NCERT Textbook: पाठ 17 - वह सुबह कभी तो आएगी, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

कक्षा - 8 हिन्दी (Class 8 Hindi) by VP Classes

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 17 - वह सुबह कभी तो आएगी, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

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     og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh
eSa cgqr NksVh Fkh tc xSl fjlh FkhA esjh vEeh crkrh
gSa fd og eq>s tdM+dj tgk¡xhjkckn Hkkxh FkhA esjh
;knnk'r esa eSaus viuk igyk dne chekjh esa gh
c<+k;k FkkA vkSj vc Hkh eSa mlls cp ugha ikbZ gw¡A chp
esa oqQN le; rd oqQN jkgr Fkh ij vc fiQj lc
oqQN okil vk x;k gSA esjk xyk vkSj vk¡[ksa lwt tkrh
gSa] esjk psgjk lwtu dh otg ls cM+k jgrk gS] xys ls
vanj gh vanj [kwu cgrk gSA esjh lk¡lsa cqjh rjg ls
iwQyus yxrh gSa vkSj eSa gks'k [kks nsrh gw¡A esjs iwjs cnu
ij yky&yky /Ccs gSaA 'kq: esa ;s /Ccs ,d&,d jQi;s
osQ flDosQ ftrus cM+s Fks] ij vc rks ;s NksVs gks x, gSaA
esjs nkfgus ik¡o osQ dkj.k eq>s pyus esa fnDdr gksrh gS vkSj esjs iSj ns[kksµ;s Nkys iM+s gq, gSaA
fdruk oqQN gqvk gS gesaµgekjh ¯tnxh xSl osQ dkj.k ges'kk osQ fy, cny xbZ gSA
l=kgok¡ ikB
2020-21
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nwokZ/110
     og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh
eSa cgqr NksVh Fkh tc xSl fjlh FkhA esjh vEeh crkrh
gSa fd og eq>s tdM+dj tgk¡xhjkckn Hkkxh FkhA esjh
;knnk'r esa eSaus viuk igyk dne chekjh esa gh
c<+k;k FkkA vkSj vc Hkh eSa mlls cp ugha ikbZ gw¡A chp
esa oqQN le; rd oqQN jkgr Fkh ij vc fiQj lc
oqQN okil vk x;k gSA esjk xyk vkSj vk¡[ksa lwt tkrh
gSa] esjk psgjk lwtu dh otg ls cM+k jgrk gS] xys ls
vanj gh vanj [kwu cgrk gSA esjh lk¡lsa cqjh rjg ls
iwQyus yxrh gSa vkSj eSa gks'k [kks nsrh gw¡A esjs iwjs cnu
ij yky&yky /Ccs gSaA 'kq: esa ;s /Ccs ,d&,d jQi;s
osQ flDosQ ftrus cM+s Fks] ij vc rks ;s NksVs gks x, gSaA
esjs nkfgus ik¡o osQ dkj.k eq>s pyus esa fnDdr gksrh gS vkSj esjs iSj ns[kksµ;s Nkys iM+s gq, gSaA
fdruk oqQN gqvk gS gesaµgekjh ¯tnxh xSl osQ dkj.k ges'kk osQ fy, cny xbZ gSA
l=kgok¡ ikB
2020-21
og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh/111
esjs vCcw bl
nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k [kRe
gks x,] tc ge cgqr
NksVs FksA esjh ek¡ dh
ekufld gkyr
fcxM+ xbZA og njok”ks
