NCERT Textbook: पाठ 10 - कामचोर, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 8

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 10 - कामचोर, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


54 olar Hkkx 3
dkepksj
cM+h nsj osQ okn&fookn osQ ckn ;g r; gqvk fd lpeqp ukSdjksa dks fudky
fn;k tk,A vkf[kj] ;s eksVs&eksVs fdl dke osQ gSa! fgydj ikuh ugha ihrsA bUgsa
viuk dke [kqn djus dh vknr gksuh pkfg,A dkepksj dgha osQ!
^^rqe yksx oqQN ughaA brus lkjs gks vkSj lkjk fnu Åèke epkus osQ flok
oqQN ugha djrsA**
vkSj lpeqp gesa [k;ky vk;k fd ge vkf[kj dke D;ksa ugha djrs\
fgydj ikuh ihus esa viuk D;k [kpZ gksrk gS\ blfy, geus rqjar fgy&fgykdj
ikuh ihuk 'kq: fd;kA
fgyus esa èkDosQ Hkh yx tkrs gSa vkSj ge fdlh osQ ncSy rks Fks ugha fd dksbZ
èkDdk ns] rks lg tk,¡A yhft,]
ikuh osQ eVdksa osQ ikl gh
?keklku ;q¼ gks x;kA lqjkfg;k¡
mèkj yq<+dhaA eVosQ bèkj x,A
diM+s Hkhxs] lks vyxA
^;g Hkyk dke djsaxsA*
vEek us fu'p; fd;kA
^^djsasxs dSls ugha! ns[kks th!
tks dke ugha djsxk] mls jkr
dk [kkuk gjfxt ugha feysxkA
le>sA**
;g yhft, fcyoqQy 'kkgh
iQjeku tkjh gks jgs gSaA
10
2020-21
Page 2


54 olar Hkkx 3
dkepksj
cM+h nsj osQ okn&fookn osQ ckn ;g r; gqvk fd lpeqp ukSdjksa dks fudky
fn;k tk,A vkf[kj] ;s eksVs&eksVs fdl dke osQ gSa! fgydj ikuh ugha ihrsA bUgsa
viuk dke [kqn djus dh vknr gksuh pkfg,A dkepksj dgha osQ!
^^rqe yksx oqQN ughaA brus lkjs gks vkSj lkjk fnu Åèke epkus osQ flok
oqQN ugha djrsA**
vkSj lpeqp gesa [k;ky vk;k fd ge vkf[kj dke D;ksa ugha djrs\
fgydj ikuh ihus esa viuk D;k [kpZ gksrk gS\ blfy, geus rqjar fgy&fgykdj
ikuh ihuk 'kq: fd;kA
fgyus esa èkDosQ Hkh yx tkrs gSa vkSj ge fdlh osQ ncSy rks Fks ugha fd dksbZ
èkDdk ns] rks lg tk,¡A yhft,]
ikuh osQ eVdksa osQ ikl gh
?keklku ;q¼ gks x;kA lqjkfg;k¡
mèkj yq<+dhaA eVosQ bèkj x,A
diM+s Hkhxs] lks vyxA
^;g Hkyk dke djsaxsA*
vEek us fu'p; fd;kA
^^djsasxs dSls ugha! ns[kks th!
tks dke ugha djsxk] mls jkr
dk [kkuk gjfxt ugha feysxkA
le>sA**
;g yhft, fcyoqQy 'kkgh
iQjeku tkjh gks jgs gSaA
10
2020-21
dkepksj            55
^^ge dke djus dks rS;kj gSaA dke crk, tk,¡]** geus nqgkbZ nhA
^^cgqr&ls dke gSa tks rqe dj ldrs gksA felky osQ fy,] ;g njh fdruh
eSyh gks jgh gSA vk¡xu esa fdruk owQM+k iM+k gSA isM+ksa esa ikuh nsuk gS vkSj HkkbZ
eqÝr rks ;g dke djok, ugha tk,¡xsA rqe lcdks ru[okg Hkh feysxhA**
vCck fe;k¡ us oqQN dke crk, vkSj nwljs dkeksa dk gokyk Hkh fn;kµekyh
dks ru[okg feyrh gSA vxj lc cPps feydj ikuh Mkysa] rks---
^,s gs! [kqnk osQ fy, ughaA ?kj eas ck<+ vk tk,xhA* vEek us ;kpuk dhA
fiQj Hkh ru[okg osQ lius ns[krs gq, ge yksx dke ij rqy x,A
,d fnu iQ'khZ njh ij cgqr&ls cPps tqV x, vkSj pkjksa vksj ls dksus
idM+dj >Vduk 'kq: fd;kA nks&pkj us ydfM+;k¡ ysdj èkqvk¡èkkj fiVkbZ 'kq:
dj nhA
lkjk ?kj èkwy ls vV x;kA [kk¡lrs&[kk¡lrs lc csne gks x,A lkjh èkwy tks
njh ij Fkh] tks iQ'kZ ij Fkh] lcosQ fljksa ij te xbZA ukdksa vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ?kql
xbZZA cqjk gky gks x;k lcdkA ge yksxksa dks rqjar vk¡xu esa fudkyk x;kA ogk¡
ge yksxksa us iQkSju >kM+
w
 nsus dk iQSlyk fd;kA
>kM+
w
 D;ksafd ,d Fkh vkSj
ru[okg ysusokys mEehnokj
cgqr] blfy, {k.k&Hkj esa
>kM+
w
 osQ iqtsZ mM+ x,A ftruh
lhaosQ ftlosQ gkFk iM+ha] og
muls gh myVs&lhèks gkFk
ekjus yxkA vEek us flj ihV
fy;kA HkbZ] ;s cqtqxZ dke
djus nsa rks balku dke djsA
tc ”kjk&”kjk lh ckr ij
Vksdus yxs rks cl] gks
pqdk dke!
