NCERT Textbook: पाठ 15 - सुरदास के पद, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 8

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 15 - सुरदास के पद, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


(1)
eS;k] dc¯g c<+Sxh pksVh\
fdrh ckj eks¯g nwèk fi;r HkbZ] ;g vtgw¡ gS NksVhA
rw tks dgfr cy dh csuh T;kSa] àS gS yk¡ch&eksVhA
dk<+r&xqgr Ugokor tSgS] ukfxuh lh Hkqb¡ yksVhA
dk¡pkS nwèk fi;kor ifp&ifp] nsfr u ek[ku&jksVhA
lwj fpjthokS nksm HkS;k] gfj&gyèkj dh tksVhA
(2)
rsjSa yky esjkS ek[ku [kk;kSA
nqigj fnol tkfu ?kj lwuks <w¡f<+&<¡<+ksfj vkigh vk;kSA
[kksfy fdokfj] iSfB eafnj eSa] nwèk&ngh lc l[kfu [kok;kSA
mQ[ky pf<+] lhaosQ dkS yhUgkS] vuHkkor Hkqb¡ eSa <jdk;kSA
fnu izfr gkfu gksfr xksjl dh] ;g <ksVk dkSuSa <¡x yk;kSA
lwj L;ke dkSa gVfd u jk[kS rSa gh iwr vuks[kkS tk;kSA
        lwjnkl osQ in
15
2020-21
Page 2


(1)
eS;k] dc¯g c<+Sxh pksVh\
fdrh ckj eks¯g nwèk fi;r HkbZ] ;g vtgw¡ gS NksVhA
rw tks dgfr cy dh csuh T;kSa] àS gS yk¡ch&eksVhA
dk<+r&xqgr Ugokor tSgS] ukfxuh lh Hkqb¡ yksVhA
dk¡pkS nwèk fi;kor ifp&ifp] nsfr u ek[ku&jksVhA
lwj fpjthokS nksm HkS;k] gfj&gyèkj dh tksVhA
(2)
rsjSa yky esjkS ek[ku [kk;kSA
nqigj fnol tkfu ?kj lwuks <w¡f<+&<¡<+ksfj vkigh vk;kSA
[kksfy fdokfj] iSfB eafnj eSa] nwèk&ngh lc l[kfu [kok;kSA
mQ[ky pf<+] lhaosQ dkS yhUgkS] vuHkkor Hkqb¡ eSa <jdk;kSA
fnu izfr gkfu gksfr xksjl dh] ;g <ksVk dkSuSa <¡x yk;kSA
lwj L;ke dkSa gVfd u jk[kS rSa gh iwr vuks[kkS tk;kSA
        lwjnkl osQ in
15
2020-21
96 olar Hkkx 3
inksa ls
1- ckyd Jho`Q".k fdl yksHk osQ dkj.k nwèk ihus osQ fy, rS;kj gq,\
2- Jho`Q".k viuh pksVh osQ fo"k; esa D;k&D;k lksp jgs Fks\
3- nwèk dh rqyuk esa Jho`Q".k dkSu&ls [kk| inkFkZ dks vfèkd ilan djrs gSa\
4- ^rSa gh iwr vuks[kkS tk;kS*µ iafDr;ksa esa Xokyu osQ eu osQ dkSu&ls Hkko
eq[kfjr gks jgs gSa\
5- eD[ku pqjkrs vkSj [kkrs le; Jho`Q".k FkksM+k&lk eD[ku fc[kjk D;ksa
nsrs gSa\
6- nksuksa inksa esa ls vkidks dkSu&lk in vfèkd vPNk yxk vkSj D;ksa\
vuqeku vkSj dYiuk
1- nwljs in dks i<+dj crkb, fd vkiosQ vuqlkj ml le; Jho`Q".k dh
mez D;k jgh gksxh\
2- ,slk gqvk gks dHkh fd ek¡ osQ euk djus ij Hkh ?kj esa miyCèk fdlh
Lokfn"V oLrq dks vkius pqiosQ&pqiosQ FkksM+k&cgqr [kk fy;k gks vkSj pksjh
idM+s tkus ij dksbZ cgkuk Hkh cuk;k gksA viuh vkichrh dh rqyuk
JhÑ".k dh cky yhyk ls dhft,A
3- fdlh ,slh ?kVuk ossQ fo"k; esa fyf[k, tc fdlh us vkidh f'kdk;r dh
gks vkSj fiQj vkiosQ fdlh vfHkHkkod (ekrk&firk] cM+k HkkbZ&cfgu bR;kfn)
us vkils mÙkj ek¡xk gksA
Hkk"kk dh ckr
1- Jho`Q".k xksfi;ksa dk ek[ku pqjk&pqjkdj [kkrs Fks blfy, mUgsa ek[ku pqjkusokyk
Hkh dgk x;k gSA blosQ fy, ,d 'kCn nhft,A
2- Jho`Q".k osQ fy, ik¡p i;kZ;okph 'kCn fyf[k,A
iz'u&vH;kl
2020-21
Page 3


