NCERT Textbook पाठ 3 - एवेरेस्ट: मेरी शिखर यात्रा, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook पाठ 3 - एवेरेस्ट: मेरी शिखर यात्रा, स्पर्श, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/21
cpsanzh iky
(1954)
cpsanzh iky dk tUe mÙkjkapy osQ peksyh f”kys esa caik xk¡o esa 24 ebZ 1954 dks gqvkA cpasnzh
viuh ek¡ galknsbZ usxh vkSj firk fd'ku flag iky dh rhljh larku gSaA firk i<+kbZ dk [kpZ mBkus
esa vleFkZ Fks] vr% cpsanzh dks vkBoha ls vkxs dh i<+kbZ dk [kpZ flykbZ&d<+kbZ djosQ tqVkuk
iM+kA nloha ikl djus osQ ckn cpsanzh osQ fiazfliy us muosQ firk dks mudh vkxs dh i<+kbZ osQ
fy, lger fd;kA cpsanzh us ,slh fo"ke fLFkfr;ksa osQ ckotwn laLÑr ls ,e-,- vkSj fiQj ch-
,M- dh f'k{kk gkfly dhA y{; osQ izfr blh leiZ.k Hkko us bUgsa ,ojsLV ij fot; ikus okyh
igyh Hkkjrh; ioZrkjksgh gksus dk xkSjo fnyk;kA
cpsanzh dks igkM+ksa ij Pk<+us dk pko cpiu ls gh FkkA tc budk cM+k HkkbZ bUgsa igkM+ ij
p<+us ls jksdrk Fkk vkSj buls Ng lky NksVs HkkbZ dks igkM+ ij p<+us osQ fy, mdlkrk Fkk] rc
cpsanzh dks cgqr cqjk yxrk FkkA og lksprh Fkh fd HkkbZ ;g D;ksa ugha le>rk fd tks dke NksVk
HkkbZ dj ldrk gS] og mldh ;g cgu Hkh dj ldrh gSA yksx yM+fd;ksa dks bruk dksey]
uk”kqd D;ksa le>rs gSaA cgjgky] igkM+ksa ij p<+us dh mudh bPNk cpiu esa Hkh iwjh gksrh jghA
p¡wfd budk ifjokj lky osQ oqQN eghus ,d m¡QpkbZ okys xk¡o esa fcrkrk Fkk vkSj oqQN eghus
igkM+ ls uhps rjkbZ esa cls ,d vkSj xk¡o esaA ftl ekSle esa ifjokj uhps rjkbZ okys xk¡o esa vk
tkrk Fkk] mu eghuksa esa LowQy tkus osQ fy, cpsanzh dks Hkh ik¡p&Ng ehy igkM+ dh p<+kbZ p<+uh
vkSj mrjuh iM+rh FkhA
bèkj cpsanzh dh i<+kbZ iwjh gqbZ] mèkj bafM;u ekmaVsu iQkmaMs'ku us ,ojsLV vfHk;ku ij
tkus dk lkgl j[kus okyh efgykvksa dh [kkst 'kq: dhA cpsanzh bl vfHk;ku&ny esa 'kkfey
gks xb±A Vªsfuax osQ nkSjku cpsanzh 7500 ehVj m¡Qph eku pksVh ij liQyrkiwoZd p<+haA dbZ
eghuksa osQ vH;kl osQ ckn vkf[kj og fnu vk gh x;k] tc mUgksaus ,ojsLV fot; osQ fy,
iz;k.k fd;kA
Page 2


,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/21
cpsanzh iky
(1954)
cpsanzh iky dk tUe mÙkjkapy osQ peksyh f”kys esa caik xk¡o esa 24 ebZ 1954 dks gqvkA cpasnzh
viuh ek¡ galknsbZ usxh vkSj firk fd'ku flag iky dh rhljh larku gSaA firk i<+kbZ dk [kpZ mBkus
esa vleFkZ Fks] vr% cpsanzh dks vkBoha ls vkxs dh i<+kbZ dk [kpZ flykbZ&d<+kbZ djosQ tqVkuk
iM+kA nloha ikl djus osQ ckn cpsanzh osQ fiazfliy us muosQ firk dks mudh vkxs dh i<+kbZ osQ
fy, lger fd;kA cpsanzh us ,slh fo"ke fLFkfr;ksa osQ ckotwn laLÑr ls ,e-,- vkSj fiQj ch-
,M- dh f'k{kk gkfly dhA y{; osQ izfr blh leiZ.k Hkko us bUgsa ,ojsLV ij fot; ikus okyh
igyh Hkkjrh; ioZrkjksgh gksus dk xkSjo fnyk;kA
cpsanzh dks igkM+ksa ij Pk<+us dk pko cpiu ls gh FkkA tc budk cM+k HkkbZ bUgsa igkM+ ij
