksyh djrs gSaA Kkuh dh rjg ugha]
fe=k dh rjg lykg&e'kfojk nsrs gSa] thou dh lekykspuk djrs gSaA ^lc BkB iM+k jg tk,xk]
tc ykn pysxk catkjk* tSlh ulhgr nsusokyk ;g dfo viuh jpukvksa esa thou dk mYykl
vkSj thou dh lPpkbZ mtkxj djrk gSA
izLrqr u”e ^vkneh ukek* esa u”khj us oqQnjr osQ lcls uk;kc fcjknj] vkneh dks vkbZuk
fn[kkrs gq, mldh vPNkb;ksa] lhekvksa vkSj laHkkoukvksa ls ifjfpr djk;k gSA bl lalkj dks vkSj
Hkh laqnj cukus osQ laosQr Hkh fn, gSaA
98/Li'kZ
vkneh ukek
( 1 )
nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
”kjnkj csuok gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
fUkver tks [kk jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
VqdMs+ pck jgk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 2 )
eLkf”kn Hkh vkneh us cukbZ gS ;ka fe;k¡
curs gSa vkneh gh beke vkSj [kqrck[ok¡
i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
( 3 )
;ka vkneh iS tku dks okjs gS vkneh
vkSj vkneh iS rsx dks ekjs gS vkneh
ixM+h Hkh vkneh dh mrkjs gS vkneh
fpYyk osQ vkneh dks iqdkjs gS vkneh
vkSj lquosQ nkSM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
vkneh ukek/99
( 4 )
v'kjkI
+
kQ vkSj dehus ls ys 'kkg rk o”khj
;s vkneh gh djrs gSa lc dkjs fnyi”khj
;ka vkneh eqjhn gS vkSj vkneh gh ihj
vPNk Hkh vkneh gh dgkrk gS , u”khj
vkSj lcesa tks cqjk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) igys Nan esa dfo dh n`f"V vkneh osQ fdu&fdu :iksa dk c[kku djrh gS\ Øe
ls fyf[k,A
([k) pkjksa Nanksa esa dfo us vkneh osQ ldkjkRed vkSj udkjkRed :iksa dks ijLij
fdu&fdu :iksa esa j[kk gS\ vius 'kCnksa esa Li"V dhft,A
(x) ^vkneh ukek* 'kh"kZd dfork osQ bu va'kksa dks i<+dj vkiosQ eu esa euq"; osQ izfr
D;k èkkj.kk curh gS\
(?k) bl dfork dk dkSu&lk Hkkx vkidks lcls vPNk yxk vkSj D;ksa\
(Ä) vkneh dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk mYys[k dhft,A
2. fuEufyf[kr va'kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,µ
(d) nqfu;k esa ckn'kkg gS lks gS og Hkh vkneh
vkSj eqI
+
kQfyl&vks&xnk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
([k) v'kjkI
+
kQ vkSj dehus ls ys 'kkg rk o”khj
;s vkneh gh djrs gSa lc dkjs fnyi”khj
3. fuEufyf[kr esa vfHkO;Dr O;aX; dks Li"V dhft,µ
(d) i<+rs gSa vkneh gh oqQjvku vkSj uek”k ;ka
vkSj vkneh gh mudh pqjkrs gSa twfr;k¡
tks mudks rkM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
100/Li'kZ
([k) ixM+h Hkh vkneh dh mrkjs gS vkneh
fpYyk osQ vkneh dks iqdkjs gS vkneh
vkSj lquosQ nkSM+rk gS lks gS oks Hkh vkneh
4. uhps fy[ks 'kCnksa dk mPpkj.k dhft, vkSj lef>, fd fdl izdkj uqDrs osQ dkj.k
muesa vFkZ ifjorZu vk x;k gSA
jk”k (jgL;) I
+
kQu (dkS'ky)
jkt ('kklu) IkQu (lk¡i dk eq¡g)
”kjk (FkksM+k) I
+
kQyd (vkdk'k)
tjk (cq<+kik) IkQyd (ydM+h dk r[rk)
”k I
+
kQ ls ;qDr nks&nks 'kCnksa dks vkSj fyf[k,A
5. fuEufyf[kr eqgkojksa dk iz;ksx okD;ksa esa dhft,µ
(d)VqdMs+ pckuk
([k)ixM+h mrkjuk
(x) eqjhn gksuk
(?k) tku okjuk
(Ä) rsx ekjuk
;ksX;rk&foLrkj
vxj ^canj ukek* fy[kuk gks rks vki fdu&fdu ldkjkRed vkSj udkjkRed ckrksa dk
mYys[k djsaxsA
'kCnkFkZ vkSj fVIif.k;k¡
ckn'kkg µ jktk
eqI
+
kQfyl µ xjhc] nhu&nfjnz
xnk µ fHk[kkjh] IkQdhj
”kjnkj µ ekynkj] nkSyrean
csuok µ de”kksj
fuver µ Lokfn"V Hkkstu
beke µ uek”k i<+usokys
rkM+rk (rkM+uk)µ Hkk¡i ysuk
[kqrck[ok¡ µ oqQjku 'kjhI
+
kQ dk vFkZ crkusokyk
vkneh ukek/101
v'kjkI
+
kQ µ 'kjhI
+
kQ 'kCn dk cgqopu
lkfgcs&b””kr µ b””krnkj
'kkg µ jktk] lezkV
o”khj µea=kh
eqjhn µ HkDr] f'k";] pkgusokyk
ihj µ èkeZxq#] lar] Hkxoku dk HkDr
u”khj µ dfo dk uke] felky
tku okjuk µ izk.k U;ksNkoj djuk
ixM+h mrkjuk µ csb””krh djuk] vieku djuk
dkjs µdke] dk;Z
fnyi”khj µ fny dks yqHkkus okyk] ftls fny ekus] tks fny dks vPNk yxs
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