NCERT Textbook: पाठ -13 गीत-अगीत, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ -13 गीत-अगीत, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


112/Li'kZ
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj
(1908 - 1974)
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqaxsj f”kys osQ flefj;k xk¡o esa 30 flracj 1908 dks
gqvkA os lu~ 1952 esa jkT;lHkk osQ lnL; euksuhr fd, x,A Hkkjr ljdkj us bUgsa ^iÁHkw"k.k*
vyadj.k ls Hkh vyaÑr fd;kA fnudj th dks ^laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;* iqLrd ij lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj feykA viuh dkO;Ñfr ^moZ'kh* osQ fy, bUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur
fd;k x;kA
fnudj dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % gq¡dkj] oqQ#{ks=k] jf'ejFkh] ij'kqjke dh izrh{kk] moZ'kh vkSj
laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;A
fnudj vkst osQ dfo ekus tkrs gSaA budh Hkk"kk vR;ar izokgiw.kZ] vkstLoh vkSj ljy gSA
fnudj dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk gS vius ns'k vkSj ;qx osQ lR; osQ izfr ltxrkA fnudj esa
fopkj vkSj laosnuk dk lqanj leUo; fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA budh oqQN Ñfr;ksa esa izse vkSj lkSan;Z dk
Hkh fp=k.k gSA
izLrqr dfork ^xhr&vxhr* esa Hkh izÑfr osQ lkSan;Z osQ vfrfjDr tho&tarqvksa osQ eeRo]
ekuoh; jkx vkSj izseHkko dk Hkh ltho fp=k.k gSA dfo dks unh osQ cgko esa xhr dk l`tu
gksrk tku iM+rk gS] rks 'kqd&'kqdh osQ dk;Zdykiksa esa Hkh xhr lqukbZ nsrk gS vkSj vkYgk xkrk
Xokycky rks xhr&xku esa fueXu fn[kkbZ nsrk gh gSA dfo dk ekuuk gS fd unh vkSj 'kqd
xhr&l`tu ;k xhr&xku Hkys gh u dj jgs gksa] ij njvly ogk¡ xhr dk l`tu vkSj xku Hkh
gks jgk gSA dfo dh nqfoèkk eg”k bruh gS fd mudk og vxhr (tks xk;k ugha tk jgk] eg”k
blfy, vxhr gS) laqnj gS ;k Xokycky }kjk lLoj xk;k tk jgk xhr\
Page 2


112/Li'kZ
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj
(1908 - 1974)
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqaxsj f”kys osQ flefj;k xk¡o esa 30 flracj 1908 dks
gqvkA os lu~ 1952 esa jkT;lHkk osQ lnL; euksuhr fd, x,A Hkkjr ljdkj us bUgsa ^iÁHkw"k.k*
vyadj.k ls Hkh vyaÑr fd;kA fnudj th dks ^laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;* iqLrd ij lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj feykA viuh dkO;Ñfr ^moZ'kh* osQ fy, bUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur
fd;k x;kA
fnudj dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % gq¡dkj] oqQ#{ks=k] jf'ejFkh] ij'kqjke dh izrh{kk] moZ'kh vkSj
laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;A
fnudj vkst osQ dfo ekus tkrs gSaA budh Hkk"kk vR;ar izokgiw.kZ] vkstLoh vkSj ljy gSA
fnudj dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk gS vius ns'k vkSj ;qx osQ lR; osQ izfr ltxrkA fnudj esa
fopkj vkSj laosnuk dk lqanj leUo; fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA budh oqQN Ñfr;ksa esa izse vkSj lkSan;Z dk
Hkh fp=k.k gSA
