NCERT Textbook: पाठ 16 - बूढ़ी अम्मा की बात, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 8

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 16 - बूढ़ी अम्मा की बात, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

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nwokZ/104
cw<+h vEek dh ckr
,d Fkk fdlkuA xksek eksjh uke Fkk mldkA xqtj&clj yk;d [ksrh FkhA ,d xk;] ,d tksM+h
cSy] chl cdfj;k¡ FkhaA NksVk&lk ?kjA ?kj osQ lkeus i'kq ck¡/us dk ckM+kA rhu lky ls o"kkZ cgqr
de gqbZ FkhA u iQlysa gqb± Fkha u pkjkA bl Ok"kZ Hkh vk"kk<+ lw[kk gh jg x;kA o"kkZ dh dksbZ vk'kk
ugh c¡èkh FkhA ¶[ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡xk\¸ xksek us ,d yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj eu gh eu lkspkA
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, okfil ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA
vxys fnu xksek cM+s losjs lksdj mBkA xk;] cSy o cdfj;ksa dks ckM+s ls fudkykA mldh iRuh
cdfj;ksa dks ?ksjdj mUgsa pjkus pyh xbZA mlus fiQj fgEer cVksjh vkSj gy dks cSyksa osQ d¡/s ij
j[kdj py iM+k [ksrksa dh vksjA jkLrs esa mls dbZ fdlkuksa us Vksddj dgk fd ¶xksek! [ksr tksrus
ls D;k gksxk\ o"kkZ osQ rks oqQN Hkh vklkj ugha fn[k jgsA¸ xksek us lc dh ckr lquhA dbZ ckj mldk
eu Mk¡okMksy Hkh gqvk fiQj Hkh mlus fgEer j[kh vkSj dqN lkspdj [ksr ij igq¡p x;kA
mlus vkdk'k dh vksj ns[kkA lwjt vkx osQ xksys dh rjg ty jgk FkkA mlus /jrh dks Hkh
fugkjkA [ksrksa esa xgjh
vkSj pkSM+h njkjsa iM+ xbZ
FkhaA og cSyksa dks ns[kdj
mudh n'kk ls Hkh fpafrr
FkkA Hkw[k&I;kl lgu
djrs&djrs os cgqr nqcys
gks x, FksA og FkksM+k
fujk'k Hkh gqvkA mls
cSyksa dh n'kk ij n;k
gks vkbZA mlus fiQj ,d
yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj
[ksr dh easM+ ij ,d o`{k osQ uhps cSBdj lkspus yxkA D;k djs og\ [ksr tksrs ;k mls ;ksa gh
iM+k jgus nsA og lksprk jgkA FkksM+h nsj ckn og mBk vkSj nq[kh eu ls cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh
lksygok¡ ikB
2020-21
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cw<+h vEek dh ckr
,d Fkk fdlkuA xksek eksjh uke Fkk mldkA xqtj&clj yk;d [ksrh FkhA ,d xk;] ,d tksM+h
cSy] chl cdfj;k¡ FkhaA NksVk&lk ?kjA ?kj osQ lkeus i'kq ck¡/us dk ckM+kA rhu lky ls o"kkZ cgqr
de gqbZ FkhA u iQlysa gqb± Fkha u pkjkA bl Ok"kZ Hkh vk"kk<+ lw[kk gh jg x;kA o"kkZ dh dksbZ vk'kk
ugh c¡èkh FkhA ¶[ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡xk\¸ xksek us ,d yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj eu gh eu lkspkA
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, okfil ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA
vxys fnu xksek cM+s losjs lksdj mBkA xk;] cSy o cdfj;ksa dks ckM+s ls fudkykA mldh iRuh
cdfj;ksa dks ?ksjdj mUgsa pjkus pyh xbZA mlus fiQj fgEer cVksjh vkSj gy dks cSyksa osQ d¡/s ij
j[kdj py iM+k [ksrksa dh vksjA jkLrs esa mls dbZ fdlkuksa us Vksddj dgk fd ¶xksek! [ksr tksrus
ls D;k gksxk\ o"kkZ osQ rks oqQN Hkh vklkj ugha fn[k jgsA¸ xksek us lc dh ckr lquhA dbZ ckj mldk
eu Mk¡okMksy Hkh gqvk fiQj Hkh mlus fgEer j[kh vkSj dqN lkspdj [ksr ij igq¡p x;kA
mlus vkdk'k dh vksj ns[kkA lwjt vkx osQ xksys dh rjg ty jgk FkkA mlus /jrh dks Hkh
fugkjkA [ksrksa esa xgjh
vkSj pkSM+h njkjsa iM+ xbZ
FkhaA og cSyksa dks ns[kdj
mudh n'kk ls Hkh fpafrr
FkkA Hkw[k&I;kl lgu
djrs&djrs os cgqr nqcys
gks x, FksA og FkksM+k
fujk'k Hkh gqvkA mls
cSyksa dh n'kk ij n;k
gks vkbZA mlus fiQj ,d
yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj
[ksr dh easM+ ij ,d o`{k osQ uhps cSBdj lkspus yxkA D;k djs og\ [ksr tksrs ;k mls ;ksa gh
iM+k jgus nsA og lksprk jgkA FkksM+h nsj ckn og mBk vkSj nq[kh eu ls cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh
lksygok¡ ikB
2020-21
cw<+h vEek dh ckr/105
jkg idM+ yhA mlus fu.kZ; dj fy;k
fd og rc rd [ksr ugha tksrsxk tc
rd fd o"kkZ ugha gks tkrhA
/wi dkiQh rst FkhA nwljs fnu og
vkSj Hkh fujk'k gks x;kA mlosQ iSj u
vkxs c<+rs Fks vkSj u ihNs tkus dh
muesa fgEer gh FkhA jkLrs esa ,d isM+
osQ uhps mlus cSyksa dks jksdk vkSj ogha
uhps tehu ij cSB x;kA
rHkh ogk¡ ij ,d cw<+h vEek vk
xbZA og Hkh mlh isM+ osQ uhps cSB xbZA
xksek us iwNk] ¶vjh vks cw<+h vEek!