2020-21
Page 3


54 olar Hkkx 3
dkepksj
cM+h nsj osQ okn&fookn osQ ckn ;g r; gqvk fd lpeqp ukSdjksa dks fudky
fn;k tk,A vkf[kj] ;s eksVs&eksVs fdl dke osQ gSa! fgydj ikuh ugha ihrsA bUgsa
viuk dke [kqn djus dh vknr gksuh pkfg,A dkepksj dgha osQ!
^^rqe yksx oqQN ughaA brus lkjs gks vkSj lkjk fnu Åèke epkus osQ flok
oqQN ugha djrsA**
vkSj lpeqp gesa [k;ky vk;k fd ge vkf[kj dke D;ksa ugha djrs\
fgydj ikuh ihus esa viuk D;k [kpZ gksrk gS\ blfy, geus rqjar fgy&fgykdj
ikuh ihuk 'kq: fd;kA
fgyus esa èkDosQ Hkh yx tkrs gSa vkSj ge fdlh osQ ncSy rks Fks ugha fd dksbZ
èkDdk ns] rks lg tk,¡A yhft,]
ikuh osQ eVdksa osQ ikl gh
?keklku ;q¼ gks x;kA lqjkfg;k¡
mèkj yq<+dhaA eVosQ bèkj x,A
diM+s Hkhxs] lks vyxA
^;g Hkyk dke djsaxsA*
vEek us fu'p; fd;kA
^^djsasxs dSls ugha! ns[kks th!
tks dke ugha djsxk] mls jkr
dk [kkuk gjfxt ugha feysxkA
le>sA**
;g yhft, fcyoqQy 'kkgh
iQjeku tkjh gks jgs gSaA
10
2020-21
dkepksj            55
^^ge dke djus dks rS;kj gSaA dke crk, tk,¡]** geus nqgkbZ nhA
^^cgqr&ls dke gSa tks rqe dj ldrs gksA felky osQ fy,] ;g njh fdruh
eSyh gks jgh gSA vk¡xu esa fdruk owQM+k iM+k gSA isM+ksa esa ikuh nsuk gS vkSj HkkbZ
eqÝr rks ;g dke djok, ugha tk,¡xsA rqe lcdks ru[okg Hkh feysxhA**
vCck fe;k¡ us oqQN dke crk, vkSj nwljs dkeksa dk gokyk Hkh fn;kµekyh
dks ru[okg feyrh gSA vxj lc cPps feydj ikuh Mkysa] rks---
^,s gs! [kqnk osQ fy, ughaA ?kj eas ck<+ vk tk,xhA* vEek us ;kpuk dhA
fiQj Hkh ru[okg osQ lius ns[krs gq, ge yksx dke ij rqy x,A
,d fnu iQ'khZ njh ij cgqr&ls cPps tqV x, vkSj pkjksa vksj ls dksus
idM+dj >Vduk 'kq: fd;kA nks&pkj us ydfM+;k¡ ysdj èkqvk¡èkkj fiVkbZ 'kq:
dj nhA
lkjk ?kj èkwy ls vV x;kA [kk¡lrs&[kk¡lrs lc csne gks x,A lkjh èkwy tks
njh ij Fkh] tks iQ'kZ ij Fkh] lcosQ fljksa ij te xbZA ukdksa vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ?kql
xbZZA cqjk gky gks x;k lcdkA ge yksxksa dks rqjar vk¡xu esa fudkyk x;kA ogk¡
ge yksxksa us iQkSju >kM+
w
 nsus dk iQSlyk fd;kA
>kM+
w
 D;ksafd ,d Fkh vkSj
ru[okg ysusokys mEehnokj
cgqr] blfy, {k.k&Hkj esa
>kM+
w
 osQ iqtsZ mM+ x,A ftruh
lhaosQ ftlosQ gkFk iM+ha] og
muls gh myVs&lhèks gkFk
ekjus yxkA vEek us flj ihV
fy;kA HkbZ] ;s cqtqxZ dke
djus nsa rks balku dke djsA
tc ”kjk&”kjk lh ckr ij
Vksdus yxs rks cl] gks
pqdk dke!