ij cSBdj vCcw dk
bar”kkj djrh jgrh FkhaA
gels dgrh fd vCcw
?kj vkus okys gSa]
muosQ fy, pk; cuk
ysaA og muosQ iSjksa dh
vkgV lqurha vkSj
fpYykdj dgrha fd
os ?kj vk x, gSaA ge
muls dgrs fd vCcw
ej pqosQ gSa ij og gels dgrha fd ,slh ckrsa ugha dgrs] vkSj vxj ge fiQj ,slk dgrs rks og
gesa ekj nsrhaA ge muls dgrs fd tc ge cM+s gks tk,¡xs rks mudh ns[kHkky djsaxsA MkWDVj yksx
gels dgrs fd mUgsa [kq'k j[kk djsa ij mudh gkyr ns[kdj jks, fcuk jg ikuk eqf'dy gksrk FkkA
;g lc oqQN eghuksa rd pyrk jgkA /hjs&/hjs fdlh rjg vEeh us vius vki dks l¡HkkykA
'kk;n bl ,glkl us mUgsa Bhd gksus esa enn dh fd mUgsa gh oqQN mik; djus gksaxs rkfd ge
lc ¯tnk jg losaQA
esjs vCcw dh ,d nqdku FkhA fdlh us mUgsa le>k&cq>kdj og nqdku ik¡p lkS #i;s esa
fcdok nhA tc rd og iSlk pyk] gesa [kkus dks feykA fiQj esjh vEeh fdruh txgksa ij xb±]
gj tku&igpkuokys osQ ikl] m/kj ek¡xus! mUgsa nwljksa osQ fy, dke Hkh djuk iM+rkA frl ij
esjh lsgr us esjh vEeh ls bruk [kpZ djok;k gSA eSa ges'kk ls gh chekj gw¡A esjh ,d tqM+ok¡ cgu
gS tks fcYoqQy Bhd gSA esjh vEeh fpYyk iM+rh Fkha fd og esjs brus chekj jgus vkSj brus iSls
[kpZ djokus ls rax vk xbZ gSaA
,d ckj dh ckr gS] tc eSa cgqr chekj FkhA fdlh us esjh vEeh ls dgk fd eq>s ,d
izkbosV MkWDVj osQ ikl ys tk,¡A og MkWDVj vPNk ekuk tkrk gSA eq>s ufl±x gkse ys tk;k x;kA
2020-21
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nwokZ/110
     og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh
eSa cgqr NksVh Fkh tc xSl fjlh FkhA esjh vEeh crkrh
gSa fd og eq>s tdM+dj tgk¡xhjkckn Hkkxh FkhA esjh
;knnk'r esa eSaus viuk igyk dne chekjh esa gh
c<+k;k FkkA vkSj vc Hkh eSa mlls cp ugha ikbZ gw¡A chp
esa oqQN le; rd oqQN jkgr Fkh ij vc fiQj lc
oqQN okil vk x;k gSA esjk xyk vkSj vk¡[ksa lwt tkrh
gSa] esjk psgjk lwtu dh otg ls cM+k jgrk gS] xys ls
vanj gh vanj [kwu cgrk gSA esjh lk¡lsa cqjh rjg ls
iwQyus yxrh gSa vkSj eSa gks'k [kks nsrh gw¡A esjs iwjs cnu
ij yky&yky /Ccs gSaA 'kq: esa ;s /Ccs ,d&,d jQi;s
osQ flDosQ ftrus cM+s Fks] ij vc rks ;s NksVs gks x, gSaA
esjs nkfgus ik¡o osQ dkj.k eq>s pyus esa fnDdr gksrh gS vkSj esjs iSj ns[kksµ;s Nkys iM+s gq, gSaA
fdruk oqQN gqvk gS gesaµgekjh ¯tnxh xSl osQ dkj.k ges'kk osQ fy, cny xbZ gSA
l=kgok¡ ikB
2020-21
og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh/111
esjs vCcw bl
nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k [kRe
gks x,] tc ge cgqr
NksVs FksA esjh ek¡ dh
ekufld gkyr
fcxM+ xbZA og njok”ks
ij cSBdj vCcw dk
bar”kkj djrh jgrh FkhaA
gels dgrh fd vCcw
?kj vkus okys gSa]
muosQ fy, pk; cuk
ysaA og muosQ iSjksa dh
vkgV lqurha vkSj
fpYykdj dgrha fd
os ?kj vk x, gSaA ge
muls dgrs fd vCcw
ej pqosQ gSa ij og gels dgrha fd ,slh ckrsa ugha dgrs] vkSj vxj ge fiQj ,slk dgrs rks og
gesa ekj nsrhaA ge muls dgrs fd tc ge cM+s gks tk,¡xs rks mudh ns[kHkky djsaxsA MkWDVj yksx
gels dgrs fd mUgsa [kq'k j[kk djsa ij mudh gkyr ns[kdj jks, fcuk jg ikuk eqf'dy gksrk FkkA
;g lc oqQN eghuksa rd pyrk jgkA /hjs&/hjs fdlh rjg vEeh us vius vki dks l¡HkkykA
'kk;n bl ,glkl us mUgsa Bhd gksus esa enn dh fd mUgsa gh oqQN mik; djus gksaxs rkfd ge
lc ¯tnk jg losaQA
esjs vCcw dh ,d nqdku FkhA fdlh us mUgsa le>k&cq>kdj og nqdku ik¡p lkS #i;s esa
fcdok nhA tc rd og iSlk pyk] gesa [kkus dks feykA fiQj esjh vEeh fdruh txgksa ij xb±]
gj tku&igpkuokys osQ ikl] m/kj ek¡xus! mUgsa nwljksa osQ fy, dke Hkh djuk iM+rkA frl ij
esjh lsgr us esjh vEeh ls bruk [kpZ djok;k gSA eSa ges'kk ls gh chekj gw¡A esjh ,d tqM+ok¡ cgu
gS tks fcYoqQy Bhd gSA esjh vEeh fpYyk iM+rh Fkha fd og esjs brus chekj jgus vkSj brus iSls
[kpZ djokus ls rax vk xbZ gSaA
,d ckj dh ckr gS] tc eSa cgqr chekj FkhA fdlh us esjh vEeh ls dgk fd eq>s ,d
izkbosV MkWDVj osQ ikl ys tk,¡A og MkWDVj vPNk ekuk tkrk gSA eq>s ufl±x gkse ys tk;k x;kA
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MkWDVj us mUgsa crk;k fd eSa ejus gh okyh gw¡ vkSj esjs bykt osQ fy, fliZQ ufl±x gkse osQ fcLrj
dk [kpkZ gh <kbZ lkS #i;s gj fnu dk vk,xk] bykt dk vyxA esjh ek¡ us mUgsa crk;k fd gekjs
ikl brus iSls ugha gSA rc mlus dgk fd eq>s ?kj ys tk,¡A ij og ugha ekuhaA eSa ogha iM+h jgrh
tc rd fd nksigj dks og u vkrhaA eq>s ugha ekywe fd og dgk¡ ls iSls ykrhA ij og esjs
bykt osQ fy, iSls tqVk gh ysrhaA
vc eSa vk;qosZn dh nok,¡ ysus yxh gw¡ vkSj mlls eq>s dkiQh vkjke gSA esjs ik¡o osQ Nkys
lw[k jgs gSa] ilfy;ksa dk nnZ pyk x;k gS] psgjs dh lwtu] flj nnZ] cnu nnZ vkSj xys ls [kwu
cguk can gks x;k gSA vc eq>s igyh ckj ,slk yxus yxk gS fd eSa Bhd gks ldrh gw¡A eSa ;g
tkurh gw¡ fd vHkh gesa cgqr nwj tkuk gSA eSa bruh [kq'k jgrh gw¡A eSa rks vc thuk pkgrh gw¡A
µ lyek
vH;kl
'kCnkFkZ
tdM+uk & dldj idM+uk
