NCERT Textbook: पाठ 4- एही ठैयाँ झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा!, कृतिका II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 4- एही ठैयाँ झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा!, कृतिका II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

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1- papy] vfLFkj
egkjk"Vªh; efgykvksa dh rjg èkksrh yisV] dPN
ck¡èks nqykjh nuknu naM yxkrh tk jgh FkhA
mlosQ 'kjhj ls Vid&Viddj fxjh cw¡nksa ls
Hkwfe ij ilhus dk iqryk cu x;k FkkA dljr
lekIr djosQ mlus pkj[kkus osQ v¡xksNs ls viuk
cnu iksaNk] c¡èkk gqvk twM+k [kksydj flj dk
ilhuk lq[kk;k vkSj rRi'pkr vknedn vkbZus
osQ lkeus [kM+h gksdj igyokuksa dh rjg xoZ ls
vius HkqtnaMksa ij eqXèk n`f"V isQjrs gq, I;kt osQ
VqdM+s vkSj gjh fepZ osQ lkFk mlus dVksjh esa
fHkxks, gq, pus pckus vkjaHk fd,A
mldk p.kd&poZ.k&ioZ vHkh lekIr u gks ik;k Fkk fd fdlh us ckgj can njok”ks
dh oqaQMh [kV[kVkbZA nqykjh us tYnh&tYnh dPN [kksydj ckdk;ns èkksrh iguh] osQ'k
lesVdj djhus ls ck¡èk fy, vkSj rc njok”ks dh f[kM+dh [kksy nhA
cxy esa caMy&lh dksbZ ph”k nck, njok”ks osQ ckgj VqUuw [kM+k FkkA mldh n`f"V
'kjehyh Fkh vkSj mlosQ irys gksBksa ij >sai&Hkjh iQhdh eqldjkgV FkhA foyksy
1
 vk¡[ksa
VqUuw dh vk¡[kksa ls feykrh gqbZ nqykjh cksyh] ¶rqe fiQj ;gk¡] VqUuw\ eSaus rqEgas ;gk¡ vkus
osQ fy, euk fd;k Fkk u\¸
VqUuw dh eqldjkgV mlosQ gksBksa esa gh foyhu gks xbZA mlus fxjs eu ls mÙkj fn;k]
¶lky&Hkj dk R;ksgkj Fkk] blhfy, eSaus lkspk fd---¸] dgrs gq, mlus cxy ls caMy
fudkyk vkSj mls nqykjh osQ gkFkksa esa ns fn;kA nqykjh caMy ysdj ns[kus yxhA mlesa
4
f'koizlkn feJ ^#nz*
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
Page 2


1- papy] vfLFkj
egkjk"Vªh; efgykvksa dh rjg èkksrh yisV] dPN
ck¡èks nqykjh nuknu naM yxkrh tk jgh FkhA
mlosQ 'kjhj ls Vid&Viddj fxjh cw¡nksa ls
Hkwfe ij ilhus dk iqryk cu x;k FkkA dljr
lekIr djosQ mlus pkj[kkus osQ v¡xksNs ls viuk
cnu iksaNk] c¡èkk gqvk twM+k [kksydj flj dk
ilhuk lq[kk;k vkSj rRi'pkr vknedn vkbZus
osQ lkeus [kM+h gksdj igyokuksa dh rjg xoZ ls
vius HkqtnaMksa ij eqXèk n`f"V isQjrs gq, I;kt osQ
VqdM+s vkSj gjh fepZ osQ lkFk mlus dVksjh esa
fHkxks, gq, pus pckus vkjaHk fd,A
mldk p.kd&poZ.k&ioZ vHkh lekIr u gks ik;k Fkk fd fdlh us ckgj can njok”ks
dh oqaQMh [kV[kVkbZA nqykjh us tYnh&tYnh dPN [kksydj ckdk;ns èkksrh iguh] osQ'k