dgk¡ ls vk jgh gks bruh rst /wi esa\
rqEgsa fdèkj tkuk gS\¸ cw<+h vEek us
dgk] ¶eSa rks viuh ukfru ls feyus
ikl osQ xk¡o tk jgh gw¡A ysfdu rqe
bl le; ;gk¡ D;k dj jgs gks\ ;g
le; rks [ksr esa gy tksrus dk gSA
ysfdu rqe ;gk¡ vkjke dj jgs gksA D;k rqe chekj gks ;k rqEgkjs cSy chekj gSaA dgha rqEgkjk gy
VwV rks ugha x;k gS\¸
xksek cksykµ¶ugha vEek! u rks eSa chekj gw¡ vkSj u gh esjs cSy chekj gSa\ esjk gy Hkh ugha
VwVk gSA VwVh gS rks esjh fgEerA vEek rqe rks tkurh gks rhu lky ls o"kkZ Bhd ls ugha gqbZ gSA
bl o"kZ Hkh ;gh gky gSA [ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡\¸
cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶ns[kks csVk! o"kkZ rqEgkjs gkFk esa ugha gSA ;g rks izÑfr ij fuHkZj gSA tc
ckny cusaxs rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA rqEgkjk dke gS [ksr tkssr&tksrdj rS;kj djukA rqe viuk dke
le; ij djksA izÑfr viuk dke vo'; le; ij djsxhA o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸
xksek iqu% cw<+h vEek ls cksykµ¶vEek [ksr cgqr dBksj gks x, gSaA esjs cSy nqcys gSa] bUgsa
isVHkj pkjk rd ugha fey jgk gSA ihus osQ fy, ikuh rd dh fnDdr gSA pkjk&ikuh gh D;k ;gk¡
rks isM+ksa dh ifÙk;k¡ rd [kRe gks xbZ gSaA cspkjs cSy oSQls gy [khapsa\ o"kkZ dh vkl gks rks fgEer
Hkh c¡/sA¸ xksek us fujk'k eu ls viuh ckr dghA
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cw<+h vEek dh ckr
,d Fkk fdlkuA xksek eksjh uke Fkk mldkA xqtj&clj yk;d [ksrh FkhA ,d xk;] ,d tksM+h
cSy] chl cdfj;k¡ FkhaA NksVk&lk ?kjA ?kj osQ lkeus i'kq ck¡/us dk ckM+kA rhu lky ls o"kkZ cgqr
de gqbZ FkhA u iQlysa gqb± Fkha u pkjkA bl Ok"kZ Hkh vk"kk<+ lw[kk gh jg x;kA o"kkZ dh dksbZ vk'kk
ugh c¡èkh FkhA ¶[ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡xk\¸ xksek us ,d yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj eu gh eu lkspkA
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, okfil ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA
vxys fnu xksek cM+s losjs lksdj mBkA xk;] cSy o cdfj;ksa dks ckM+s ls fudkykA mldh iRuh
cdfj;ksa dks ?ksjdj mUgsa pjkus pyh xbZA mlus fiQj fgEer cVksjh vkSj gy dks cSyksa osQ d¡/s ij
j[kdj py iM+k [ksrksa dh vksjA jkLrs esa mls dbZ fdlkuksa us Vksddj dgk fd ¶xksek! [ksr tksrus
ls D;k gksxk\ o"kkZ osQ rks oqQN Hkh vklkj ugha fn[k jgsA¸ xksek us lc dh ckr lquhA dbZ ckj mldk
eu Mk¡okMksy Hkh gqvk fiQj Hkh mlus fgEer j[kh vkSj dqN lkspdj [ksr ij igq¡p x;kA
mlus vkdk'k dh vksj ns[kkA lwjt vkx osQ xksys dh rjg ty jgk FkkA mlus /jrh dks Hkh
fugkjkA [ksrksa esa xgjh
vkSj pkSM+h njkjsa iM+ xbZ
FkhaA og cSyksa dks ns[kdj
mudh n'kk ls Hkh fpafrr
FkkA Hkw[k&I;kl lgu
djrs&djrs os cgqr nqcys
gks x, FksA og FkksM+k
fujk'k Hkh gqvkA mls
cSyksa dh n'kk ij n;k
gks vkbZA mlus fiQj ,d
yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj
[ksr dh easM+ ij ,d o`{k osQ uhps cSBdj lkspus yxkA D;k djs og\ [ksr tksrs ;k mls ;ksa gh