;knnk'r & ;kn j[kus dh 'kfDr
jkgr & vkjke
lwtu & fdlh vax dk iwQyuk
cnu & 'kjhj
/Ccs & nkx
vkgV & vkok”k
lsgr & LokLF;
2020-21
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     og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh
eSa cgqr NksVh Fkh tc xSl fjlh FkhA esjh vEeh crkrh
gSa fd og eq>s tdM+dj tgk¡xhjkckn Hkkxh FkhA esjh
;knnk'r esa eSaus viuk igyk dne chekjh esa gh
c<+k;k FkkA vkSj vc Hkh eSa mlls cp ugha ikbZ gw¡A chp
esa oqQN le; rd oqQN jkgr Fkh ij vc fiQj lc
oqQN okil vk x;k gSA esjk xyk vkSj vk¡[ksa lwt tkrh
gSa] esjk psgjk lwtu dh otg ls cM+k jgrk gS] xys ls
vanj gh vanj [kwu cgrk gSA esjh lk¡lsa cqjh rjg ls
iwQyus yxrh gSa vkSj eSa gks'k [kks nsrh gw¡A esjs iwjs cnu
ij yky&yky /Ccs gSaA 'kq: esa ;s /Ccs ,d&,d jQi;s
osQ flDosQ ftrus cM+s Fks] ij vc rks ;s NksVs gks x, gSaA
esjs nkfgus ik¡o osQ dkj.k eq>s pyus esa fnDdr gksrh gS vkSj esjs iSj ns[kksµ;s Nkys iM+s gq, gSaA
fdruk oqQN gqvk gS gesaµgekjh ¯tnxh xSl osQ dkj.k ges'kk osQ fy, cny xbZ gSA
l=kgok¡ ikB
2020-21
og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh/111
esjs vCcw bl
nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k [kRe
gks x,] tc ge cgqr
NksVs FksA esjh ek¡ dh
ekufld gkyr
fcxM+ xbZA og njok”ks
ij cSBdj vCcw dk
bar”kkj djrh jgrh FkhaA
gels dgrh fd vCcw
?kj vkus okys gSa]
muosQ fy, pk; cuk
ysaA og muosQ iSjksa dh
vkgV lqurha vkSj
fpYykdj dgrha fd
os ?kj vk x, gSaA ge
muls dgrs fd vCcw
ej pqosQ gSa ij og gels dgrha fd ,slh ckrsa ugha dgrs] vkSj vxj ge fiQj ,slk dgrs rks og
gesa ekj nsrhaA ge muls dgrs fd tc ge cM+s gks tk,¡xs rks mudh ns[kHkky djsaxsA MkWDVj yksx
gels dgrs fd mUgsa [kq'k j[kk djsa ij mudh gkyr ns[kdj jks, fcuk jg ikuk eqf'dy gksrk FkkA
;g lc oqQN eghuksa rd pyrk jgkA /hjs&/hjs fdlh rjg vEeh us vius vki dks l¡HkkykA
'kk;n bl ,glkl us mUgsa Bhd gksus esa enn dh fd mUgsa gh oqQN mik; djus gksaxs rkfd ge
lc ¯tnk jg losaQA
esjs vCcw dh ,d nqdku FkhA fdlh us mUgsa le>k&cq>kdj og nqdku ik¡p lkS #i;s esa
fcdok nhA tc rd og iSlk pyk] gesa [kkus dks feykA fiQj esjh vEeh fdruh txgksa ij xb±]
gj tku&igpkuokys osQ ikl] m/kj ek¡xus! mUgsa nwljksa osQ fy, dke Hkh djuk iM+rkA frl ij
esjh lsgr us esjh vEeh ls bruk [kpZ djok;k gSA eSa ges'kk ls gh chekj gw¡A esjh ,d tqM+ok¡ cgu
gS tks fcYoqQy Bhd gSA esjh vEeh fpYyk iM+rh Fkha fd og esjs brus chekj jgus vkSj brus iSls