lesVdj djhus ls ck¡èk fy, vkSj rc njok”ks dh f[kM+dh [kksy nhA
cxy esa caMy&lh dksbZ ph”k nck, njok”ks osQ ckgj VqUuw [kM+k FkkA mldh n`f"V
'kjehyh Fkh vkSj mlosQ irys gksBksa ij >sai&Hkjh iQhdh eqldjkgV FkhA foyksy
1
 vk¡[ksa
VqUuw dh vk¡[kksa ls feykrh gqbZ nqykjh cksyh] ¶rqe fiQj ;gk¡] VqUuw\ eSaus rqEgas ;gk¡ vkus
osQ fy, euk fd;k Fkk u\¸
VqUuw dh eqldjkgV mlosQ gksBksa esa gh foyhu gks xbZA mlus fxjs eu ls mÙkj fn;k]
¶lky&Hkj dk R;ksgkj Fkk] blhfy, eSaus lkspk fd---¸] dgrs gq, mlus cxy ls caMy
fudkyk vkSj mls nqykjh osQ gkFkksa esa ns fn;kA nqykjh caMy ysdj ns[kus yxhA mlesa
4
f'koizlkn feJ ^#nz*
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
o`Qfrdk
32
Page 3


1- papy] vfLFkj
egkjk"Vªh; efgykvksa dh rjg èkksrh yisV] dPN
ck¡èks nqykjh nuknu naM yxkrh tk jgh FkhA
mlosQ 'kjhj ls Vid&Viddj fxjh cw¡nksa ls
Hkwfe ij ilhus dk iqryk cu x;k FkkA dljr
lekIr djosQ mlus pkj[kkus osQ v¡xksNs ls viuk
cnu iksaNk] c¡èkk gqvk twM+k [kksydj flj dk
ilhuk lq[kk;k vkSj rRi'pkr vknedn vkbZus
osQ lkeus [kM+h gksdj igyokuksa dh rjg xoZ ls
vius HkqtnaMksa ij eqXèk n`f"V isQjrs gq, I;kt osQ
VqdM+s vkSj gjh fepZ osQ lkFk mlus dVksjh esa
fHkxks, gq, pus pckus vkjaHk fd,A
mldk p.kd&poZ.k&ioZ vHkh lekIr u gks ik;k Fkk fd fdlh us ckgj can njok”ks
dh oqaQMh [kV[kVkbZA nqykjh us tYnh&tYnh dPN [kksydj ckdk;ns èkksrh iguh] osQ'k
lesVdj djhus ls ck¡èk fy, vkSj rc njok”ks dh f[kM+dh [kksy nhA
cxy esa caMy&lh dksbZ ph”k nck, njok”ks osQ ckgj VqUuw [kM+k FkkA mldh n`f"V
'kjehyh Fkh vkSj mlosQ irys gksBksa ij >sai&Hkjh iQhdh eqldjkgV FkhA foyksy
1
 vk¡[ksa
VqUuw dh vk¡[kksa ls feykrh gqbZ nqykjh cksyh] ¶rqe fiQj ;gk¡] VqUuw\ eSaus rqEgas ;gk¡ vkus
osQ fy, euk fd;k Fkk u\¸
VqUuw dh eqldjkgV mlosQ gksBksa esa gh foyhu gks xbZA mlus fxjs eu ls mÙkj fn;k]
¶lky&Hkj dk R;ksgkj Fkk] blhfy, eSaus lkspk fd---¸] dgrs gq, mlus cxy ls caMy
fudkyk vkSj mls nqykjh osQ gkFkksa esa ns fn;kA nqykjh caMy ysdj ns[kus yxhA mlesa
4
f'koizlkn feJ ^#nz*
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
o`Qfrdk
32
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
33
2- oqQEgyk;k gqvk eq[k ;k mnkl eq[k  3- 'kgukbZ osQ lkFk ctk;k tkus okyk ,d rcys tSlk
cktk  4- ,d rjg dk xhr ;k yksdxhr tks Hkknks dh rht esa xk;k tkrk gS  5- fygkt djuk
[kíj dh ,d lkM+h yisVh gqbZ FkhA VqUuw us dgk] ¶;g [kkl xkaèkh vkJe dh fcuh gSA¸
¶ysfdu bls rqe esjs ikl D;ksa yk, gks\¸ nqykjh us dM+s Loj ls iwNkA VqUuw dk
