NCERT Textbook: पाठ 17 - साँस साँस में बांस, हिंदी, कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Hindi (Vasant) Class 6

Class 6 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 17 - साँस साँस में बांस, हिंदी, कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


118 oLkar
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l
,d tknwxj Fks paxdhpaxyuckA vius thou esa mUgksaus
dbZ cM+s&cM+s djrc fn[kyk,A tc ejus dks gq, rks yksxksa
ls cksys] ¶eq>s nI
+
kQuk, tkus osQ NBs fnu esjh dcz
[kksndj ns[kksxs rks oqQN u;k&lk ikvksxsA¸
dgk tkrk gS fd ekSr osQ NBs fnu mudh dcz
[kksnh xbZ vkSj mlesa ls fudys ck¡l dh Vksdfj;ksa osQ dbZ
lkjs fM”kkbuA yksxksa us mUgsa ns[kk] igys mudh udy dh
vkSj fiQj u, fM”kkbu Hkh cuk,A
ck¡l Hkkjr osQ fofHkUu fgLlksa esa cgqrk;r esa gksrk
gSA Hkkjr osQ mÙkj&iwohZ {ks=k osQ lkrksa jkT;ksa esa ck¡l cgqr
mxrk gSA blfy, ogk¡ ck¡l dh ph”ksasa cukus dk pyu Hkh [kwc
gSA lHkh leqnk;ksa osQ Hkj.k&iks"k.k esa bldk cgqr gkFk gSA ;gk¡
ge [kklrkSj ij ns'k osQ mÙkjh&iwohZ jkT; ukxkySaM dh ckr djasxsA
ukxkySaM osQ fuokfl;ksa esa ck¡l dh ph”ksa cukus dk [kwc izpyu gSA
balku us tc gkFk ls dykRed ph”ksa cukuh 'kq: dha] ck¡l
dh ph”ksa rHkh ls cu jgh gSaA vko';drk osQ vuqlkj blesa
cnyko gq, gSa vkSj vc Hkh gks jgs gSaA
17
2020-21
Page 2


118 oLkar
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l
,d tknwxj Fks paxdhpaxyuckA vius thou esa mUgksaus
dbZ cM+s&cM+s djrc fn[kyk,A tc ejus dks gq, rks yksxksa
ls cksys] ¶eq>s nI
+
kQuk, tkus osQ NBs fnu esjh dcz
[kksndj ns[kksxs rks oqQN u;k&lk ikvksxsA¸
dgk tkrk gS fd ekSr osQ NBs fnu mudh dcz
[kksnh xbZ vkSj mlesa ls fudys ck¡l dh Vksdfj;ksa osQ dbZ
lkjs fM”kkbuA yksxksa us mUgsa ns[kk] igys mudh udy dh
vkSj fiQj u, fM”kkbu Hkh cuk,A
ck¡l Hkkjr osQ fofHkUu fgLlksa esa cgqrk;r esa gksrk
gSA Hkkjr osQ mÙkj&iwohZ {ks=k osQ lkrksa jkT;ksa esa ck¡l cgqr
mxrk gSA blfy, ogk¡ ck¡l dh ph”ksasa cukus dk pyu Hkh [kwc
gSA lHkh leqnk;ksa osQ Hkj.k&iks"k.k esa bldk cgqr gkFk gSA ;gk¡
ge [kklrkSj ij ns'k osQ mÙkjh&iwohZ jkT; ukxkySaM dh ckr djasxsA
ukxkySaM osQ fuokfl;ksa esa ck¡l dh ph”ksa cukus dk [kwc izpyu gSA
balku us tc gkFk ls dykRed ph”ksa cukuh 'kq: dha] ck¡l
dh ph”ksa rHkh ls cu jgh gSaA vko';drk osQ vuqlkj blesa
cnyko gq, gSa vkSj vc Hkh gks jgs gSaA
17
2020-21
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l   119
ck¡l ls esjk fj'rk
ck¡l dk ;g >qjeqV eq>s vehj cuk nsrk
gSA blls eSa viuk ?kj cuk ldrk g¡w]
ck¡l osQ cjru vkSj vkS”kkj bLrseky
djrk g¡w] lw[ks ck¡l dks eSa b±/u dh rjg
bLrseky djrk g¡w] ck¡l dk dks;yk
tykrk gw¡] ck¡l dk vpkj [kkrk gw¡]
ck¡l osQ ikyus esa esjk cpiu xq”kjk]
iRuh Hkh rks eSaus ck¡l dh Vksdjh osQ
”kfj, ikbZ vkSj fiQj var esa ck¡l ij gh
fyVkdj eq>s ej?kV ys tk;k tk,xkA
dgrs gSa fd ck¡l dh cqukbZ dk fj'rk
ml nkSj ls gS] tc balku Hkkstu bdëk
djrk FkkA 'kk;n Hkkstu bdëk djus osQ
fy, gh mlus ,slh Mfy;kuqek ph”ksa
cukbZ gksaxhA D;k irk c;k tSlh fdlh
fpfM+;k osQ ?kkaslys ls Vksdjh osQ vkdkj
vkSj cqukoV dh rjdhc gkFk yxh gks!