[kpZ djokus ls rax vk xbZ gSaA
,d ckj dh ckr gS] tc eSa cgqr chekj FkhA fdlh us esjh vEeh ls dgk fd eq>s ,d
izkbosV MkWDVj osQ ikl ys tk,¡A og MkWDVj vPNk ekuk tkrk gSA eq>s ufl±x gkse ys tk;k x;kA
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MkWDVj us mUgsa crk;k fd eSa ejus gh okyh gw¡ vkSj esjs bykt osQ fy, fliZQ ufl±x gkse osQ fcLrj
dk [kpkZ gh <kbZ lkS #i;s gj fnu dk vk,xk] bykt dk vyxA esjh ek¡ us mUgsa crk;k fd gekjs
ikl brus iSls ugha gSA rc mlus dgk fd eq>s ?kj ys tk,¡A ij og ugha ekuhaA eSa ogha iM+h jgrh
tc rd fd nksigj dks og u vkrhaA eq>s ugha ekywe fd og dgk¡ ls iSls ykrhA ij og esjs
bykt osQ fy, iSls tqVk gh ysrhaA
vc eSa vk;qosZn dh nok,¡ ysus yxh gw¡ vkSj mlls eq>s dkiQh vkjke gSA esjs ik¡o osQ Nkys
lw[k jgs gSa] ilfy;ksa dk nnZ pyk x;k gS] psgjs dh lwtu] flj nnZ] cnu nnZ vkSj xys ls [kwu
cguk can gks x;k gSA vc eq>s igyh ckj ,slk yxus yxk gS fd eSa Bhd gks ldrh gw¡A eSa ;g
tkurh gw¡ fd vHkh gesa cgqr nwj tkuk gSA eSa bruh [kq'k jgrh gw¡A eSa rks vc thuk pkgrh gw¡A
µ lyek
vH;kl
'kCnkFkZ
tdM+uk & dldj idM+uk
;knnk'r & ;kn j[kus dh 'kfDr
jkgr & vkjke
lwtu & fdlh vax dk iwQyuk
cnu & 'kjhj
/Ccs & nkx
vkgV & vkok”k
lsgr & LokLF;
2020-21
og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh/113
1- ikB ls
(d) lyek dk igyk dne chekjh esa gh D;ksa c<+k Fkk\
([k) lyek viuh vEek¡ ls D;k dgrh Fkh ftlls mldh
vEek¡ mls ekj nsrh Fkh\
(x) lyek us ,slk D;ksa dgk fd eSa rks vc thuk pkgrh gw¡\
2- nq?kZVuk
¶esjs vCcw bl nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k [kRe gks x,] tc ge cgqr
NksVs FksA¸
mQij osQ okD; ls irk pyrk gS fd lyek osQ vCcw fdlh
xSl nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k ej x, FksA nq?kZVuk esa oqQN yksxksa dks
vius 'kjhj osQ vaxksa dks x¡okuk Hkh iM+ tkrk gSA rqe gok]
vkx vkSj ikuh ls gksus okyh nq?kZVukvksa dh ,d lwph
cukvksA rqe bl lwph osQ vkxs ;g Hkh fy[kks fd blesa
D;k&D;k uqdlku gksrk gSA
3- ns[kHkky
¶ge muls dgrs fd tc ge cM+s gks tk,¡xs rks mudh ns[kHkky djsaxsA¸ bl okD; dks i<+ks vkSj
crkvks fdµ
(d) dkSu fdldh ns[kHkky djuk pkgrk@pkgrh gS\
([k) og cM+k@cM+h gksdj gh ns[kHkky djuk D;ksa pkgrk@pkgrh gS\
(x) D;k og NksVs gksus ij ns[kHkky ugha dj ldrk@ldrh gS\
(?k) vxj og NksVs gksus ij Hkh ns[kHkky djsxk@djsxh rks D;k gks ldrk gS\