p<+us ls jksdrk Fkk vkSj buls Ng lky NksVs HkkbZ dks igkM+ ij p<+us osQ fy, mdlkrk Fkk] rc
cpsanzh dks cgqr cqjk yxrk FkkA og lksprh Fkh fd HkkbZ ;g D;ksa ugha le>rk fd tks dke NksVk
HkkbZ dj ldrk gS] og mldh ;g cgu Hkh dj ldrh gSA yksx yM+fd;ksa dks bruk dksey]
uk”kqd D;ksa le>rs gSaA cgjgky] igkM+ksa ij p<+us dh mudh bPNk cpiu esa Hkh iwjh gksrh jghA
p¡wfd budk ifjokj lky osQ oqQN eghus ,d m¡QpkbZ okys xk¡o esa fcrkrk Fkk vkSj oqQN eghus
igkM+ ls uhps rjkbZ esa cls ,d vkSj xk¡o esaA ftl ekSle esa ifjokj uhps rjkbZ okys xk¡o esa vk
tkrk Fkk] mu eghuksa esa LowQy tkus osQ fy, cpsanzh dks Hkh ik¡p&Ng ehy igkM+ dh p<+kbZ p<+uh
vkSj mrjuh iM+rh FkhA
bèkj cpsanzh dh i<+kbZ iwjh gqbZ] mèkj bafM;u ekmaVsu iQkmaMs'ku us ,ojsLV vfHk;ku ij
tkus dk lkgl j[kus okyh efgykvksa dh [kkst 'kq: dhA cpsanzh bl vfHk;ku&ny esa 'kkfey
gks xb±A Vªsfuax osQ nkSjku cpsanzh 7500 ehVj m¡Qph eku pksVh ij liQyrkiwoZd p<+haA dbZ
eghuksa osQ vH;kl osQ ckn vkf[kj og fnu vk gh x;k] tc mUgksaus ,ojsLV fot; osQ fy,
iz;k.k fd;kA
22/Li'kZ
cpsanzh us ,ojsLV fot; dh viuh jksekapd ioZrkjksg.k&;k=kk dk laiw.kZ fooj.k Lo;a gh
dyec¼ fd;k gSA izLrqr va'k mlh fooj.k esa ls fy;k x;k gSA ;g ykseg"kZd va'k cpsanzh osQ
ml vafre iM+ko ls f'k[kj rd igq¡pdj frjaxk ygjkus osQ iy&iy dk C;ksjk c;ku djrk gSA
bls i<+rs gq, ,slk yxrk gS] ekuks ikBd Hkh muosQ dne&ls&dne feykrk gqvk] lHkh [krjksa
dks [kqn >syrk gqvk ,ojsLV osQ f'k[kj ij tk jgk gksA
Page 3


,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/21
cpsanzh iky
(1954)
cpsanzh iky dk tUe mÙkjkapy osQ peksyh f”kys esa caik xk¡o esa 24 ebZ 1954 dks gqvkA cpasnzh
viuh ek¡ galknsbZ usxh vkSj firk fd'ku flag iky dh rhljh larku gSaA firk i<+kbZ dk [kpZ mBkus
esa vleFkZ Fks] vr% cpsanzh dks vkBoha ls vkxs dh i<+kbZ dk [kpZ flykbZ&d<+kbZ djosQ tqVkuk
iM+kA nloha ikl djus osQ ckn cpsanzh osQ fiazfliy us muosQ firk dks mudh vkxs dh i<+kbZ osQ
fy, lger fd;kA cpsanzh us ,slh fo"ke fLFkfr;ksa osQ ckotwn laLÑr ls ,e-,- vkSj fiQj ch-
,M- dh f'k{kk gkfly dhA y{; osQ izfr blh leiZ.k Hkko us bUgsa ,ojsLV ij fot; ikus okyh
igyh Hkkjrh; ioZrkjksgh gksus dk xkSjo fnyk;kA
cpsanzh dks igkM+ksa ij Pk<+us dk pko cpiu ls gh FkkA tc budk cM+k HkkbZ bUgsa igkM+ ij
p<+us ls jksdrk Fkk vkSj buls Ng lky NksVs HkkbZ dks igkM+ ij p<+us osQ fy, mdlkrk Fkk] rc
cpsanzh dks cgqr cqjk yxrk FkkA og lksprh Fkh fd HkkbZ ;g D;ksa ugha le>rk fd tks dke NksVk
HkkbZ dj ldrk gS] og mldh ;g cgu Hkh dj ldrh gSA yksx yM+fd;ksa dks bruk dksey]
uk”kqd D;ksa le>rs gSaA cgjgky] igkM+ksa ij p<+us dh mudh bPNk cpiu esa Hkh iwjh gksrh jghA
p¡wfd budk ifjokj lky osQ oqQN eghus ,d m¡QpkbZ okys xk¡o esa fcrkrk Fkk vkSj oqQN eghus