ck¡l ls osQoy Vksdfj;k¡ gh ugha
curhaA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa ls <sj ph”ksa
cukbZ tkrh gSa] tSlsµrjg&rjg dh
pVkb;k¡] Vksfi;k¡] Vksdfj;k¡] cjru]
cSyxkfM+;k¡] I
+
kQuhZpj] ltkoVh lkeku] tky] edku] iqy vkSj f[kykSus HkhA
vle esa ,sls gh ,d tky] tdkbZ ls eNyh idM+rs gSaA NksVh eNfy;ksa dks idM+us
osQ fy, bls ikuh dh lrg ij j[kk tkrk gS ;k fiQj èkhjs&èkhjs pyrs gq, [khapk tkrk
gSA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa dks bl rjg
ck¡èkk tkrk gS fd os ,d 'kaoqQ dk vkdkj
ys ysaA bl 'akoqQ dk Åijh fljk vaMkdkj
gksrk gSA fupys uqdhys fljs ij [kifPp;k¡
,d&nwljs esa xq¡Fkh gqbZ gksrh gSaA
[kifPp;ksa ls rjg&rjg dh Vksfi;k¡
Hkh cukbZ tkrh gSaA vle osQ pk; ckxkuksa
osQ fp=kksa esa rqEgsa yksx ,slh Vksfi;k¡
igus fn[k tk,¡xs vkSj gk¡ mudh
ihB ij V¡xh ck¡l dh cM+h&lh
Vksdjh ns[kuk u HkwyukA
2020-21
Page 3


118 oLkar
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l
,d tknwxj Fks paxdhpaxyuckA vius thou esa mUgksaus
dbZ cM+s&cM+s djrc fn[kyk,A tc ejus dks gq, rks yksxksa
ls cksys] ¶eq>s nI
+
kQuk, tkus osQ NBs fnu esjh dcz
[kksndj ns[kksxs rks oqQN u;k&lk ikvksxsA¸
dgk tkrk gS fd ekSr osQ NBs fnu mudh dcz
[kksnh xbZ vkSj mlesa ls fudys ck¡l dh Vksdfj;ksa osQ dbZ
lkjs fM”kkbuA yksxksa us mUgsa ns[kk] igys mudh udy dh
vkSj fiQj u, fM”kkbu Hkh cuk,A
ck¡l Hkkjr osQ fofHkUu fgLlksa esa cgqrk;r esa gksrk
gSA Hkkjr osQ mÙkj&iwohZ {ks=k osQ lkrksa jkT;ksa esa ck¡l cgqr
mxrk gSA blfy, ogk¡ ck¡l dh ph”ksasa cukus dk pyu Hkh [kwc
gSA lHkh leqnk;ksa osQ Hkj.k&iks"k.k esa bldk cgqr gkFk gSA ;gk¡
ge [kklrkSj ij ns'k osQ mÙkjh&iwohZ jkT; ukxkySaM dh ckr djasxsA
ukxkySaM osQ fuokfl;ksa esa ck¡l dh ph”ksa cukus dk [kwc izpyu gSA
balku us tc gkFk ls dykRed ph”ksa cukuh 'kq: dha] ck¡l
dh ph”ksa rHkh ls cu jgh gSaA vko';drk osQ vuqlkj blesa
cnyko gq, gSa vkSj vc Hkh gks jgs gSaA
17
2020-21
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l   119
ck¡l ls esjk fj'rk
ck¡l dk ;g >qjeqV eq>s vehj cuk nsrk
gSA blls eSa viuk ?kj cuk ldrk g¡w]
ck¡l osQ cjru vkSj vkS”kkj bLrseky
djrk g¡w] lw[ks ck¡l dks eSa b±/u dh rjg
bLrseky djrk g¡w] ck¡l dk dks;yk
tykrk gw¡] ck¡l dk vpkj [kkrk gw¡]
ck¡l osQ ikyus esa esjk cpiu xq”kjk]
iRuh Hkh rks eSaus ck¡l dh Vksdjh osQ
”kfj, ikbZ vkSj fiQj var esa ck¡l ij gh
fyVkdj eq>s ej?kV ys tk;k tk,xkA
dgrs gSa fd ck¡l dh cqukbZ dk fj'rk
ml nkSj ls gS] tc balku Hkkstu bdëk
djrk FkkA 'kk;n Hkkstu bdëk djus osQ
fy, gh mlus ,slh Mfy;kuqek ph”ksa
cukbZ gksaxhA D;k irk c;k tSlh fdlh
fpfM+;k osQ ?kkaslys ls Vksdjh osQ vkdkj
vkSj cqukoV dh rjdhc gkFk yxh gks!