2020-21
56 olar Hkkx 3
vly esa >kM+
w
 nsus ls igys ”kjk&lk ikuh fNM+d ysuk pkfg,A cl] ;g
[k;ky vkrs gh rqjar njh ij ikuh fNM+dk x;kA ,d rks oSls gh èkwy ls vVh
gqbZ FkhA ikuh iM+rs gh lkjh èkwy dhpM+ cu xbZA
vc lc vk¡xu ls Hkh fudkys x,A r; gqvk fd isM+ksa dks ikuh fn;k tk,A
cl] lkjs ?kj dh ckyfV;k¡] yskVs] rlys] Hkxksus] irhfy;k¡ ywV yh xb±A ftUgsa
;s phtsa Hkh u feyha] os Mksaxs&dVksjs vkSj fxykl gh ys HkkxsA
vc lc yksx uy ij VwV iM+sA ;gk¡ Hkh og ?keklku eph fd D;k etky
tks ,d cw¡n ikuh Hkh fdlh osQ crZu esa vk losQA Bwle&Bkl! fdlh ckyVh
ij irhyk vkSj irhys ij yksVk vkSj Hkxksus vkSj MksaxsA igys rks èkDosQ pysA fiQj
oqQgfu;k¡ vkSj mlosQ ckn cjruA IkQkSju cM+s Hkkb;ksa] cguksa] ekeqvksa vkSj nenkj
ekSfl;ksa] iwQfiQ;ksa dh oqQed Hksth xbZ] IkQkSt eSnku esa gfFk;kj isaQddj ihB
fn[kk xbZA
bl èkhaxkeq'rh esa oqQN cPps dhpM+ esa yFkiFk gks x, ftUgsa ugykdj diM+s
cnyokus osQ fy, ukSdjksa dh orZeku la[;k dkiQh ugha FkhA ikl osQ caxyksa ls
ukSdj vk, vkSj pkj vkuk izfr cPpk osQ fglkc ls ugyok, x,A
ge yksx dk;y gks x, fd lpeqp ;g lI
+
kQkbZ dk dke vius cl dh ckr
ugha vkSj u isM+ksa dh ns[kHkky gels gks ldrh gSA de&ls&de eqfxZ;k¡ gh can
dj nsaA
cl] 'kke gh ls tks ck¡l] NM+h gkFk iM+h] ysdj eqfxZ;k¡ gk¡dus yxsA ^py
nM+cs] nM+csA*
ij lkgc] eqfxZ;ksa dks Hkh fdlh us gekjs fo#¼ HkM+dk j[kk FkkA ÅV&iVk¡x
bèkj&mèkj owQnus yxhaA nks eqfxZ;k¡ [khj osQ I;kyksa ls ftu ij vk;k pk¡nh osQ odZ
yxk jgh Fkh] nkSM+rh&iQM+iQM+krh gqbZ fudy xb±A
rwI
+
kQku xqtjus osQ ckn irk pyk fd I;kys [kkyh gSa vkSj lkjh [khj nhnh osQ
dkenkuh osQ nqi^s vkSj rkts èkqys flj ij yxh gqbZ gSA ,d cM+k&lk eqxkZ vEek
osQ [kqys gq, ikunku esa owQn iM+k vkSj dRFks&pwus esa yqFkM+s gq, iats ysdj ukuh
vEEkk dh lI
+
ksQn nwèk tSlh pknj ij Nkis ekjrk gqvk fudy x;kA
2020-21
Page 4


54 olar Hkkx 3
dkepksj
cM+h nsj osQ okn&fookn osQ ckn ;g r; gqvk fd lpeqp ukSdjksa dks fudky
fn;k tk,A vkf[kj] ;s eksVs&eksVs fdl dke osQ gSa! fgydj ikuh ugha ihrsA bUgsa
viuk dke [kqn djus dh vknr gksuh pkfg,A dkepksj dgha osQ!