iM+k jgus nsA og lksprk jgkA FkksM+h nsj ckn og mBk vkSj nq[kh eu ls cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh
lksygok¡ ikB
2020-21
cw<+h vEek dh ckr/105
jkg idM+ yhA mlus fu.kZ; dj fy;k
fd og rc rd [ksr ugha tksrsxk tc
rd fd o"kkZ ugha gks tkrhA
/wi dkiQh rst FkhA nwljs fnu og
vkSj Hkh fujk'k gks x;kA mlosQ iSj u
vkxs c<+rs Fks vkSj u ihNs tkus dh
muesa fgEer gh FkhA jkLrs esa ,d isM+
osQ uhps mlus cSyksa dks jksdk vkSj ogha
uhps tehu ij cSB x;kA
rHkh ogk¡ ij ,d cw<+h vEek vk
xbZA og Hkh mlh isM+ osQ uhps cSB xbZA
xksek us iwNk] ¶vjh vks cw<+h vEek!
dgk¡ ls vk jgh gks bruh rst /wi esa\
rqEgsa fdèkj tkuk gS\¸ cw<+h vEek us
dgk] ¶eSa rks viuh ukfru ls feyus
ikl osQ xk¡o tk jgh gw¡A ysfdu rqe
bl le; ;gk¡ D;k dj jgs gks\ ;g
le; rks [ksr esa gy tksrus dk gSA
ysfdu rqe ;gk¡ vkjke dj jgs gksA D;k rqe chekj gks ;k rqEgkjs cSy chekj gSaA dgha rqEgkjk gy
VwV rks ugha x;k gS\¸
xksek cksykµ¶ugha vEek! u rks eSa chekj gw¡ vkSj u gh esjs cSy chekj gSa\ esjk gy Hkh ugha
VwVk gSA VwVh gS rks esjh fgEerA vEek rqe rks tkurh gks rhu lky ls o"kkZ Bhd ls ugha gqbZ gSA
bl o"kZ Hkh ;gh gky gSA [ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡\¸
cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶ns[kks csVk! o"kkZ rqEgkjs gkFk esa ugha gSA ;g rks izÑfr ij fuHkZj gSA tc
ckny cusaxs rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA rqEgkjk dke gS [ksr tkssr&tksrdj rS;kj djukA rqe viuk dke
le; ij djksA izÑfr viuk dke vo'; le; ij djsxhA o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸
xksek iqu% cw<+h vEek ls cksykµ¶vEek [ksr cgqr dBksj gks x, gSaA esjs cSy nqcys gSa] bUgsa
isVHkj pkjk rd ugha fey jgk gSA ihus osQ fy, ikuh rd dh fnDdr gSA pkjk&ikuh gh D;k ;gk¡
rks isM+ksa dh ifÙk;k¡ rd [kRe gks xbZ gSaA cspkjs cSy oSQls gy [khapsa\ o"kkZ dh vkl gks rks fgEer
Hkh c¡/sA¸ xksek us fujk'k eu ls viuh ckr dghA
2020-21
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cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶csVk! rqe fujk'kk dh ckr er djksA isM+ksa dh ckr Hkh rqeus [kwc dghA
isM+ rks ;gk¡ lc yksx dkV jgs gSaA ns[kks vc isM+ Hkh dgk¡ cps gSa\ tc isM+ gh ugha gksaxs rks ifÙk;k¡
dgk¡ ls vk,¡xh\ vxj isM+ vf/d gksrs rks o"kkZ Hkh vo'; gks tkrhA lkjs taxy ls isM+ksa dh dVkbZ
tkjh gSA isM+ ugha gksaxs rks gfj;kyh dgk¡ ls gksxh\ gfj;kyh ugha rks o"kkZ Hkh ughaA ysfdu tks gqvk
lks gqvkA vc rks rqe yksx isM+ksa ij è;ku nksA rqe fujk'k er gksvksA [ksrksa esa gy pykvksA mUgsa
gk¡d&tksr dj cksus osQ fy, rS;kj djksA bl ekSle esa dHkh u dHkh rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸ cw<+h
vEek us eqloQjkdj xksek dh fgEer c<+kbZA og mBh vkSj ydM+h Vsdrh gqbZ viuh jkg py nhA
oSls rks xksek eu ls fujk'k Fkk exj cw<+h vEek dh ckrksa ls mldh FkksM+h vk'kk c<+hA vxys
fnu mlus iwjs mRlkg ls viuk [ksr tksruk 'kq: dj fn;kA mlus yxkrkj pkj fnu rd gy