(1)
eS;k] dc¯g c<+Sxh pksVh\
fdrh ckj eks¯g nwèk fi;r HkbZ] ;g vtgw¡ gS NksVhA
rw tks dgfr cy dh csuh T;kSa] àS gS yk¡ch&eksVhA
dk<+r&xqgr Ugokor tSgS] ukfxuh lh Hkqb¡ yksVhA
dk¡pkS nwèk fi;kor ifp&ifp] nsfr u ek[ku&jksVhA
lwj fpjthokS nksm HkS;k] gfj&gyèkj dh tksVhA
(2)
rsjSa yky esjkS ek[ku [kk;kSA
nqigj fnol tkfu ?kj lwuks <w¡f<+&<¡<+ksfj vkigh vk;kSA
[kksfy fdokfj] iSfB eafnj eSa] nwèk&ngh lc l[kfu [kok;kSA
mQ[ky pf<+] lhaosQ dkS yhUgkS] vuHkkor Hkqb¡ eSa <jdk;kSA
fnu izfr gkfu gksfr xksjl dh] ;g <ksVk dkSuSa <¡x yk;kSA
lwj L;ke dkSa gVfd u jk[kS rSa gh iwr vuks[kkS tk;kSA
        lwjnkl osQ in
15
2020-21
96 olar Hkkx 3
inksa ls
1- ckyd Jho`Q".k fdl yksHk osQ dkj.k nwèk ihus osQ fy, rS;kj gq,\
2- Jho`Q".k viuh pksVh osQ fo"k; esa D;k&D;k lksp jgs Fks\
3- nwèk dh rqyuk esa Jho`Q".k dkSu&ls [kk| inkFkZ dks vfèkd ilan djrs gSa\
4- ^rSa gh iwr vuks[kkS tk;kS*µ iafDr;ksa esa Xokyu osQ eu osQ dkSu&ls Hkko
eq[kfjr gks jgs gSa\
5- eD[ku pqjkrs vkSj [kkrs le; Jho`Q".k FkksM+k&lk eD[ku fc[kjk D;ksa
nsrs gSa\
6- nksuksa inksa esa ls vkidks dkSu&lk in vfèkd vPNk yxk vkSj D;ksa\
vuqeku vkSj dYiuk
1- nwljs in dks i<+dj crkb, fd vkiosQ vuqlkj ml le; Jho`Q".k dh
mez D;k jgh gksxh\
2- ,slk gqvk gks dHkh fd ek¡ osQ euk djus ij Hkh ?kj esa miyCèk fdlh
Lokfn"V oLrq dks vkius pqiosQ&pqiosQ FkksM+k&cgqr [kk fy;k gks vkSj pksjh
idM+s tkus ij dksbZ cgkuk Hkh cuk;k gksA viuh vkichrh dh rqyuk
JhÑ".k dh cky yhyk ls dhft,A
3- fdlh ,slh ?kVuk ossQ fo"k; esa fyf[k, tc fdlh us vkidh f'kdk;r dh
gks vkSj fiQj vkiosQ fdlh vfHkHkkod (ekrk&firk] cM+k HkkbZ&cfgu bR;kfn)
us vkils mÙkj ek¡xk gksA
Hkk"kk dh ckr
1- Jho`Q".k xksfi;ksa dk ek[ku pqjk&pqjkdj [kkrs Fks blfy, mUgsa ek[ku pqjkusokyk
Hkh dgk x;k gSA blosQ fy, ,d 'kCn nhft,A
2- Jho`Q".k osQ fy, ik¡p i;kZ;okph 'kCn fyf[k,A
iz'u&vH;kl
2020-21
lwjnkl osQ in              97
3- oqQN 'kCn ijLij feyrs&tqyrs vFkZokys gksrs gSa] mUgsa i;kZ;okph dgrs gSaA
vkSj oqQN foijhr vFkZokys HkhA lekukFkhZ 'kCn i;kZ;okph dgs tkrs gSa vkSj
foijhrkFkZd 'kCn foykse] tSlsµ
i;kZ;okphµ panzekµ'kf'k] banq] jkdk
e/qdjµHkzej] HkkSajk] e/qi
lw;Zµjfo] Hkkuq] fnudj
foijhrkFkZdµ fnuµjkr
'osrµ';ke
'khrµm".k
ikBksa ls nksuksa izdkj osQ 'kCnksa dks [kkstdj fyf[k,A
'kCnkFkZ
vtg¡w µ vkt Hkh
cy µ cyjke
csuh µ pksVh
àS µ gksxh
dk<+r µ cky cukuk
xqgr µ xw¡Fkuk
Hkqb¡ µ i`Foh] Hkwfe
yksVh µ yksVus yxh
ifp&ifp µ ckj&ckj
gfj&gyèkjµ o`Q".k&cyjke
tksVh µ tksM+h
iSfB µ ?kqldj
lhaosQ µ Nhadk ftlesa nwèk&ngh
vkfn j[kk tkrk gS
xksjl µ xk; osQ nwèk ls cus inkFkZ
ngh] eD[ku] ?kh vkfn
<ksVk µ yM+dk
2020-21
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