igkM+ ls uhps rjkbZ esa cls ,d vkSj xk¡o esaA ftl ekSle esa ifjokj uhps rjkbZ okys xk¡o esa vk
tkrk Fkk] mu eghuksa esa LowQy tkus osQ fy, cpsanzh dks Hkh ik¡p&Ng ehy igkM+ dh p<+kbZ p<+uh
vkSj mrjuh iM+rh FkhA
bèkj cpsanzh dh i<+kbZ iwjh gqbZ] mèkj bafM;u ekmaVsu iQkmaMs'ku us ,ojsLV vfHk;ku ij
tkus dk lkgl j[kus okyh efgykvksa dh [kkst 'kq: dhA cpsanzh bl vfHk;ku&ny esa 'kkfey
gks xb±A Vªsfuax osQ nkSjku cpsanzh 7500 ehVj m¡Qph eku pksVh ij liQyrkiwoZd p<+haA dbZ
eghuksa osQ vH;kl osQ ckn vkf[kj og fnu vk gh x;k] tc mUgksaus ,ojsLV fot; osQ fy,
iz;k.k fd;kA
22/Li'kZ
cpsanzh us ,ojsLV fot; dh viuh jksekapd ioZrkjksg.k&;k=kk dk laiw.kZ fooj.k Lo;a gh
dyec¼ fd;k gSA izLrqr va'k mlh fooj.k esa ls fy;k x;k gSA ;g ykseg"kZd va'k cpsanzh osQ
ml vafre iM+ko ls f'k[kj rd igq¡pdj frjaxk ygjkus osQ iy&iy dk C;ksjk c;ku djrk gSA
bls i<+rs gq, ,slk yxrk gS] ekuks ikBd Hkh muosQ dne&ls&dne feykrk gqvk] lHkh [krjksa
dks [kqn >syrk gqvk ,ojsLV osQ f'k[kj ij tk jgk gksA
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/23
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk
,ojsLV vfHk;ku ny 7 ekpZ dks fnYyh ls dkBekaMw osQ fy, gokbZ tgk”k ls py
fn;kA ,d e”kcwr vfxze ny cgqr igys gh pyk x;k Fkk ftlls fd og gekjs
^csl oSaQi* igq¡pus ls igys nqxZe fgeikr osQ jkLrs dks lkI
+
kQ dj losQA
ueps ck”kkj] 'ksjikySaM dk ,d lokZfèkd egÙoiw.kZ uxjh; {ks=k gSA vfèkoQka'k
'ksjik blh LFkku rFkk ;gha osQ vklikl osQ xk¡oksa osQ gksrs gSaA ;g ueps ck”kkj gh
Fkk] tgk¡ ls eSaus loZizFke ,ojsLV dks fugkjk] tks usikfy;ksa esa ^lkxjekFkk* osQ uke
ls izfl¼ gSA eq>s ;g uke vPNk yxkA
,ojsLV dh rjI
+
kQ xkSj ls ns[krs gq,] eSaus ,d Hkkjh cI
+
kZQ dk cM+k iwQy (Iywe)
ns[kk] tks ioZr&f'k[kj ij ygjkrk ,d èot&lk yx jgk FkkA eq>s crk;k x;k fd
;g n`'; f'k[kj dh mQijh lrg osQ vklikl 150 fdyksehVj vFkok blls Hkh
vfèkd dh xfr ls gok pyus osQ dkj.k curk Fkk] D;ksafd rs”k gok ls lw[kk cI
+
kZQ
ioZr ij mM+rk jgrk FkkA cI
+
kZQ dk ;g èot 10 fdyksehVj ;k blls Hkh yack gks
ldrk FkkA f'k[kj ij tkusokys izR;sd O;fDr dks nf{k.k&iwohZ igkM+h ij bu rwI
+
kQkuksa
dks >syuk iM+rk Fkk] fo'ks"kdj [kjkc ekSle esaA ;g eq>s Mjkus osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh Fkk]
fiQj Hkh eSa ,ojsLV osQ izfr fofp=k :i ls vkdf"kZr Fkh vkSj bldh dfBure
pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk pkgrh FkhA
tc ge 26 ekpZ dks iSfjp igq¡pss] gesa fge&L[kyu osQ dkj.k gqbZ ,d 'ksjik oqQyh
dh e`R;q dk nq%[kn lekpkj feykA [kaqHkq fgeikr ij tkusokys vfHk;ku&ny osQ jkLrs osQ
ckb± rjI
+
kQ lhèkh igkM+h osQ èkldus ls] YgksRls dh vksj ls ,d cgqr cM+h cI
+
kZQ dh p^ku
Page 4


,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/21