izLrqr dfork ^xhr&vxhr* esa Hkh izÑfr osQ lkSan;Z osQ vfrfjDr tho&tarqvksa osQ eeRo]
ekuoh; jkx vkSj izseHkko dk Hkh ltho fp=k.k gSA dfo dks unh osQ cgko esa xhr dk l`tu
gksrk tku iM+rk gS] rks 'kqd&'kqdh osQ dk;Zdykiksa esa Hkh xhr lqukbZ nsrk gS vkSj vkYgk xkrk
Xokycky rks xhr&xku esa fueXu fn[kkbZ nsrk gh gSA dfo dk ekuuk gS fd unh vkSj 'kqd
xhr&l`tu ;k xhr&xku Hkys gh u dj jgs gksa] ij njvly ogk¡ xhr dk l`tu vkSj xku Hkh
gks jgk gSA dfo dh nqfoèkk eg”k bruh gS fd mudk og vxhr (tks xk;k ugha tk jgk] eg”k
blfy, vxhr gS) laqnj gS ;k Xokycky }kjk lLoj xk;k tk jgk xhr\
xhr&vxhr/113
xhr&vxhr
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
       ( 1 )
xkdj xhr fojg osQ rfVuh
osxorh  cgrh  tkrh  gS]
fny gydk dj ysus dks
miyksa ls oqQN dgrh tkrh gSA
rV ij ,d xqykc lksprk]
¶nsrs Loj ;fn eq>s foèkkrk]
vius ir>j osQ liuksa dk
eSa Hkh tx dks xhr lqukrkA¸
xk&xkdj cg jgh fu>Zjh]
ikVy ewd [kM+k rV ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
Page 3


112/Li'kZ
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj
(1908 - 1974)
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqaxsj f”kys osQ flefj;k xk¡o esa 30 flracj 1908 dks
gqvkA os lu~ 1952 esa jkT;lHkk osQ lnL; euksuhr fd, x,A Hkkjr ljdkj us bUgsa ^iÁHkw"k.k*
vyadj.k ls Hkh vyaÑr fd;kA fnudj th dks ^laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;* iqLrd ij lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj feykA viuh dkO;Ñfr ^moZ'kh* osQ fy, bUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur
fd;k x;kA
fnudj dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % gq¡dkj] oqQ#{ks=k] jf'ejFkh] ij'kqjke dh izrh{kk] moZ'kh vkSj
laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;A
fnudj vkst osQ dfo ekus tkrs gSaA budh Hkk"kk vR;ar izokgiw.kZ] vkstLoh vkSj ljy gSA
fnudj dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk gS vius ns'k vkSj ;qx osQ lR; osQ izfr ltxrkA fnudj esa
fopkj vkSj laosnuk dk lqanj leUo; fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA budh oqQN Ñfr;ksa esa izse vkSj lkSan;Z dk
Hkh fp=k.k gSA
izLrqr dfork ^xhr&vxhr* esa Hkh izÑfr osQ lkSan;Z osQ vfrfjDr tho&tarqvksa osQ eeRo]
ekuoh; jkx vkSj izseHkko dk Hkh ltho fp=k.k gSA dfo dks unh osQ cgko esa xhr dk l`tu
gksrk tku iM+rk gS] rks 'kqd&'kqdh osQ dk;Zdykiksa esa Hkh xhr lqukbZ nsrk gS vkSj vkYgk xkrk
Xokycky rks xhr&xku esa fueXu fn[kkbZ nsrk gh gSA dfo dk ekuuk gS fd unh vkSj 'kqd
xhr&l`tu ;k xhr&xku Hkys gh u dj jgs gksa] ij njvly ogk¡ xhr dk l`tu vkSj xku Hkh
gks jgk gSA dfo dh nqfoèkk eg”k bruh gS fd mudk og vxhr (tks xk;k ugha tk jgk] eg”k
blfy, vxhr gS) laqnj gS ;k Xokycky }kjk lLoj xk;k tk jgk xhr\
xhr&vxhr/113
xhr&vxhr
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
       ( 1 )
xkdj xhr fojg osQ rfVuh
osxorh  cgrh  tkrh  gS]
fny gydk dj ysus dks
miyksa ls oqQN dgrh tkrh gSA
rV ij ,d xqykc lksprk]
¶nsrs Loj ;fn eq>s foèkkrk]
vius ir>j osQ liuksa dk
eSa Hkh tx dks xhr lqukrkA¸
xk&xkdj cg jgh fu>Zjh]
ikVy ewd [kM+k rV ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