ck¡l ls osQoy Vksdfj;k¡ gh ugha
curhaA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa ls <sj ph”ksa
cukbZ tkrh gSa] tSlsµrjg&rjg dh
pVkb;k¡] Vksfi;k¡] Vksdfj;k¡] cjru]
cSyxkfM+;k¡] I
+
kQuhZpj] ltkoVh lkeku] tky] edku] iqy vkSj f[kykSus HkhA
vle esa ,sls gh ,d tky] tdkbZ ls eNyh idM+rs gSaA NksVh eNfy;ksa dks idM+us
osQ fy, bls ikuh dh lrg ij j[kk tkrk gS ;k fiQj èkhjs&èkhjs pyrs gq, [khapk tkrk
gSA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa dks bl rjg
ck¡èkk tkrk gS fd os ,d 'kaoqQ dk vkdkj
ys ysaA bl 'akoqQ dk Åijh fljk vaMkdkj
gksrk gSA fupys uqdhys fljs ij [kifPp;k¡
,d&nwljs esa xq¡Fkh gqbZ gksrh gSaA
[kifPp;ksa ls rjg&rjg dh Vksfi;k¡
Hkh cukbZ tkrh gSaA vle osQ pk; ckxkuksa
osQ fp=kksa esa rqEgsa yksx ,slh Vksfi;k¡
igus fn[k tk,¡xs vkSj gk¡ mudh
ihB ij V¡xh ck¡l dh cM+h&lh
Vksdjh ns[kuk u HkwyukA
2020-21
120 oLkar
tqykbZ ls vDVwcj] ?ku?kksj
ckfj'k osQ eghus! ;kuh yksxksa osQ
ikl cgqr lkjk [kkyh oDr ;k
dgks vklikl osQ taxyksa ls ck¡l
bdëk djus dk lgh oDrA
vkerkSj ij os ,d ls rhu lky
dh mez okys ck¡l dkVrs gSaA cw<+s
ck¡l l[r gksrs gSa vkSj VwV Hkh rks tkrs gSaA ck¡l ls 'kk[kk,¡ vkSj ifÙk;k¡ vyx dj nh
tkrh gSaA blosQ ckn ,sls ck¡lksa dks pquk tkrk gS ftuesa xk¡Bsa nwj&nwj gksrh gSaA nkvks ;kuh
pkSM+s] pk¡n tSlh iQky okys pkowQ ls bUgsa Nhydj
[kifPp;k¡ rS;kj dh tkrh gSaA [kifPp;ksa dh yackbZ
igys ls gh r; dj yh tkrh gSA elyu] vklu tSlh
NksVh ph”ksa cukus osQ fy, ck¡l dks gjsd xBku ls dkVk
tkrk gSA ysfdu Vksdjh cukus osQ fy, gks ldrk gS fd
nks ;k rhu ;k pkj xBkuksa okyh yach [kifPp;k¡ dkVh
tk,¡A ;kuh dgk¡ ls dkVk tk,xk ;g Vksdjh dh yackbZ ij
fuHkZj djrk gSA
vkerkSj ij [kifPp;ksa dh pkSM+kbZ ,d bap ls ”;knk ugha
gksrh gSA pkSM+h [kifPp;k¡ fdlh dke dh ugha gksrhaA bUgsa
phjdj iryh [kifPp;k¡ cukbZ tkrh gSaA iryh [kifPp;k¡
yphyh gksrh gSaA [kifPp;k¡ phjuk mLrknh dk dke gSA
gkFkksa dh dykdkjh osQ fcuk [kifPp;ksa dh eksVkbZ cjkcj
cuk, j[kuk vklku ughaA bl gquj dks ikus esa dkI