^^rqe yksx oqQN ughaA brus lkjs gks vkSj lkjk fnu Åèke epkus osQ flok
oqQN ugha djrsA**
vkSj lpeqp gesa [k;ky vk;k fd ge vkf[kj dke D;ksa ugha djrs\
fgydj ikuh ihus esa viuk D;k [kpZ gksrk gS\ blfy, geus rqjar fgy&fgykdj
ikuh ihuk 'kq: fd;kA
fgyus esa èkDosQ Hkh yx tkrs gSa vkSj ge fdlh osQ ncSy rks Fks ugha fd dksbZ
èkDdk ns] rks lg tk,¡A yhft,]
ikuh osQ eVdksa osQ ikl gh
?keklku ;q¼ gks x;kA lqjkfg;k¡
mèkj yq<+dhaA eVosQ bèkj x,A
diM+s Hkhxs] lks vyxA
^;g Hkyk dke djsaxsA*
vEek us fu'p; fd;kA
^^djsasxs dSls ugha! ns[kks th!
tks dke ugha djsxk] mls jkr
dk [kkuk gjfxt ugha feysxkA
le>sA**
;g yhft, fcyoqQy 'kkgh
iQjeku tkjh gks jgs gSaA
10
2020-21
dkepksj            55
^^ge dke djus dks rS;kj gSaA dke crk, tk,¡]** geus nqgkbZ nhA
^^cgqr&ls dke gSa tks rqe dj ldrs gksA felky osQ fy,] ;g njh fdruh
eSyh gks jgh gSA vk¡xu esa fdruk owQM+k iM+k gSA isM+ksa esa ikuh nsuk gS vkSj HkkbZ
eqÝr rks ;g dke djok, ugha tk,¡xsA rqe lcdks ru[okg Hkh feysxhA**
vCck fe;k¡ us oqQN dke crk, vkSj nwljs dkeksa dk gokyk Hkh fn;kµekyh
dks ru[okg feyrh gSA vxj lc cPps feydj ikuh Mkysa] rks---
^,s gs! [kqnk osQ fy, ughaA ?kj eas ck<+ vk tk,xhA* vEek us ;kpuk dhA
fiQj Hkh ru[okg osQ lius ns[krs gq, ge yksx dke ij rqy x,A
,d fnu iQ'khZ njh ij cgqr&ls cPps tqV x, vkSj pkjksa vksj ls dksus
idM+dj >Vduk 'kq: fd;kA nks&pkj us ydfM+;k¡ ysdj èkqvk¡èkkj fiVkbZ 'kq:
dj nhA
lkjk ?kj èkwy ls vV x;kA [kk¡lrs&[kk¡lrs lc csne gks x,A lkjh èkwy tks
njh ij Fkh] tks iQ'kZ ij Fkh] lcosQ fljksa ij te xbZA ukdksa vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ?kql
xbZZA cqjk gky gks x;k lcdkA ge yksxksa dks rqjar vk¡xu esa fudkyk x;kA ogk¡
ge yksxksa us iQkSju >kM+
w
 nsus dk iQSlyk fd;kA
>kM+
w
 D;ksafd ,d Fkh vkSj
ru[okg ysusokys mEehnokj
cgqr] blfy, {k.k&Hkj esa
>kM+
w
 osQ iqtsZ mM+ x,A ftruh
lhaosQ ftlosQ gkFk iM+ha] og
muls gh myVs&lhèks gkFk
ekjus yxkA vEek us flj ihV
fy;kA HkbZ] ;s cqtqxZ dke
djus nsa rks balku dke djsA
tc ”kjk&”kjk lh ckr ij
Vksdus yxs rks cl] gks
pqdk dke!