4- fuca/ ;k laLej.k
bl ikB esa Hkksiky xSl =kklnh dk o.kZu gqvk gS] ftls bl =kklnh dks lgus okyh lyek us ^og
lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh* 'kh"kZd ls fy[kk gSA vc rqe crkvks fdµ
(d) rqe bls fuca/ ;k laLej.k esa ls D;k dg ldrs gks vkSj D;ksa\
([k) vxj bls dksbZ dgkuh dgs rks D;k gksxk\
(x) eku yks fd vxj rqe bls fy[krs rks bldk D;k 'kh"kZd nsrs vkSj D;ksa\
(laosQrµbu iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nsus osQ fy, rqe vius cM+ksa dh lgk;rk Hkh ys ldrs gksA)
2020-21
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     og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh
eSa cgqr NksVh Fkh tc xSl fjlh FkhA esjh vEeh crkrh
gSa fd og eq>s tdM+dj tgk¡xhjkckn Hkkxh FkhA esjh
;knnk'r esa eSaus viuk igyk dne chekjh esa gh
c<+k;k FkkA vkSj vc Hkh eSa mlls cp ugha ikbZ gw¡A chp
esa oqQN le; rd oqQN jkgr Fkh ij vc fiQj lc
oqQN okil vk x;k gSA esjk xyk vkSj vk¡[ksa lwt tkrh
gSa] esjk psgjk lwtu dh otg ls cM+k jgrk gS] xys ls
vanj gh vanj [kwu cgrk gSA esjh lk¡lsa cqjh rjg ls
iwQyus yxrh gSa vkSj eSa gks'k [kks nsrh gw¡A esjs iwjs cnu
ij yky&yky /Ccs gSaA 'kq: esa ;s /Ccs ,d&,d jQi;s
osQ flDosQ ftrus cM+s Fks] ij vc rks ;s NksVs gks x, gSaA
esjs nkfgus ik¡o osQ dkj.k eq>s pyus esa fnDdr gksrh gS vkSj esjs iSj ns[kksµ;s Nkys iM+s gq, gSaA
fdruk oqQN gqvk gS gesaµgekjh ¯tnxh xSl osQ dkj.k ges'kk osQ fy, cny xbZ gSA
l=kgok¡ ikB
2020-21
og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh/111
esjs vCcw bl
nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k [kRe
gks x,] tc ge cgqr
NksVs FksA esjh ek¡ dh
ekufld gkyr
fcxM+ xbZA og njok”ks
ij cSBdj vCcw dk
bar”kkj djrh jgrh FkhaA
gels dgrh fd vCcw
?kj vkus okys gSa]
muosQ fy, pk; cuk
ysaA og muosQ iSjksa dh
vkgV lqurha vkSj
fpYykdj dgrha fd
os ?kj vk x, gSaA ge
muls dgrs fd vCcw
ej pqosQ gSa ij og gels dgrha fd ,slh ckrsa ugha dgrs] vkSj vxj ge fiQj ,slk dgrs rks og
gesa ekj nsrhaA ge muls dgrs fd tc ge cM+s gks tk,¡xs rks mudh ns[kHkky djsaxsA MkWDVj yksx
gels dgrs fd mUgsa [kq'k j[kk djsa ij mudh gkyr ns[kdj jks, fcuk jg ikuk eqf'dy gksrk FkkA
;g lc oqQN eghuksa rd pyrk jgkA /hjs&/hjs fdlh rjg vEeh us vius vki dks l¡HkkykA
'kk;n bl ,glkl us mUgsa Bhd gksus esa enn dh fd mUgsa gh oqQN mik; djus gksaxs rkfd ge
lc ¯tnk jg losaQA