+
kQh
le; yxrk gSA
Vksdjh cukus ls igys [kifPp;ksa dks fpduk cukuk
cgqr ”k:jh gSA ;gk¡ fiQj nkvks dke vkrk gSA [kiPph ck,¡ gkFk esa
gksrh gS vkSj nkvks nk,¡ gkFk esaA nkvks dk /kjnkj fljk [kiPph dks nck,
2020-21
Page 4


118 oLkar
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l
,d tknwxj Fks paxdhpaxyuckA vius thou esa mUgksaus
dbZ cM+s&cM+s djrc fn[kyk,A tc ejus dks gq, rks yksxksa
ls cksys] ¶eq>s nI
+
kQuk, tkus osQ NBs fnu esjh dcz
[kksndj ns[kksxs rks oqQN u;k&lk ikvksxsA¸
dgk tkrk gS fd ekSr osQ NBs fnu mudh dcz
[kksnh xbZ vkSj mlesa ls fudys ck¡l dh Vksdfj;ksa osQ dbZ
lkjs fM”kkbuA yksxksa us mUgsa ns[kk] igys mudh udy dh
vkSj fiQj u, fM”kkbu Hkh cuk,A
ck¡l Hkkjr osQ fofHkUu fgLlksa esa cgqrk;r esa gksrk
gSA Hkkjr osQ mÙkj&iwohZ {ks=k osQ lkrksa jkT;ksa esa ck¡l cgqr
mxrk gSA blfy, ogk¡ ck¡l dh ph”ksasa cukus dk pyu Hkh [kwc
gSA lHkh leqnk;ksa osQ Hkj.k&iks"k.k esa bldk cgqr gkFk gSA ;gk¡
ge [kklrkSj ij ns'k osQ mÙkjh&iwohZ jkT; ukxkySaM dh ckr djasxsA
ukxkySaM osQ fuokfl;ksa esa ck¡l dh ph”ksa cukus dk [kwc izpyu gSA
balku us tc gkFk ls dykRed ph”ksa cukuh 'kq: dha] ck¡l
dh ph”ksa rHkh ls cu jgh gSaA vko';drk osQ vuqlkj blesa
cnyko gq, gSa vkSj vc Hkh gks jgs gSaA
17
2020-21
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l   119
ck¡l ls esjk fj'rk
ck¡l dk ;g >qjeqV eq>s vehj cuk nsrk
gSA blls eSa viuk ?kj cuk ldrk g¡w]
ck¡l osQ cjru vkSj vkS”kkj bLrseky
djrk g¡w] lw[ks ck¡l dks eSa b±/u dh rjg
bLrseky djrk g¡w] ck¡l dk dks;yk
tykrk gw¡] ck¡l dk vpkj [kkrk gw¡]
ck¡l osQ ikyus esa esjk cpiu xq”kjk]
iRuh Hkh rks eSaus ck¡l dh Vksdjh osQ
”kfj, ikbZ vkSj fiQj var esa ck¡l ij gh
fyVkdj eq>s ej?kV ys tk;k tk,xkA
dgrs gSa fd ck¡l dh cqukbZ dk fj'rk
ml nkSj ls gS] tc balku Hkkstu bdëk
djrk FkkA 'kk;n Hkkstu bdëk djus osQ
fy, gh mlus ,slh Mfy;kuqek ph”ksa
cukbZ gksaxhA D;k irk c;k tSlh fdlh
fpfM+;k osQ ?kkaslys ls Vksdjh osQ vkdkj
vkSj cqukoV dh rjdhc gkFk yxh gks!