cpsanzh iky
(1954)
cpsanzh iky dk tUe mÙkjkapy osQ peksyh f”kys esa caik xk¡o esa 24 ebZ 1954 dks gqvkA cpasnzh
viuh ek¡ galknsbZ usxh vkSj firk fd'ku flag iky dh rhljh larku gSaA firk i<+kbZ dk [kpZ mBkus
esa vleFkZ Fks] vr% cpsanzh dks vkBoha ls vkxs dh i<+kbZ dk [kpZ flykbZ&d<+kbZ djosQ tqVkuk
iM+kA nloha ikl djus osQ ckn cpsanzh osQ fiazfliy us muosQ firk dks mudh vkxs dh i<+kbZ osQ
fy, lger fd;kA cpsanzh us ,slh fo"ke fLFkfr;ksa osQ ckotwn laLÑr ls ,e-,- vkSj fiQj ch-
,M- dh f'k{kk gkfly dhA y{; osQ izfr blh leiZ.k Hkko us bUgsa ,ojsLV ij fot; ikus okyh
igyh Hkkjrh; ioZrkjksgh gksus dk xkSjo fnyk;kA
cpsanzh dks igkM+ksa ij Pk<+us dk pko cpiu ls gh FkkA tc budk cM+k HkkbZ bUgsa igkM+ ij
p<+us ls jksdrk Fkk vkSj buls Ng lky NksVs HkkbZ dks igkM+ ij p<+us osQ fy, mdlkrk Fkk] rc
cpsanzh dks cgqr cqjk yxrk FkkA og lksprh Fkh fd HkkbZ ;g D;ksa ugha le>rk fd tks dke NksVk
HkkbZ dj ldrk gS] og mldh ;g cgu Hkh dj ldrh gSA yksx yM+fd;ksa dks bruk dksey]
uk”kqd D;ksa le>rs gSaA cgjgky] igkM+ksa ij p<+us dh mudh bPNk cpiu esa Hkh iwjh gksrh jghA
p¡wfd budk ifjokj lky osQ oqQN eghus ,d m¡QpkbZ okys xk¡o esa fcrkrk Fkk vkSj oqQN eghus
igkM+ ls uhps rjkbZ esa cls ,d vkSj xk¡o esaA ftl ekSle esa ifjokj uhps rjkbZ okys xk¡o esa vk
tkrk Fkk] mu eghuksa esa LowQy tkus osQ fy, cpsanzh dks Hkh ik¡p&Ng ehy igkM+ dh p<+kbZ p<+uh
vkSj mrjuh iM+rh FkhA
bèkj cpsanzh dh i<+kbZ iwjh gqbZ] mèkj bafM;u ekmaVsu iQkmaMs'ku us ,ojsLV vfHk;ku ij
tkus dk lkgl j[kus okyh efgykvksa dh [kkst 'kq: dhA cpsanzh bl vfHk;ku&ny esa 'kkfey
gks xb±A Vªsfuax osQ nkSjku cpsanzh 7500 ehVj m¡Qph eku pksVh ij liQyrkiwoZd p<+haA dbZ
eghuksa osQ vH;kl osQ ckn vkf[kj og fnu vk gh x;k] tc mUgksaus ,ojsLV fot; osQ fy,
iz;k.k fd;kA
22/Li'kZ
cpsanzh us ,ojsLV fot; dh viuh jksekapd ioZrkjksg.k&;k=kk dk laiw.kZ fooj.k Lo;a gh
dyec¼ fd;k gSA izLrqr va'k mlh fooj.k esa ls fy;k x;k gSA ;g ykseg"kZd va'k cpsanzh osQ
ml vafre iM+ko ls f'k[kj rd igq¡pdj frjaxk ygjkus osQ iy&iy dk C;ksjk c;ku djrk gSA
bls i<+rs gq, ,slk yxrk gS] ekuks ikBd Hkh muosQ dne&ls&dne feykrk gqvk] lHkh [krjksa
dks [kqn >syrk gqvk ,ojsLV osQ f'k[kj ij tk jgk gksA
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/23
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk
,ojsLV vfHk;ku ny 7 ekpZ dks fnYyh ls dkBekaMw osQ fy, gokbZ tgk”k ls py
fn;kA ,d e”kcwr vfxze ny cgqr igys gh pyk x;k Fkk ftlls fd og gekjs
^csl oSaQi* igq¡pus ls igys nqxZe fgeikr osQ jkLrs dks lkI
+
kQ dj losQA
ueps ck”kkj] 'ksjikySaM dk ,d lokZfèkd egÙoiw.kZ uxjh; {ks=k gSA vfèkoQka'k
'ksjik blh LFkku rFkk ;gha osQ vklikl osQ xk¡oksa osQ gksrs gSaA ;g ueps ck”kkj gh