esjs vCcw dh ,d nqdku FkhA fdlh us mUgsa le>k&cq>kdj og nqdku ik¡p lkS #i;s esa
fcdok nhA tc rd og iSlk pyk] gesa [kkus dks feykA fiQj esjh vEeh fdruh txgksa ij xb±]
gj tku&igpkuokys osQ ikl] m/kj ek¡xus! mUgsa nwljksa osQ fy, dke Hkh djuk iM+rkA frl ij
esjh lsgr us esjh vEeh ls bruk [kpZ djok;k gSA eSa ges'kk ls gh chekj gw¡A esjh ,d tqM+ok¡ cgu
gS tks fcYoqQy Bhd gSA esjh vEeh fpYyk iM+rh Fkha fd og esjs brus chekj jgus vkSj brus iSls
[kpZ djokus ls rax vk xbZ gSaA
,d ckj dh ckr gS] tc eSa cgqr chekj FkhA fdlh us esjh vEeh ls dgk fd eq>s ,d
izkbosV MkWDVj osQ ikl ys tk,¡A og MkWDVj vPNk ekuk tkrk gSA eq>s ufl±x gkse ys tk;k x;kA
2020-21
nwokZ/112
MkWDVj us mUgsa crk;k fd eSa ejus gh okyh gw¡ vkSj esjs bykt osQ fy, fliZQ ufl±x gkse osQ fcLrj
dk [kpkZ gh <kbZ lkS #i;s gj fnu dk vk,xk] bykt dk vyxA esjh ek¡ us mUgsa crk;k fd gekjs
ikl brus iSls ugha gSA rc mlus dgk fd eq>s ?kj ys tk,¡A ij og ugha ekuhaA eSa ogha iM+h jgrh
tc rd fd nksigj dks og u vkrhaA eq>s ugha ekywe fd og dgk¡ ls iSls ykrhA ij og esjs
bykt osQ fy, iSls tqVk gh ysrhaA
vc eSa vk;qosZn dh nok,¡ ysus yxh gw¡ vkSj mlls eq>s dkiQh vkjke gSA esjs ik¡o osQ Nkys
lw[k jgs gSa] ilfy;ksa dk nnZ pyk x;k gS] psgjs dh lwtu] flj nnZ] cnu nnZ vkSj xys ls [kwu
cguk can gks x;k gSA vc eq>s igyh ckj ,slk yxus yxk gS fd eSa Bhd gks ldrh gw¡A eSa ;g
tkurh gw¡ fd vHkh gesa cgqr nwj tkuk gSA eSa bruh [kq'k jgrh gw¡A eSa rks vc thuk pkgrh gw¡A
µ lyek
vH;kl
'kCnkFkZ
tdM+uk & dldj idM+uk
;knnk'r & ;kn j[kus dh 'kfDr
jkgr & vkjke
lwtu & fdlh vax dk iwQyuk
cnu & 'kjhj
/Ccs & nkx
vkgV & vkok”k
lsgr & LokLF;
2020-21
og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh/113
1- ikB ls
(d) lyek dk igyk dne chekjh esa gh D;ksa c<+k Fkk\
([k) lyek viuh vEek¡ ls D;k dgrh Fkh ftlls mldh
vEek¡ mls ekj nsrh Fkh\
(x) lyek us ,slk D;ksa dgk fd eSa rks vc thuk pkgrh gw¡\
2- nq?kZVuk
¶esjs vCcw bl nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k [kRe gks x,] tc ge cgqr
NksVs FksA¸
mQij osQ okD; ls irk pyrk gS fd lyek osQ vCcw fdlh
xSl nq?kZVuk osQ dkj.k ej x, FksA nq?kZVuk esa oqQN yksxksa dks
vius 'kjhj osQ vaxksa dks x¡okuk Hkh iM+ tkrk gSA rqe gok]
vkx vkSj ikuh ls gksus okyh nq?kZVukvksa dh ,d lwph
cukvksA rqe bl lwph osQ vkxs ;g Hkh fy[kks fd blesa
D;k&D;k uqdlku gksrk gSA
3- ns[kHkky