'kh.kZ onu
2
 vkSj Hkh lw[k x;kA mlus lw[ks xys ls dgk] ¶eSaus crk;k u fd gksyh dk
R;ksgkj FkkA---¸ VqUuw dh ckr dkVrs gq, nqykjh fpYykbZ] ¶gksyh dk R;ksgkj Fkk rks rqe
;gk¡ D;ksa vk,\ tyus osQ fy, D;k rqEgsa dgha vkSj fprk ugha feyh tks esjs ikl nkSM+s
pys vk,\ rqe esjs ekfyd gks ;k csVs gks ;k HkkbZ gks] dkSu gks\ [kSfj;r pkgrs gks rks
viuk ;g dI
+
kQu ysdj ;gk¡ ls lhèks pys tkvks!¸ vkSj mlus mis{kkiwoZd èkksrh VqUuw osQ
iSjksa osQ ikl isaQd nhA VqUuw dh dkty&yxh cM+h&cM+h vk¡[kksa esa vieku osQ dkj.k vk¡lw
Hkj vk,A mlus flj >qdk, gq, vknZz oaQB ls dgk] ¶eSa rqels oqQN ek¡xrk rks gw¡ ughaA
ns[kks] iRFkj dh nsoh rd vius HkDr }kjk nh xbZ HksaV ugha Bqdjkrh] rqe rks gkM+&ek¡l
dh cuh gksA¸
¶gkM+&ek¡l dh cuh gw¡ rHkh rks---¸] nqykjh us dgkA
VqUuw us tokc ugha fn;kA mldh vk¡[kksa ls dTty&efyu vk¡lqvksa dh cw¡nsa uhps
lkeus iM+h èkksrh ij Vi&Vi Vid jgh FkhaA nqykjh dgrh xbZ---A
VqUuw ik"kk.k&izfrek cuk gqvk nqykjh dk Hkk"k.k lqurk tk jgk FkkA mlus bruk gh
dgk] ¶eu ij fdlh dk cl ugha] og :i ;k mej dk dk;y ugha gksrkA¸ vkSj
dksBjh ls ckgj fudy og èkhjs&èkhjs lhf<+;k¡ mrjus yxkA nqykjh Hkh [kM+h&[kM+h mls
ns[krh jghA mldh HkkSa vc Hkh oØ Fkh] ijarq us=kksa eas dkSrqd vkSj dBksjrk dk LFkku
d#.kk dh dkseyrk us xzg.k dj fy;k FkkA mlus Hkwfe ij iM+h èkksrh mBkbZ] ml ij
dkty ls lus vk¡lqvksa osQ èkCcs iM+ x, FksA mlus ,d ckj xyh esa tkrs gq, VqUuw dh
vksj ns[kk vkSj fiQj ml LoPN èkksrh ij iM+s èkCcksa dks og ckj&ckj pweus yxhA
(2)
nqykjh osQ thou esa VqUuw dk izos'k gq, vHkh oqQy Ng ekl gq, FksA fiNyh Hkknkas
esa rht osQ volj ij nqykjh [kkstok¡ ck”kkj eas xkus xbZ FkhA nqDdM+
3 
ij xkusokfy;ksa esa
nqykjh dh egrh [;kfr FkhA mls i| esa gh loky&tokc djus dh vn~Hkqr {kerk izkIr
FkhA dtyh
4
 xkus okys cM+s&cM+s fo[;kr 'kk;jksa dh mlls dksj ncrh
5
 FkhA blfy,
mlosQ eq¡g ij xkus esa lHkh ?kCkjkrs FksA mlh nqykjh dks dtyh&naxy esa viuh vksj [kM+k
Page 4


1- papy] vfLFkj
egkjk"Vªh; efgykvksa dh rjg èkksrh yisV] dPN
ck¡èks nqykjh nuknu naM yxkrh tk jgh FkhA
mlosQ 'kjhj ls Vid&Viddj fxjh cw¡nksa ls
Hkwfe ij ilhus dk iqryk cu x;k FkkA dljr
lekIr djosQ mlus pkj[kkus osQ v¡xksNs ls viuk
cnu iksaNk] c¡èkk gqvk twM+k [kksydj flj dk
ilhuk lq[kk;k vkSj rRi'pkr vknedn vkbZus
osQ lkeus [kM+h gksdj igyokuksa dh rjg xoZ ls
vius HkqtnaMksa ij eqXèk n`f"V isQjrs gq, I;kt osQ