Fkk] tgk¡ ls eSaus loZizFke ,ojsLV dks fugkjk] tks usikfy;ksa esa ^lkxjekFkk* osQ uke
ls izfl¼ gSA eq>s ;g uke vPNk yxkA
,ojsLV dh rjI
+
kQ xkSj ls ns[krs gq,] eSaus ,d Hkkjh cI
+
kZQ dk cM+k iwQy (Iywe)
ns[kk] tks ioZr&f'k[kj ij ygjkrk ,d èot&lk yx jgk FkkA eq>s crk;k x;k fd
;g n`'; f'k[kj dh mQijh lrg osQ vklikl 150 fdyksehVj vFkok blls Hkh
vfèkd dh xfr ls gok pyus osQ dkj.k curk Fkk] D;ksafd rs”k gok ls lw[kk cI
+
kZQ
ioZr ij mM+rk jgrk FkkA cI
+
kZQ dk ;g èot 10 fdyksehVj ;k blls Hkh yack gks
ldrk FkkA f'k[kj ij tkusokys izR;sd O;fDr dks nf{k.k&iwohZ igkM+h ij bu rwI
+
kQkuksa
dks >syuk iM+rk Fkk] fo'ks"kdj [kjkc ekSle esaA ;g eq>s Mjkus osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh Fkk]
fiQj Hkh eSa ,ojsLV osQ izfr fofp=k :i ls vkdf"kZr Fkh vkSj bldh dfBure
pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk pkgrh FkhA
tc ge 26 ekpZ dks iSfjp igq¡pss] gesa fge&L[kyu osQ dkj.k gqbZ ,d 'ksjik oqQyh
dh e`R;q dk nq%[kn lekpkj feykA [kaqHkq fgeikr ij tkusokys vfHk;ku&ny osQ jkLrs osQ
ckb± rjI
+
kQ lhèkh igkM+h osQ èkldus ls] YgksRls dh vksj ls ,d cgqr cM+h cI
+
kZQ dh p^ku
24/Li'kZ
uhps f[kld vkbZ FkhA lksyg 'ksjik oqQfy;ksa osQ ny esa ls ,d dh e`R;q gks xbZ vkSj pkj
?kk;y gks x, FksA
bl lekpkj osQ dkj.k vfHk;ku ny osQ lnL;ksa osQ psgjksa ij Nk, volkn dks
ns[kdj gekjs usrk duZy [kqYyj us Li"V fd;k fd ,ojsLV tSls egku vfHk;ku esa
[krjksa dks vkSj dHkh&dHkh rks e`R;q Hkh vkneh dks lgt Hkko ls Lohdkj djuh
pkfg,A
miusrk izsepan] tks vfxze ny dk usr`Ro dj jgs Fks] 26 ekpZ dks iSfjp ykSV
vk,A mUgksaus gekjh igyh cM+h ckèkk [kqaHkq fgeikr dh fLFkfr ls gesa voxr djk;kA
mUgksaus dgk fd muosQ ny us oSaQi&,d (6000 eh-)] tks fgeikr osQ Bhd mQij
gS] ogk¡ rd dk jkLrk lkI
+
kQ dj fn;k gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;k fd iqy cukdj]
jfLl;k¡ ck¡èkdj rFkk >afM;ksa ls jkLrk fpfÉr dj] lHkh cM+h dfBukb;ksa dk tk;”kk
ys fy;k x;k gSA mUgksaus bl ij Hkh è;ku fnyk;k fd Xysf'k;j cI
+
kZQ dh unh gS vkSj
cI
+
kZQ dk fxjuk vHkh tkjh gSA fgeikr esa vfu;fer vkSj vfuf'pr cnyko osQ
dkj.k vHkh rd osQ fd, x, lHkh dke O;FkZ gks ldrs gSa vkSj gesa jkLrk [kksyus
dk dke nksckjk djuk iM+ ldrk gSA
^csl oSaQi* esa igq¡pus ls igys gesa ,d vkSj e`R;q dh [kcj feyhA tyok;q
vuqowQy u gksus osQ dkj.k ,d jlksbZ lgk;d dh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA fuf'pr :i ls
ge vk'kktud fLFkfr esa ugha py jgs FksA
,ojsLV f'k[kj dks eSaus igys nks ckj ns[kk Fkk] ysfdu ,d nwjh lsA csl oSaQi
igq¡pus ij nwljs fnu eSaus ,ojsLV ioZr rFkk bldh vU; Jsf.k;ksa dks ns[kkA eSa
HkkSapDdh gksdj [kM+h jg xbZ vkSj ,ojsLV] YgksRls vkSj uqRls dh m¡Qpkb;ksa ls f?kjh]
cI
+
kQhZyh Vs<+h&es<+h unh dks fugkjrh jghA
fgeikr vius vkiesa ,d rjg ls cI