114/Li'kZ
( 2 )
cSBk 'kqd ml ?kuh Mky ij
tks  [kksars  ij Nk;k nsrhA
ia[k iqQyk  uhps [kksars esa
'kqdh cSB  vaMs gS lsrhA
xkrk 'kqd tc fdj.k olarh
Nwrh vax i.kZ ls NudjA
foaQrq] 'kqdh osQ xhr meM+dj
jg tkrs lusg esa ludjA
xw¡t jgk 'kqd dk Loj ou esa]
iwQyk eXu 'kqdh dk ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
( 3 )
nks iszeh gSa ;gk¡] ,d tc
cMs+ lk¡> vkYgk xkrk gS]
igyk Loj mldh jkèkk dks
?kj ls ;gk¡ [khap ykrk gSA
pksjh&pksjh  [kM+h  uhe dh
Nk;k esa fNidj lqurh gS]
^gqbZ u D;ksaa eSa dM+h xhr dh
fcèkuk*] ;ksa eu esa xqurh gSA
Page 4


112/Li'kZ
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj
(1908 - 1974)
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqaxsj f”kys osQ flefj;k xk¡o esa 30 flracj 1908 dks
gqvkA os lu~ 1952 esa jkT;lHkk osQ lnL; euksuhr fd, x,A Hkkjr ljdkj us bUgsa ^iÁHkw"k.k*
vyadj.k ls Hkh vyaÑr fd;kA fnudj th dks ^laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;* iqLrd ij lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj feykA viuh dkO;Ñfr ^moZ'kh* osQ fy, bUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur
fd;k x;kA
fnudj dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % gq¡dkj] oqQ#{ks=k] jf'ejFkh] ij'kqjke dh izrh{kk] moZ'kh vkSj
laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;A
fnudj vkst osQ dfo ekus tkrs gSaA budh Hkk"kk vR;ar izokgiw.kZ] vkstLoh vkSj ljy gSA
fnudj dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk gS vius ns'k vkSj ;qx osQ lR; osQ izfr ltxrkA fnudj esa
fopkj vkSj laosnuk dk lqanj leUo; fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA budh oqQN Ñfr;ksa esa izse vkSj lkSan;Z dk
Hkh fp=k.k gSA
izLrqr dfork ^xhr&vxhr* esa Hkh izÑfr osQ lkSan;Z osQ vfrfjDr tho&tarqvksa osQ eeRo]
ekuoh; jkx vkSj izseHkko dk Hkh ltho fp=k.k gSA dfo dks unh osQ cgko esa xhr dk l`tu
gksrk tku iM+rk gS] rks 'kqd&'kqdh osQ dk;Zdykiksa esa Hkh xhr lqukbZ nsrk gS vkSj vkYgk xkrk
Xokycky rks xhr&xku esa fueXu fn[kkbZ nsrk gh gSA dfo dk ekuuk gS fd unh vkSj 'kqd
xhr&l`tu ;k xhr&xku Hkys gh u dj jgs gksa] ij njvly ogk¡ xhr dk l`tu vkSj xku Hkh
gks jgk gSA dfo dh nqfoèkk eg”k bruh gS fd mudk og vxhr (tks xk;k ugha tk jgk] eg”k
blfy, vxhr gS) laqnj gS ;k Xokycky }kjk lLoj xk;k tk jgk xhr\
xhr&vxhr/113
xhr&vxhr
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
       ( 1 )
xkdj xhr fojg osQ rfVuh
osxorh  cgrh  tkrh  gS]
fny gydk dj ysus dks
miyksa ls oqQN dgrh tkrh gSA
rV ij ,d xqykc lksprk]
¶nsrs Loj ;fn eq>s foèkkrk]
vius ir>j osQ liuksa dk
eSa Hkh tx dks xhr lqukrkA¸
xk&xkdj cg jgh fu>Zjh]
ikVy ewd [kM+k rV ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
114/Li'kZ
( 2 )
cSBk 'kqd ml ?kuh Mky ij
tks  [kksars  ij Nk;k nsrhA
ia[k iqQyk  uhps [kksars esa
'kqdh cSB  vaMs gS lsrhA
xkrk 'kqd tc fdj.k olarh
Nwrh vax i.kZ ls NudjA
foaQrq] 'kqdh osQ xhr meM+dj
jg tkrs lusg esa ludjA
xw¡t jgk 'kqd dk Loj ou esa]
iwQyk eXu 'kqdh dk ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