VqdM+s vkSj gjh fepZ osQ lkFk mlus dVksjh esa
fHkxks, gq, pus pckus vkjaHk fd,A
mldk p.kd&poZ.k&ioZ vHkh lekIr u gks ik;k Fkk fd fdlh us ckgj can njok”ks
dh oqaQMh [kV[kVkbZA nqykjh us tYnh&tYnh dPN [kksydj ckdk;ns èkksrh iguh] osQ'k
lesVdj djhus ls ck¡èk fy, vkSj rc njok”ks dh f[kM+dh [kksy nhA
cxy esa caMy&lh dksbZ ph”k nck, njok”ks osQ ckgj VqUuw [kM+k FkkA mldh n`f"V
'kjehyh Fkh vkSj mlosQ irys gksBksa ij >sai&Hkjh iQhdh eqldjkgV FkhA foyksy
1
 vk¡[ksa
VqUuw dh vk¡[kksa ls feykrh gqbZ nqykjh cksyh] ¶rqe fiQj ;gk¡] VqUuw\ eSaus rqEgas ;gk¡ vkus
osQ fy, euk fd;k Fkk u\¸
VqUuw dh eqldjkgV mlosQ gksBksa esa gh foyhu gks xbZA mlus fxjs eu ls mÙkj fn;k]
¶lky&Hkj dk R;ksgkj Fkk] blhfy, eSaus lkspk fd---¸] dgrs gq, mlus cxy ls caMy
fudkyk vkSj mls nqykjh osQ gkFkksa esa ns fn;kA nqykjh caMy ysdj ns[kus yxhA mlesa
4
f'koizlkn feJ ^#nz*
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
o`Qfrdk
32
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
33
2- oqQEgyk;k gqvk eq[k ;k mnkl eq[k  3- 'kgukbZ osQ lkFk ctk;k tkus okyk ,d rcys tSlk
cktk  4- ,d rjg dk xhr ;k yksdxhr tks Hkknks dh rht esa xk;k tkrk gS  5- fygkt djuk
[kíj dh ,d lkM+h yisVh gqbZ FkhA VqUuw us dgk] ¶;g [kkl xkaèkh vkJe dh fcuh gSA¸
¶ysfdu bls rqe esjs ikl D;ksa yk, gks\¸ nqykjh us dM+s Loj ls iwNkA VqUuw dk
'kh.kZ onu
2
 vkSj Hkh lw[k x;kA mlus lw[ks xys ls dgk] ¶eSaus crk;k u fd gksyh dk
R;ksgkj FkkA---¸ VqUuw dh ckr dkVrs gq, nqykjh fpYykbZ] ¶gksyh dk R;ksgkj Fkk rks rqe
;gk¡ D;ksa vk,\ tyus osQ fy, D;k rqEgsa dgha vkSj fprk ugha feyh tks esjs ikl nkSM+s
pys vk,\ rqe esjs ekfyd gks ;k csVs gks ;k HkkbZ gks] dkSu gks\ [kSfj;r pkgrs gks rks
viuk ;g dI
+
kQu ysdj ;gk¡ ls lhèks pys tkvks!¸ vkSj mlus mis{kkiwoZd èkksrh VqUuw osQ
iSjksa osQ ikl isaQd nhA VqUuw dh dkty&yxh cM+h&cM+h vk¡[kksa esa vieku osQ dkj.k vk¡lw
Hkj vk,A mlus flj >qdk, gq, vknZz oaQB ls dgk] ¶eSa rqels oqQN ek¡xrk rks gw¡ ughaA
ns[kks] iRFkj dh nsoh rd vius HkDr }kjk nh xbZ HksaV ugha Bqdjkrh] rqe rks gkM+&ek¡l
dh cuh gksA¸
¶gkM+&ek¡l dh cuh gw¡ rHkh rks---¸] nqykjh us dgkA
VqUuw us tokc ugha fn;kA mldh vk¡[kksa ls dTty&efyu vk¡lqvksa dh cw¡nsa uhps
lkeus iM+h èkksrh ij Vi&Vi Vid jgh FkhaA nqykjh dgrh xbZ---A
VqUuw ik"kk.k&izfrek cuk gqvk nqykjh dk Hkk"k.k lqurk tk jgk FkkA mlus bruk gh
dgk] ¶eu ij fdlh dk cl ugha] og :i ;k mej dk dk;y ugha gksrkA¸ vkSj