+
kZQ osQ [kaMksa dk vO;ofLFkr <ax ls fxjuk
gh FkkA gesa crk;k x;k fd Xysf'k;j osQ cgus ls vdlj cI
+
kZQ esa gypy gks tkrh
Fkh] ftlls cM+h&cM+h cI
+
kZQ dh p^kusa rRdky fxj tk;k djrh Fkha vkSj vU; dkj.kksa
ls Hkh vpkud izk;% [krjukd fLFkfr èkkj.k dj ysrh FkhaA lhèks èkjkry ij njkj
Page 5


,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/21
cpsanzh iky
(1954)
cpsanzh iky dk tUe mÙkjkapy osQ peksyh f”kys esa caik xk¡o esa 24 ebZ 1954 dks gqvkA cpasnzh
viuh ek¡ galknsbZ usxh vkSj firk fd'ku flag iky dh rhljh larku gSaA firk i<+kbZ dk [kpZ mBkus
esa vleFkZ Fks] vr% cpsanzh dks vkBoha ls vkxs dh i<+kbZ dk [kpZ flykbZ&d<+kbZ djosQ tqVkuk
iM+kA nloha ikl djus osQ ckn cpsanzh osQ fiazfliy us muosQ firk dks mudh vkxs dh i<+kbZ osQ
fy, lger fd;kA cpsanzh us ,slh fo"ke fLFkfr;ksa osQ ckotwn laLÑr ls ,e-,- vkSj fiQj ch-
,M- dh f'k{kk gkfly dhA y{; osQ izfr blh leiZ.k Hkko us bUgsa ,ojsLV ij fot; ikus okyh
igyh Hkkjrh; ioZrkjksgh gksus dk xkSjo fnyk;kA
cpsanzh dks igkM+ksa ij Pk<+us dk pko cpiu ls gh FkkA tc budk cM+k HkkbZ bUgsa igkM+ ij
p<+us ls jksdrk Fkk vkSj buls Ng lky NksVs HkkbZ dks igkM+ ij p<+us osQ fy, mdlkrk Fkk] rc
cpsanzh dks cgqr cqjk yxrk FkkA og lksprh Fkh fd HkkbZ ;g D;ksa ugha le>rk fd tks dke NksVk
HkkbZ dj ldrk gS] og mldh ;g cgu Hkh dj ldrh gSA yksx yM+fd;ksa dks bruk dksey]
uk”kqd D;ksa le>rs gSaA cgjgky] igkM+ksa ij p<+us dh mudh bPNk cpiu esa Hkh iwjh gksrh jghA
p¡wfd budk ifjokj lky osQ oqQN eghus ,d m¡QpkbZ okys xk¡o esa fcrkrk Fkk vkSj oqQN eghus
igkM+ ls uhps rjkbZ esa cls ,d vkSj xk¡o esaA ftl ekSle esa ifjokj uhps rjkbZ okys xk¡o esa vk
tkrk Fkk] mu eghuksa esa LowQy tkus osQ fy, cpsanzh dks Hkh ik¡p&Ng ehy igkM+ dh p<+kbZ p<+uh
vkSj mrjuh iM+rh FkhA
bèkj cpsanzh dh i<+kbZ iwjh gqbZ] mèkj bafM;u ekmaVsu iQkmaMs'ku us ,ojsLV vfHk;ku ij
tkus dk lkgl j[kus okyh efgykvksa dh [kkst 'kq: dhA cpsanzh bl vfHk;ku&ny esa 'kkfey
gks xb±A Vªsfuax osQ nkSjku cpsanzh 7500 ehVj m¡Qph eku pksVh ij liQyrkiwoZd p<+haA dbZ
eghuksa osQ vH;kl osQ ckn vkf[kj og fnu vk gh x;k] tc mUgksaus ,ojsLV fot; osQ fy,
iz;k.k fd;kA
22/Li'kZ
cpsanzh us ,ojsLV fot; dh viuh jksekapd ioZrkjksg.k&;k=kk dk laiw.kZ fooj.k Lo;a gh
dyec¼ fd;k gSA izLrqr va'k mlh fooj.k esa ls fy;k x;k gSA ;g ykseg"kZd va'k cpsanzh osQ
ml vafre iM+ko ls f'k[kj rd igq¡pdj frjaxk ygjkus osQ iy&iy dk C;ksjk c;ku djrk gSA
bls i<+rs gq, ,slk yxrk gS] ekuks ikBd Hkh muosQ dne&ls&dne feykrk gqvk] lHkh [krjksa
dks [kqn >syrk gqvk ,ojsLV osQ f'k[kj ij tk jgk gksA
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/23
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk
,ojsLV vfHk;ku ny 7 ekpZ dks fnYyh ls dkBekaMw osQ fy, gokbZ tgk”k ls py