2020-21
56 olar Hkkx 3
vly esa >kM+
w
 nsus ls igys ”kjk&lk ikuh fNM+d ysuk pkfg,A cl] ;g
[k;ky vkrs gh rqjar njh ij ikuh fNM+dk x;kA ,d rks oSls gh èkwy ls vVh
gqbZ FkhA ikuh iM+rs gh lkjh èkwy dhpM+ cu xbZA
vc lc vk¡xu ls Hkh fudkys x,A r; gqvk fd isM+ksa dks ikuh fn;k tk,A
cl] lkjs ?kj dh ckyfV;k¡] yskVs] rlys] Hkxksus] irhfy;k¡ ywV yh xb±A ftUgsa
;s phtsa Hkh u feyha] os Mksaxs&dVksjs vkSj fxykl gh ys HkkxsA
vc lc yksx uy ij VwV iM+sA ;gk¡ Hkh og ?keklku eph fd D;k etky
tks ,d cw¡n ikuh Hkh fdlh osQ crZu esa vk losQA Bwle&Bkl! fdlh ckyVh
ij irhyk vkSj irhys ij yksVk vkSj Hkxksus vkSj MksaxsA igys rks èkDosQ pysA fiQj
oqQgfu;k¡ vkSj mlosQ ckn cjruA IkQkSju cM+s Hkkb;ksa] cguksa] ekeqvksa vkSj nenkj
ekSfl;ksa] iwQfiQ;ksa dh oqQed Hksth xbZ] IkQkSt eSnku esa gfFk;kj isaQddj ihB
fn[kk xbZA
bl èkhaxkeq'rh esa oqQN cPps dhpM+ esa yFkiFk gks x, ftUgsa ugykdj diM+s
cnyokus osQ fy, ukSdjksa dh orZeku la[;k dkiQh ugha FkhA ikl osQ caxyksa ls
ukSdj vk, vkSj pkj vkuk izfr cPpk osQ fglkc ls ugyok, x,A
ge yksx dk;y gks x, fd lpeqp ;g lI
+
kQkbZ dk dke vius cl dh ckr
ugha vkSj u isM+ksa dh ns[kHkky gels gks ldrh gSA de&ls&de eqfxZ;k¡ gh can
dj nsaA
cl] 'kke gh ls tks ck¡l] NM+h gkFk iM+h] ysdj eqfxZ;k¡ gk¡dus yxsA ^py
nM+cs] nM+csA*
ij lkgc] eqfxZ;ksa dks Hkh fdlh us gekjs fo#¼ HkM+dk j[kk FkkA ÅV&iVk¡x
bèkj&mèkj owQnus yxhaA nks eqfxZ;k¡ [khj osQ I;kyksa ls ftu ij vk;k pk¡nh osQ odZ
yxk jgh Fkh] nkSM+rh&iQM+iQM+krh gqbZ fudy xb±A
rwI
+
kQku xqtjus osQ ckn irk pyk fd I;kys [kkyh gSa vkSj lkjh [khj nhnh osQ
dkenkuh osQ nqi^s vkSj rkts èkqys flj ij yxh gqbZ gSA ,d cM+k&lk eqxkZ vEek
osQ [kqys gq, ikunku esa owQn iM+k vkSj dRFks&pwus esa yqFkM+s gq, iats ysdj ukuh
vEEkk dh lI
+
ksQn nwèk tSlh pknj ij Nkis ekjrk gqvk fudy x;kA
2020-21
dkepksj            57
,d eqxhZ nky dh irhyh esa Nikd ekjdj Hkkxh vkSj lhèkh tkdj eksjh esa
bl rs”kh ls fiQlyh fd lkjh dhpM+ ekSlh th osQ eq¡g ij iM+h tks cSBh gqbZ
gkFk&eq¡g èkks jgh FkhaA bèkj lkjh eqfxZ;k¡ csuosQy dk m¡QV cuh pkjksa rjI
+
kQ nkSM+
jgh FkhaA
,d Hkh nM+cs esa tkus dks jkth u FkhA
bèkj] fdlh dks lw>h fd tks HksM+sa vkbZ gqbZ gSa] yxs gkFkksa mUgsa Hkh nkuk f[kyk
fn;k tk,A
fnu&Hkj dh Hkw[kh HksM+sa nkus dk lwi ns[kdj tks lcdh lc >iVha rks
Hkkxdj tkuk dfBu gks x;kA y'Ve&i'Ve r[rksa ij p<+ xb±A ij HksM+&pky
e'kgwj gSA mudh u”kj rks cl nkus osQ lwi ij teh gqbZ FkhA iyaxksa dks
iQyk¡xrh] cjru yq<+dkrh lkFk&lkFk p<+ xb±A
r[r ij ckuh nhnh dk nqi^k iSQyk gqvk Fkk ftl ij xks[kjh] paik vkSj
lyek&flrkjs j[kdj cM+h nhnh eqxykuh cqvk dks oqQN crk jgh FkhaA HksM+sa cgqr
fu%ladksp lcdks jkSanrh] esaxuksa dk fNM+dko djrh gqbZ nkSM+ xb±A
tc rwI
+
kQku xqtj pqdk rks ,slk yxk tSls teZuh dh lsuk VSadksa vkSj ceckjksa
lfgr mèkj ls Nkik ekjdj xqtj xbZ gksA tgk¡&tgk¡ ls lwi xqtjk] HksM+sa f'kdkjh
oqQÙkksa dh rjg xaèk lw¡?krh gqbZ geyk djrh xb±A
gTtu ek¡ ,d iyax ij nqi^s ls eq¡g <k¡osQ lks jgh FkhaA mu ij ls tks HksM+sa