dksBjh ls ckgj fudy og èkhjs&èkhjs lhf<+;k¡ mrjus yxkA nqykjh Hkh [kM+h&[kM+h mls
ns[krh jghA mldh HkkSa vc Hkh oØ Fkh] ijarq us=kksa eas dkSrqd vkSj dBksjrk dk LFkku
d#.kk dh dkseyrk us xzg.k dj fy;k FkkA mlus Hkwfe ij iM+h èkksrh mBkbZ] ml ij
dkty ls lus vk¡lqvksa osQ èkCcs iM+ x, FksA mlus ,d ckj xyh esa tkrs gq, VqUuw dh
vksj ns[kk vkSj fiQj ml LoPN èkksrh ij iM+s èkCcksa dks og ckj&ckj pweus yxhA
(2)
nqykjh osQ thou esa VqUuw dk izos'k gq, vHkh oqQy Ng ekl gq, FksA fiNyh Hkknkas
esa rht osQ volj ij nqykjh [kkstok¡ ck”kkj eas xkus xbZ FkhA nqDdM+
3 
ij xkusokfy;ksa esa
nqykjh dh egrh [;kfr FkhA mls i| esa gh loky&tokc djus dh vn~Hkqr {kerk izkIr
FkhA dtyh
4
 xkus okys cM+s&cM+s fo[;kr 'kk;jksa dh mlls dksj ncrh
5
 FkhA blfy,
mlosQ eq¡g ij xkus esa lHkh ?kCkjkrs FksA mlh nqykjh dks dtyh&naxy esa viuh vksj [kM+k
o`Qfrdk
34
6- xkus dk is'kk djus okyh 7- iSjksa ls oqQpyuk ;k jkSanukA Hkko ;g gS fd og oLrq cgqrk;r
ls izkIr gks  8- geys osQ fy, ;k yM+us osQ fy, rS;kj jguk  9-  'kksHkk ;k jkSud ?kVuk
10- eq¡g uksp ysuk  11- j[kokyh djuk
dj [kkstok¡ okyksa us viuh thr lqfuf'pr le> yh Fkh ijarq tc lkèkkj.k xkuk gks
pqdus ij loky&tokc osQ fy, nqDdM+ ij pksV iM+h vkSj foi{k ls lksyg&l=kg o"kZ
dk ,d yM+dk xkSugkfj;ksa
6
 dh xksy esa lcls vkxs [kM+h nqykjh dh vksj gkFk mBkdj
yydkj mBkµ¶jfu;k¡ y¿ ijesljh yksV!¸ (izkfeljh uksV) rc mUgaas viuh fot; ij
iwjk fo'okl u jg x;kA
ckyd VqUuw cM+s tks'k ls xk jgk Fkkµ
¶jfu;k¡ y¿ ijesljh yksV!
njxksM+s
7
  ls  ?ksoj  cq¡fn;k
ns ekFks eksrh d¿ ¯cfn;k
vmj fdukjh eas lkjh osQ
Vk¡d lksugyh xksVA jfu;k¡!---¸
'kgukbZ okyksa us VqUuw osQ xhr dks can ckts esa nksgjk;kA yksx ;g ns[kdj pfdr Fks
fd ckr&ckr eas rhjdeku gks tkus
8
 okyh nqykjh vkt vius LoHkko osQ izfrowQy
[kM+h&[kM+h eqldjk jgh gSA oaQB&Loj dh eèkqjrk esa VqUuw nqykjh ls gksM+ dj jgk Fkk
vkSj nqykjh eqXèk [kM+h lqu jgh FkhA
VqUuw osQ bl lkoZtfud vkfoHkkZo dk ;g rhljk ;k pkSFkk volj FkkA mlosQ firk
?kkV ij cSBdj vkSj dPps egky osQ nl&ik¡p ?kj ;tekuh esa lR;ukjk;.k dh dFkk
ls ysdj Jk¼ vkSj fookg rd djkdj dfBukbZ ls x`gLFkh dh ukSdk [ks jgs FksA ijarq
iq=k dks vkokjksa dh laxfr esa 'kk;jh dk pLdk yxkA mlus HkSjksgsyk dks viuk mLrkn
cuk;k vkSj 'kh?kz gh lqanj dtyh&jpuk djus yxkA og i|kRed iz'uksÙkjh esa Hkh oqQ'ky
Fkk vkSj viuh blh fo'ks"krk osQ cy ij og ctjMhgk okyksa dh vksj ls cqyk;k x;k
FkkA mldh ^'kk;jh* ij ctjMhgk okyksa us ^okg&okg* dk 'kksj epkdj flj ij vkdk'k