fn;kA ,d e”kcwr vfxze ny cgqr igys gh pyk x;k Fkk ftlls fd og gekjs
^csl oSaQi* igq¡pus ls igys nqxZe fgeikr osQ jkLrs dks lkI
+
kQ dj losQA
ueps ck”kkj] 'ksjikySaM dk ,d lokZfèkd egÙoiw.kZ uxjh; {ks=k gSA vfèkoQka'k
'ksjik blh LFkku rFkk ;gha osQ vklikl osQ xk¡oksa osQ gksrs gSaA ;g ueps ck”kkj gh
Fkk] tgk¡ ls eSaus loZizFke ,ojsLV dks fugkjk] tks usikfy;ksa esa ^lkxjekFkk* osQ uke
ls izfl¼ gSA eq>s ;g uke vPNk yxkA
,ojsLV dh rjI
+
kQ xkSj ls ns[krs gq,] eSaus ,d Hkkjh cI
+
kZQ dk cM+k iwQy (Iywe)
ns[kk] tks ioZr&f'k[kj ij ygjkrk ,d èot&lk yx jgk FkkA eq>s crk;k x;k fd
;g n`'; f'k[kj dh mQijh lrg osQ vklikl 150 fdyksehVj vFkok blls Hkh
vfèkd dh xfr ls gok pyus osQ dkj.k curk Fkk] D;ksafd rs”k gok ls lw[kk cI
+
kZQ
ioZr ij mM+rk jgrk FkkA cI
+
kZQ dk ;g èot 10 fdyksehVj ;k blls Hkh yack gks
ldrk FkkA f'k[kj ij tkusokys izR;sd O;fDr dks nf{k.k&iwohZ igkM+h ij bu rwI
+
kQkuksa
dks >syuk iM+rk Fkk] fo'ks"kdj [kjkc ekSle esaA ;g eq>s Mjkus osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh Fkk]
fiQj Hkh eSa ,ojsLV osQ izfr fofp=k :i ls vkdf"kZr Fkh vkSj bldh dfBure
pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk pkgrh FkhA
tc ge 26 ekpZ dks iSfjp igq¡pss] gesa fge&L[kyu osQ dkj.k gqbZ ,d 'ksjik oqQyh
dh e`R;q dk nq%[kn lekpkj feykA [kaqHkq fgeikr ij tkusokys vfHk;ku&ny osQ jkLrs osQ
ckb± rjI
+
kQ lhèkh igkM+h osQ èkldus ls] YgksRls dh vksj ls ,d cgqr cM+h cI
+
kZQ dh p^ku
24/Li'kZ
uhps f[kld vkbZ FkhA lksyg 'ksjik oqQfy;ksa osQ ny esa ls ,d dh e`R;q gks xbZ vkSj pkj
?kk;y gks x, FksA
bl lekpkj osQ dkj.k vfHk;ku ny osQ lnL;ksa osQ psgjksa ij Nk, volkn dks
ns[kdj gekjs usrk duZy [kqYyj us Li"V fd;k fd ,ojsLV tSls egku vfHk;ku esa
[krjksa dks vkSj dHkh&dHkh rks e`R;q Hkh vkneh dks lgt Hkko ls Lohdkj djuh
pkfg,A
miusrk izsepan] tks vfxze ny dk usr`Ro dj jgs Fks] 26 ekpZ dks iSfjp ykSV
vk,A mUgksaus gekjh igyh cM+h ckèkk [kqaHkq fgeikr dh fLFkfr ls gesa voxr djk;kA
mUgksaus dgk fd muosQ ny us oSaQi&,d (6000 eh-)] tks fgeikr osQ Bhd mQij
gS] ogk¡ rd dk jkLrk lkI
+
kQ dj fn;k gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;k fd iqy cukdj]
jfLl;k¡ ck¡èkdj rFkk >afM;ksa ls jkLrk fpfÉr dj] lHkh cM+h dfBukb;ksa dk tk;”kk
ys fy;k x;k gSA mUgksaus bl ij Hkh è;ku fnyk;k fd Xysf'k;j cI
+
kZQ dh unh gS vkSj
cI
+
kZQ dk fxjuk vHkh tkjh gSA fgeikr esa vfu;fer vkSj vfuf'pr cnyko osQ
dkj.k vHkh rd osQ fd, x, lHkh dke O;FkZ gks ldrs gSa vkSj gesa jkLrk [kksyus
dk dke nksckjk djuk iM+ ldrk gSA
^csl oSaQi* esa igq¡pus ls igys gesa ,d vkSj e`R;q dh [kcj feyhA tyok;q
vuqowQy u gksus osQ dkj.k ,d jlksbZ lgk;d dh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA fuf'pr :i ls