( 3 )
nks iszeh gSa ;gk¡] ,d tc
cMs+ lk¡> vkYgk xkrk gS]
igyk Loj mldh jkèkk dks
?kj ls ;gk¡ [khap ykrk gSA
pksjh&pksjh  [kM+h  uhe dh
Nk;k esa fNidj lqurh gS]
^gqbZ u D;ksaa eSa dM+h xhr dh
fcèkuk*] ;ksa eu esa xqurh gSA
xhr&vxhr/115
og xkrk] ij fdlh osx ls
iwQy jgk bldk varj gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) unh dk fdukjksa ls oqQN dgrs gq, cg tkus ij xqykc D;k lksp jgk gS\ blls
lacafèkr iafDr;ksa dks fyf[k,A
([k) tc 'kqd xkrk gS] rks 'kqdh osQ ân; ij D;k izHkko iM+rk gS\
(x) izseh tc xhr xkrk gS] rks izseh dh D;k bPNk gksrh gS\
(?k) izFke Nan esa of.kZr izÑfr&fp=k.k dks fyf[k,A
(Ä) izÑfr osQ lkFk i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ lacaèk dh O;k[;k dhft,A
(p) euq"; dks izÑfr fdl :i esa vkanksfyr djrh gS\ vius 'kCnksa esa fyf[k,A
(N) lHkh oqQN xhr gS] vxhr oqQN ugha gksrkA oqQN vxhr Hkh gksrk gS D;k\ Li"V dhft,A
(t) ^xhr&vxhr* osQ osaQnzh; Hkko dks fyf[k,A
2. lanHkZ&lfgr O;k[;k dhft,µ
(d) vius ir>j osQ liuksa dk
eSa Hkh tx dks xhr lqukrk
([k) xkrk 'kqd tc fdj.k olarh
Nwrh vax i.kZ ls Nudj
(x) gqbZ u D;ksa eSa dM+h xhr dh
fcèkuk ;ksa eu esa xqurh gS
3. fuEufyf[kr mnkgj.k esa ^okD;&fopyu* dks le>us dk iz;kl dhft,A blh
vkèkkj ij izpfyr okD;&foU;kl fyf[k,µ
mnkgj.k % rV ij ,d xqykc lksprk
    ,d xqykc rV ij lksprk gSA
Page 5


112/Li'kZ
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj
(1908 - 1974)
jkeèkkjh flag fnudj dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqaxsj f”kys osQ flefj;k xk¡o esa 30 flracj 1908 dks
gqvkA os lu~ 1952 esa jkT;lHkk osQ lnL; euksuhr fd, x,A Hkkjr ljdkj us bUgsa ^iÁHkw"k.k*
vyadj.k ls Hkh vyaÑr fd;kA fnudj th dks ^laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;* iqLrd ij lkfgR;
vdkneh iqjLdkj feykA viuh dkO;Ñfr ^moZ'kh* osQ fy, bUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur
fd;k x;kA
fnudj dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa % gq¡dkj] oqQ#{ks=k] jf'ejFkh] ij'kqjke dh izrh{kk] moZ'kh vkSj
laLÑfr osQ pkj vè;k;A
fnudj vkst osQ dfo ekus tkrs gSaA budh Hkk"kk vR;ar izokgiw.kZ] vkstLoh vkSj ljy gSA
fnudj dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk gS vius ns'k vkSj ;qx osQ lR; osQ izfr ltxrkA fnudj esa
fopkj vkSj laosnuk dk lqanj leUo; fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA budh oqQN Ñfr;ksa esa izse vkSj lkSan;Z dk
Hkh fp=k.k gSA
izLrqr dfork ^xhr&vxhr* esa Hkh izÑfr osQ lkSan;Z osQ vfrfjDr tho&tarqvksa osQ eeRo]
ekuoh; jkx vkSj izseHkko dk Hkh ltho fp=k.k gSA dfo dks unh osQ cgko esa xhr dk l`tu
gksrk tku iM+rk gS] rks 'kqd&'kqdh osQ dk;Zdykiksa esa Hkh xhr lqukbZ nsrk gS vkSj vkYgk xkrk
Xokycky rks xhr&xku esa fueXu fn[kkbZ nsrk gh gSA dfo dk ekuuk gS fd unh vkSj 'kqd
xhr&l`tu ;k xhr&xku Hkys gh u dj jgs gksa] ij njvly ogk¡ xhr dk l`tu vkSj xku Hkh
gks jgk gSA dfo dh nqfoèkk eg”k bruh gS fd mudk og vxhr (tks xk;k ugha tk jgk] eg”k
blfy, vxhr gS) laqnj gS ;k Xokycky }kjk lLoj xk;k tk jgk xhr\
xhr&vxhr/113
xhr&vxhr