pyk;kA [ksr [kwc vPNh rjg rS;kj gks x,A xksek viuk dke iwjk djosQ cgqr izlUu FkkA vc
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA iwjh jkg og xquxqukrk jgkA ml jkr mls uhan Hkh
vPNh rjg vkbZA pkj fnu
dh dM+h esgur osQ dkj.k
og fu<ky gksdj lks;kA
losjs tc og lksdj
mBk rks xk; jaHkk jgh FkhA
cdfj;k¡ fefe;k jgh FkhaA
losjs&losjs vius i'kqvksa
dh ;s vkok”ksa lquus osQ
fy, mlosQ dku rjl x,
FksA og iqyddj mBkA
mldh iRuh us vk¡xu ls
vkok”k yxkbZA vth lqurs
gks! ckgj rks vkvksA o"kkZ
gksus okyh gSA xksek >ViV
ckgj vk;kA mlus ns[kk
ekSle cgqr lqgkuk gks x;k
gSA vkleku esa ckny ?kqeM+
vk, FksA mlus cknyksa dks
th Hkjdj fugkjkA mls yxk
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cw<+h vEek dh ckr
,d Fkk fdlkuA xksek eksjh uke Fkk mldkA xqtj&clj yk;d [ksrh FkhA ,d xk;] ,d tksM+h
cSy] chl cdfj;k¡ FkhaA NksVk&lk ?kjA ?kj osQ lkeus i'kq ck¡/us dk ckM+kA rhu lky ls o"kkZ cgqr
de gqbZ FkhA u iQlysa gqb± Fkha u pkjkA bl Ok"kZ Hkh vk"kk<+ lw[kk gh jg x;kA o"kkZ dh dksbZ vk'kk
ugh c¡èkh FkhA ¶[ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡xk\¸ xksek us ,d yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj eu gh eu lkspkA
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, okfil ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA
vxys fnu xksek cM+s losjs lksdj mBkA xk;] cSy o cdfj;ksa dks ckM+s ls fudkykA mldh iRuh
cdfj;ksa dks ?ksjdj mUgsa pjkus pyh xbZA mlus fiQj fgEer cVksjh vkSj gy dks cSyksa osQ d¡/s ij
j[kdj py iM+k [ksrksa dh vksjA jkLrs esa mls dbZ fdlkuksa us Vksddj dgk fd ¶xksek! [ksr tksrus
ls D;k gksxk\ o"kkZ osQ rks oqQN Hkh vklkj ugha fn[k jgsA¸ xksek us lc dh ckr lquhA dbZ ckj mldk
eu Mk¡okMksy Hkh gqvk fiQj Hkh mlus fgEer j[kh vkSj dqN lkspdj [ksr ij igq¡p x;kA
mlus vkdk'k dh vksj ns[kkA lwjt vkx osQ xksys dh rjg ty jgk FkkA mlus /jrh dks Hkh
fugkjkA [ksrksa esa xgjh
vkSj pkSM+h njkjsa iM+ xbZ
FkhaA og cSyksa dks ns[kdj
mudh n'kk ls Hkh fpafrr
FkkA Hkw[k&I;kl lgu
djrs&djrs os cgqr nqcys
gks x, FksA og FkksM+k
fujk'k Hkh gqvkA mls
cSyksa dh n'kk ij n;k
gks vkbZA mlus fiQj ,d
yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj
[ksr dh easM+ ij ,d o`{k osQ uhps cSBdj lkspus yxkA D;k djs og\ [ksr tksrs ;k mls ;ksa gh
iM+k jgus nsA og lksprk jgkA FkksM+h nsj ckn og mBk vkSj nq[kh eu ls cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh
lksygok¡ ikB
2020-21
cw<+h vEek dh ckr/105
jkg idM+ yhA mlus fu.kZ; dj fy;k
fd og rc rd [ksr ugha tksrsxk tc
rd fd o"kkZ ugha gks tkrhA
/wi dkiQh rst FkhA nwljs fnu og
vkSj Hkh fujk'k gks x;kA mlosQ iSj u
vkxs c<+rs Fks vkSj u ihNs tkus dh
muesa fgEer gh FkhA jkLrs esa ,d isM+
osQ uhps mlus cSyksa dks jksdk vkSj ogha
uhps tehu ij cSB x;kA
rHkh ogk¡ ij ,d cw<+h vEek vk
xbZA og Hkh mlh isM+ osQ uhps cSB xbZA
xksek us iwNk] ¶vjh vks cw<+h vEek!