mBk fy;kA [kkstok¡ okyksa dk jax mrj
9
 x;kA VqUuw dk xhr Hkh lekIr gks x;kA
iqu% nqDdM+ ij pksV iM+hA 'kgukbZ dk eèkqj Loj xw¡tkA vc nqykjh dh ckjh vkbZA
mlus viuh n`f"V en&foày cukrs gq, VqUuw osQ nqcys&irys ijarq xksjs&xksjs psgjs dks
Hkj&vk¡[k ns[kk vkSj mlosQ oaQB ls Ny&Ny djrk Loj dk lksrk iwQV fudykµ
^dksf<+;y  eq¡goSa  ysc odksV
10
rksj cki r¿ ?kkV vxksjyu
11
Page 5


1- papy] vfLFkj
egkjk"Vªh; efgykvksa dh rjg èkksrh yisV] dPN
ck¡èks nqykjh nuknu naM yxkrh tk jgh FkhA
mlosQ 'kjhj ls Vid&Viddj fxjh cw¡nksa ls
Hkwfe ij ilhus dk iqryk cu x;k FkkA dljr
lekIr djosQ mlus pkj[kkus osQ v¡xksNs ls viuk
cnu iksaNk] c¡èkk gqvk twM+k [kksydj flj dk
ilhuk lq[kk;k vkSj rRi'pkr vknedn vkbZus
osQ lkeus [kM+h gksdj igyokuksa dh rjg xoZ ls
vius HkqtnaMksa ij eqXèk n`f"V isQjrs gq, I;kt osQ
VqdM+s vkSj gjh fepZ osQ lkFk mlus dVksjh esa
fHkxks, gq, pus pckus vkjaHk fd,A
mldk p.kd&poZ.k&ioZ vHkh lekIr u gks ik;k Fkk fd fdlh us ckgj can njok”ks
dh oqaQMh [kV[kVkbZA nqykjh us tYnh&tYnh dPN [kksydj ckdk;ns èkksrh iguh] osQ'k
lesVdj djhus ls ck¡èk fy, vkSj rc njok”ks dh f[kM+dh [kksy nhA
cxy esa caMy&lh dksbZ ph”k nck, njok”ks osQ ckgj VqUuw [kM+k FkkA mldh n`f"V
'kjehyh Fkh vkSj mlosQ irys gksBksa ij >sai&Hkjh iQhdh eqldjkgV FkhA foyksy
1
 vk¡[ksa
VqUuw dh vk¡[kksa ls feykrh gqbZ nqykjh cksyh] ¶rqe fiQj ;gk¡] VqUuw\ eSaus rqEgas ;gk¡ vkus
osQ fy, euk fd;k Fkk u\¸
VqUuw dh eqldjkgV mlosQ gksBksa esa gh foyhu gks xbZA mlus fxjs eu ls mÙkj fn;k]
¶lky&Hkj dk R;ksgkj Fkk] blhfy, eSaus lkspk fd---¸] dgrs gq, mlus cxy ls caMy
fudkyk vkSj mls nqykjh osQ gkFkksa esa ns fn;kA nqykjh caMy ysdj ns[kus yxhA mlesa
4
f'koizlkn feJ ^#nz*
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek! ,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
o`Qfrdk
32
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
33
2- oqQEgyk;k gqvk eq[k ;k mnkl eq[k  3- 'kgukbZ osQ lkFk ctk;k tkus okyk ,d rcys tSlk
cktk  4- ,d rjg dk xhr ;k yksdxhr tks Hkknks dh rht esa xk;k tkrk gS  5- fygkt djuk
[kíj dh ,d lkM+h yisVh gqbZ FkhA VqUuw us dgk] ¶;g [kkl xkaèkh vkJe dh fcuh gSA¸
¶ysfdu bls rqe esjs ikl D;ksa yk, gks\¸ nqykjh us dM+s Loj ls iwNkA VqUuw dk
'kh.kZ onu
2
 vkSj Hkh lw[k x;kA mlus lw[ks xys ls dgk] ¶eSaus crk;k u fd gksyh dk
R;ksgkj FkkA---¸ VqUuw dh ckr dkVrs gq, nqykjh fpYykbZ] ¶gksyh dk R;ksgkj Fkk rks rqe