ck¡l ls osQoy Vksdfj;k¡ gh ugha
curhaA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa ls <sj ph”ksa
cukbZ tkrh gSa] tSlsµrjg&rjg dh
pVkb;k¡] Vksfi;k¡] Vksdfj;k¡] cjru]
cSyxkfM+;k¡] I
+
kQuhZpj] ltkoVh lkeku] tky] edku] iqy vkSj f[kykSus HkhA
vle esa ,sls gh ,d tky] tdkbZ ls eNyh idM+rs gSaA NksVh eNfy;ksa dks idM+us
osQ fy, bls ikuh dh lrg ij j[kk tkrk gS ;k fiQj èkhjs&èkhjs pyrs gq, [khapk tkrk
gSA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa dks bl rjg
ck¡èkk tkrk gS fd os ,d 'kaoqQ dk vkdkj
ys ysaA bl 'akoqQ dk Åijh fljk vaMkdkj
gksrk gSA fupys uqdhys fljs ij [kifPp;k¡
,d&nwljs esa xq¡Fkh gqbZ gksrh gSaA
[kifPp;ksa ls rjg&rjg dh Vksfi;k¡
Hkh cukbZ tkrh gSaA vle osQ pk; ckxkuksa
osQ fp=kksa esa rqEgsa yksx ,slh Vksfi;k¡
igus fn[k tk,¡xs vkSj gk¡ mudh
ihB ij V¡xh ck¡l dh cM+h&lh
Vksdjh ns[kuk u HkwyukA
2020-21
120 oLkar
tqykbZ ls vDVwcj] ?ku?kksj
ckfj'k osQ eghus! ;kuh yksxksa osQ
ikl cgqr lkjk [kkyh oDr ;k
dgks vklikl osQ taxyksa ls ck¡l
bdëk djus dk lgh oDrA
vkerkSj ij os ,d ls rhu lky
dh mez okys ck¡l dkVrs gSaA cw<+s
ck¡l l[r gksrs gSa vkSj VwV Hkh rks tkrs gSaA ck¡l ls 'kk[kk,¡ vkSj ifÙk;k¡ vyx dj nh
tkrh gSaA blosQ ckn ,sls ck¡lksa dks pquk tkrk gS ftuesa xk¡Bsa nwj&nwj gksrh gSaA nkvks ;kuh
pkSM+s] pk¡n tSlh iQky okys pkowQ ls bUgsa Nhydj
[kifPp;k¡ rS;kj dh tkrh gSaA [kifPp;ksa dh yackbZ
igys ls gh r; dj yh tkrh gSA elyu] vklu tSlh
NksVh ph”ksa cukus osQ fy, ck¡l dks gjsd xBku ls dkVk
tkrk gSA ysfdu Vksdjh cukus osQ fy, gks ldrk gS fd
nks ;k rhu ;k pkj xBkuksa okyh yach [kifPp;k¡ dkVh
tk,¡A ;kuh dgk¡ ls dkVk tk,xk ;g Vksdjh dh yackbZ ij
fuHkZj djrk gSA
vkerkSj ij [kifPp;ksa dh pkSM+kbZ ,d bap ls ”;knk ugha
gksrh gSA pkSM+h [kifPp;k¡ fdlh dke dh ugha gksrhaA bUgsa
phjdj iryh [kifPp;k¡ cukbZ tkrh gSaA iryh [kifPp;k¡
yphyh gksrh gSaA [kifPp;k¡ phjuk mLrknh dk dke gSA
gkFkksa dh dykdkjh osQ fcuk [kifPp;ksa dh eksVkbZ cjkcj
cuk, j[kuk vklku ughaA bl gquj dks ikus esa dkI
+
kQh
le; yxrk gSA
Vksdjh cukus ls igys [kifPp;ksa dks fpduk cukuk
cgqr ”k:jh gSA ;gk¡ fiQj nkvks dke vkrk gSA [kiPph ck,¡ gkFk esa
gksrh gS vkSj nkvks nk,¡ gkFk esaA nkvks dk /kjnkj fljk [kiPph dks nck,
2020-21
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l   121
jgrk gS tcfd rtZuh nkvks osQ ,dne uhps gksrh gSA bl fLFkfr esa ck,¡ gkFk ls [kiPph
dks ckgj dh vksj [khapk tkrk gSA bl nkSjku nk;k¡ v¡xwBk nkvks dks vanj dh vksj nckrk
gS vkSj nkvks [kiPph ij ncko cukrs gq, f?klkbZ djrk gSA tc rd [kiPph ,dne
fpduh ugha gks tkrh] ;g izfØ;k nksgjkbZ tkrh gSA blosQ ckn gksrh gS [kifPp;ksa dh