dgk¡ ls vk jgh gks bruh rst /wi esa\
rqEgsa fdèkj tkuk gS\¸ cw<+h vEek us
dgk] ¶eSa rks viuh ukfru ls feyus
ikl osQ xk¡o tk jgh gw¡A ysfdu rqe
bl le; ;gk¡ D;k dj jgs gks\ ;g
le; rks [ksr esa gy tksrus dk gSA
ysfdu rqe ;gk¡ vkjke dj jgs gksA D;k rqe chekj gks ;k rqEgkjs cSy chekj gSaA dgha rqEgkjk gy
VwV rks ugha x;k gS\¸
xksek cksykµ¶ugha vEek! u rks eSa chekj gw¡ vkSj u gh esjs cSy chekj gSa\ esjk gy Hkh ugha
VwVk gSA VwVh gS rks esjh fgEerA vEek rqe rks tkurh gks rhu lky ls o"kkZ Bhd ls ugha gqbZ gSA
bl o"kZ Hkh ;gh gky gSA [ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡\¸
cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶ns[kks csVk! o"kkZ rqEgkjs gkFk esa ugha gSA ;g rks izÑfr ij fuHkZj gSA tc
ckny cusaxs rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA rqEgkjk dke gS [ksr tkssr&tksrdj rS;kj djukA rqe viuk dke
le; ij djksA izÑfr viuk dke vo'; le; ij djsxhA o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸
xksek iqu% cw<+h vEek ls cksykµ¶vEek [ksr cgqr dBksj gks x, gSaA esjs cSy nqcys gSa] bUgsa
isVHkj pkjk rd ugha fey jgk gSA ihus osQ fy, ikuh rd dh fnDdr gSA pkjk&ikuh gh D;k ;gk¡
rks isM+ksa dh ifÙk;k¡ rd [kRe gks xbZ gSaA cspkjs cSy oSQls gy [khapsa\ o"kkZ dh vkl gks rks fgEer
Hkh c¡/sA¸ xksek us fujk'k eu ls viuh ckr dghA
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cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶csVk! rqe fujk'kk dh ckr er djksA isM+ksa dh ckr Hkh rqeus [kwc dghA
isM+ rks ;gk¡ lc yksx dkV jgs gSaA ns[kks vc isM+ Hkh dgk¡ cps gSa\ tc isM+ gh ugha gksaxs rks ifÙk;k¡
dgk¡ ls vk,¡xh\ vxj isM+ vf/d gksrs rks o"kkZ Hkh vo'; gks tkrhA lkjs taxy ls isM+ksa dh dVkbZ
tkjh gSA isM+ ugha gksaxs rks gfj;kyh dgk¡ ls gksxh\ gfj;kyh ugha rks o"kkZ Hkh ughaA ysfdu tks gqvk
lks gqvkA vc rks rqe yksx isM+ksa ij è;ku nksA rqe fujk'k er gksvksA [ksrksa esa gy pykvksA mUgsa
gk¡d&tksr dj cksus osQ fy, rS;kj djksA bl ekSle esa dHkh u dHkh rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸ cw<+h
vEek us eqloQjkdj xksek dh fgEer c<+kbZA og mBh vkSj ydM+h Vsdrh gqbZ viuh jkg py nhA
oSls rks xksek eu ls fujk'k Fkk exj cw<+h vEek dh ckrksa ls mldh FkksM+h vk'kk c<+hA vxys
fnu mlus iwjs mRlkg ls viuk [ksr tksruk 'kq: dj fn;kA mlus yxkrkj pkj fnu rd gy
pyk;kA [ksr [kwc vPNh rjg rS;kj gks x,A xksek viuk dke iwjk djosQ cgqr izlUu FkkA vc
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA iwjh jkg og xquxqukrk jgkA ml jkr mls uhan Hkh
vPNh rjg vkbZA pkj fnu
dh dM+h esgur osQ dkj.k
og fu<ky gksdj lks;kA
losjs tc og lksdj
mBk rks xk; jaHkk jgh FkhA
cdfj;k¡ fefe;k jgh FkhaA
losjs&losjs vius i'kqvksa
dh ;s vkok”ksa lquus osQ
fy, mlosQ dku rjl x,
FksA og iqyddj mBkA
mldh iRuh us vk¡xu ls
vkok”k yxkbZA vth lqurs
gks! ckgj rks vkvksA o"kkZ
gksus okyh gSA xksek >ViV
ckgj vk;kA mlus ns[kk
ekSle cgqr lqgkuk gks x;k
gSA vkleku esa ckny ?kqeM+
vk, FksA mlus cknyksa dks
th Hkjdj fugkjkA mls yxk
2020-21
cw<+h vEek dh ckr/107
vH;kl
'kCnkFkZ
ekuks cknyksa ls cw<+h vEek dh eqloqQjkrh gqbZ vkÑfr mHkj vkbZ gksA mls cw<+h vEek dh ckr
jg&jgdj ;kn vk jgh FkhA mlus eu gh eu cw<+h vEek dks iz.kke fd;k vkSj lkspk fd og Bhd