;gk¡ D;ksa vk,\ tyus osQ fy, D;k rqEgsa dgha vkSj fprk ugha feyh tks esjs ikl nkSM+s
pys vk,\ rqe esjs ekfyd gks ;k csVs gks ;k HkkbZ gks] dkSu gks\ [kSfj;r pkgrs gks rks
viuk ;g dI
+
kQu ysdj ;gk¡ ls lhèks pys tkvks!¸ vkSj mlus mis{kkiwoZd èkksrh VqUuw osQ
iSjksa osQ ikl isaQd nhA VqUuw dh dkty&yxh cM+h&cM+h vk¡[kksa esa vieku osQ dkj.k vk¡lw
Hkj vk,A mlus flj >qdk, gq, vknZz oaQB ls dgk] ¶eSa rqels oqQN ek¡xrk rks gw¡ ughaA
ns[kks] iRFkj dh nsoh rd vius HkDr }kjk nh xbZ HksaV ugha Bqdjkrh] rqe rks gkM+&ek¡l
dh cuh gksA¸
¶gkM+&ek¡l dh cuh gw¡ rHkh rks---¸] nqykjh us dgkA
VqUuw us tokc ugha fn;kA mldh vk¡[kksa ls dTty&efyu vk¡lqvksa dh cw¡nsa uhps
lkeus iM+h èkksrh ij Vi&Vi Vid jgh FkhaA nqykjh dgrh xbZ---A
VqUuw ik"kk.k&izfrek cuk gqvk nqykjh dk Hkk"k.k lqurk tk jgk FkkA mlus bruk gh
dgk] ¶eu ij fdlh dk cl ugha] og :i ;k mej dk dk;y ugha gksrkA¸ vkSj
dksBjh ls ckgj fudy og èkhjs&èkhjs lhf<+;k¡ mrjus yxkA nqykjh Hkh [kM+h&[kM+h mls
ns[krh jghA mldh HkkSa vc Hkh oØ Fkh] ijarq us=kksa eas dkSrqd vkSj dBksjrk dk LFkku
d#.kk dh dkseyrk us xzg.k dj fy;k FkkA mlus Hkwfe ij iM+h èkksrh mBkbZ] ml ij
dkty ls lus vk¡lqvksa osQ èkCcs iM+ x, FksA mlus ,d ckj xyh esa tkrs gq, VqUuw dh
vksj ns[kk vkSj fiQj ml LoPN èkksrh ij iM+s èkCcksa dks og ckj&ckj pweus yxhA
(2)
nqykjh osQ thou esa VqUuw dk izos'k gq, vHkh oqQy Ng ekl gq, FksA fiNyh Hkknkas
esa rht osQ volj ij nqykjh [kkstok¡ ck”kkj eas xkus xbZ FkhA nqDdM+
3 
ij xkusokfy;ksa esa
nqykjh dh egrh [;kfr FkhA mls i| esa gh loky&tokc djus dh vn~Hkqr {kerk izkIr
FkhA dtyh
4
 xkus okys cM+s&cM+s fo[;kr 'kk;jksa dh mlls dksj ncrh
5
 FkhA blfy,
mlosQ eq¡g ij xkus esa lHkh ?kCkjkrs FksA mlh nqykjh dks dtyh&naxy esa viuh vksj [kM+k
o`Qfrdk
34
6- xkus dk is'kk djus okyh 7- iSjksa ls oqQpyuk ;k jkSanukA Hkko ;g gS fd og oLrq cgqrk;r
ls izkIr gks  8- geys osQ fy, ;k yM+us osQ fy, rS;kj jguk  9-  'kksHkk ;k jkSud ?kVuk
10- eq¡g uksp ysuk  11- j[kokyh djuk
dj [kkstok¡ okyksa us viuh thr lqfuf'pr le> yh Fkh ijarq tc lkèkkj.k xkuk gks
pqdus ij loky&tokc osQ fy, nqDdM+ ij pksV iM+h vkSj foi{k ls lksyg&l=kg o"kZ
dk ,d yM+dk xkSugkfj;ksa
6
 dh xksy esa lcls vkxs [kM+h nqykjh dh vksj gkFk mBkdj
yydkj mBkµ¶jfu;k¡ y¿ ijesljh yksV!¸ (izkfeljh uksV) rc mUgaas viuh fot; ij
iwjk fo'okl u jg x;kA
ckyd VqUuw cM+s tks'k ls xk jgk Fkkµ
¶jfu;k¡ y¿ ijesljh yksV!