jaxkbZA blosQ fy, ”;knkrj xqM+gy] beyh dh ifÙk;ksa vkfn dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA
dkys jax osQ fy, mUgsa vke dh Nky esa yisVdj oqQN fnuksa osQ fy, feêh esa nckdj
j[kk tkrk gSA
Ckk¡l dh cqukbZ oSls gh gksrh gS tSls dksbZ vkSj cqukbZA igys [kifPp;ksa dks fp=k esa
fn[kk, x, rjhosQ ls vkM+k&frjNk j[kk tkrk gSA fiQj ckus dks ckjh&ckjh ls rkus osQ
Åij&uhps fd;k tkrk gSA blls pSd dk fM”kkbu curk gSA iyax dh fuokM+ dh cqukbZ
dh rjgA
Vqby cquuk gks rks gjsd ckuk nks ;k rhu rkuksa osQ Åij vkSj uhps ls tkrk gSA blls
dbZ lkjs fM”kkbu cuk, tk ldrs gSaA
Vksdjh osQ fljs ij [kifPp;ksa dks ;k rks pksVh dh rjg xw¡Fk fy;k tkrk gS ;k fiQj
dVs fljksa dks uhps dh vksj eksM+dj i¡Qlk fn;k tkrk gS vkSj gekjh Vksdjh rS;kj! pkgks
rks cspks ;k ?kj ij gh dke esa ys yksA
q q q q q ,ysDl ,e- tkWtZ
(vuqoknµ'kf'k lcyksd)
2020-21
Page 5


118 oLkar
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l
,d tknwxj Fks paxdhpaxyuckA vius thou esa mUgksaus
dbZ cM+s&cM+s djrc fn[kyk,A tc ejus dks gq, rks yksxksa
ls cksys] ¶eq>s nI
+
kQuk, tkus osQ NBs fnu esjh dcz
[kksndj ns[kksxs rks oqQN u;k&lk ikvksxsA¸
dgk tkrk gS fd ekSr osQ NBs fnu mudh dcz
[kksnh xbZ vkSj mlesa ls fudys ck¡l dh Vksdfj;ksa osQ dbZ
lkjs fM”kkbuA yksxksa us mUgsa ns[kk] igys mudh udy dh
vkSj fiQj u, fM”kkbu Hkh cuk,A
ck¡l Hkkjr osQ fofHkUu fgLlksa esa cgqrk;r esa gksrk
gSA Hkkjr osQ mÙkj&iwohZ {ks=k osQ lkrksa jkT;ksa esa ck¡l cgqr
mxrk gSA blfy, ogk¡ ck¡l dh ph”ksasa cukus dk pyu Hkh [kwc
gSA lHkh leqnk;ksa osQ Hkj.k&iks"k.k esa bldk cgqr gkFk gSA ;gk¡
ge [kklrkSj ij ns'k osQ mÙkjh&iwohZ jkT; ukxkySaM dh ckr djasxsA
ukxkySaM osQ fuokfl;ksa esa ck¡l dh ph”ksa cukus dk [kwc izpyu gSA
balku us tc gkFk ls dykRed ph”ksa cukuh 'kq: dha] ck¡l
dh ph”ksa rHkh ls cu jgh gSaA vko';drk osQ vuqlkj blesa
cnyko gq, gSa vkSj vc Hkh gks jgs gSaA
17
2020-21
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l   119
ck¡l ls esjk fj'rk
ck¡l dk ;g >qjeqV eq>s vehj cuk nsrk
gSA blls eSa viuk ?kj cuk ldrk g¡w]
ck¡l osQ cjru vkSj vkS”kkj bLrseky
djrk g¡w] lw[ks ck¡l dks eSa b±/u dh rjg
bLrseky djrk g¡w] ck¡l dk dks;yk
tykrk gw¡] ck¡l dk vpkj [kkrk gw¡]
ck¡l osQ ikyus esa esjk cpiu xq”kjk]
iRuh Hkh rks eSaus ck¡l dh Vksdjh osQ
”kfj, ikbZ vkSj fiQj var esa ck¡l ij gh
fyVkdj eq>s ej?kV ys tk;k tk,xkA
dgrs gSa fd ck¡l dh cqukbZ dk fj'rk
ml nkSj ls gS] tc balku Hkkstu bdëk
djrk FkkA 'kk;n Hkkstu bdëk djus osQ
fy, gh mlus ,slh Mfy;kuqek ph”ksa
cukbZ gksaxhA D;k irk c;k tSlh fdlh
fpfM+;k osQ ?kkaslys ls Vksdjh osQ vkdkj
vkSj cqukoV dh rjdhc gkFk yxh gks!