nkSM+ha rks u tkus og lius esa fdu egyksa dh lSj dj jgh Fkha] nqi^s esa my>h
gqbZ ^ekjks&ekjks* ph[kus yxhaA
brus esa HksM+sa lwi dks Hkwydj rjdkjhokyh dh Vksdjh ij VwV iM+haA og
nkyku esa cSBh eVj dh iQfy;k¡ rksy&rksy dj jlksb, dks ns jgh FkhA og viuh
rjdkjh dk cpko djus osQ fy, lhuk rku dj mB xbZA vkius dHkh HksM+ksa dks
ekjk gksxk] rks vPNh rjg ns[kk gksxk fd cl] ,slk yxrk gS tSls #bZ osQ rfd,
dks owQV jgs gksaA HksM+ dks pksV gh ugha yxrhA fcyoqQy ;g le>dj fd vki
mlls e”kkd dj jgs gSaA og vki gh ij p<+ cSBsxhA ”kjk&lh nsj esa HksM+ksa us
rjdkjh fNydksa lesr vius isV dh dM+kgh esa >kSad nhA
2020-21
Page 5


54 olar Hkkx 3
dkepksj
cM+h nsj osQ okn&fookn osQ ckn ;g r; gqvk fd lpeqp ukSdjksa dks fudky
fn;k tk,A vkf[kj] ;s eksVs&eksVs fdl dke osQ gSa! fgydj ikuh ugha ihrsA bUgsa
viuk dke [kqn djus dh vknr gksuh pkfg,A dkepksj dgha osQ!
^^rqe yksx oqQN ughaA brus lkjs gks vkSj lkjk fnu Åèke epkus osQ flok
oqQN ugha djrsA**
vkSj lpeqp gesa [k;ky vk;k fd ge vkf[kj dke D;ksa ugha djrs\
fgydj ikuh ihus esa viuk D;k [kpZ gksrk gS\ blfy, geus rqjar fgy&fgykdj
ikuh ihuk 'kq: fd;kA
fgyus esa èkDosQ Hkh yx tkrs gSa vkSj ge fdlh osQ ncSy rks Fks ugha fd dksbZ
èkDdk ns] rks lg tk,¡A yhft,]
ikuh osQ eVdksa osQ ikl gh
?keklku ;q¼ gks x;kA lqjkfg;k¡
mèkj yq<+dhaA eVosQ bèkj x,A
diM+s Hkhxs] lks vyxA
^;g Hkyk dke djsaxsA*
vEek us fu'p; fd;kA
^^djsasxs dSls ugha! ns[kks th!
tks dke ugha djsxk] mls jkr
dk [kkuk gjfxt ugha feysxkA
le>sA**
;g yhft, fcyoqQy 'kkgh
iQjeku tkjh gks jgs gSaA
10
2020-21
dkepksj            55
^^ge dke djus dks rS;kj gSaA dke crk, tk,¡]** geus nqgkbZ nhA
^^cgqr&ls dke gSa tks rqe dj ldrs gksA felky osQ fy,] ;g njh fdruh
eSyh gks jgh gSA vk¡xu esa fdruk owQM+k iM+k gSA isM+ksa esa ikuh nsuk gS vkSj HkkbZ
eqÝr rks ;g dke djok, ugha tk,¡xsA rqe lcdks ru[okg Hkh feysxhA**
vCck fe;k¡ us oqQN dke crk, vkSj nwljs dkeksa dk gokyk Hkh fn;kµekyh
dks ru[okg feyrh gSA vxj lc cPps feydj ikuh Mkysa] rks---
^,s gs! [kqnk osQ fy, ughaA ?kj eas ck<+ vk tk,xhA* vEek us ;kpuk dhA
fiQj Hkh ru[okg osQ lius ns[krs gq, ge yksx dke ij rqy x,A
,d fnu iQ'khZ njh ij cgqr&ls cPps tqV x, vkSj pkjksa vksj ls dksus
idM+dj >Vduk 'kq: fd;kA nks&pkj us ydfM+;k¡ ysdj èkqvk¡èkkj fiVkbZ 'kq:
dj nhA
lkjk ?kj èkwy ls vV x;kA [kk¡lrs&[kk¡lrs lc csne gks x,A lkjh èkwy tks
njh ij Fkh] tks iQ'kZ ij Fkh] lcosQ fljksa ij te xbZA ukdksa vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ?kql
xbZZA cqjk gky gks x;k lcdkA ge yksxksa dks rqjar vk¡xu esa fudkyk x;kA ogk¡
ge yksxksa us iQkSju >kM+
w
 nsus dk iQSlyk fd;kA
>kM+
w
 D;ksafd ,d Fkh vkSj
ru[okg ysusokys mEehnokj
cgqr] blfy, {k.k&Hkj esa
>kM+
w
 osQ iqtsZ mM+ x,A ftruh
lhaosQ ftlosQ gkFk iM+ha] og
muls gh myVs&lhèks gkFk
ekjus yxkA vEek us flj ihV
fy;kA HkbZ] ;s cqtqxZ dke
djus nsa rks balku dke djsA
tc ”kjk&”kjk lh ckr ij
Vksdus yxs rks cl] gks
pqdk dke!