ge vk'kktud fLFkfr esa ugha py jgs FksA
,ojsLV f'k[kj dks eSaus igys nks ckj ns[kk Fkk] ysfdu ,d nwjh lsA csl oSaQi
igq¡pus ij nwljs fnu eSaus ,ojsLV ioZr rFkk bldh vU; Jsf.k;ksa dks ns[kkA eSa
HkkSapDdh gksdj [kM+h jg xbZ vkSj ,ojsLV] YgksRls vkSj uqRls dh m¡Qpkb;ksa ls f?kjh]
cI
+
kQhZyh Vs<+h&es<+h unh dks fugkjrh jghA
fgeikr vius vkiesa ,d rjg ls cI
+
kZQ osQ [kaMksa dk vO;ofLFkr <ax ls fxjuk
gh FkkA gesa crk;k x;k fd Xysf'k;j osQ cgus ls vdlj cI
+
kZQ esa gypy gks tkrh
Fkh] ftlls cM+h&cM+h cI
+
kZQ dh p^kusa rRdky fxj tk;k djrh Fkha vkSj vU; dkj.kksa
ls Hkh vpkud izk;% [krjukd fLFkfr èkkj.k dj ysrh FkhaA lhèks èkjkry ij njkj
,ojsLV % esjh f'k[kj ;k=kk/25
iM+us dk fopkj vkSj bl njkj dk xgjs&pkSMs+ fge&fonj esa cny tkus dk ek=k
[k;ky gh cgqr Mjkouk FkkA blls Hkh ”;knk Hk;kud bl ckr dh tkudkjh Fkh fd
gekjs laiw.kZ izokl osQ nkSjku fgeikr yxHkx ,d ntZu vkjksfg;ksa vkSj oqQfy;ksa dks
izfrfnu Nwrk jgsxkA
nwljs fnu u, vkusokys vius vfèkdka'k lkeku dks ge fgeikr osQ vkèks jkLrs
rd ys x,A MkW- ehuw esgrk us gesa vY;wfefu;e dh lhf<+;ksa ls vLFkk;h iqyksa dk
cukuk] y_kas vkSj jfLl;ksa dk mi;ksx] cI
+
kZQ dh vkM+h&frjNh nhokjksaa ij jfLl;ksa dks
ck¡èkuk vkSj gekjs vfxze ny osQ vfHk;kaf=kdh dk;ks± osQ ckjs esa gesa foLr`r tkudkjh nhA
rhljk fnu fgeikr ls oSaQi&,d rd lkeku <ksdj p<+kbZ dk vH;kl djus osQ
fy, fuf'pr FkkA jhrk xksacw rFkk eSa lkFk&lkFk p<+ jgs FksA gekjs ikl ,d
okWdh&VkWdh Fkk] ftlls ge vius gj dne dh tkudkjh csl oSaQi ij ns jgs FksA
duZy [kqYyj ml le; [kq'k gq,] tc geus mUgsa vius igq¡pus dh lwpuk nh
D;ksafd oaSaQi&,d ij ig¡qpusokyh osQoy ge nks gh efgyk,¡ FkhaA
vaxnksjth] yksilkax vkSj xxu fcLlk varr% lkmFk dksy igq¡p x, vkSj 29
viSzy dks 7900 ehVj ij mUgksaus oSaQi&pkj yxk;kA ;g larks"ktud izxfr FkhA
tc vizSy eas eSa csl oSaQi esa Fkh] rsuftax viuh lcls NksVh lqiq=kh Msdh osQ lkFk
gekjs ikl vk, FksA mUgksaus bl ckr ij fo'ks"k egÙo fn;k fd ny osQ izR;sd lnL;
vkSj izR;sd 'ksjik oqQyh ls ckrphr dh tk,A tc esjh ckjh vkbZ] eSaus viuk ifjp;
;g dgdj fn;k fd eSa fcyoqQy gh ukSflf[k;k gw¡ vkSj ,ojsLV esjk igyk vfHk;ku
gSA rsuftax g¡ls vkSj eq>ls dgk fd ,ojsLV muosQ fy, Hkh igyk vfHk;ku gS] ysfdu
;g Hkh Li"V fd;k fd f'k[kj ij igq¡pus ls igys mUgsa lkr ckj ,ojsLV ij tkuk iM+k
FkkA fiQj viuk gkFk esjs oaQèks ij j[krs gq, mUgksaus dgk] ¶rqe ,d iDdh ioZrh;
yM+dh yxrh gksA rqEgsa rks f'k[kj ij igys gh iz;kl esa igq¡p tkuk pkfg,A¸
15&16 ebZ 1984 dks cq¼ iwf.kZek osQ fnu eSa YgksRls dh cI
+
kQhZyh lhèkh
<yku ij yxk, x, lqanj jaxhu ukbykWu osQ cus racw osQ oSaQi&rhu esa FkhA oSaQi
esa 10 vkSj O;fDr FksA yksilkax] r'kkfjax esjs racw esa Fks] ,u-Mh- 'ksjik rFkk vkSj
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