ck¡l ls osQoy Vksdfj;k¡ gh ugha
curhaA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa ls <sj ph”ksa
cukbZ tkrh gSa] tSlsµrjg&rjg dh
pVkb;k¡] Vksfi;k¡] Vksdfj;k¡] cjru]
cSyxkfM+;k¡] I
+
kQuhZpj] ltkoVh lkeku] tky] edku] iqy vkSj f[kykSus HkhA
vle esa ,sls gh ,d tky] tdkbZ ls eNyh idM+rs gSaA NksVh eNfy;ksa dks idM+us
osQ fy, bls ikuh dh lrg ij j[kk tkrk gS ;k fiQj èkhjs&èkhjs pyrs gq, [khapk tkrk
gSA ck¡l dh [kifPp;ksa dks bl rjg
ck¡èkk tkrk gS fd os ,d 'kaoqQ dk vkdkj
ys ysaA bl 'akoqQ dk Åijh fljk vaMkdkj
gksrk gSA fupys uqdhys fljs ij [kifPp;k¡
,d&nwljs esa xq¡Fkh gqbZ gksrh gSaA
[kifPp;ksa ls rjg&rjg dh Vksfi;k¡
Hkh cukbZ tkrh gSaA vle osQ pk; ckxkuksa
osQ fp=kksa esa rqEgsa yksx ,slh Vksfi;k¡
igus fn[k tk,¡xs vkSj gk¡ mudh
ihB ij V¡xh ck¡l dh cM+h&lh
Vksdjh ns[kuk u HkwyukA
2020-21
120 oLkar
tqykbZ ls vDVwcj] ?ku?kksj
ckfj'k osQ eghus! ;kuh yksxksa osQ
ikl cgqr lkjk [kkyh oDr ;k
dgks vklikl osQ taxyksa ls ck¡l
bdëk djus dk lgh oDrA
vkerkSj ij os ,d ls rhu lky
dh mez okys ck¡l dkVrs gSaA cw<+s
ck¡l l[r gksrs gSa vkSj VwV Hkh rks tkrs gSaA ck¡l ls 'kk[kk,¡ vkSj ifÙk;k¡ vyx dj nh
tkrh gSaA blosQ ckn ,sls ck¡lksa dks pquk tkrk gS ftuesa xk¡Bsa nwj&nwj gksrh gSaA nkvks ;kuh
pkSM+s] pk¡n tSlh iQky okys pkowQ ls bUgsa Nhydj
[kifPp;k¡ rS;kj dh tkrh gSaA [kifPp;ksa dh yackbZ
igys ls gh r; dj yh tkrh gSA elyu] vklu tSlh
NksVh ph”ksa cukus osQ fy, ck¡l dks gjsd xBku ls dkVk
tkrk gSA ysfdu Vksdjh cukus osQ fy, gks ldrk gS fd
nks ;k rhu ;k pkj xBkuksa okyh yach [kifPp;k¡ dkVh
tk,¡A ;kuh dgk¡ ls dkVk tk,xk ;g Vksdjh dh yackbZ ij
fuHkZj djrk gSA
vkerkSj ij [kifPp;ksa dh pkSM+kbZ ,d bap ls ”;knk ugha
gksrh gSA pkSM+h [kifPp;k¡ fdlh dke dh ugha gksrhaA bUgsa
phjdj iryh [kifPp;k¡ cukbZ tkrh gSaA iryh [kifPp;k¡
yphyh gksrh gSaA [kifPp;k¡ phjuk mLrknh dk dke gSA
gkFkksa dh dykdkjh osQ fcuk [kifPp;ksa dh eksVkbZ cjkcj
cuk, j[kuk vklku ughaA bl gquj dks ikus esa dkI
+
kQh
le; yxrk gSA
Vksdjh cukus ls igys [kifPp;ksa dks fpduk cukuk
cgqr ”k:jh gSA ;gk¡ fiQj nkvks dke vkrk gSA [kiPph ck,¡ gkFk esa
gksrh gS vkSj nkvks nk,¡ gkFk esaA nkvks dk /kjnkj fljk [kiPph dks nck,
2020-21
lk¡l&lk¡l esa ck¡l   121
jgrk gS tcfd rtZuh nkvks osQ ,dne uhps gksrh gSA bl fLFkfr esa ck,¡ gkFk ls [kiPph
dks ckgj dh vksj [khapk tkrk gSA bl nkSjku nk;k¡ v¡xwBk nkvks dks vanj dh vksj nckrk