2020-21
56 olar Hkkx 3
vly esa >kM+
w
 nsus ls igys ”kjk&lk ikuh fNM+d ysuk pkfg,A cl] ;g
[k;ky vkrs gh rqjar njh ij ikuh fNM+dk x;kA ,d rks oSls gh èkwy ls vVh
gqbZ FkhA ikuh iM+rs gh lkjh èkwy dhpM+ cu xbZA
vc lc vk¡xu ls Hkh fudkys x,A r; gqvk fd isM+ksa dks ikuh fn;k tk,A
cl] lkjs ?kj dh ckyfV;k¡] yskVs] rlys] Hkxksus] irhfy;k¡ ywV yh xb±A ftUgsa
;s phtsa Hkh u feyha] os Mksaxs&dVksjs vkSj fxykl gh ys HkkxsA
vc lc yksx uy ij VwV iM+sA ;gk¡ Hkh og ?keklku eph fd D;k etky
tks ,d cw¡n ikuh Hkh fdlh osQ crZu esa vk losQA Bwle&Bkl! fdlh ckyVh
ij irhyk vkSj irhys ij yksVk vkSj Hkxksus vkSj MksaxsA igys rks èkDosQ pysA fiQj
oqQgfu;k¡ vkSj mlosQ ckn cjruA IkQkSju cM+s Hkkb;ksa] cguksa] ekeqvksa vkSj nenkj
ekSfl;ksa] iwQfiQ;ksa dh oqQed Hksth xbZ] IkQkSt eSnku esa gfFk;kj isaQddj ihB
fn[kk xbZA
bl èkhaxkeq'rh esa oqQN cPps dhpM+ esa yFkiFk gks x, ftUgsa ugykdj diM+s
cnyokus osQ fy, ukSdjksa dh orZeku la[;k dkiQh ugha FkhA ikl osQ caxyksa ls
ukSdj vk, vkSj pkj vkuk izfr cPpk osQ fglkc ls ugyok, x,A
ge yksx dk;y gks x, fd lpeqp ;g lI
+
kQkbZ dk dke vius cl dh ckr
ugha vkSj u isM+ksa dh ns[kHkky gels gks ldrh gSA de&ls&de eqfxZ;k¡ gh can
dj nsaA
cl] 'kke gh ls tks ck¡l] NM+h gkFk iM+h] ysdj eqfxZ;k¡ gk¡dus yxsA ^py
nM+cs] nM+csA*
ij lkgc] eqfxZ;ksa dks Hkh fdlh us gekjs fo#¼ HkM+dk j[kk FkkA ÅV&iVk¡x
bèkj&mèkj owQnus yxhaA nks eqfxZ;k¡ [khj osQ I;kyksa ls ftu ij vk;k pk¡nh osQ odZ
yxk jgh Fkh] nkSM+rh&iQM+iQM+krh gqbZ fudy xb±A
rwI
+
kQku xqtjus osQ ckn irk pyk fd I;kys [kkyh gSa vkSj lkjh [khj nhnh osQ
dkenkuh osQ nqi^s vkSj rkts èkqys flj ij yxh gqbZ gSA ,d cM+k&lk eqxkZ vEek
osQ [kqys gq, ikunku esa owQn iM+k vkSj dRFks&pwus esa yqFkM+s gq, iats ysdj ukuh
vEEkk dh lI
+
ksQn nwèk tSlh pknj ij Nkis ekjrk gqvk fudy x;kA
2020-21
dkepksj            57
,d eqxhZ nky dh irhyh esa Nikd ekjdj Hkkxh vkSj lhèkh tkdj eksjh esa
bl rs”kh ls fiQlyh fd lkjh dhpM+ ekSlh th osQ eq¡g ij iM+h tks cSBh gqbZ
gkFk&eq¡g èkks jgh FkhaA bèkj lkjh eqfxZ;k¡ csuosQy dk m¡QV cuh pkjksa rjI
+
kQ nkSM+
jgh FkhaA
,d Hkh nM+cs esa tkus dks jkth u FkhA
bèkj] fdlh dks lw>h fd tks HksM+sa vkbZ gqbZ gSa] yxs gkFkksa mUgsa Hkh nkuk f[kyk
fn;k tk,A
fnu&Hkj dh Hkw[kh HksM+sa nkus dk lwi ns[kdj tks lcdh lc >iVha rks
Hkkxdj tkuk dfBu gks x;kA y'Ve&i'Ve r[rksa ij p<+ xb±A ij HksM+&pky