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
       ( 1 )
xkdj xhr fojg osQ rfVuh
osxorh  cgrh  tkrh  gS]
fny gydk dj ysus dks
miyksa ls oqQN dgrh tkrh gSA
rV ij ,d xqykc lksprk]
¶nsrs Loj ;fn eq>s foèkkrk]
vius ir>j osQ liuksa dk
eSa Hkh tx dks xhr lqukrkA¸
xk&xkdj cg jgh fu>Zjh]
ikVy ewd [kM+k rV ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
114/Li'kZ
( 2 )
cSBk 'kqd ml ?kuh Mky ij
tks  [kksars  ij Nk;k nsrhA
ia[k iqQyk  uhps [kksars esa
'kqdh cSB  vaMs gS lsrhA
xkrk 'kqd tc fdj.k olarh
Nwrh vax i.kZ ls NudjA
foaQrq] 'kqdh osQ xhr meM+dj
jg tkrs lusg esa ludjA
xw¡t jgk 'kqd dk Loj ou esa]
iwQyk eXu 'kqdh dk ij gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
( 3 )
nks iszeh gSa ;gk¡] ,d tc
cMs+ lk¡> vkYgk xkrk gS]
igyk Loj mldh jkèkk dks
?kj ls ;gk¡ [khap ykrk gSA
pksjh&pksjh  [kM+h  uhe dh
Nk;k esa fNidj lqurh gS]
^gqbZ u D;ksaa eSa dM+h xhr dh
fcèkuk*] ;ksa eu esa xqurh gSA
xhr&vxhr/115
og xkrk] ij fdlh osx ls
iwQy jgk bldk varj gSA
xhr] vxhr] dkSu lqanj gS\
iz'u&vH;kl
1. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
(d) unh dk fdukjksa ls oqQN dgrs gq, cg tkus ij xqykc D;k lksp jgk gS\ blls
lacafèkr iafDr;ksa dks fyf[k,A
([k) tc 'kqd xkrk gS] rks 'kqdh osQ ân; ij D;k izHkko iM+rk gS\
(x) izseh tc xhr xkrk gS] rks izseh dh D;k bPNk gksrh gS\
(?k) izFke Nan esa of.kZr izÑfr&fp=k.k dks fyf[k,A
(Ä) izÑfr osQ lkFk i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ lacaèk dh O;k[;k dhft,A
(p) euq"; dks izÑfr fdl :i esa vkanksfyr djrh gS\ vius 'kCnksa esa fyf[k,A
(N) lHkh oqQN xhr gS] vxhr oqQN ugha gksrkA oqQN vxhr Hkh gksrk gS D;k\ Li"V dhft,A
(t) ^xhr&vxhr* osQ osaQnzh; Hkko dks fyf[k,A
2. lanHkZ&lfgr O;k[;k dhft,µ
(d) vius ir>j osQ liuksa dk
eSa Hkh tx dks xhr lqukrk
([k) xkrk 'kqd tc fdj.k olarh
Nwrh vax i.kZ ls Nudj
(x) gqbZ u D;ksa eSa dM+h xhr dh
fcèkuk ;ksa eu esa xqurh gS
3. fuEufyf[kr mnkgj.k esa ^okD;&fopyu* dks le>us dk iz;kl dhft,A blh
vkèkkj ij izpfyr okD;&foU;kl fyf[k,µ
mnkgj.k % rV ij ,d xqykc lksprk
    ,d xqykc rV ij lksprk gSA
116/Li'kZ
(d) nsrs Loj ;fn eq>s foèkkrk
---------------------------------------------------
([k) cSBk 'kqd ml ?kuh Mky ij
---------------------------------------------------
(x) xw¡t jgk 'kqd dk Loj ou esa
---------------------------------------------------
(?k) gqbZ u D;ksa eSa dM+h xhr dh
---------------------------------------------------
(Ä) 'kqdh cSB vaMs gS lsrh
---------------------------------------------------
'kCnkFkZ vkSj fVIif.k;k¡
rfVuh µ unh] rVksa osQ chp cgrh gqbZ
osxorh µ rs”k xfr ls
miyksa µ fdukjksa ls
foèkkrk µbZ'oj
fu>Zjh µ >juk] unh
ikVy µxqykc
'kqd µrksrk
[kksars µ ?kksalyk
i.kZ µ iÙkk] ia[k
'kqdh µ eknk rksrk
vkYgk µ ,d yksd&dkO; dk uke
dM+h µ os Nan tks xhr dks tksM+rs gSa
fcèkuk µ HkkX;] foèkkrk
xqurh µ fopkj djrh gS
osx µxfr
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कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

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