njxksM+s
7
  ls  ?ksoj  cq¡fn;k
ns ekFks eksrh d¿ ¯cfn;k
vmj fdukjh eas lkjh osQ
Vk¡d lksugyh xksVA jfu;k¡!---¸
'kgukbZ okyksa us VqUuw osQ xhr dks can ckts esa nksgjk;kA yksx ;g ns[kdj pfdr Fks
fd ckr&ckr eas rhjdeku gks tkus
8
 okyh nqykjh vkt vius LoHkko osQ izfrowQy
[kM+h&[kM+h eqldjk jgh gSA oaQB&Loj dh eèkqjrk esa VqUuw nqykjh ls gksM+ dj jgk Fkk
vkSj nqykjh eqXèk [kM+h lqu jgh FkhA
VqUuw osQ bl lkoZtfud vkfoHkkZo dk ;g rhljk ;k pkSFkk volj FkkA mlosQ firk
?kkV ij cSBdj vkSj dPps egky osQ nl&ik¡p ?kj ;tekuh esa lR;ukjk;.k dh dFkk
ls ysdj Jk¼ vkSj fookg rd djkdj dfBukbZ ls x`gLFkh dh ukSdk [ks jgs FksA ijarq
iq=k dks vkokjksa dh laxfr esa 'kk;jh dk pLdk yxkA mlus HkSjksgsyk dks viuk mLrkn
cuk;k vkSj 'kh?kz gh lqanj dtyh&jpuk djus yxkA og i|kRed iz'uksÙkjh esa Hkh oqQ'ky
Fkk vkSj viuh blh fo'ks"krk osQ cy ij og ctjMhgk okyksa dh vksj ls cqyk;k x;k
FkkA mldh ^'kk;jh* ij ctjMhgk okyksa us ^okg&okg* dk 'kksj epkdj flj ij vkdk'k
mBk fy;kA [kkstok¡ okyksa dk jax mrj
9
 x;kA VqUuw dk xhr Hkh lekIr gks x;kA
iqu% nqDdM+ ij pksV iM+hA 'kgukbZ dk eèkqj Loj xw¡tkA vc nqykjh dh ckjh vkbZA
mlus viuh n`f"V en&foày cukrs gq, VqUuw osQ nqcys&irys ijarq xksjs&xksjs psgjs dks
Hkj&vk¡[k ns[kk vkSj mlosQ oaQB ls Ny&Ny djrk Loj dk lksrk iwQV fudykµ
^dksf<+;y  eq¡goSa  ysc odksV
10
rksj cki r¿ ?kkV vxksjyu
11
,gh BS;k¡ >qyuh gsjkuh gks jkek!
35
12- c<+&p<+dj cksyuk  13- vkSj] bl izdkj  14- O;Fkk  15- cgqr ckjhd eyey
dkSM+h&dkSM+h  tksj  cVksjyu
rSa ljcmyk cksy
12
 ftUuxh esa
dc ns[kys yksV\ dksf<+;y---A*
vc ctjMhgk okyksa osQ psgjs gjs gks pys] os okgokgh nsrs gq, lquus yxsA nqykjh
xk jgh Fkhµ
^rq>s yksx vkneh O;FkZ le>rs gSaA rw rks okLro esa cxqyk gSA cxqys osQ ij&tSlk
gh rsjs 'kjhj dk vax gSA oSls rw cxqyk Hkxr Hkh gSA mlh dh rjg rq>s Hkh gal dh pky
pyus dk gkSlyk gqvk gSA ijarq dHkh&u&dHkh rsjs xys esa eNyh dk dk¡Vk t:j
vVosQxk vkSj mlh fnu rsjh dybZ [kqy tk,xhA
blosQ tckc esa VqUuw us xk;k Fkkµ
¶tsruk eu ekuS xfjvko¿
vbus
13
 fnyd¿ riu cq>ko¿
vius eud¿ fcFkk
14
 lqukbo
ge MaosQ osQ pksVA jfu;k¡---!¸
bl ij lqanj osQ ^ekfyd* isaQowQ ljnkj ykBh ysdj VqUuw dks ekjus nkSM+sA nqykjh us
VqUuw dh j{kk dhA
;gh nksuksa dk izFke ifjp; FkkA ml fnu yksxksa osQ cgqr dgus ij Hkh nksuksa esa ls
fdlh us Hkh xkuk Lohdkj ugha fd;kA etfyl cne”kk gks xbZA
(3)
VqUuw dks fonk djus osQ ckn nqykjh izo`QfrLFk gqbZ rks lglk mls [k;ky iM+k fd
vkt VqUuw dh os'kHkw"kk esa Hkkjh varj FkkA vkcjok¡
15
 dh txg [kíj dk oqQjrk vkSj
y[kuoh nksify;k dh txg xkaèkh Vksih ns[kdj nqykjh us VqUuw ls mldk dkj.k iwNuk
pkgk FkkA ijarq mldk volj gh ugha vk;kA mlus èkhjs&èkhjs tkdj vius diM+ksa dk
lanwd [kksyk vkSj mlesa cM+s ;Ru ls VqUuw }kjk nh xbZ lkM+h lc diM+ksa osQ uhps nckdj
j[k nhA
mldk fpÙk vkt papy gks mBk FkkA vius izfr VqUuw osQ ân; dh nqcZyrk dk
vuqHko mlus igyh gh eqykdkr esa dj fy;k FkkA ijarq mlus mls Hkkouk dh ,d
ygj&ek=k ekuk FkkA chp esa Hkh VqUuw mlosQ ikl dbZ ckj vk;k ijarq dksbZ fo'ks"k
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