e'kgwj gSA mudh u”kj rks cl nkus osQ lwi ij teh gqbZ FkhA iyaxksa dks
iQyk¡xrh] cjru yq<+dkrh lkFk&lkFk p<+ xb±A
r[r ij ckuh nhnh dk nqi^k iSQyk gqvk Fkk ftl ij xks[kjh] paik vkSj
lyek&flrkjs j[kdj cM+h nhnh eqxykuh cqvk dks oqQN crk jgh FkhaA HksM+sa cgqr
fu%ladksp lcdks jkSanrh] esaxuksa dk fNM+dko djrh gqbZ nkSM+ xb±A
tc rwI
+
kQku xqtj pqdk rks ,slk yxk tSls teZuh dh lsuk VSadksa vkSj ceckjksa
lfgr mèkj ls Nkik ekjdj xqtj xbZ gksA tgk¡&tgk¡ ls lwi xqtjk] HksM+sa f'kdkjh
oqQÙkksa dh rjg xaèk lw¡?krh gqbZ geyk djrh xb±A
gTtu ek¡ ,d iyax ij nqi^s ls eq¡g <k¡osQ lks jgh FkhaA mu ij ls tks HksM+sa
nkSM+ha rks u tkus og lius esa fdu egyksa dh lSj dj jgh Fkha] nqi^s esa my>h
gqbZ ^ekjks&ekjks* ph[kus yxhaA
brus esa HksM+sa lwi dks Hkwydj rjdkjhokyh dh Vksdjh ij VwV iM+haA og
nkyku esa cSBh eVj dh iQfy;k¡ rksy&rksy dj jlksb, dks ns jgh FkhA og viuh
rjdkjh dk cpko djus osQ fy, lhuk rku dj mB xbZA vkius dHkh HksM+ksa dks
ekjk gksxk] rks vPNh rjg ns[kk gksxk fd cl] ,slk yxrk gS tSls #bZ osQ rfd,
dks owQV jgs gksaA HksM+ dks pksV gh ugha yxrhA fcyoqQy ;g le>dj fd vki
mlls e”kkd dj jgs gSaA og vki gh ij p<+ cSBsxhA ”kjk&lh nsj esa HksM+ksa us
rjdkjh fNydksa lesr vius isV dh dM+kgh esa >kSad nhA
2020-21
58 olar Hkkx 3
bèkj ;g izy; eph Fkh] mèkj nwljs cPps Hkh ykijokg ugha FksA bruh cM+h
IkQkSt Fkh&ftls jkr dk [kkuk u feyus dh èkedh fey pqdh FkhA os pkj HkSalksa
dk nwèk nqgus ij tqV x,A èkqyh&csèkqyh ckyVh ysdj vkB gkFk pkj Fkuksa ij
fiy iM+sA HkSal ,dne tSls pkjksa iSj tksM+dj mBh vkSj ckyVh dks ykr ekjdj
nwj tk [kM+h gqbZA
r; gqvk fd HkSal dh vxkM+h&fiNkM+h ck¡èk nh tk, vkSj fiQj dkcw esa
ykdj nwèk nqg fy;k tk,A cl] >wys dh jLlh mrkjdj HkSal osQ iSj ck¡èk fn,
x,A fiNys nks iSj pkpk th dh pkjikbZ osQ ik;ksa ls ck¡èk] vxys nks iSjksa dks ck¡èkus
dh dksf'k'k tkjh Fkh fd HkSal pkSdUuh dks xbZA NwVdj tks Hkkxh rks igys pkpk
th le>s fd 'kk;n dksbZ liuk ns[k jgs gSaA fiQj tc pkjikbZ ikuh osQ Mªe ls
VdjkbZ vkSj ikuh Nyddj fxjk rks le>s fd vk¡èkh&rwI
+
kQku esa i¡Qls gSaA LkkFk esa
Hkwpky Hkh vk;k gqvk gSA fiQj tYnh gh mUgsa vlyh ckr dk irk py x;k vkSj
og iyax dh nksuksa ifV;k¡ idM+s] cPpksa dks NksM+ nsusokyksa dks cqjk&Hkyk lqukus yxsA
2020-21
Read More
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