gh dg jgh Fkh fd rqe viuk dke le; ij djksA ckny cjlus yxsA vk¡xu rj&crj gks x;kA
xksek dks yxk ekuks cw<+h vEek mlls dqN dg jgh gksaA og cw<+h vEek ls dqN dguk pkgrk
FkkA rHkh ckfj'k vkSj rs”k gks xbZA
fugkjuk & xkSj ls ns[kuk
gk¡duk & pykuk
gy tksruk & [ksr tksruk
vkl & mEehn] vk'kk
?kqeM+uk & cgqr ls cknyksa dk
vkleku esa Nk tkuk
rj&crj & Hkhxk gqvk] ljkcksj
Mk¡okMksy & vfLFkj] djus u djus dh fLFkfr
esaM+ & [ksr dh gncanh] flapkbZ vkfn
osQ fy, mlosQ bnZ&fxnZ cuk;k
gqvk fe^h dk ?ksjk
ukfru & csVh dh csVh
fuHkZj & vkfJr] lgkjs ij fVdk gqvk
1- ikB ls
(d) yksddFkk esa xksek fcuk [ksr tksrs vius cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh vksj D;ksa py iM+k\
([k) xksek dks isM+ osQ uhps cSBk ns[kdj cw<+h vEek us mlls D;k dgk\
(x) xksek us vius [ksrksa dks D;ksa tksrk\
2- D;k gksrk vxj
(d) xksek [ksrksa dks rS;kj u djrk\
([k) xksek dks cw<+h vEek ugha feyrh\
(x) cw<+h vEek dh ckr ij xksek è;ku u nsrk\
(?k) bl lky Hkh o"kkZ u gksrh\
2020-21
Page 5


nwokZ/104
cw<+h vEek dh ckr
,d Fkk fdlkuA xksek eksjh uke Fkk mldkA xqtj&clj yk;d [ksrh FkhA ,d xk;] ,d tksM+h
cSy] chl cdfj;k¡ FkhaA NksVk&lk ?kjA ?kj osQ lkeus i'kq ck¡/us dk ckM+kA rhu lky ls o"kkZ cgqr
de gqbZ FkhA u iQlysa gqb± Fkha u pkjkA bl Ok"kZ Hkh vk"kk<+ lw[kk gh jg x;kA o"kkZ dh dksbZ vk'kk
ugh c¡èkh FkhA ¶[ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡xk\¸ xksek us ,d yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj eu gh eu lkspkA
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, okfil ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA
vxys fnu xksek cM+s losjs lksdj mBkA xk;] cSy o cdfj;ksa dks ckM+s ls fudkykA mldh iRuh
cdfj;ksa dks ?ksjdj mUgsa pjkus pyh xbZA mlus fiQj fgEer cVksjh vkSj gy dks cSyksa osQ d¡/s ij
j[kdj py iM+k [ksrksa dh vksjA jkLrs esa mls dbZ fdlkuksa us Vksddj dgk fd ¶xksek! [ksr tksrus
ls D;k gksxk\ o"kkZ osQ rks oqQN Hkh vklkj ugha fn[k jgsA¸ xksek us lc dh ckr lquhA dbZ ckj mldk
eu Mk¡okMksy Hkh gqvk fiQj Hkh mlus fgEer j[kh vkSj dqN lkspdj [ksr ij igq¡p x;kA
mlus vkdk'k dh vksj ns[kkA lwjt vkx osQ xksys dh rjg ty jgk FkkA mlus /jrh dks Hkh
fugkjkA [ksrksa esa xgjh
vkSj pkSM+h njkjsa iM+ xbZ
FkhaA og cSyksa dks ns[kdj
mudh n'kk ls Hkh fpafrr
FkkA Hkw[k&I;kl lgu
djrs&djrs os cgqr nqcys
gks x, FksA og FkksM+k
fujk'k Hkh gqvkA mls
cSyksa dh n'kk ij n;k
gks vkbZA mlus fiQj ,d
yach lk¡l NksM+h vkSj
[ksr dh easM+ ij ,d o`{k osQ uhps cSBdj lkspus yxkA D;k djs og\ [ksr tksrs ;k mls ;ksa gh
iM+k jgus nsA og lksprk jgkA FkksM+h nsj ckn og mBk vkSj nq[kh eu ls cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh
lksygok¡ ikB
2020-21
cw<+h vEek dh ckr/105
jkg idM+ yhA mlus fu.kZ; dj fy;k
fd og rc rd [ksr ugha tksrsxk tc
rd fd o"kkZ ugha gks tkrhA
/wi dkiQh rst FkhA nwljs fnu og
vkSj Hkh fujk'k gks x;kA mlosQ iSj u
vkxs c<+rs Fks vkSj u ihNs tkus dh
muesa fgEer gh FkhA jkLrs esa ,d isM+
osQ uhps mlus cSyksa dks jksdk vkSj ogha
uhps tehu ij cSB x;kA
rHkh ogk¡ ij ,d cw<+h vEek vk
xbZA og Hkh mlh isM+ osQ uhps cSB xbZA
xksek us iwNk] ¶vjh vks cw<+h vEek!