gS vkSj nkvks [kiPph ij ncko cukrs gq, f?klkbZ djrk gSA tc rd [kiPph ,dne
fpduh ugha gks tkrh] ;g izfØ;k nksgjkbZ tkrh gSA blosQ ckn gksrh gS [kifPp;ksa dh
jaxkbZA blosQ fy, ”;knkrj xqM+gy] beyh dh ifÙk;ksa vkfn dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA
dkys jax osQ fy, mUgsa vke dh Nky esa yisVdj oqQN fnuksa osQ fy, feêh esa nckdj
j[kk tkrk gSA
Ckk¡l dh cqukbZ oSls gh gksrh gS tSls dksbZ vkSj cqukbZA igys [kifPp;ksa dks fp=k esa
fn[kk, x, rjhosQ ls vkM+k&frjNk j[kk tkrk gSA fiQj ckus dks ckjh&ckjh ls rkus osQ
Åij&uhps fd;k tkrk gSA blls pSd dk fM”kkbu curk gSA iyax dh fuokM+ dh cqukbZ
dh rjgA
Vqby cquuk gks rks gjsd ckuk nks ;k rhu rkuksa osQ Åij vkSj uhps ls tkrk gSA blls
dbZ lkjs fM”kkbu cuk, tk ldrs gSaA
Vksdjh osQ fljs ij [kifPp;ksa dks ;k rks pksVh dh rjg xw¡Fk fy;k tkrk gS ;k fiQj
dVs fljksa dks uhps dh vksj eksM+dj i¡Qlk fn;k tkrk gS vkSj gekjh Vksdjh rS;kj! pkgks
rks cspks ;k ?kj ij gh dke esa ys yksA
q q q q q ,ysDl ,e- tkWtZ
(vuqoknµ'kf'k lcyksd)
2020-21
122 oLkar
vH;kl&iz'u
fuca/ ls
1- ck¡l dks cw<+k dc dgk tk ldrk gS\ cw<+s ck¡l esa dkSu lh fo'ks"krk gksrh gS
tks ;qok ck¡l esa ugha ikbZ tkrh\
2- ck¡l ls cukbZ tkus okyh ph”kksa esa lcls vk'p;Ztud ph”k rqEgsa dkSu lh yxh
vkSj D;ksa\
3- ck¡l dh cqukbZ ekuo osQ bfrgkl esa dc vkjaHk gqbZ gksxh\
4- ck¡l osQ fofHkUu mi;ksxksa ls lacafèkr tkudkjh ns'k osQ fdl Hkw&Hkkx osQ lanHkZ
esa nh xbZ gS\ ,Vyl esa ns[kksA
fuca/ ls vkxs
1- ck¡l osQ dbZ mi;ksx bl ikB esa crk, x, gSaA ysfdu ck¡l osQ mi;ksx dk
nk;jk cgqr cM+k gSA uhps fn, x, 'kCnksa dh enn ls rqe bl nk;js dks igpku
ldrs gksµ
l laxhr l izdk'ku
l ePNj l ,d u;k lanHkZ
l iQuhZpj
2- bl ys[k esa nSfud mi;ksx dh ph”ksa cukus osQ fy, ck¡l dk mYys[k izkÑfrd
lalk/u osQ :i esa gqvk gSA uhps fn, x, izkÑfrd lalk/uksa ls nSfud mi;ksx
dh dkSu&dkSu lh ph”ksa cukbZ tkrh gSa µ
izkÑfrd lalkèku nSfud mi;ksx dh oLrq,¡
l peM+k
--------------------------------------
l ?kkl osQ fruosQ
--------------------------------------
l isM+ dh Nky
--------------------------------------
l xkscj
--------------------------------------
l feêh
--------------------------------------
buesa ls fdUgha ,d ;k nks izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa dk bLrseky djrs gq, dksbZ ,d
ph”k cukus dk rjhdk vius 'kCnksa esa fy[kksA
2020-21
Read More
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