¶ge muls dgrs fd tc ge cM+s gks tk,¡xs rks mudh ns[kHkky djsaxsA¸ bl okD; dks i<+ks vkSj
crkvks fdµ
(d) dkSu fdldh ns[kHkky djuk pkgrk@pkgrh gS\
([k) og cM+k@cM+h gksdj gh ns[kHkky djuk D;ksa pkgrk@pkgrh gS\
(x) D;k og NksVs gksus ij ns[kHkky ugha dj ldrk@ldrh gS\
(?k) vxj og NksVs gksus ij Hkh ns[kHkky djsxk@djsxh rks D;k gks ldrk gS\
4- fuca/ ;k laLej.k
bl ikB esa Hkksiky xSl =kklnh dk o.kZu gqvk gS] ftls bl =kklnh dks lgus okyh lyek us ^og
lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh* 'kh"kZd ls fy[kk gSA vc rqe crkvks fdµ
(d) rqe bls fuca/ ;k laLej.k esa ls D;k dg ldrs gks vkSj D;ksa\
([k) vxj bls dksbZ dgkuh dgs rks D;k gksxk\
(x) eku yks fd vxj rqe bls fy[krs rks bldk D;k 'kh"kZd nsrs vkSj D;ksa\
(laosQrµbu iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nsus osQ fy, rqe vius cM+ksa dh lgk;rk Hkh ys ldrs gksA)
2020-21
nwokZ/114
5- iafDr vkSj 'kh"kZd
^og lqcg dHkh rks vk,xh*µ;g bl ikB
dk 'kh"kZd gSA lkFk gh ;g lkfgj yqèk;kuoh
osQ ^xhr* dh iafDr Hkh gSA bl rjg rqe
oqQN vU; xhrksa] dforkvksa] ys[kksa] dgkfu;ksa vkSj izfl¼ yksxksa osQ fopkjksa vkfn dh fdlh iafDr
dk p;u dj mldh lwph cukvks ftl ij vius fopkjksa dks fy[k ldrs gks vkSj og rqEgkjs ys[k
osQ fy, lgh 'kh"kZd gks ldrk gSA
6- HksaV&eqykdkr
rqEgkjh HksaV&eqykdkr vDlj oqQN ,sls
yksxksa ls Hkh gksrh gksxh ;k gks ldrh gS
ftudh vk¡[ksa ugha gksrha] tks cksy vkSj
lqu ugha ldrsA oqQN oSls Hkh yksx
gksaxs ;k gks ldrs gSa tks gkFk&iSj ;k
vius fdlh vU; vax ls lkekU;
euq"; dh rjg dke ugha dj ldrsA
vc rqe crkvks fdµ
(d) ;fn rqEgsa fdlh xw¡xs O;fDr ls
oqQN le>uk gks rks D;k djksxs\
([k) ;fn rqEgsa fdlh cgjs O;fDr dks oqQN crkuk gks rks D;k djksxs\
(x) ;fn rqEgsa fdlh va/s O;fDr dks oqQN crkuk gks rks D;k djksxs\
(?k) fdlh ,sls O;fDr osQ lkFk [ksyus dk volj fey tk, tks py fiQj ugha ldrk gks rks
D;k djksxs\
7- mik;
uhps oqQN nq?kZVukvksa osQ ckjs esa fy[kk gqvk gS_ tSlsµ
(d) lM+d nq?kZVuk & lM+d ij gksrh gS
([k) Vªsu nq?kZVuk & Vªsu dh iVjh ij gksrh gS
(x) gokbZ nq?kZVuk & /jrh ;k vkleku dgha Hkh gks ldrh gS
(?k) ukSdk nq?kZVuk & ty esa gks ldrh gS
buosQ dkj.kksa esa ekuoh; Hkwy] tkucw>dj vkSj izko`Qfrd :i ls lacaf/r dksbZ Hkh dkj.k gks ldrk
gSA eku yks fd rqEgkjs vkl&ikl ,slh dksbZ Hkh nq?kZVuk ?kV tkrh gS rks rqe D;k&D;k djksxs\
2020-21
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