dgk¡ ls vk jgh gks bruh rst /wi esa\
rqEgsa fdèkj tkuk gS\¸ cw<+h vEek us
dgk] ¶eSa rks viuh ukfru ls feyus
ikl osQ xk¡o tk jgh gw¡A ysfdu rqe
bl le; ;gk¡ D;k dj jgs gks\ ;g
le; rks [ksr esa gy tksrus dk gSA
ysfdu rqe ;gk¡ vkjke dj jgs gksA D;k rqe chekj gks ;k rqEgkjs cSy chekj gSaA dgha rqEgkjk gy
VwV rks ugha x;k gS\¸
xksek cksykµ¶ugha vEek! u rks eSa chekj gw¡ vkSj u gh esjs cSy chekj gSa\ esjk gy Hkh ugha
VwVk gSA VwVh gS rks esjh fgEerA vEek rqe rks tkurh gks rhu lky ls o"kkZ Bhd ls ugha gqbZ gSA
bl o"kZ Hkh ;gh gky gSA [ksr tksrdj D;k d:¡\¸
cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶ns[kks csVk! o"kkZ rqEgkjs gkFk esa ugha gSA ;g rks izÑfr ij fuHkZj gSA tc
ckny cusaxs rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA rqEgkjk dke gS [ksr tkssr&tksrdj rS;kj djukA rqe viuk dke
le; ij djksA izÑfr viuk dke vo'; le; ij djsxhA o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸
xksek iqu% cw<+h vEek ls cksykµ¶vEek [ksr cgqr dBksj gks x, gSaA esjs cSy nqcys gSa] bUgsa
isVHkj pkjk rd ugha fey jgk gSA ihus osQ fy, ikuh rd dh fnDdr gSA pkjk&ikuh gh D;k ;gk¡
rks isM+ksa dh ifÙk;k¡ rd [kRe gks xbZ gSaA cspkjs cSy oSQls gy [khapsa\ o"kkZ dh vkl gks rks fgEer
Hkh c¡/sA¸ xksek us fujk'k eu ls viuh ckr dghA
2020-21
nwokZ/106
cw<+h vEek cksyhµ¶csVk! rqe fujk'kk dh ckr er djksA isM+ksa dh ckr Hkh rqeus [kwc dghA
isM+ rks ;gk¡ lc yksx dkV jgs gSaA ns[kks vc isM+ Hkh dgk¡ cps gSa\ tc isM+ gh ugha gksaxs rks ifÙk;k¡
dgk¡ ls vk,¡xh\ vxj isM+ vf/d gksrs rks o"kkZ Hkh vo'; gks tkrhA lkjs taxy ls isM+ksa dh dVkbZ
tkjh gSA isM+ ugha gksaxs rks gfj;kyh dgk¡ ls gksxh\ gfj;kyh ugha rks o"kkZ Hkh ughaA ysfdu tks gqvk
lks gqvkA vc rks rqe yksx isM+ksa ij è;ku nksA rqe fujk'k er gksvksA [ksrksa esa gy pykvksA mUgsa
gk¡d&tksr dj cksus osQ fy, rS;kj djksA bl ekSle esa dHkh u dHkh rks o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸ cw<+h
vEek us eqloQjkdj xksek dh fgEer c<+kbZA og mBh vkSj ydM+h Vsdrh gqbZ viuh jkg py nhA
oSls rks xksek eu ls fujk'k Fkk exj cw<+h vEek dh ckrksa ls mldh FkksM+h vk'kk c<+hA vxys
fnu mlus iwjs mRlkg ls viuk [ksr tksruk 'kq: dj fn;kA mlus yxkrkj pkj fnu rd gy
pyk;kA [ksr [kwc vPNh rjg rS;kj gks x,A xksek viuk dke iwjk djosQ cgqr izlUu FkkA vc
og cSyksa dks gk¡drs gq, ?kj dh vksj py iM+kA iwjh jkg og xquxqukrk jgkA ml jkr mls uhan Hkh
vPNh rjg vkbZA pkj fnu
dh dM+h esgur osQ dkj.k
og fu<ky gksdj lks;kA
losjs tc og lksdj
mBk rks xk; jaHkk jgh FkhA
cdfj;k¡ fefe;k jgh FkhaA
losjs&losjs vius i'kqvksa
dh ;s vkok”ksa lquus osQ
fy, mlosQ dku rjl x,
FksA og iqyddj mBkA
mldh iRuh us vk¡xu ls
vkok”k yxkbZA vth lqurs
gks! ckgj rks vkvksA o"kkZ
gksus okyh gSA xksek >ViV
ckgj vk;kA mlus ns[kk
ekSle cgqr lqgkuk gks x;k
gSA vkleku esa ckny ?kqeM+
vk, FksA mlus cknyksa dks
th Hkjdj fugkjkA mls yxk
2020-21
cw<+h vEek dh ckr/107
vH;kl
'kCnkFkZ
ekuks cknyksa ls cw<+h vEek dh eqloqQjkrh gqbZ vkÑfr mHkj vkbZ gksA mls cw<+h vEek dh ckr
jg&jgdj ;kn vk jgh FkhA mlus eu gh eu cw<+h vEek dks iz.kke fd;k vkSj lkspk fd og Bhd
gh dg jgh Fkh fd rqe viuk dke le; ij djksA ckny cjlus yxsA vk¡xu rj&crj gks x;kA
xksek dks yxk ekuks cw<+h vEek mlls dqN dg jgh gksaA og cw<+h vEek ls dqN dguk pkgrk
FkkA rHkh ckfj'k vkSj rs”k gks xbZA
fugkjuk & xkSj ls ns[kuk
gk¡duk & pykuk
gy tksruk & [ksr tksruk
vkl & mEehn] vk'kk
?kqeM+uk & cgqr ls cknyksa dk
vkleku esa Nk tkuk
rj&crj & Hkhxk gqvk] ljkcksj
Mk¡okMksy & vfLFkj] djus u djus dh fLFkfr
esaM+ & [ksr dh gncanh] flapkbZ vkfn
osQ fy, mlosQ bnZ&fxnZ cuk;k
gqvk fe^h dk ?ksjk
ukfru & csVh dh csVh
fuHkZj & vkfJr] lgkjs ij fVdk gqvk
1- ikB ls
(d) yksddFkk esa xksek fcuk [ksr tksrs vius cSyksa dks gk¡ddj ?kj dh vksj D;ksa py iM+k\
([k) xksek dks isM+ osQ uhps cSBk ns[kdj cw<+h vEek us mlls D;k dgk\
(x) xksek us vius [ksrksa dks D;ksa tksrk\
2- D;k gksrk vxj
(d) xksek [ksrksa dks rS;kj u djrk\
([k) xksek dks cw<+h vEek ugha feyrh\
(x) cw<+h vEek dh ckr ij xksek è;ku u nsrk\
(?k) bl lky Hkh o"kkZ u gksrh\
2020-21
nwokZ/108
3- o"kkZ oSQls gks!
(d) cw<+h vEek us o"kkZ u gksus dk D;k dkj.k crk;k Fkk\
([k) D;k rqe cw<+h vEek dh ckr ls lger gksrs\ vius mÙkj dk dkj.k Hkh crkvksA
4- xk¡o vkSj i'kq
(d) ¶bl o"kZ Hkh vk"kk<+ lw[kk gh jgkA¸
yksddFkk ls tkfgj gksrk gS fd xksek osQ xk¡o esa rhu lky ls o"kkZ ugha gqbZ FkhA o"kkZ u gksus
osQ dkj.k muosQ xk¡o osQ cSyksa] [ksrksa vkSj isM+ksa esa D;k cnyko vk, gksxs\
([k) ¶losjs&losjs vius i'kqvksa dh ;s vkok”ksa lquus osQ fy, mlosQ dku rjl x, FksA¸
xksek us cgqr le; ckn vius i'kqvksa dh os vkok”ksa lquh FkhaA D;ksa\
5- lkspus dh ckr
cw<+h vEek us dgk] ¶o"kkZ vo'; gksxhA¸
(d) rqEgkjs fopkj ls cw<+h vEek us xksek ls ;g ckr D;ksa dgh\
([k) D;k mUgsa ekywe Fkk fd bl lky o"kkZ gksxh\ ;k mUgksaus vius vuqHko osQ vk/kj ij osQoy
vanktk yxk;k Fkk\
(x) o"kkZ vkSj isM+ksa osQ laca/ksa osQ ckjs esa lkspksA ik¡p&ik¡p cPpksa osQ lewg cukdj bl ckjs esa
ckrphr djksA fiQj lcdks vius lewg osQ fopkj crkvksA
6- oSQlk Fkk xksek
lgh 'kCnksa ij xksyk yxkvks&
dkepksj] vkylh] esgurh] Hkksyk&Hkkyk] ew[kZ] le>nkj] xjhc] vehj] de”kksj]
yxu dk iDdk
vc vius mÙkj dk dkj.k uhsps fy[kks
esjs fopkj ls xksek -------- O;fDr Fkk D;ksafd--------
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7- Mk¡okMksy
¶dbZ ckj mldk eu Mk¡okMksy Hkh gqvkA¸
xksek [ksrksa esa dke djus tk jgk FkkA dbZ ckj mlus ?kj ykSV tkus
dh ckr Hkh lksphA rqEgkjk eu Hkh ”k:j dHkh Mk¡okMksy gksrk
gksxk\ ,slk dc&dc gksrk gS\ vius <ax ls lkspdj bl lwph
dks iwjk djksA
2020-21
Read More
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